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Learning Disabilities and Tutoring Strategies

Learning Disabilities and Tutoring StrategiesBy PresenterMedia.com

Heres an example of a math disability scenarioLearning DisabilitiesWe are not asking you to be a licensed psychologist by diagnosing them, but if you see something, please let someone know.If you see that a student is struggling with the same concept over and over, you can let EES know.

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Learning Disabilities: MathStudents with processing disorders and ADHD typically have problems with math due to the processing portion of the tasks required by math. Unfortunately, some athletes get passed through school until college, where they are then required to understand everything. This causes gaps in knowledge and a lack of the necessary skills to be successful (i.e., times tables).

Learning Disabilities: Math Activity

(The answers were: 63, 98, and 93.)Learning Disabilities: Math ActivityThis activity is what students with processing disorders have issues with every time they see math. Consequently, theyll try to deflect and want to talk about anything and everything except for math.If a student does have an issue that gives them accommodations, they may qualify for the CEA section of math, which is all pencil and paper instead of on the computer like the majority of math courses.

Below is information that may be useful as it relates to reading comprehensionReading ComprehensionIf a student cannot read a textbook (really not comprehending anything), thats something you can bring to EES. If a student does have a reading disability, they often may have failed the first or second grade.

Reading Comprehension: ActivityTake ONE minute to decode as much as you can, using only the key provided

Reading Comprehension: ActivityHere is what the decoding should look like:

These are the types of things our students with reading disabilities face when they attempt to read. Their classmates are often done reading , while theyve barely been able to start. There is an accommodation for some of our students where their books can be loaded into an app that shows them the text, while reading aloud. If they indicate they have this, you may find it useful to use the app during your sessions.Sometimes, it helps a student to listen and follow along at the same time to comprehend the material. If they cannot read, they will try to fake it so people do not know, deflecting to other activities.Reading Comprehension

We do not want the student-athletes to just read for an hour long tutoring session with no student-tutor interaction.

You can use text-coding for when the students need to read. This will help them think about the text while reading it to have the student better understand the material.Reading Comprehension: Strategies

Reading while focusing on a specific line of thinking, and using symbols to mark the text in keeping with this line of thought while you read

Unchallenging coding

Complex codingText-Coding

How Tutors Can Help Tutees Improve Their Critical Thinking SkillsThis article discusses how to encourage students to think critically (ask good questions)Blooms TaxonomyChristine has used a text coding system on the first two paragraphs.Reading Comprehension: Article

Read alouds allow someone to read aloud while the other person listens to the readers thoughts. This is so a student understands what goes on inside a good readers head while reading.

If you notice a student has been highlighting when you are going through text, ask them why they are highlighting those passages. You want him/her to be able to justify what they are marking many of our students will just make it pretty.

Reading Comprehension: Strategies

Reading Comprehension: Activity

Read aloud the first paragraph, taking into account Christines comments. Then go through the next few paragraphs of the article, marking up the article using the text coding symbols.

Blooms Taxonomy

VOCABULARY WORD MAPHave them take a few minutes to sketch out what you are discussing to visualize a word. This will help our students remember vocabulary words better.Most of our students are visual learners and will remember information much better by sketching out the content.A-Z INFORMATIONWrite A-Z somewhere and have the student list everything they know about the content, using the letters.3-MINUTE PAUSEThis will help students figure out whats going on, while giving them a short break from the session.Additional Tools:

Vocabulary Word MapPage 1Maybe have them take a few minutes to sketch out what you are discussing and to visualize a word. This will help our students remember vocabulary terms better.Most of our students are visual learners and will remember information much better by sketching out the content, helping to commit it to memory.A-ZInformationPage 2Don't give them the sheet!Maybe write A-Z on a white board or piece of paper and then have the student list everything they know about the content, using the starting letters A-Z. If they truly cannot do this, the activity will give you a starting point for your session.3-Minute PausePage 3This will help students figure out what's going on, while giving them a short break from the session.You can use this type of wording, "I'm losing you. Let's take a 3 minute pause... tell me what the key points are so far.Have them summarize what you two have covered thus far."Now tell me what you think about it, adding your own thoughts.Give them wait time.Tell them you're not going to move on until they tell you something of their own.Be patient! They will do it eventually. Just like the silence is awkard for you, it's even more awkward for them!Ask them to ask a question about something they don't understand.

The last few pages are alternative ways to use the exit slips.You don't always have to do the 3-2-1 strategy.16

The most important thing I learned today wasI need help withI would like to learn aboutRate your understanding of todays topicDiscussed how what we talked about today could be used in your lifePredict a test questionWhat would you like to use next time?Summarize what we discussed in 25 words or lessUse the ABCs to give information about what we discussedAlternative Exit Slips

What are some CHALLENGES and VICTORIES you have been having in your tutoring sessions?

Vocabulary Word MapPage 1Maybe have them take a few minutes to sketch out what you are discussing and to visualize a word. This will help our students remember vocabulary terms better.Most of our students are visual learners and will remember information much better by sketching out the content, helping to commit it to memory.A-ZInformationPage 2Don't give them the sheet!Maybe write A-Z on a white board or piece of paper and then have the student list everything they know about the content, using the starting letters A-Z. If they truly cannot do this, the activity will give you a starting point for your session.3-Minute PausePage 3This will help students figure out what's going on, while giving them a short break from the session.You can use this type of wording, "I'm losing you. Let's take a 3 minute pause... tell me what the key points are so far.Have them summarize what you two have covered thus far."Now tell me what you think about it, adding your own thoughts.Give them wait time.Tell them you're not going to move on until they tell you something of their own.Be patient! They will do it eventually. Just like the silence is awkard for you, it's even more awkward for them!Ask them to ask a question about something they don't understand.

The last few pages are alternative ways to use the exit slips.You don't always have to do the 3-2-1 strategy.20

QUESTIONS?