learning to swim can you swim? where did you learn? what kind of information do you expect to find...

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  • Slide 1
  • Slide 2
  • Learning to swim Can you swim? Where did you learn? What kind of information do you expect to find in the passage?
  • Slide 3
  • 80. Swimming should be made compulsory at school. If it 81. is lack of qualified teachers and swimming facilities 82. in schools, students should have to take out courses 83. are organised by the Leisure and Cultural Services Department. (80) What is it? Answer this question with a complete sentence: Are there many qualified teachers? Replace it with there
  • Slide 4
  • 80. Swimming should be made compulsory at school. If it 81. is lack of qualified teachers and swimming facilities 82. in schools, students should have to take out courses 83. are organised by the Leisure and Cultural Services Department. (81) Is lack a noun or verb in this sentence? When lack is a noun, it is usually used with an article in front of it and the preposition of after it. Ex. ___ lack of What article is missing? is a lack of...
  • Slide 5
  • 80. Swimming should be made compulsory at school. If it 81. is lack of qualified teachers and swimming facilities 82. in schools, students should have to take out courses 83. are organised by the Leisure and Cultural Services Department. (82) You can order take-out food. You can take out your books before class. You cannot take out courses. What word should you delete? out You can also replace out with up, the or some.
  • Slide 6
  • 80. Swimming should be made compulsory at school. If it 81. is lack of qualified teachers and swimming facilities 82. in schools, students should have to take out courses 83. are organised by the Leisure and Cultural Services Department. What does line 83 give us extra information about? What word can be added to make it clear that this line is giving extra information about the courses? that/which are organised You can also delete are.
  • Slide 7
  • 84. In order to become competent swimmers, children can 85. master the basics firstly. The most important points to 86. remember are the followings: (84) Is mastering the basics optional if someone wants to become a competent swimmer? Can gives the impression that people have the choice of mastering the basics or not. What word should you replace can with to make it clear that this is necessary. should/must
  • Slide 8
  • 84. In order to become competent swimmers, children can 85. master the basics firstly. The most important points to 86. remember are the followings: (85) firstly is used to introduce the first in a series of reasons, ideas, etc. The idea here is that you must master the basics before you can become a competent swimmer. Replace firstly with first
  • Slide 9
  • 84. In order to become competent swimmers, children can 85. master the basics firstly. The most important points to 86. remember are the followings: (86) What seems strange about the word followings? Replace followings with following
  • Slide 10
  • 87. when practise a swimming stroke, learners should try to 88. keep their wastes and thighs close to the surface of the water, 89. to minimise drag and use less of energy; Who is practising a swimming stroke? It would be awkward to use the word learners twice in the same sentence. What pronoun can you add to act as the subject of the verb practise? they You could also replace practise with practising.
  • Slide 11
  • 87. when practise a swimming stroke, learners should try to 88. keep their wastes and thighs close to the surface of the water, 89. to minimise drag and use less of energy; (88) Waste means rubbish? Do you think learners would be asked to keep their rubbish close to the surface of the water? Your thigh is the top part of your leg. What body part sounds like waste? What do you call the narrow part in the middle of the human body? Replace waste with waist.
  • Slide 12
  • 87. when practise a swimming stroke, learners should try to 88. keep their wastes and thighs close to the surface of the water, 89. to minimise drag and use less of energy; (89)Use can be a verb or a noun. If we use it as a verb to (minimise drag) and (use less of energy;) delete of If we use it as a noun to minimise (drag) and (use less of energy;) delete less
  • Slide 13
  • 90. Learners should extend their hands and arms far forward as possible 91. and raise their shoulders towards their ears the beginning of a stroke 92. in order to generate the greatest forward force; (90) One word is missing in a familiar structure. Ex. I will study ___ hard as possible. What word needs to be added before far? as
  • Slide 14
  • 90. Learners should extend their hands and arms far forward as possible 91. and raise their shoulders towards their ears the beginning of a stroke 92. in order to generate the greatest forward force; (91) Complete this sentence: I didnt play well ___ the beginning of the game. What preposition is missing in front of the beginning? at during, for and in would also be acceptable.
  • Slide 15
  • 90. Learners should extend their hands and arms far forward as possible 91. and raise their shoulders towards their ears the beginning of a stroke 92. in order to generate the greatest forward force; (92) There are no errors.
  • Slide 16
  • 93. it is very important learn how to breathe in and out correctly 94. while swimming, as this extends the ability to cover long distance; (93) Complete this sentence: It is important ___ do your homework carefully. What word is missing in front of learn? to
  • Slide 17
  • 93. it is very important learn how to breathe in and out correctly 94. while swimming, as this extends the ability to cover long distance; distance is countable in this situation. We are speaking in general terms about any long distance. There are two ways of making this line correct. to cover a long distance; to cover long distances;
  • Slide 18
  • 95. board floats are water paddles are the only correct teaching aids 96. for swimming. Proper use help a learners development of 97. both kicking and arm strokes. Never use inflatable rubber ring, 98. which should only be used as a rescue device of swimmer in distress. (95) There are no errors in this line.
  • Slide 19
  • 95. board floats are water paddles are the only correct teaching aids 96. for swimming. Proper use help a learners development of 97. both kicking and arm strokes. Never use inflatable rubber ring, 98. which should only be used as a rescue device of swimmers in distress. (96) Is use a noun or a verb here? Does the verb agree with the subject. Change help to helps
  • Slide 20
  • 95. board floats are water paddles are the only correct teaching aids 96. for swimming. Proper use help a learners development of 97. both kicking and arm strokes. Never use inflatable rubber ring, 98. which should only be used as a rescue device of swimmers in distress. Is ring countable or uncountable? Were speaking generally about any inflatable rubber ring. There are two possible ways of correcting this line. an inflatable rubber ring inflatable rubber rings
  • Slide 21
  • 95. board floats are water paddles are the only correct teaching aids 96. for swimming. Proper use help a learners development of 97. both kicking and arm strokes. Never use inflatable rubber ring, 98. which should only be used as a rescue device of swimmers in distress. (98) Complete this sentence: Rings should be used ___ swimmers that are in trouble. Replace of with by or for

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