Lec 01 Evolution Sum08

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<ul><li><p>8/11/2019 Lec 01 Evolution Sum08</p><p> 1/9</p><p>David PrestiDepartment of Molecular and Cell Biology</p><p>University of California, Berkeley</p><p>Summer 2008</p><p>Topics</p><p> brain and nervous system organization atoms, molecules, proteins, lipids, membranes</p><p> cells, DNA, genes neurons, ion channels, nerve signaling</p><p> synapse, neurotransmitters, neural circuits molecular pharmacology, drugs</p><p> seizures brain imaging (PET, fMRI, MEG, etc)</p><p> brain development sensation and perception</p><p>Topics</p><p> vision audition, music taste, smell</p><p> somatosensory / tactile movement, paralysis</p><p> biological rhythms, sleep, dreaming learning, memory</p><p> language mental disorders: depression, psychosis, etc</p><p> mind, consciousness</p></li><li><p>8/11/2019 Lec 01 Evolution Sum08</p><p> 2/9</p><p>Textbooks</p><p>An Introduction to Brain and Behavior</p><p>by Bryan Kolb And Ian Whishaw2nd edition - 2006</p><p>The Double Helixby James Watson - 1968Norton Critical Edition</p><p>edited by Gunther Stent - 1980</p><p>Course Grade</p><p>Exams: Two Midterm Exams (online)</p><p> Final Exam (proctored)</p><p>Homeworks: neuroscience in the news (one)</p><p> Double Helixessay composing exam questions</p><p> neuroscience in the news (two)</p><p> Online Discussion Forum participation</p><p>2001: A SPACE ODYSSEY</p><p>(1968)</p><p>directed by Stanley Kubrickwritten by Stanley Kubrick (1928-1999)</p><p>and Arthur C. Clarke (1917-2008)</p></li><li><p>8/11/2019 Lec 01 Evolution Sum08</p><p> 3/9</p></li><li><p>8/11/2019 Lec 01 Evolution Sum08</p><p> 4/9</p><p>Hominid Evolution</p><p>hominid = human-like animal</p><p>includes modern humans and recent</p><p>(circa past 4 million years)</p><p>human ancestors</p><p>a timeline of hominid evolution</p><p>millions of years agoFigure 1-12</p><p>time spansare</p><p>approximate</p></li><li><p>8/11/2019 Lec 01 Evolution Sum08</p><p> 5/9</p><p>Hominid Evolution</p><p>genus Australopithecus</p><p>various species have been described:</p><p>A. robustus, A. africanus,</p><p>A. afarensis, A. aethiopicus</p><p>circa 4 million years to 1 million years ago</p><p>Hominid Evolution</p><p>genus Homo</p><p>Homo habilis</p><p>circa 2 million years to 1.5 million years ago</p><p>Homo erectus</p><p>circa 1.6 million years to 200,000 years ago</p><p>Homo sapiens</p><p> modern humans</p><p> circa 200,000 years ago</p><p>to the present</p><p> only extant hominid species</p></li><li><p>8/11/2019 Lec 01 Evolution Sum08</p><p> 6/9</p><p>Homo neanderthalensis</p><p> parallel evolutionary branch of the genus Homo</p><p> circa 300,000 to 30,000 years ago</p><p> ritual</p><p> burial of dead</p><p> pet animals</p><p> music</p><p>ancient music? - circa 50,000 years ago</p><p>portion of what appears to be a flute made</p><p>from bear bone by Homo neanderthalensisFigure 9-1</p><p>brainsizecubic</p><p>centimeters(cc)</p><p>Figure 1-12</p></li><li><p>8/11/2019 Lec 01 Evolution Sum08</p><p> 7/9</p><p>Killing of conspecifics</p><p>hominid human ancestors</p><p>~ 4 million years ago</p><p>human deaths due to violent conflictin the 20th century</p><p>~160,000,000</p><p>I refuse to accept the cynical notion that nation after nationmust spiral down a militaristic stairway....I believe that unarmedtruth and unconditional love will have the final word in reality.</p><p>Martin Luther King (1929-1968)Nobel Peace Prize acceptance speech - 1964</p></li><li><p>8/11/2019 Lec 01 Evolution Sum08</p><p> 8/9</p><p>Does HAL</p><p>have amind?</p></li><li><p>8/11/2019 Lec 01 Evolution Sum08</p><p> 9/9</p><p>What is Mind?collection of mental states</p><p>internal, subjective experiences:thoughts</p><p>feelings</p><p>perceptions</p><p>awareness / consciousness</p><p>Reading associated with this lecture:</p><p>An Introduction to Brain and BehaviorChapter 1</p><p>begin readingThe Double Helix</p></li></ul>