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  • Santiago, October 2014

    III Taller Regional LEDS LAC

    Nathaly Torregroza Vargas Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development

    Colombia

    LEDS Implementation Effective Institutional Arrangements at National and Subnational

    level

  • General outline of Presentation

    1. Context 2. Climate change pillars 3. Territorial and Regional Nodes 4. Colombian experience 5. Lessons learned

  • 1.Colombia is located in the north-west

    corner of South America

    2.Colombia's total area is 2,070,408 km2

    (1,141,748 km2 of mainland and 926,660

    km2 of territorial waters)

    3.Colombias population is aprox. 48 million

    people.

    4.Recently, there is an increased risk of

    climate change impacts due to

    anthropogenic activities (economy,

    ecosystem, territories)

    Context

  • Sets the general framework for its Climate Change Agenda According to Colombias National Development Plan 2010-2014 (NDP) The country generates 0.37% of global greenhouse gas emissions. Emissions per capita are roughly 4.15 tons of CO2e, well below the regions average of 8 tons of CO2e per capita

    the government has set 4 pillars for the countrys Climate Change agenda:

    Context

  • ENREDD+

    ECDBC

    EPFD

    PNACC

    The Colombian Low Carbon Development

    Strategy

    The REDD+ National Strategy

    The Strategy for financial

    protection against natural

    disasters

    The National Adaptation Plan for

    Climate Change

    Climate Change Pilllars

  • 14/07/2011 CONPES 3700

    Suggest a coordination framework through which sectors, territories and communities to understand climate change

    Promote joint institutions Propose an appropriate framework for coordination of actions prioritized by the

    NDP

    INSTITUTIONAL STRATEGY AND POLICY JOINT ACTIONS ON CLIMATE CHANGE IN COLOMBIA

    * CONPES: National Council for Economic and Social Policy

    Proposed the creation of the National Climate Change System SISCLIMA

    Climate Change Pilllars

  • Define an intersectorial scheme to facilitate and promote the

    formulation and implementation of policies, plans, programs,

    methodologies, incentives and projects related to climate change,

    mainstreaming climate into the design and planning of development

    projects in the country.

    Principal Objective of the SISCLIMA

    1. 2.

    Territorial and Regional Climate Change Nodes Intersectorial Climate Change Commission

    Climate Change Pilllars

  • CARIBE PACIFICO NORTE

    ORINOQUIA NORANDINO

    CENTRO ANDINO

    EJE CAFETERO

    PACIFICO SUR AMAZONIA

  • 9

    NODES

    1. Caribe 2. Pacfico norte 3. Orinoquia 4. Norandino 5. Centro andino 6. Eje Cafetero 7. Pacfico Sur 8. Amazona 9. Antioquia

    SECTORS

    1. Electric Energy 2. Hidrocarbons 3. Mining 4. Transport 5. Housing 6. Waste 7. Agriculture 8. Industry 9. LULUCF

    NAMAS

    CDM NAPs

    SMAPs

    Vulnerability

    REDD Act

    LCP

    Provide guidance, inputs and technical support

    Sectorial clusters by region

    Economic activities GDP

    Population

    Experience

  • 10

    Experience

    Aprox. 50% with Bogot D. C., Antioquia y Valle del Cauca.

    National GDP by department- 2010

    Local GDP - 2012

    DANE 2012

    ACTIVIDADES ECONOMICAS 2012pr INDUSTRIA MANUFACTURERA 25,2

    CONSTRUCCION 13,3 COMERCIO, REPARACIN, RESTAURANTES Y HOTELES 7,8

    EXPLOTACION DE MINAS Y CANTERAS 6,9 AGRICULTURA, GANADERIA, CAZA, SILVICULTURA Y

    PESCA 5,3

  • Experience

  • DNP MADS IDEAM UNGRD

    it is also responsibility of the environmental local authorities (CARs), territorial entities (regional and local government), civil society and sectors

    Territories had started to develop their

    own vulnerability assessment as their adaptation plans such as Cartagena and Archipielago Rosario & San Bernardo, Huila department, Bogota region and Cundinamarca department, Monteria, Risaralda, Nario, San Andres & Providencia, Coffee Region, Orinoqua and the Amazon Region.

    Adaptation

  • Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development (MADS)

    Colombian Low Carbon Development Strategy

    Transport SMAP

    Minning SMAP

    Industry SMAP

    Agriculture SMAP

    Housing SMAP

    Electricity SMAP Solid Waste

    and Waste Water SMAP

    Hydrocarbons SMAP

    Approved

    Formulated

    Under construction

    Climate Change lead (cross cutting work)

    Planning lead (cross cutting work)

    Mitigation

  • 18

    Colombia TOD NAMA: Partners

    Mitigation

  • Cali TOD

    Medellin TOD

    Others TOD

    Public Funding for Public Transit & Social Housing

    Private Sector Development

    International NAMA Funding

    CIUDAT Board & Staff

    Technical

    Assistance Intervention Types: Pre-investment studies - Market analysis - Planning - Design Value capture Finance packaging Measurement & evaluation Policy design

    NAMA

    Trust Fund Intervention Types: Pre-construction - Engineering - Architecture Infrastructure finance (grants, concessional loans, etc) for - Transit stations - Public spaces - Pedestrian Facilities Land purchases (parcel assembly)

    Colombia Transit-Oriented Development NAMA

    Mitigation

  • Lessons learned

    From the national level is fundamental to generate information (technical outputs) in order to facilitate decision-making in the regions

    Each region has their own complexities and needs that governments should take into account

    Bottom-up process that national government should support There is an important need to develop an education and communication

    strategy Strong vertical alignment involved trust and transparency Capacity building at the national, regional and local level Barriers to remove: local investment gaps, public-private collaboration, policy

    integration, finance mechanism Interinstitutional arrangement alt national and subnational levels Learning by doing

  • Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development

    Climate Change Division

    Mitigation Group

    Nathaly Torregroza Vargas ntorregroza@minambiente.gov.co Phone: +571 -3323400 Ext. 2411

    Nmero de diapositiva 1Nmero de diapositiva 2Nmero de diapositiva 3Nmero de diapositiva 4Nmero de diapositiva 5Nmero de diapositiva 6Principal Objective of the SISCLIMANmero de diapositiva 8Nmero de diapositiva 9Nmero de diapositiva 10Nmero de diapositiva 11Nmero de diapositiva 13Nmero de diapositiva 16Colombia TOD NAMA: PartnersNmero de diapositiva 19Lessons learnedNmero de diapositiva 23

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