legacies of ancient rome

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Legacies of Ancient Rome. We are learning to: explain the legacies of technology, art, architecture, literature, and law. Languages. Language of Latin was spoken by the Romans Not a spoken language any longer, but is the basis for Romance Languages: - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Legacies of Ancient Rome

Legacies of Ancient RomeWe are learning to: explain the legacies of technology, art, architecture, literature, and law

LanguagesLanguage of Latin was spoken by the RomansNot a spoken language any longer, but is the basis for Romance Languages: -Italian, French, Spanish Portuguese, and Romanian.We use the Roman alphabet today

ReligionChristianity began as a sect of JudaismSpread by Jesus and his disciplesAt first was banned by the Roman Empire-people were persecuted for followingConstantine accepted itTheodosius made it the empires religionToday is one of the most widely practiced religions in the world

Literature and PoetryVirgil-greatest Roman PoetHorace-wrote about human emotionOvid-love lyricsTacitus-wrote about the history of RomePlutarch-wrote Greek and Roman biographiesBoth literature and poetry impacted future western civilizations with their style of writing and information from that time periodGovernment and LawFirst representative democracy/republic/indirect democracyElected officials, written constitution, tripartite government (three branches), checks and balances, civic dutyMany countries around the world use this system of government today

AstronomyPtolemy-a scientist and scholarDeveloped system of astronomy and geographyBelief that the sun, planets, and stars revolved around the EarthContributed to the understanding of the Earth

EngineeringBasilica-large building with a rectangular central area lined by columns and a vaulted area at one end.

Engineering ContinuedDome-hollow upper half of sphere

Engineering continuedAmphitheater-a round or oval building without a roof that has a central open space surrounded by tiers of seats, especially one used by the ancient Romans for public entertainments

Engineering continuedArches-structure that spans a space and supports structure and weight above it.

RoadsRoman roads were first used as a way for the military to conquer new territoryConnected the large empire togetherUseful for tradeHelped spread the religion of ChristianityFirst to use concrete

AqueductAqueduct-pipe or channel for moving water to a lower level, often across a great distance

ArtFresco-a painting on a wall or ceiling done by rapidly brushing watercolors onto fresh damp or partly dry plasterSculpture-the creation of a three-dimensional work of art, especially by carving, modeling, or casting

Roman and U.S. structureCircus Maximus-an ancient Roman chariot racing stadium and mass entertainment venue located in Rome, Italy. Spectators could watch chariot races Churchill Downs-a thoroughbred racetrack most famous for hosting the Kentucky Derby annually

Roman and U.S. structure Roman Coliseum-an elliptical amphitheatre; and is considered one of the greatest works of Roman architecture and engineering; used forgladiatorial contests

Progressive Field-home to the ClevelandIndians baseball team. Has the same type of circular structrue. Open air.

Roman and U.S. Structure Roman Forum-a rectangular plaza surrounded by the ruins of several important ancient government buildings at the center of the city of Rome

National Mall-located in Washington, DC. Its status as a wide, open expanse at the heart of the capital makes it an attractive site for protests and rallies of all types

Roman and U.S. structuresPantheon-has been used as a Roman CatholicChurch; Pantheon's dome is still the world's largest unreinforced concrete dome

U.S Capitol Building-the meeting place of the U.S. Congress, the legislature of the U.S. federal government. Located in Washington, D.C.