legal metrology bill
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DESCRIPTIONLegal Metrology Bill. Portfolio Committee on Trade and Industry Dr Tshenge Demana – Chief Director: Technical Infrastructure, Industrial Policy Development Division firstname.lastname@example.org 18 September 2013. Background. Technical Infrastructure. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Legal Metrology BillPortfolio Committee on Trade and IndustryDr Tshenge Demana Chief Director: Technical Infrastructure, Industrial Policy Development Divisiontdemana@thedti.gov.za18 September 2013
Technical InfrastructureGlobalisation is increasing the demands on countries to demonstrate that they have the technical infrastructure to guarantee that products originating in their territories are safe and fit for purpose. Used in Industrial Policy Action Plan (IPAP) to lock-out non-compliant products and to lock-in South African products to export markets Technical Infrastructure comprises of standards, quality assurance, metrology (scientific and legal) and accreditation. Technical infrastructure is required to meet the standards and measurement challenges required by trade, health, safety, and environmental considerations (including climate change), as well as considerations of interoperability (necessary for globally dispersed manufacturing platforms).Institutions need to be maintained and improved in order to remain relevant as the platform for global economic efficiency and market access of products.
Technical Infrastructure: REGULATORY SUPPORT JUDICIAL
What is Legal Metrology?Legal Metrology regulates measurements that directly affect consumers and ensures the quality and credibility of such measurements that are used directly in regulation and in areas of trade. It deals with risks of misuse of the instruments, of tampering and of accidental influences on the measuring instrument as well as with the traceability of such measurements, thus providing an appropriate level of credibility of measurement results in the regulatory domain.
What is Legal Metrology? continuesLegal Metrology entailsEnsuring the appropriate quality and credibility of regulatory measurement results in the health, safety, environmental and trade domains throughtraceability of measurementdevelopment of technical regulationsThe monitoring/enforcing of measurements made in the indicated domains. Managing the risks of misuse, tampering with and other influences on measuring instruments Consumer protection and level playing fields for industry
International Legal MetrologyThe International Organisation of Legal Metrology (OIML) was established in 1955 with the signing of the OIML Convention by 24 countries. Currently there are 59 member states and some 54 corresponding members The OIML was established to disseminate information on legal metrology principlesthe development and promotion of international best practice, elimination of barriers to trade caused by legal metrology and to develop and promote Mutual Recognition Acceptance Agreements in legal metrology
History of Trade Metrology in South Africa
Dates back to 1902Since 1973 under the auspices of the Department of Trade and IndustryFunction transferred in 1991 to the South African Bureau of Standards (SABS)In 2008 it became the responsibility of the National Regulator for Compulsory Specifications (NRCS) and has a dedicated Division within the NRCS responsible for Trade/ Legal Metrology
Current landscape for Trade Metrology South Africa acceded to OIML in 1998Trade Metrology Act (Act 77 of 1973) does not provide for regulation of legal metrology measurementsUse of South African National Standards as basis for regulationsLimited funding resulting in under inspection of industry and non compliance to regulationsPenalty in Act is outdatedLack of training institutions for inspectors
New landscape for Legal MetrologyLegal Metrology Act will replace Trade Metrology Act, remain the responsibility of the NRCSExtended scope into Legal Metrology through regulations coupled by impact assessmentsImproved enforcement through increased market surveillance coupled to a new fee structureMetrology Advisory Committee will be replaced by a Advisory Forum, appointed by the Minister to provide advise to NRCSIncreased penaltiesContinuation of use of South African National Standards as basis for regulationsProvision is made for regulating verification and repair activities to counter conflict of interestExploring synergies with rest of NRCS, i.e training and sharing inspectors
DRIVER FOR CHANGE IN METROLOGY DOMAINExpanding scope of legal metrologyChanges in agriculture, industry, transportation and technology
Movement of direct sales of products to multiplicity of transactions through production, wholesaling, processing and retail trade
DRIVER FOR CHANGE IN METROLOGY DOMAINExpanding scope of legal metrologyQuality measurements were introduced e.g. grainEstablishment of water, gas, electricity telephone utilities expanded the scope of trade measurements from the normal services where measurement was the basis for the fees charged
Regulatory measurementsEnvironment, health and safety(water pollution, blood pressure)
Regulatory ChallengeThe biggest difficulty facing economies is the fact that regulatory measurements have never been properly incorporated into measurement systemsReason: trade metrology systems are not adapted to regulatory metrologyIn trade metrology the government acts as refereeIn regulatory metrology the government is one of the partiesThis situation is normally not covered by Weights and Measures legislationHowever national systems have relied on W&M legislation to define the legal basis for measurements
Regulatory Challenge continuesAnother challenge is the very basic and ancient requirement that measurements shall be derived from national standards i.e. traceabilityBut to what extent do we have a traceability definition in our legislative system that meet requirements of modern society?In many cases weights and measurement systems do have traceability requirements but it does not cover regulatory measurementsIn fact we do not have a legislative basis which is appropriate for this expanded scope of legal metrology
Process thus far
2001 Nedlac Standards, Quality Assurance, Accreditation and Metrology (SQAM) review made recommendations with regards to the amendment/drafting of 5 Acts. Legal Metrology is the last one to be amended. A policy proposal on the move from Trade to Legal Metrology was developed by the dti. the dti consulted widely during the last quarter of 2010 on the draft policy proposal on Legal Metrology. Workshops were held in Pretoria, Durban and Cape Town. Consultations with the Nedlac Standards, Quality Assurance, Accreditation and Metrology (SQAM) Task team, after which it was signed off by the Nedlac Management Committee on 10 June 2011.
Process thus far continuesThis draft Bill was prepared by the State Law Advisers in Cape Town with input from the dti, Technical Infrastructure as well as from the Legal Metrology Division at the National Regulator for Compulsory Specifications (NRCS) using the OIML model law as well as the policy paper as basis.Bill was published for general comment in Government Gazette on 7 December 2012. Comment period was extended till 1 February 2013 on request of stakeholders.Comments review committee considered comments on 8 February 2013. The Bill was also discussed by the Nedlac Legal Metrology Bill Task Team and signed-off by Nedlac on 25 July 2013.
Legal Metrology Bill
Legal Metrology BillCurrent legislation 40 years old. New Bill is seen as framework legislation to ensure longevity.Details will be contained in regulations, which will be preceded by Regulatory Impact Assessments.
Objectives of the BillTo expand the scope of trade metrology to legal metrology To strengthen the enforcement of legal metrology To develop the appropriate legislative framework To protect consumers against short measure To establish a level playing field for industryTo support local industry competitivenessThe Bill also addresses governance issues by changing the corporate structure from an entity with a Board to that of a trading entity
Application and Administration
The Act will be administered by the National Regulator for Compulsory Specifications and Authority lies with the CEO reporting to Minister.The NRCS also administers the National Regulator for Compulsory Specification Act, Act 5 of 2008 and the National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act, Act 103 of 1977.The schedule to the Legal Metrology Bill addresses changes in governance structure of NRCS in terms of NRCS Act.
Application and Administration continues
Applies to measurable products and services, measurements in trade, health, safety and the environment and measuring instruments used for a prescribed purposeFollowing can now be included if prescribed by regulation:Medical measurements e.g. temperature, blood pressure, syringes- Safety measurements e.g. speed, alcohol- Environmental measurements e.g. smoke emissions, water pollution
*RegistrationRegistration of importers, manufacturers or sellers may be prescribed by regulationKnow market size and coverageControl purposesCollection of fees
Minister must appoint an advisory forum to advise on legal metrology
*Legal Metrology Technical RegulationsMuch the same requirements as in the NRCS Act for compulsory specificationsBasically Minister must declare a SANS a technical regulation in respect of any measuring instrument or any product or service which may affect fair trade, public health and safety or the environment. Only if a SANS is not available may he make a regulation in Government Gazette.Formal procedure for introducing new technical regulation should be followed.New regulations will be preceded by a regulatory risk and impact assessment.
Repair and verificationThe Bill makes provision for the Minister to