lesson one -nta 811

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  • 8/3/2019 Lesson One -NTA 811

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    Lesson One:

    1. Significance of Research Report writing

    As a major component of the research study

    Becomes complete if written and presented

    No matter how brilliant the hypotheses are, or well designed and conducted,

    or most striking the generelisations and findings are; unless it is

    communicated to others, it is valueless.

    Unless findings are made known to others, the purpose of research is not well

    served.

    As integral part of the research project, it cannot be omitted.

    Presentation of results or writing a report is, therefore, part and parcel of the

    research project.

    2. Research beginning point

    a. A research report is a tool by which you will communicate your

    investigations with others. Before beginning to work on the report, you must first

    complete most of your research. When the research is complete, and all the

    necessary data and interpretation is over it, you can do the following:

    Thinking about the content of your research report. Start this exercise by

    searching the literature in your area of research.

    Review the literature to see what has been published on your topic in the

    past and identify the various sources to use in writing your own report.

    Note, conduct a literature search by browsing through journals and other

    references that are important in your field or by conducting a key word search

    through library databases.

    Conduct the prewriting exercise by answering the following questions asa basis of your report (consult Blake, Gary and Bly et.al)

    Describe the purpose of your research. Are you presenting the results of

    research, outlining a new theory or method, and/or offering a new

    interpretation of old data?

    Describe the most important feature of your research.

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    Make a list of anyone who contributed to your research and who could be

    involved in writing the research report. Describe the contribution they might

    make to your research report.

    Compile a list of works by other researchers that you used in your own

    research or that is related to your research.

    Describe the ways in which your research proves or disproves other

    researchers' work.

    Describe the background of this subject.

    Describe what you expected to find before you began your research. How

    did your project change over time? How did your results differ from your

    expectations?

    Describe your results. How did you check your results? How can you

    best represent them: with text, in a table, with a figure, etc?

    Describe the consequences of your research. What does it mean for the

    subject? How will it affect future research on this subject?

    Describe the ideal audience for your report. Who would be most

    impacted by your research? Who would best understand the consequences of

    your research?

    If you are seeking to publish your report, describe the journals in which

    you would like to see your research appear. What are the specific

    requirements for these journals? Additionally, what type of language should

    you use in writing your report? Look carefully at journals to which you are

    interested in submitting; how do writers describe their experimental data?

    Consider the specific guidelines under which you are working. If

    relevant, make a list of the sections you are required to include in your report.

    If you have freedom in choosing sections to include, make a list of the

    sections you think will be necessary to include.

    3. Research Audiences and their expectations

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    a. Itis important to consider to whom you are communicating your research

    before you begin and while you write your research report. The reader and not

    the writer is the one who dictates the appropriate form of the research report.

    They will dictate whether a technical (in case of technocrats) or a popular

    report (to non technical audience or public, or both is needed. In this way your

    report will adequately communicate your research and its significance to your

    readers.

    b. Incase of academic research, you should write as though your lecturer,

    research supervisor or professor is not your reader. You should think of a

    much broader audience including your peers and colleagues who will not be

    involved in evaluating and or grading your research work. To make it much

    easier, it is advisable to think of an audience of people with a similar

    background who are interested in your subject, but who do not know as much

    about your investigations as well as those who are uninterested bearing in

    mind that, someone skilled in the art could reproduce your work precisely.

    c. People may have no time. They will want information to be presented

    clearly and concisely as possible, thorough and accurate. While readers from

    your own discipline and area of research might read your report closely and

    all the way through, many other readers will read only the title and abstract to

    keep abreast of research.

    d. To understand precisely your audience, conduct a pre writing exercise by

    answering the following questions:

    Describe your audience. What is their position? Why will they read

    your report?

    What does your audience already know about this topic?

    What information will be new to your reader?

    What is the most important thing for your reader to understand from

    your report?

    List terms and/or procedures that is important to your research but that

    your audience may not be familiar with. Include terms that you are using

    in a new or unique way.

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    It is important to consider to whom you are communicating your

    research before you begin and while you write your research report. The

    reader and not the writer is the one who dictates the appropriate form of

    the research report. They will dictate whether a technical (in case of

    technocrats) or a popular report (to non technical audience or public, or

    both is needed. In this way your report will adequately communicate your

    research and its significance to your readers.

    Incase of academic research, you should write as though your lecturer,

    research supervisor or professor is not your reader. You should think of a

    much broader audience including your peers and colleagues who will not

    be involved in evaluating and or grading your research work. To make it

    much easier, it is advisable to think of an audience of people with a similar

    background who are interested in your subject, but who do not know as

    much about your investigations as well as those who are uninterested

    bearing in mind that, someone skilled in the art could reproduce your work

    precisely.

    People may have no time. They will want information to be presented

    clearly and concisely as possible, thorough and accurate. While readers

    from your own discipline and area of research might read your reportclosely and all the way through, many other readers will read only the title

    and abstract to keep abreast of research.

    To understand precisely your audience, conduct a pre writing exercise

    by answering the following questions:

    o Describe your audience. What is their position? Why will they

    read your report?

    o What does your audience already know about this topic?

    o What information will be new to your reader?

    o What is the most important thing for your reader to understand

    from your report?

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    o List terms and/or procedures that is important to your research

    but that your audience may not be familiar with. Include terms

    that you are using in a new or unique way.