LOOK BOTH WAYS LOOK BOTH WAYS “It doesn’t matter how life ends, it matters how it was”

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<ul><li> Slide 1 </li> <li> LOOK BOTH WAYS LOOK BOTH WAYS It doesnt matter how life ends, it matters how it was </li> <li> Slide 2 </li> <li> Single text Exam Revision: Look Both Ways No text is marked harder than another all texts are weighted the same and marked the same. Students must demonstrate a contention or hypothesis in their introduction and address this in the body. You will not be marked down for inaccurate quoting. Each paragraph must begin with a strong topic sentence and support/discussion of this in the body paragraph. You must write a conclusion. Cut and paste responses will be marked down you will be assessed on what you have to say about the text. Assessors marking your paper do not mark all texts from the VCAA list. The decision to revise 1 or 2 texts? Mean versus popularity? </li> <li> Slide 3 </li> <li> Students examine the structures, features and conventions used by authors of a range of selected texts to construct meaning. Students identify, discuss and analyse these in order to explain how meaning is constructed through textual elements such as language and images. Students also examine the ways in which the same text is open to different interpretations by different readers; for example, the ways in which a text can be read differently in a different time, place or culture. They describe and analyse the way in which social, historical and/or cultural values are embodied in texts, and develop oral and written responses to a selected text, using appropriate metalanguage. Reading and Responding to a text: from VCAA The different elements that together give the text the significance that it has. The authors use of literary conventions to add rich texture to the text. To deconstruct and analyse in discussion and writing how the author takes us into his world by using carefully constructed language choices. Find and discuss samples. Consider how the text can be read as an historical document, a memoir, a sociological recount. How characters can be seen our views of them based on our own values. Consider the themes of the text, what the author wants us to take away from the text these explorations and outcomes will be demonstrated in your exam text essay. </li> <li> Slide 4 </li> <li> How to study a film within English what you need to know the focus remains on the relationship between text (film) and the exploration of character and theme Your ability to explore the visual cues in the film and how they ADD TO OUR UNDERSTANDING OF character and theme You DONT need to know all about filmmaking essays are not to take the form of media/technical essays Remember NOTHING in filmmaking is co-incidental all elements within the frame are DELIBERATE AND TO ADD LAYERS OF MEANING The best essays are those that show a deep understanding of what the filmmaker is on aboutwhat are the issues they want us to consider?The best essays are those that show a deep understanding of what the filmmaker is on aboutwhat are the issues they want us to consider? </li> <li> Slide 5 </li> <li> WHAT IS EXPECTED / WHAT ASSESSORS LOOK FOR. 1. Processing of the topic = thinking about the topic 2.Relevance to the topic. 3 step question BEFORE YOU PLAN: 1. What is the topic saying? 2. Do I agree with it? 3. What, then is my contention? That 3.Confidence and knowledge of the text. 4.Structure and planning why write a plan????? 5. Mechanics In a nutshell, strong essays are sharp, interesting and engaging to read. They have a clear, logical argument and go beyond the obvious. They will have a sense of personal engagement and have a critical selection of quotes and scenes to support contention. 6. Engagement with the text. </li> <li> Slide 6 </li> <li> Understanding HOW meaning is madeconsider your language analysislooking for devices that ultimately persuade Our task is to look for individual devices and the impact they have on us as readerssuch as When looking at a text whether its film or a novel you do the same look at the way Watt uses each technique to make up the total product and how it impacts on us as a viewerso we might have locationMotifs/symbols costumes framinglighting Point of view shots </li> <li> Slide 7 </li> <li> Film techniques you should know When writing on a film you need to be aware of and how the following ADD to the meaning and power of the film. Camera angles Lighting Locations Editing/film cutting Framing/composition Montage Costumes colours/design Music/sound Shots; one shots, two shots Point of view shots Jump cuts </li> <li> Slide 8 </li> <li> The idea with symbols or images is to try and see their metaphoric significance rather than their literal meaning. You must be careful here as obviously not all images in a text are meant to be seen as a metaphor for another meaning. From what you know of the story/narrative would this image add to the characters dilemma or personality? Use of Symbols and motifs in film Motifs in Look Both Ways: *Birds *Cricket game * Children (both real and in Meryls paintings) *Railway tracks/trains *Signs * Art/painting *Cigarettes *Technology/media *Lights/lamps * cards/words *flowers *sharks *paths/tracks/roads </li> <li> Slide 9 </li> <li> Looking for film language meaning Opening scene what do we see? -close up on flowers-context bw flowers and cards -wide shot --light = hope- open doors = open to life -voice off camera- news juxt with death = lifes tragedies -cut to train 3 cutaway shot = chaos, disturbing, unsettling -introduced motifs of signs- pov shot looking outside train -shot of M. framed/trapped in train window -costume;relaxed,shabby, earthy colours -M. in one shotsstruggles to make her way along paths/directions -fishing rod = incongruous=lifes ironiessome things dont make sense -cut to close-up x-ray from one image of death to another -N. moves into x-ray = his fate is revealed -Doctors back to camera/Nick = disengaged -sped up montage = life before your eyes -N. in one shots -shark on computer screen = intro of motif=danger </li> <li> Slide 10 </li> <li> Consider how Watt constructs meaning in the film: discuss and think about: Use of animations by Meryl = what do they tell us about her character? How do these change during the course of the film and as a result of her contact with Nick? Use of photomontages used by Nick = consider WHY Watt has his imagined fears presented via technology as opposed to drawings. What is the obvious answer? = What is the more complex reason? Use of the bookending of a train crash = though life remains the same our response to what happens will be different. The characters are, in a sense, caught within tragedy what do we learn about them (about us) as a result of both???? Use of real footage within the narrative? Context of Australian, urban landscape during Summer = captures that sense of claustrophobia, fatigue, death and dying, universal suffering(all have to deal with this but some dont let it become a negative). Ugliness of the world is the world really ugly??? Is it our perception??? Repeated use of children/families in the film? Use of parallel stories why does the film highlight the lives of several people? Annas story is as important as Nicks, Phils and even the train driver. WHAT IS COMMON BETWEEN THEM ALL???? </li> <li> Slide 11 </li> <li> Characters what we learn about them Meryl Painter sees the world visually In mourning Paintings reveal her inner life Sees happiness as beyond her not something she seeks Inarticulate, clunky in conversation Terrified of love = requires an emotional commitment Shabby clothes, drifts from one episode to the next Paints to release her frustrations Nick Photojournalist sees the world through a lens; insular and dark. Is inarticulate lets his photographs speak for him clunky in conversation Displays a nave kind of bravery Terrified of love = requires an emotional commitment Physically appealing muscular appearance clashes with his emotional vulnerability Runs to release his frustrations WHY DOES SHE IMAGINE HER DEATH WHILE NICK IS FACED WITH HIS???? Is your view of these 2 characters the same as mine? How do you see them? Where do YOU get your clues from? Is it what they say or what they do or both? </li> <li> Slide 12 </li> <li> What do we learn from the film? Points to considerhow these link to views and values of Watt The film reminds us that life AND death are part of the life cycle. Its what we do and how we deal with problems that determine our happiness. How the impact of events outside our control can leave us feeling insecure, unsafe and without direction.is life all about being in control? How our values and attitudes to religion and God have changed. Does the film suggest we should all go back to having a blind faith in God? The power of the media to control and manipulate our lives. Do we control it or does it control us? Who is to blame for what happens in our lives? The ending is deliberately vague, we dont know what happens to Nickwhat DO we learn? Why is the ending so unsatisfying? </li> <li> Slide 13 </li> <li> Messages from the film / themes What connects us all is our fatelife IS really about fragmentseveryones life can be a struggle Fear only succeeds if we let it Loss, grief and death are inevitable. So is happiness, birth and survival. Seeing is relative one persons view will not be the same as the next does that make one wrong? Acceptance and seeing beyond what we see is important. This is not a film about middle-aged crisisits about lifethink of Belinda Emmetts battle with cancer Its about knowing our limits our weaknesses and being able to laugh at ourselves We can either choose to follow the path and the signs or we can choose to fly freely like the birds. </li> <li> Slide 14 </li> <li> What are these fears? Real fears such as death, imagined fears such as those our imagination lets loose. Yes, death is a real fear for some, but how we deal with it how we imagine it is what the film shows. * Consider Andys paranoia and being set up by Anna. Sample Topic: Look Both Ways shows characters in crisis who are dealing with real and imagined fears. Discuss. What type of crisis? Crisis of what? Are all the characters in crisis? If not, why not? *what is Sarah Watts message on these fears? You would need to show examples from the film that show how the relevant characters deal with both sorts of fear and ultimately what she is saying about how we should deal with themimagined dont get us anywhere while real ones like death need to be accepted as part of life. </li> <li> Slide 15 </li> <li> Topic:Look Both Ways shows that sometimes trying to control our lives is pointless. Discuss Ask a question of the question: does it? Is this going to be a but question? yesbut or nobut AS A GENERAL RULE BE AWARE OF ABSOLUTES/ABSOLUTE QUESTIONS Ask WHO WHERE. AND WHY Gives us characters Gives us key scenes/evidence Gives us the link to the themes Remember, the best essays have a strong and clear CONTENTIONwhat are you arguing???? this becomes part of your introduction and should be presented as a statement </li> <li> Slide 16 </li> <li> Sample Essay what a film essay might look like Topic:Look Both Ways shows that sometimes trying to control our lives is pointless. Discuss. We are reminded in the film that life is unpredictable and sometimes as much as we try, we cannot know what will happen. As Nicks mother says, it doesnt matter how life ends, matters how it was. Life can be difficult and very often we know that we will have to face trying and adverse situations. However, Look Both Ways shows that its what we do with our lives and how we tackle those difficult times that makes life worthwhile. This is shown in the film when Nick and Meryl walk home together after the train accident we know they are both trapped by their lives and feel they cannot escape. In this scene they follow the path of the footpath and the fence that keeps them on track. Ironically, both are clambering for direction as they have both suffered a devastating experience in their lives. As the camera follows them both around the corner we are reminded that life can be what we make it and sometimes to go off the path is necessary. We see Meryl and Nick walking the same path together and finally Meryl replies maybe it was meant to be. Her view of life is both casually pragmatic and defeatist as she allows life to control her rather than control her life. The film is a reminder that while fate can often be cruel, we can make decisions about how we choose to live and thus is far from pointless </li> <li> Slide 17 </li> <li> Slide 18 </li> <li> Symbolism and Motifs in Film Symbols and metaphors/motifs can be used in films in the same way they are used in any written text. While some have come about through historic literature and Christian teachings, others have developed over time and they have come to represent an emotion or quality and symbolize a certain meaning. For example, look at the following list: ImageEmotion/Quality Slouch hatdigger/bravery/mateship White Dovepeace Autumn Leavestime changing/life cycle/death Childreninnocence/honesty Cage/barsentrapment Crucifix/crossfaith/sacrifice Scalesjustice/hope. </li> </ul>