louisiana yards and neighborhoods landscapes for wildlife

Download Louisiana Yards and Neighborhoods Landscapes For Wildlife

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Louisiana Yards and Neighborhoods Landscapes For Wildlife www.lsuagcenter.com/lyn Slide 2 Attracting Wildlife Food Fruit-bearing Nectar plants Larval Plants Cover Water Puddling station Birdbaths Food Fruit-bearing Nectar plants Larval Plants Cover Water Puddling station Birdbaths Managing for Wildlife Weeds Nuisance Animals More Information Slide 3 All Animals Need: Food Cover Water Space Animals will only reside or forage in an area that contains enough of these four essential elements to maintain daily activities. Food Cover Water Space Animals will only reside or forage in an area that contains enough of these four essential elements to maintain daily activities. Habitat Slide 4 Food Fruit Seeds Insects Nectar Larval Meat Remember to provide food year-round, especially in winter. Fruit Seeds Insects Nectar Larval Meat Remember to provide food year-round, especially in winter. Attract a variety of birds, reptiles, bats, butterflies and other insects Slide 5 Fruit-bearing Plants for Louisiana Beautyberry Calicarpa americana Muscadine Vitis sp Slide 6 Fruit-bearing plants available at many nurseries or retailers Slide 7 Firethorn Pyracantha spp. Large evergreen shrub Bears flowers and fruit Good wildlife food and cover Full sun to partial shade Does best in well-drained soil Large evergreen shrub Bears flowers and fruit Good wildlife food and cover Full sun to partial shade Does best in well-drained soil Slide 8 Parsley Hawthorn Crataegus marshallii Parsley Hawthorn Crataegus marshallii Large shrub Flowers in spring Fruits in fall Very good for attracting birds that eat its fruit and nest in shrub Large shrub Flowers in spring Fruits in fall Very good for attracting birds that eat its fruit and nest in shrub Slide 9 Pecan Carya spp. Many varieties. Prefers deep, fertile, well- drained soil. Nuts are excellent human and wildlife food. Many varieties. Prefers deep, fertile, well- drained soil. Nuts are excellent human and wildlife food. Slide 10 Hickory In the genus Carya Includes 12-13 species native to N.A. Nuts used as food by many species of wildlife and leaves used by some larvae of butterflies and moths In the genus Carya Includes 12-13 species native to N.A. Nuts used as food by many species of wildlife and leaves used by some larvae of butterflies and moths Slide 11 Mayhaws Crataegus poaca and Crataegus aestivalis Usually reach 20-30 feet tall at maturity. Native to habitats that have low, wet and slightly acid soils. Full sun to partial shade. Berries ripen from mid-April to mid-May. Fruit for human consumption and wildlife. Usually reach 20-30 feet tall at maturity. Native to habitats that have low, wet and slightly acid soils. Full sun to partial shade. Berries ripen from mid-April to mid-May. Fruit for human consumption and wildlife. Slide 12 Mulberry Morus rubra Large, native tree ~ 40 ft Full sun Throughout Louisiana Edible fruit in spring Brittle bark, messy Large, native tree ~ 40 ft Full sun Throughout Louisiana Edible fruit in spring Brittle bark, messy Slide 13 Holly Ilex spp. Native and introduced trees Sun to partial shade Range varies Fruit remains through winter, attracting birds Salt-, drought- and shade- tolerant Suckers Native and introduced trees Sun to partial shade Range varies Fruit remains through winter, attracting birds Salt-, drought- and shade- tolerant Suckers Gallberry Ilex glabra Dahoon Holly Ilex cassine Dahoon Holly Ilex cassine Slide 14 Paw Paw Asimina triloba Humid growing zones. Germinating seedlings need partial shade for 1 st or 2 nd year. Fruiting mature plants need full sun. Slightly acidic (ph 5.5-7) well- drained soil. Mature small tree seldom taller than 25 feet. Humid growing zones. Germinating seedlings need partial shade for 1 st or 2 nd year. Fruiting mature plants need full sun. Slightly acidic (ph 5.5-7) well- drained soil. Mature small tree seldom taller than 25 feet. Slide 15 Good fruit-bearing plants for wildlife not readily available at retail stores. Good fruit-bearing plants for wildlife not readily available at retail stores. Slide 16 Chickasaw Plum Prunus angustifolia Native tree ~10 ft Full to partial sun Blooms early spring Edible fruit Suckers tend to form thickets Native tree ~10 ft Full to partial sun Blooms early spring Edible fruit Suckers tend to form thickets Slide 17 Elderberry Sambucus canadensis Native shrub ~ 15 ft Full to partial sun Throughout Louisiana Fragrant flowers year-round Edible fruit Native shrub ~ 15 ft Full to partial sun Throughout Louisiana Fragrant flowers year-round Edible fruit Slide 18 Nectar Plants for Louisiana Buttonbush Cephalanthus occidentalis Cardinal flower Lobelia cardinalis Coneflower Echinacea purpurea Slide 19 Lantana spp. Woody perennial Sun or partial shade Great for butterflies Woody perennial Sun or partial shade Great for butterflies Pentas spp. Variety of flower colors Moderately fertile soil that retains moisture well Full sun to shade Attracts butterflies and hummingbirds Variety of flower colors Moderately fertile soil that retains moisture well Full sun to shade Attracts butterflies and hummingbirds Slide 20 Golden Dew Drop Duranta erecta Shrub ~ 14 ft Full to partial sun Blooms year-round Throughout Louisiana High drought tolerance Attracts butterflies Shrub ~ 14 ft Full to partial sun Blooms year-round Throughout Louisiana High drought tolerance Attracts butterflies Slide 21 Porterweed Stachytarpheta jamaicensis Native and non-native perennial ~ 4 ft Full to partial sun Blooms year-round Medium salt- and drought-tolerant Native and non-native perennial ~ 4 ft Full to partial sun Blooms year-round Medium salt- and drought-tolerant Red variety is non-native Slide 22 Coral Honeysuckle Lonicera sempervirens Native vine Full to partial sun Blooms spring-fall Throughout Louisiana Attract butterflies and hummingbirds Native vine Full to partial sun Blooms spring-fall Throughout Louisiana Attract butterflies and hummingbirds Slide 23 Virginia Willow Itea virginica Native shrub ~ 7 ft Full to partial sun Blooms spring Drought- and flood- tolerant Suckers tend to form thickets Native shrub ~ 7 ft Full to partial sun Blooms spring Drought- and flood- tolerant Suckers tend to form thickets Slide 24 Larval Plants for Louisiana Willow, Salix caroliniana is a larval host of the Viceroy Butterfly Matchweed Phyla nodiflora Adult and larvae of Phaon Crescent Phyciodes phaon Adult and larvae of Phaon Crescent Phyciodes phaon Slide 25 Red Bay Persia borbonia Native tree ~ 40 ft Full to partial sun Throughout Louisiana Drought- and salt-tolerant Blooms in spring; attracts butterflies Purple fruit attracts birds Native tree ~ 40 ft Full to partial sun Throughout Louisiana Drought- and salt-tolerant Blooms in spring; attracts butterflies Purple fruit attracts birds Bays are larval food for the spicebush swallowtail Slide 26 Mexican Milkweed Asclepias spp. Shrub ~ 4 ft Natives available Full to partial sun Blooms year-round Throughout Louisiana Drought-tolerant Nectar attracts hummingbirds and butterflies Shrub ~ 4 ft Natives available Full to partial sun Blooms year-round Throughout Louisiana Drought-tolerant Nectar attracts hummingbirds and butterflies Larval host of Monarch and Queen Slide 27 Passion Flower Passiflora spp. Vine Native varieties available Full to partial sun Blooms year-round Throughout Louisiana Vine Native varieties available Full to partial sun Blooms year-round Throughout Louisiana Larval host of Gulf Fritillary Does not sting Larval host of Gulf Fritillary Does not sting Slide 28 Dill Anethum graveolens Plant in cool weather Full sun Can grow up to 3 ft tall Sow seeds close together Good plant to attract caterpillars Plant in cool weather Full sun Can grow up to 3 ft tall Sow seeds close together Good plant to attract caterpillars Parsley Full sun or light shade Transplant plants to 9 inches apart Must protect in cold weather with coverings such as straw Good to attract caterpillars to your garden Parsley Full sun or light shade Transplant plants to 9 inches apart Must protect in cold weather with coverings such as straw Good to attract caterpillars to your garden Slide 29 Cover Vertical layers Evergreen species for winter cover Standing dead trees or snags if practical Brush piles if practical Vertical layers Evergreen species for winter cover Standing dead trees or snags if practical Brush piles if practical Slide 30 Water Permanent water feature Sound of running water attracts many animals Permanent water feature Sound of running water attracts many animals Puddling: Butterflies obtain water and minerals from liquid in pore spaces. Puddling station Slide 31 Design a Puddling Station 1.Layer sand in saucer. 2.Add layer of compost. 3.Place pebbles on top. 4.Add water slowly (to pebble layer). 5.Place saucer on upside down pot. 1.Layer sand in saucer. 2.Add layer of compost. 3.Place pebbles on top. 4.Add water slowly (to pebble layer). 5.Place saucer on upside down pot. Slide 32 Birdbath Shallow with mildly sloping sides Rough surface Keep clean Rinse off any soap residue Shallow with mildly sloping sides Rough surface Keep clean Rinse off any soap residue Audubon Society recommends changing the water and cleaning bird baths weekly to avoid spreading avian diseases. Slide 33 Managing for Wildlife Vertical layers of vegetation. Plant natives if possible. Introduced plants also useful. No pesticides! Plant wild flowers or reduce mowing in certain areas of your property if possible. Manage pets. Vertical layers of vegetation. Plant natives if possible. Introduced plants also useful. No pesticides! Plant wild flowers or reduce mowing in certain areas of your property if possible. Manage pets. Long-tailed skipper feeding on Spanish needle. Slide 34 Plant Wildflowers for Wildlife Pokeweed Phytolacca americana Horsemint Monarda punctata Blanket flower Gaillardia pulchella Coreopsis Coreopsis spp. Slide 35 Tolerance of Nuisance Animal

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