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  • MagickalAlphabets

    BOBILITHProbablytheearliestknownpreRomanwritingintheislandsofwhatwouldbecometheareaofBritainandScandinaviawasaGoidelicalphabetknownasOgham,whichwasfirstmentionedintheBookofBallymote.Goidelicconsistedofanumberofuprightstrokes,standingon,suspendedfrom,andcrossingoneline.FollowingtheOgham,cametheBobilethorBoibelLothalphabetanditsderivatives,allpreferredtosomeextentbytheDruidsincertainareas.

    ENOCHIANTheEnochianalphabet,andthelanguagewrittenwithit,wereallegedlytransmittedtoCourtAstrologerandMagician,Dr.JohnDee(5271608)andhisassociate,SirEdwardKelly(15551597)byentitiestheyreferredtoasangels.ThecharactersshowncomprisetheproperalphabetfortheEnochianTablets.TheEnochianlanguageisconsideredtheonlycorrectandvalidlanguagefortheEnochianCallsorKeyswhichareusedtoinvoketheangels,therefore,itisafundamentalinthepracticeoftrueEnochianMagic.

    ETRUSCANTheoriginoftheEtruscanalphabetisaninterestingevolutionofalanguage.ThefirstalphabetwasinventedbySemiticspeakersintheancientNearEast.TheCanaaniteandlaterPhoenicianalphabetshadonlyconsonants,withnovowels.TheGreeksderivedtheiralphabetfromthePhoenicianalphabetandaddedvowels,therebyproducingthefirsttruealphabet.TheGreeksbroughtawesternformoftheGreekalphabettoItaly,andtheEtruscansacquiredthealphabetfromthem.TheEtruscansthenpassedtheiralphabettotheRomans.

    TheEtruscanalphabetwasdiffusedattheendoftheArchaicperiod,around500CE,intonorthernItalyandbecamethemodelforthealphabetsoftheAlpinepopulations.

    TheFutharkisbelievedtobeaderivativeoftheNorthernEtruscanalphabet.

    FUTHARKTheRunicAlphabet,alsocalledFuthark,isawritingsystemofuncertainoriginthatwasusedbyGermanicpeoplesofnorthernEurope,Britain,Scandinavia,andIcelandfromaboutthe3rdcenturytothe16thor17thcenturyAD.Becauseofitsangularletterforms,runicwritingisbelievedtobelongtoanancientsystem.

    ManymodernscholarsbelieveFutharkhasitsoriginsintheGreekorLatinalphabets,datingfromthe6thcenturyBCtothe5thcenturyAD.Oneplausibletheory,isthattherunicalphabetwasdevelopedbytheGoths,aGermanicpeople,fromtheEtruscanalphabetofnorthernItalyandwasperhapsalsoinfluencedbytheLatinalphabetofthe1stor2ndcenturyBC.

    GOTHICExceptforafewNorseinscriptionsinrunes,recordsofGothicareolderthanthoseforanyotherGermaniclanguage.TheGothicalphabetwasusedinallmanuscriptswritteninGothicandfoundinEurope.ItistraditionallybelievedthattheGothicalphabet's27letters,consistingof25modifiedGreeksymbolsand2runes,wereinventedbybishopWulfila,alsoknownasUlfilas(311383).HisinventionoftheGothicalphabetmeantthat,forthefirsttimeintheGermanicworld,writingcouldbeusedforthedisseminationofideas.Thealphabetwasuseduntilthe6thcentury,andwasonlywrittenintheGothiclanguage.TheOstrogothsofancientGermanyandItalyandtheVisigothsofEasternEuropeandSpainspokeGothic.

    MALACHIMTheMalachimalphabetwasofferedbyAgrippainBookIII,ChapterXXX,ofhisOccultPhilosophy.BarrettinhisMagusthencopiedit.Agrippa'sonlycommentsregardingthisalphabetwerethatitmeant"ofAngelsorRegal.".TheAngelicMalachimalphabetisoneofthemostfamousoftheAngelicscriptsandisstillused,toalimitedextent,inthehigherdegreesofFreemasonry.Advancedstudents,practitioners,andAdeptswillfindmanysignificantwritingsinwhichthesefiguresareused.

    RUNICTheRunicalphabetoftodaypossiblyevolvedfromtwodistinctsourcesonemagicalandoneliterate.PrerunicsymbolshavebeenfoundinBronzeAgerockcarvings,primarilyinSweden.Somerunicsymbolsareeasilyrecognizedinlateralphabets,whileothersrepresentideasorconceptsincorporatedintothenamesoftherunes(moon,dog,tree,etc.).Theexactmeaningsandtheoriginalpurposeofthesesymbolsarenowlonglost,buttheymayhavebeenusedfordivinationorlotcasting,therebycontributingtothemagickalfunctionofthelaterrunicalphabets.WhentheNorthItalictribesbeganintegratingtherunicalphabetintotheirownsymbolicsystem,thelettersweregivennamesthatrelatedtothetribe'ssecularandreligiouslives,thustransformingtheirsimplepictographsintoamagickalalphabetwhichcouldbeusedfortalismans,magicalinscriptionsanddivination.

    THEBAN"TheWitches'Alphabet"ManyPagans,Witches,andWiccansusetheThebanalphabettoencodetheirwritingsintheirBooksofShadowsorspellbooks.TheThebanScriptisalsoknownasthe"Witches'Alphabet".

    TheearliestknownsourcefortheThebanalphabetisCorneliusAgrippa's"ThreeBooksofOccultPhilosophy"firstpublishedatAntwerpin1531.AgrippaprovidedtheThebanScriptinBookIII,Chapter29andwrote,"OfthiskindofcharacterthereforearethosewhichPeterApponusnotes,asdeliveredbyHonoriusofThebes".Thisisalmostcertainlyareferencetotheauthoroftheearly14thcentury"LiberJuratus,ortheSworneBookeofHonorius".

    However,itisbelievedthattheThebanalphabetactuallyoriginatedasaLatincipherbeforethe11thcentury.Theoriginoftheletterformsisobscure,butalltheevidenceisconsistentwithanoriginasanearlyalchemicalcipheralphabetinfluencedbyAvestan.

    TheThebanalphabet,istoday,andalwayshasbeenemployedprimarilyfortalismanicinscriptionsandmagickalspellsandworks.

    GREEK&HEBREWBelowisacommonlyusedtableofGreekandHebrewalphabet=numericalvalues.Whilemanyscholarsdisagreeonthenumericalvaluesattachedtothetwoalphabets,andvalidargumentscanbemade,thetablebelowisdesignedtobeusedasareferencepointonlyandnotasabasisofscholarlydiscussion.

    Wehaveincludedtheinformationinthistablebecausemany"OldReligion"spellsincorporatevariousnumericalvaluesintheirtext.

  • MagickalAlphabets

    BOBILITHProbablytheearliestknownpreRomanwritingintheislandsofwhatwouldbecometheareaofBritainandScandinaviawasaGoidelicalphabetknownasOgham,whichwasfirstmentionedintheBookofBallymote.Goidelicconsistedofanumberofuprightstrokes,standingon,suspendedfrom,andcrossingoneline.FollowingtheOgham,cametheBobilethorBoibelLothalphabetanditsderivatives,allpreferredtosomeextentbytheDruidsincertainareas.

    ENOCHIANTheEnochianalphabet,andthelanguagewrittenwithit,wereallegedlytransmittedtoCourtAstrologerandMagician,Dr.JohnDee(5271608)andhisassociate,SirEdwardKelly(15551597)byentitiestheyreferredtoasangels.ThecharactersshowncomprisetheproperalphabetfortheEnochianTablets.TheEnochianlanguageisconsideredtheonlycorrectandvalidlanguagefortheEnochianCallsorKeyswhichareusedtoinvoketheangels,therefore,itisafundamentalinthepracticeoftrueEnochianMagic.

    ETRUSCANTheoriginoftheEtruscanalphabetisaninterestingevolutionofalanguage.ThefirstalphabetwasinventedbySemiticspeakersintheancientNearEast.TheCanaaniteandlaterPhoenicianalphabetshadonlyconsonants,withnovowels.TheGreeksderivedtheiralphabetfromthePhoenicianalphabetandaddedvowels,therebyproducingthefirsttruealphabet.TheGreeksbroughtawesternformoftheGreekalphabettoItaly,andtheEtruscansacquiredthealphabetfromthem.TheEtruscansthenpassedtheiralphabettotheRomans.

    TheEtruscanalphabetwasdiffusedattheendoftheArchaicperiod,around500CE,intonorthernItalyandbecamethemodelforthealphabetsoftheAlpinepopulations.

    TheFutharkisbelievedtobeaderivativeoftheNorthernEtruscanalphabet.

    FUTHARKTheRunicAlphabet,alsocalledFuthark,isawritingsystemofuncertainoriginthatwasusedbyGermanicpeoplesofnorthernEurope,Britain,Scandinavia,andIcelandfromaboutthe3rdcenturytothe16thor17thcenturyAD.Becauseofitsangularletterforms,runicwritingisbelievedtobelongtoanancientsystem.

    ManymodernscholarsbelieveFutharkhasitsoriginsintheGreekorLatinalphabets,datingfromthe6thcenturyBCtothe5thcenturyAD.Oneplausibletheory,isthattherunicalphabetwasdevelopedbytheGoths,aGermanicpeople,fromtheEtruscanalphabetofnorthernItalyandwasperhapsalsoinfluencedbytheLatinalphabetofthe1stor2ndcenturyBC.

    GOTHICExceptforafewNorseinscriptionsinrunes,recordsofGothicareolderthanthoseforanyotherGermaniclanguage.TheGothicalphabetwasusedinallmanuscriptswritteninGothicandfoundinEurope.ItistraditionallybelievedthattheGothicalphabet's27letters,consistingof25modifiedGreeksymbolsand2runes,wereinventedbybishopWulfila,alsoknownasUlfilas(311383).HisinventionoftheGothicalphabetmeantthat,forthefirsttimeintheGermanicworld,writingcouldbeusedforthedisseminationofideas.Thealphabetwasuseduntilthe6thcentury,andwasonlywrittenintheGothiclanguage.TheOstrogothsofancientGermanyandItalyandtheVisigothsofEasternEuropeandSpainspokeGothic.

    MALACHIMTheMalachimalphabetwasofferedbyAgrippainBookIII,ChapterXXX,ofhisOccultPhilosophy.BarrettinhisMagusthencopiedit.Agrippa'sonlycommentsregardingthisalphabetwerethatitmeant"ofAngelsorRegal.".TheAngelicMalachimalphabetisoneofthemostfamousoftheAngelicscriptsandisstillused,toalimitedextent,inthehigherdegreesofFreemasonry.Advancedstudents,practitioners,andAdeptswillfindmanysignificantwritingsinwhichthesefiguresareused.

    RUNICTheRunicalphabetoftodaypossiblyevolvedfromtwodistinctsourcesonemagicalandoneliterate.PrerunicsymbolshavebeenfoundinBronzeAgerockcarvings,primarilyinSweden.Somerunicsymbolsareeasilyrecognizedinlateralphabets,whileothersrepresentideasorconceptsincorporatedintothenamesoftherunes(moon,dog,tree,etc.).Theexactmeaningsandtheoriginalpurposeofthesesymbolsarenowlonglost,buttheymayhavebeenusedfordivinationorlotcasting,therebycontributingtothemagickalfunctionofthelaterrunicalphabets.WhentheNorthItalictribesbeganintegratingtherunicalphabetintotheirownsymbolicsystem,thelettersweregivennamesthatrelatedtothetribe'ssecularandreligiouslives,thustransformingtheirsimplepictographsintoamagickalalphabetwhichcouldbeusedfortalismans,magicalinscriptionsanddivination.

    THEBAN"TheWitches'Alphabet"ManyPagans,Witches,andWiccansusetheThebanalphabettoencodetheirwritingsintheirBooksofShadowsorspellbooks.TheThebanScriptisalsoknownasthe"Witches'Alphabet".

    TheearliestknownsourcefortheThebanalphabetisCorneliusAgrippa's"ThreeBooksofOccultPhilosophy"firstpublishedatAntwerpin1531.AgrippaprovidedtheThebanScriptinBookIII,Chapter29andwrote,"OfthiskindofcharacterthereforearethosewhichPeterApponusnotes,asdeliveredbyHonoriusofThebes".Thisisalmostcertainlyareferencetotheauthoroftheearly14thcentury"LiberJuratus,ortheSworneBookeofHonorius".

    However,itisbelievedthattheThebanalphabetactuallyoriginatedasaLatincipherbeforethe11thcentury.Theoriginoftheletterformsisobscure,butalltheevidenceisconsistentwithanorigina