management and the economy. chapter 3 lesson 1 overview  management and the changing economy ...

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  • Management and the Economy

  • OverviewManagement and the changing economyThe global marketplaceManagement and technology

  • Quick WriteWhat evidence do you see of the global economy around you in your local community?Courtesy of Comstock Images

  • Management and the Changing EconomyCourtesy of Photos.com

  • Tofflers Three Waves ofModern CivilizationFirst Wave ~ AgricultureAs late as the 1890s, about 90 percent of the workforce was involved in farming and related work Second Wave ~ IndustryWorkers left the fields and went to work in places of mass production, job specialization, and lines of authority producing steel, autos, rubber, and industrial equipment Third Wave ~ InformationWorkers moved from the production floor to clerical, technical, and professional jobs

  • New Jobs in Knowledge Work Knowledge workers are workers whose jobs involve getting and using information

    Courtesy of BanannaStocck, Comstock Images

  • Knowledge Workers One third of the US workforce Professionals such as nurses, accountants, teachers, lawyers, engineersInclude technologists Professionals who work with their hands and information ~ computer programmers, software designers, systems analysts

  • The Rise of Dot-Com Business The most important technological innovation in business over the past decade has been the rise of the dot-com businessThe ability of ordinary customers to do business over the Internet has revolutionized many sectorsThink of people at home in front of their computers, renting movies, booking airline tickets, or scoping out houses for sale hundreds of miles away

  • Dot-Com Challenge Write down as many dot-com businesses as you can in two minutesThe group that identifies the most actual dot-com businesses wins

  • The Global MarketplaceCourtesy of Photos.com

  • The Global VillageThe global village is the world seen as without borders, with goods and services marketed and sold freely between countriesTo be effective in this world without borders, managers need to be able to adapt to other peoples cultures, systems, and techniques

  • Multinational CorporationA multinational corporation (MNC) is a corporation with a home base in one country but significant operations in one or more other countries as well Courtesy of Comstock Images

  • Transnational CorporationA transnational corporation (TNC) maintains operations in more than one country at a time and decentralizes decision making in each operation to the local country

  • Borderless OrganizationA management structure that breaks down artificial geographic barriersOrganize by product line rather than the map

  • Three Stages of GlobalizationIRespond to orders from international customers IIDecide to sell abroad sending its own sales staff to the target countryhiring foreign agents to represent them IIILaunch foreign operations building a factorydesigning new products to meet local needs and desires in the target market

  • Strategic AlliancesCompanies that reach the third stage of launching foreign operations are likely to form a strategic alliance a partnership in which firms based in two different countries share the cost of developing new products or building new plants Courtesy of Comstock Images

  • How Globalization Affects ManagersCope with suppliers, employees, and customers in different countries and different cultures See where there are differences and figure out how to communicate or otherwise interact in spite of those differencesAvoid parochialism the narrow frame of mind typical of people who see the world from only their own perspective

  • How Globalization Affects ManagersLearn to appreciate that people in other places have other ways of doing thingsUnderstand the cultural contexts of different countries management practices

  • Management and TechnologyCourtesy of Comstock Images

  • What is TechnologyTechnology is equipment, tools, or operating methods that are designed to make work more efficientTools that help businesses create and maintain an edge against their competitors

    Courtesy of Liquidlibrary Images

  • Examples of TechnologyAutomated officesManufacturing robotsComputer-aided design softwareElectronic meetingsCourtesy of Comstock Images

  • Benefits from Information TechnologyNotebook computers, cell phones, fax machines, high-speed modems, organizational intranets, and other forms of IT allow millions of people to work anywhere, anytime Levels the playing field in many sectors Small business with a clear focus and a well-designed website can compete against a much bigger company

  • Technologies Challenge Write down as many technologies found in the school as you can in two minutesThe group that identifies the most school-based technologies wins

  • E-OrganizationsE-commerce is any computer transaction that occurs when data are processed and transmitted over the InternetAbout 90 percent of e-commerce sales are actually business-to-business sales: Goodyear tires selling to Ford, for example

  • E-OrganizationsE-business is a term that encompasses the full breadth of activities included in a successful Internet-based enterpriseBusiness strategy, communication between and among employees, customers, and suppliers, and collaboration with partners on design and production

  • E-OrganizationsThree Underlying ConceptsInternet ~ a network of interconnected computers Intranet ~ an organizations private Internet Extranet ~ an extended intranet Network the organization uses to connect its remote employees, contractors, and other collaborators Courtesy of Comstock Images

  • How Technology Alters a Managers JobUse e-mail, cell phones, fax machines, and other technology to perform the same four basic functions of a managers job planning, organizing, leading, and controlling Use telecommuting ~ a system that allows employees to work at home on a computer linked to the office

  • Technology Challenges for ManagersCommunicating with employees in remote locations Ensuring employees are meeting their work goals when located externallyCourtesy of Thinkstock Images

  • ReviewAlvin Toffler outlined three waves of modern civilization agriculture wave (farming), the industrial wave (manufacturing and production), and the information age (technology and service)Knowledge workers are workers whose jobs involve getting and using information

  • ReviewThe most important technological innovation in business over the past decade has been the rise of the dot-com business the ability of ordinary customers to do business over the InternetThe global village is the world seen as without borders, with goods and services marketed and sold freely between countries

  • ReviewA multinational corporation (MNC) is a corporation with a home base in one country but significant operations in one or more other countries as wellA transnational corporation (TNC) maintains operations in more than one country at a time and decentralizes decision making in each operation to the local country

  • ReviewThe first stage of globalization for a company is responding to orders from international customersThe second stage of globalization for a company is deciding to sell abroadThe third stage of globalization comes when the company actually launches foreign operations

  • ReviewManagers in a global environment have to avoid parochialism the narrow frame of mind typical of people who see the world from only their own perspective and learn to appreciate that people in other cultures have other ways of doing thingsTechnology is equipment, tools, or operating methods that are designed to make work more efficient

  • ReviewE-commerce is any computer transaction that occurs when data are processed and transmitted over the Internet E-business is a term that encompasses the full breadth of activities included in a successful Internet-based enterprise

  • ReviewTelecommuting is a system that allows employees to work at home on a computer linked to the officeCommunicating with employees in remote locations and ensuring they are meeting their work goals are the two big challenges facing a manager of telecommuters

  • SummaryManagement and the changing economyThe global marketplaceManagement and technology

  • Whats NextManagement and SocietyCourtesy of Comstock Images

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