Medication Administration Curriculum - Administration Curriculum ... Five rights: ... Medication Administration Manual 7 State Operated Community Program

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<ul><li><p>Medication Administration Manual 1 State Operated Community Program </p><p>Medication Administration </p><p>Curriculum </p><p>2010 (05/18/09) </p><p>06/08/10 </p></li><li><p>Medication Administration Manual 2 State Operated Community Program </p></li><li><p>Medication Administration Manual 3 State Operated Community Program </p><p>Table of Contents LESSON 1: Why medication training? ..........................................................6 </p><p>Administration Be Aware ................................................................................. 7 Values, Attitudes and Concerns ......................................................................... 7 </p><p>LESSON 2: Categories and Effects of Medications.....................................9 Categories of medications .................................................................................. 9 </p><p>Controlled substances / Controlled medication examples:.......................... 11 RN (as needed) medication......................................................................... 13 </p><p>Effects of medication ........................................................................................ 14 Drug interactions............................................................................................... 15 </p><p>Medication side effects ................................................................................ 16 Medications review ........................................................................................... 17 </p><p>Pill Book (or side effect sheets) ................................................................... 17 </p><p>LESSON 3: Observing and reporting ..........................................................18 Reporting procedures and forms ...................................................................... 18 </p><p>Notification system ...................................................................................... 18 Health emergencies..................................................................................... 19 Non-emergency, possibly health threatening conditions............................. 20 Other notable changes ................................................................................ 21 </p><p>LESSON 4: Obtaining and using medication .............................................24 Importance of information ................................................................................. 24 </p><p>Medication questions................................................................................... 24 Information for the doctor.................................................................................. 25 Medication administration irregularities ............................................................ 28 </p><p>DHS 4664 Telephone Orders ...................................................................... 30 Fax orders ................................................................................................... 32 </p><p>Information from the doctor............................................................................... 33 Three (3) Checks: ......................................................................................... 33 Rights of medication administration.................................................................. 33 </p><p>Right person ................................................................................................ 33 Right medication.......................................................................................... 34 Right dose ................................................................................................... 34 Right time .................................................................................................... 35 Right route ................................................................................................... 35 Common medical abbreviations .................................................................. 36 </p><p>LESSON 5: Documentation and storage ....................................................37 Documentation.................................................................................................. 37 Medication errors .............................................................................................. 38 Medication Incident Report DHS 4630 ............................................................. 39 Preventing medication errors............................................................................ 40 Storage of medications ..................................................................................... 41 Controlled substances ...................................................................................... 41 Disposing of medication.................................................................................... 43 </p></li><li><p>Medication Administration Manual 4 State Operated Community Program </p><p>LESSON 6: Administering medications......................................................45 When not to give medications........................................................................... 45 Medication administration while away from home ............................................ 46 </p><p>Outings with staff ......................................................................................... 46 Working with staff ........................................................................................ 47 Visit (of 72 hours or less) where staff will not be staying............................. 47 Extended time away from home.................................................................. 48 </p><p>Medication administration overview.................................................................. 48 Five rights: ................................................................................................... 48 </p><p>LESSON 7: Miscellaneous information.......................................................50 Self-administration of medication...................................................................... 50 Administration tips ............................................................................................ 51 </p><p>Oral administration ...................................................................................... 51 Topical application....................................................................................... 52 Eyes............................................................................................................. 52 Ears ............................................................................................................. 53 Nose ............................................................................................................ 53 Nasal sprays................................................................................................ 54 Inhalers........................................................................................................ 54 </p><p>LESSON 8: Transcription examples............................................................55 Time conversions.............................................................................................. 55 Progress Notes ................................................................................................. 56 Daily Log........................................................................................................... 58 General set-up .................................................................................................. 60 Components of doctors orders and setting up a MAR/TAR............................. 61 Setting up a new MAR/TAR.............................................................................. 62 Adding New Doctors Orders ............................................................................. 63 Discontinuing Orders ........................................................................................ 64 PRN Orders ...................................................................................................... 65 Diet Orders ....................................................................................................... 66 Documentation Errors....................................................................................... 67 OTC treatments by staff.................................................................................... 68 Client purchases OTC ...................................................................................... 69 Pharmacy doesnt deliver . . . ........................................................................... 70 Work MAR ........................................................................................................ 71 Additional What ifs ...................................................................................... 72 Reference materials / links: .............................................................................. 72 </p></li><li><p>Medication Administration Manual 5 State Operated Community Program </p><p>Introduction </p><p>DESIRED OUTCOME: All employees working in the homes demonstrate competency in the area of medication administration. All new employees will be provided this training and must demonstrate competency within the first 120 days of employment: </p><p>1. Attend the Medication Administration Training course offered through the Central Training Unit. </p><p>2. Administration observation and review of the Transcription Knowledge portion is to be completed by the Site Manager/HSS or House Trainer identifying any further supports needed in either the knowledge or actual administration of medication. </p><p>After completion of the initial competency based training, each employee must attend a one-day Medication Administration Refresher course every two years. This will be done through the Central Training Unit. Successful completion of a Medication Refresher Challenge Test (once available July 1st, 2010), the test may substitute for the one-day medication refresher course. Beginning April 1, 2010, all staff who do not receive a score of 85% or better on the med documentation tests will not be considered "current." Staff with less than 85%, will be required to attend the "Initial Medication Administration Course" until they receive a score of 85% or better. Staff will not be able to pass medications until they are "current" in Medication Administration. </p><p>1. Administration observation and review of the Transcription Knowledge portion is to be completed by the Site Manager/HSS or House Trainer identifying any further supports needed in either the knowledge or actual administration of medication. </p><p>2. If the employee, at the time of completing the Medication Administration Refresher course, has not exceeded the 2-year period between trainings, at the discretion of the Site Manager, may continue to administer medications. The Observation and Transcription knowledge review must be completed within 15 days or before the 2- year period has elapsed, which ever is less. </p><p>3. In the event an employee is unavailable to complete the Observation and Transcription knowledge review within 15 days of course completion or prior to their expiration of approval, whichever comes first, the employee may not pass medications until such time as the Observation and Transcription knowledge review is completed. </p><p>This training does not include training on delegated duties that are often done in medical homes. A delegated duty falls under the license of a registered nurse. Any employee performing a delegated duty must be trained and signed off by the RN. </p></li><li><p>Medication Administration Manual 6 State Operated Community Program </p><p>LESSON 1: Why medication training? DESIRED OUTCOME: Maximizing safety for individuals who might benefit from medication as part of their treatment plan. Why we have medication administration training? </p><p> Many individuals need prescribed medications to benefit fully for a high quality of life in their homes and communities. </p><p> Caregivers may not be familiar with some of the medications that the psychiatrist and primary care physicians (PCP) prescribe. </p><p> All medications/treatments, including treatments available over the counter without prescription, can have undesired effects or cause rare responses in some people. </p><p> All medications are potentially dangerous and no medication is absolutely safe. In addition to protecting the health and well being of the individuals that are </p><p>supported, your knowledge of appropriate medication procedures for administering medications will serve to protect you and SOCP from faulty medication practices, which may have serious consequences (i.e. hospitalization, wrong medication to people, etc.). </p><p> Knowing how to document medication administration correctly requires training. The procedure of thorough documentation is called "looping." This means that you should be able to follow from beginning to end (that's the "loop") the outcomes of medication administration. </p><p> We want you to be successful at your job. The more you know about medications that are used by the people you support and the proper use of them the better you will be equipped to perform your job. </p></li><li><p>Medication Administration Manual 7 State Operated Community Program </p><p>Administration Be Aware Failure to correctly perform each step in the medication administration cycle can result in negative consequences: </p><p> Persons go to a doctor because of a change in physical or behavioral signs. Our individuals may not receive needed medical attention unless you conscientiously observe him/her and report any significant changes. </p><p> A medication may be prescribed that an individual is allergic to unless you communicate important information to the physician or other health care providers. </p><p> An individual may not receive a prescribed medication unless you receive a prescription at a visit to their physician and follow the proper procedure. </p><p> An individual may receive the wrong amount of medication unless you follow procedures and the medication administration record correctly. Always be honest with the individual and answer any questions to the best of your ability or refer them to their physician or health care provider. </p><p> An individual may continue to suffer undesirable effects unless you observe, document and report all physical/behavioral changes to the Site Manager ASAP. </p><p>Values, Attitudes and Concerns Everyone holds differing beliefs and ideas about using medication. However, those "beliefs and ideas" should not impact your delivery of medications/treatments as ordered by the physicians. SOCP policies cannot always allow for medication practices that might be used in typical homes or vocational settings. However, staff should make every effort to use procedures that are as normal as possible within the rules and regulations. </p><p>Medication Concerns and Appropriate Responses You can anticipate some types of concerns, as they are common for many people w...</p></li></ul>

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