meteorology review objectives interactive prepare for the quiz and regents exam eckert
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- Meteorology Review Objectives Interactive Prepare for the Quiz and Regents Exam Eckert
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- 1.Using the Temperature Chart in the ESRT make conversions between the three temperature scales. The chart is on page 13 of the ESRT. Example; 140 o F equals 60 o C and 333 o Kelvin
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- What temperature in degrees Fahrenheit is equal to 40 o C? 104 o F What temperature in degrees Celcius is equal to 40 o F? 4oC4oC4oC4oC
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- 2. Using the Dewpoint Temperatures in the ESRT, determine the dewpoint temperature, given the dry-bulb and wet-bulb temperatures, The chart is on page 12 of the ESRT. Example; if the dry-bulb temperature is 16 o C, and the wet-bulb temperature is 12 o C, the dew point is 9 o C.
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- What is the dew point if the dry-bulb is 6 and the wet-bulb is 4? Remember the difference. Dry = 6 Difference = 2 1oC1oC1oC1oC
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- 3. Using the Relative Humidity in the ESRT, determine the relative humidity, given the dry-bulb and wet-bulb temperatures The chart is on page 12 of the ESRT. Example; if the dry-bulb temperature is 20 o C, and the wet-bulb temperature is 15 o C, then the relative humidity is 58%.
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- What is the relative humidity if the dry-bulb is 6 and the wet- bulb is 4? 72%
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- 4.a. Given a barograph, determine the air pressure to the nearest hundredth of an inch Students have a worksheet that contains a barograph and problems where they must read it. Picture from: http://www.yachtfiona.com/st ormwithfionaname.html
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- 4b. Using the Pressure Chart in the ESRT, make air pressure conversion between millibars and inches The chart is on page 13 of the ESRT. Example; 1020.0 millibars equals 30.12 inches
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- 5.a. Name the source of most of the Earth's energy. The Sun Picture from: http://stloe.most.go.th/html/lo _index/LOcanada7/703/4_en.htm
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- 5b. List two other sources of energy for the earth. 1) The decay of radioactive material in the Earth. 2) Heat left over from the formation of the Earth.
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- 6. Describe the effect air temperature has on the air's capacity to hold water. The higher the air temperature the more water vapor the air can hold. Picture from:http://asd- www.larc.nasa.gov/edu_act/clou ds_fig28.gif
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- 7. Identify the relationship between dewpoint and air temperature, that increases the probability of precipitation. The closer the dew point is to the air temperature the greater the probability of precipitation.
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- 8. Describe the relationship between relative humidity and air pressure As relative humidity increases air pressure decreases.
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- 9. Explain how changes in air temperature relate to changes in air pressure. The lower the air temperature the higher the air pressure.
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- 10. Explain 3 conditions that lead to the formation of a cloud: 1) There must be water in the air. 2) There must be a surface for the cloud droplets to form on. (Condensation nuclei) 3) The air temperature must be equal to the dew point.
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- 11. Explain how vertical movement in the atmosphere results in changes in air temperature, air pressure, and dewpoint As air rises air pressure decreases allow the air to expand, this causes the air temperature and dew point to decrease. The air temperature falls faster than the dew point. This change in temperature as a result of a change in pressure is called an adiabatic temperature change
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- Picture from: http://www.csupomona.edu/~hcmireles/Courses/S ci210/Activities2005/MLittle2.html
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- 12.a. Explain, which condition of cloud formation, may result in the occurrence of precipitation. For rain to happen a cloud needs to be stable enough to allow for the time it takes for thousands of cloud droplets to join together to form a rain droplet.
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- 12b. Identify one effect that precipitation has on the atmosphere Precipitation cleans the atmosphere
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- 13. Construct an isoline map, given measured values. The students have had many practice maps to work on. There are 3 basic rules to follow: 1) Isolines never cross. 2) Isolines either form a circle or go to the edge of the map. 3) You must follow the stated interval.
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- 14. Calculate the gradient on an isoline map, given the difference in field value between two locations, using the formula in the ESRT. The formula is on page 1 of the ESRT
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- 15. Explain the relationship between air pressure gradient and wind velocity. The greater the air pressure gradient the greater the wind velocity.
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- 16. Given a weather map showing isobars, identify on the map the area having the greatest pressure gradient The wind velocity is the greatest where the isobars are closest together Picture from: http://www.physicalgeography.net/f undamentals/7n.html
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- 17. Determine the origin, characteristics, and symbols of five types of air masses Symbol OriginCharacteristics 1) Continental arctic: cAland, very high latitude dry and very cold. 2) Continental polar:cP land, high latitude dry and cold 3) Continental tropicalcTland, low latitude dry and warm 4) Maritime polar: mPwater, high latitude moist and cold 5) Maritime tropical:mTwater, low latitude moist and warm
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- 18.a. Describe the air circulation pattern of a low-pressure system: On the surface air moves in towards the center and rotates counterclockwise. In the center air rises http://www.uwsp.edu/gEo/faculty/ritter/im ages/atmosphere/pressure_wind/high_pres sure_small.jpg http://www.usatoday.com/weather/tg/wlowpres/wlowpres.htm
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- 18. b. Describe the air circulation pattern of a high-pressure system: On the surface air moves away from the center and rotates clockwise. In the center air sinks. http://www.usatoday.com/weather/tg/wlowpres/wlowpres.htm http://www.uwsp.edu/gEo/faculty/ritter/im ages/atmosphere/pressure_wind/high_pres sure_small.jpg
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- 19. Using Weather Map Symbols and Present Weather in the ESRT, interpret information given in the station model format. The information students need is on page 13 of the ESRT. Students have a worksheet, which gives them practice reading, and make station models.
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- 20.a. Locate the positions of a weather front on a weather map. Weather fronts always radiate from the center of low-pressure systems. The actual fronts are located between station models that are close to each other, but have very different weather conditions. For example two cities that near each other but have a 20 o temperature difference http://ww2010.atmos.uiuc.edu/guides/mtr/af/frnts/w frnt/gifs/cyc2.gif
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- 20b. Describe conditions that occur ahead of and behind moving weather fronts Warm Front:This is when warm air is pushing cold air. Before the front arrives cirrus clouds will appear, followed by stratus clouds. Precipitation will occur before the front arrives and it will be steady for a lo0ng period of time. After the front passes the temperature will rise but the skies will remain cloudy.
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- 20b. Describe conditions that occur ahead of and behind moving weather fronts Cold Front: This is when cold air is pushing warm air. Cumulus clouds are found right at the front boundary. Rain is often hard but last for a short period of time. After the front passes temperature will fall but the skies will be clear.
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- 21. Analyze how wind direction is influenced by the rotation of the Earth. This is the Coriolis Effect. North of the equator the rotation of the Earth causes winds to curve to the right. South of the equator winds curve to the left. http://nsidc.org/arcticmet/images/fa ctors/coriolis.gif
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- 22. Using the Planetary Wind and Moisture Belts in ESRT, identify the prevailing wind direction and moisture conditions at specified latitudes The map is on page 14 of the ESRT. We live at 43 o N, which the map shows is dominated by winds that come from the southwest. 30 o N is a latitude that has very dry climates.
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- 23. Predict the direction and rate of movement of weather systems and air masses in North America Because of the prevailing westerlies in North America, weather systems move from west to east. They move on the average 400 to 600 miles a day.
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- 24. Construct a diagram of a land breeze or sea breeze. Label areas of high and low pressure, air temperatures, and wind direction. Sea breeze:Happens during the daytime. Wind blows from the water towards the land. The land has lower air pressure and a higher temperature than the water. Land breeze: Happens during the nighttime. Wind blows from the land to the water. The water has lower air pressure and a higher temperature than the land.
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- Sea Breeze http://www.williamsclass.com/EighthScienceWork/Atmosphere/seabreeze.
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