mgmt 383 chapter 17 union-management relations spring 2008

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  • Slide 1
  • Mgmt 383 Chapter 17 Union-Management Relations Spring 2008
  • Slide 2
  • Why Employees Join Unions Dissatisfaction with working environment.Dissatisfaction with working environment. Inadequate staffingInadequate staffing Mandatory overtimeMandatory overtime Dissatisfaction with compensation.Dissatisfaction with compensation. Benefits.Benefits. Non-competitive payNon-competitive pay Dissatisfaction with organization treatmentDissatisfaction with organization treatment Concern for job securityConcern for job security Ignore complaintsIgnore complaints Dissatisfaction with management style.Dissatisfaction with management style. Inconsistency in treatment by superiors.Inconsistency in treatment by superiors. Lack of recognitionLack of recognition Fear or intimidationFear or intimidation
  • Slide 3
  • The State of Unions in America Types of Unions.Types of Unions. Craft unions - One craft, one union.Craft unions - One craft, one union. Union membership is limited to members of a specific craft (example: IBEW, UBCJA ).Union membership is limited to members of a specific craft (example: IBEW, UBCJA ). Exercise economic power by controlling the supply of the craft.Exercise economic power by controlling the supply of the craft. Control apprenticeship.Control apprenticeship. Trace history to the guilds.Trace history to the guilds.
  • Slide 4
  • The State of Unions in America Types of Unions.Types of Unions. Industrial unions - One industry, one union.Industrial unions - One industry, one union. Union membership open to employees of a specific industry (example: UAW, USW).Union membership open to employees of a specific industry (example: UAW, USW). Exercises economic power only by political fiat.Exercises economic power only by political fiat. In recent years, industry designations have become meaningless.In recent years, industry designations have become meaningless.
  • Slide 5
  • Union Structure Union Structure.Union Structure. Federation - a group of autonomous national/international unions (AFL-CIO)Federation - a group of autonomous national/international unions (AFL-CIO) National Unions an organization of local unions.National Unions an organization of local unions. Local Unions workers organized around a particular employer or geographic area.Local Unions workers organized around a particular employer or geographic area.
  • Slide 6
  • Union Structure: Locals Membership Meeting President Vice President Secretary Treasurer Sergeant-at- Arms Stewards
  • Slide 7
  • The State of Unions in America Since July 2008 unions account for less than 12.4% of the total work force (public and private).Since July 2008 unions account for less than 12.4% of the total work force (public and private). By 2008, about 7.6% of the private sector was organized (up from 7.5% in 2007).By 2008, about 7.6% of the private sector was organized (up from 7.5% in 2007). The number of persons belonging to a union rose by 428,000 in 2008 to 16.1 million.The number of persons belonging to a union rose by 428,000 in 2008 to 16.1 million. Unions are now more prevalent in the public-sector (38.7%) than in the private.Unions are now more prevalent in the public-sector (38.7%) than in the private. Source: BLS (2008). Union Members Summary. http://www.bls.gov/news.release/union2.nr0.htm
  • Slide 8
  • Union Membership 1935-2007 19351935 19451945 19551955 19651965 19751975 19851985 19951995 20072007 20082008 13.2% 35.5% 33.2% 28.4% 25.5% 18.0% 14.9% 12.1% 12.4%
  • Slide 9
  • Union Membership Worldwide 2008 FranceFrance U.S.U.S. JapanJapan GermanyGermany CanadaCanada UKUK NorwayNorway 8.3% 12.4% 19.7% 22.6% 28.4% 29.3% 53.3%
  • Slide 10
  • Factors Contributing to Union Decline Geographic changesGeographic changes Industry has relocated to right-to-work states (the South and Southwest).Industry has relocated to right-to-work states (the South and Southwest). Low skilled job have moved to Mexico.Low skilled job have moved to Mexico. NAFTA has accelerated the movement of low skill jobs from the country.NAFTA has accelerated the movement of low skill jobs from the country.
  • Slide 11
  • Factors Contributing to Union Decline Workforce changesWorkforce changes Moving from a manufacturing to a service economy.Moving from a manufacturing to a service economy. More white-collar workers (less likely to organize).More white-collar workers (less likely to organize). More women (lees likely to join unions).More women (lees likely to join unions). Private Sector Employers Have Taken Proactive Measures to Avoid Organizing Efforts.Private Sector Employers Have Taken Proactive Measures to Avoid Organizing Efforts. Good wage and benefit programsGood wage and benefit programs Increased emphasis on employee participation.Increased emphasis on employee participation.
  • Slide 12
  • Railway Labor Act (RLA) of 1926 Gave railway workers the right to organize without interference.Gave railway workers the right to organize without interference. ObjectivesObjectives Avoid service interruptionsAvoid service interruptions Eliminate restrictions on joining a unionEliminate restrictions on joining a union Guarantee workers right to self-organizeGuarantee workers right to self-organize Provide for prompt grievance resolutionProvide for prompt grievance resolution Enable prompt grievance settlementEnable prompt grievance settlement
  • Slide 13
  • Norris LaGuardia Act of 1932 Yellow dog contracts unenforceable in federal courtsYellow dog contracts unenforceable in federal courts More difficult to get federal injunctionsMore difficult to get federal injunctions
  • Slide 14
  • National Labor Code National Labor Relations Act (Wagner Act) of 1935National Labor Relations Act (Wagner Act) of 1935 Labor Management Relations Act (Taft- Hartley Act) of 1947Labor Management Relations Act (Taft- Hartley Act) of 1947 Labor Management Reporting and Disclosure Act (Landrum-Griffin Act) of 1959Labor Management Reporting and Disclosure Act (Landrum-Griffin Act) of 1959
  • Slide 15
  • National Labor Relations Board Creates the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) - 3Creates the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) - 3 Enforces the NLRAEnforces the NLRA Investigates unfair labor practice charges.Investigates unfair labor practice charges. Oversees certification elections and the recognition processOversees certification elections and the recognition process Composition:Composition: Five members serve 5-year termsFive members serve 5-year terms Appointed by the presidentAppointed by the president Confirmed by the SenateConfirmed by the Senate
  • Slide 16
  • National Labor Relations Act Called the Magna Charta of LaborCalled the Magna Charta of Labor 7 Employees Right to Organize 7 Employees Right to Organize Employees have the right to organize without interferenceEmployees have the right to organize without interference Employees have the right to bargain collectivelyEmployees have the right to bargain collectively Employees have the right to strike for better conditionsEmployees have the right to strike for better conditions Employees have the right not to organize (Employee Free Choice added in 1947)Employees have the right not to organize (Employee Free Choice added in 1947)
  • Slide 17
  • National Labor Relations Act 8(a) Unfair Labor Practices by Management 8(a) Unfair Labor Practices by Management Interfering with, restraining, or coercing employees in the exercise of their 7 rights - 8(a)(1).Interfering with, restraining, or coercing employees in the exercise of their 7 rights - 8(a)(1). Threatening dischargeThreatening discharge SpyingSpying Threatening to move the plant (run away plants)Threatening to move the plant (run away plants) Bribing or extorting employees for their votesBribing or extorting employees for their votes Questioning employees about their votesQuestioning employees about their votes
  • Slide 18
  • National Labor Relations Act 8(a)(2) Unlawful Domination. Prohibits company unions - Broadly worded: 8(a)(2) Unlawful Domination. Prohibits company unions - Broadly worded: Interferes with labor organizations formationInterferes with labor organizations formation Interferes with labor organizations administrationInterferes with labor organizations administration Provides financial support to a labor organizationProvides financial support to a labor organization Employee participation programs violate 8(a)(2) Electromation v. IBT, 309 N.L.R.B. no. 163 (1992) and Dupont v. Chemical Workers Association, 311 N.L.R.B. 88 (1993).Employee participation programs violate 8(a)(2) Electromation v. IBT, 309 N.L.R.B. no. 163 (1992) and Dupont v. Chemical Workers Association, 311 N.L.R.B. 88 (1993).
  • Slide 19
  • National Labor Relations Act 8(a)(3) Unlawful Discrimination Based on Union Membership : 8(a)(3) Unlawful Discrimination Based on Union Membership : Cannot discriminate against union [or nonunion] employees with regard to their conditions of employmentCannot discriminate against union [or nonunion] employees with regard to their conditions of employment Requires proof of employers intent to discourage union membershipRequires proof of employers intent to discourage union membership Examples:Examples: Discharging pro union employeesDischarging pro union employees Refusing to hire pro union applicantsRefusing to hire pro union applicants Constructive dischargesConstructive discharges Superseniority to permanent strike repl