mies ven der rohe

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  • 7/29/2019 Mies Ven Der Rohe



  • 7/29/2019 Mies Ven Der Rohe


    Ludwig Mies van der Rohe (March 27, 1886 August 19, 1969) wasthe leading architect of the modernist style.

    -Born in Aachen, Germany in 1886 .

    - Ludwig Mies van der Rohe was a German-American architect, theleading and most influential exponent of the glass and steelarchitecture of the 20th-century International Style.

    Mies van derRohe


    -Ludwig Mies van der Rohe is widely regarded as one of thepioneering masters of modern architecture. He created an influentialTwentieth Century architectural style, stated with extreme clarity andsimplicity.

    -His mature buildings made use of modern materials such asindustrial steel and plate glass to define austere but elegant spaces.`

  • 7/29/2019 Mies Ven Der Rohe


    -He began his architectural career as an apprentice at the studio ofPeter Behrens from 1908 - 1912, where he was exposed to thecurrent design theories and to progressive German culture.

    -He began his independent professional career designing upper classhomes in traditional Germanic domestic styles.

    -He admired the broad proportions and cubic volumes of earlynineteenth century Prussian Neo-Classical architect

    Karl Friedrich Schinkel, while dismissing the eclectic and clutteredclassical of the turn of the century.

    -But after World War I, Mies began to turn away from traditionalstyles, and joined his avant-garde peers in the search for a new style

    for a new era.

    -He was influenced by the aesthetic credos of both RussianConstructivism and the DutchDe Stijl group,

    - He was impressed by the Prairie Style work ofFrank Lloyd Wright.

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    -He joined the faculty of the Bauhaus school, teachingarchitecture.

    - He designed modernist furniture pieces that have becomepopular classics, such as the Barcelona chair and table, and theBrno chair.-Mies adopted an ambitious lifelong mission to create not only anew style, but also a new architecture that would represent anew epoch just as Gothic architecture did for the middle ages.

    -In the 1930s Mies served as the last Director of the falteringBauhaus, at the request of his friend and competitor WalterGropius.

    -His reputation as a pioneer of modern architecture wasalready established by American promoters of the internationalstyle.

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    THE FRANSWORTH HOUSEIn the late 1940s, Mies van der rohe

    continued to develop his steel-and-glassvocabulary. During this era he designed

    one of his most famous buildings, a smallweekend retreat outside chicago , for chicagophysicianEdith Farnsworth.A transparent box framed by eight exterior steelcolumns, the farnsworth house is one of themost radically minimalist houses ever designedand it has been called an icon of international

    style modernism its completely enclosed inglass continuous visual space is the essence ofthe house .Eight steel columns form the structure, withinterior and exterior floors of roman travertine

    marble. The interior is totally open except for aninterior rectangular structure containing two


  • 7/29/2019 Mies Ven Der Rohe




  • 7/29/2019 Mies Ven Der Rohe


    THE SEAGRAM BUILDINGThe Seagram building was planned for the Seagram's

    distillery company. This 160 m tall building was a

    further developmentof mies's project from the 1951 lake shore driveapartments in chicago and was immediately hailed withcritical acclaim.

    The building is placed to the "rear" portion of the end-of-block site, off the park avenue.Amid the bustle of midtown Manhattan, mies separatedhis architecture from the city, the tower from theavenue by a pink travertine-clad open plaza with twinfountain pools flanked by treeFor the buildings exteriors, mies used unusuallyluxurious materials: dark bronze-tinted glass panelsheld in place, by bronze I-profiled beams attached to

    the mullions

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    This urban sophistication and material refinementestablished the Seagram building as a masterpiece ofskyscraper design.

    Seagrambuilding,New York (1954-1958), 1958Ludwig mies vander rohe

    view of the plazafrom the lobbyof the Seagrambuilding,New York (1954-1958), 1958

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    Mies included external I-beams that were notstructurally necessary but that "expressed" thestructure, touching off a conversation about

    whether Mies had or had not committed the crimeof ornamentationPhilip Johnson had a role in designing the plazaand the Four Seasons restaurant.The Seagram Building is said to also be the first

    major "fast-track" construction process, whendesign and construction are done concurrently.

    Interior of Neue Nationalgalerie museum in Berlin,Germany

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    The Tugendhat House is one ofthe best buildings.With its floor-to-soffit glazing

    that electronically slid into thewalls below to the key entertaining spaces, its beautifuluse of materials and tightly-controlled plan the house isa joy.

    The red onyx wall is orientated orthogonally but also withan eye to the sunsets: it glows a deep red color withspeckles of black and white where the onyx containsother stones and small holes.


    The Tugendhat Villa in Brno,Czech Republic, was in 2002declared a World HeritageSite by UNESCO.

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    - The barcelona pavilion wasdesigned by mies van de rohe as

    the german national pavilion forthe 1929 barcelona internationalexhibition, held on montjucceremonial hall (for which he alsodesigned the famous chrome andleather 'barcelona chair'), had a

    flat roof supported on chromecolumns .

    -The steel skeleton and thepavilions walls,rectangular planes of marble,

    glass, onyx placedvertically or horizontally, could befreely positioned and made itpossible that space seems to flowthrough them.

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    The reconstructed German Pavilion in


  • 7/29/2019 Mies Ven Der Rohe


    -He worked personally and intensively on prototype solutions, and

    then allowed his students, both in school and his office, to developderivative solutions for specific projects under his guidance.

    -Famous for his poetic aphorisms "Less is More" and "God is in thedetails",

    -Mies sought to create clear, simple and ordered spaces throughan architecture based on exposing the inherent qualities ofmaterials and the expression of structural frameworks.

    -Over the last twenty years of his life, Mies achieved his vision of a

    monumental "skin and bones" architecture that reflected his goalto symbolize the modern era.

    -Mies placed great importance on education of architects whocould carry on his design principles


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    -His own practice was based on intensive personal involvement indesign efforts to create prototype solutions for building types then

    allowing his studio designers to develop derivative buildings underhis supervision.

    -while Mies' work had enormous influence and critical recognition,his approach was eclipsed by the new wave of Post Modernism by

    the 1980's.

    - He had hoped his architecture would serve as a universal modelthat could be easily imitated, but the aesthetic power of his bestbuildings proved impossible to match, instead resulting mostly in

    drab and uninspired structures.