mla style modern language association most commonly used within the liberal arts and humanities
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Modern Language Association most commonly used within the liberal arts and humanities
Cawthra Park S. S. (sept 2008)
What is MLA StyleSpecifications for essays and reports
Layout of paper
Citing of resources (embedded and Citation List)
Why CiteAcademic honestyGive credit to those who earned itGive credibility to your paperIf you dont cite, you are plagiarisingPlagiarising is cheating
Plagiarism is: Copying all or part of another person's workPaying another person to write your essay or reportHaving another person write your essay or reportFailing to cite another person's ideasRewording, summarizing or paraphrasing another's ideas without giving creditStealing another person's essay or reportCopying all or part of another source, such as information found in a website, without citing the source
Glenforest's Plagiarism PolicyZero for the paperPlagiarism Workshop completionParents are informedNote put in student recordRepeated offenses:Meeting with PrincipalSuspensionLoss of Credit
You dont need to citeYour own ideas or analysis
Primary research (e.g. surveys you conducted)
Commonly known information (i.e.: the earth is round, we breathe oxygen, Canada has 10 provinces, the prime minister of Canada)
You DO need to citeQuotationsImages, art, maps, photographs, chartsParaphrased information (Note: changing one or two words is NOT paraphrasing!)Summarized informationCartoonsAdvertisementsAudio Visual Materials (music, radio, DVD, MP3 files, broadcast etc.)Statistics
A Typical PaperNo title pageHeader on all pages1"/2.5cm marginsdouble spaced12 point fontTimes New Romanevery paragraph is indented 1/2.5 cm
1st Step for CitingNew pageTitle is "Works Cited"Entry for every resource cited in the paperDouble spacedHanging indent Very specific rules for each resource (check Source It!)Alphabetical order by first item in the list
2nd Step for CitingPlace embedded citations throughout your essay wherever you use someone else's work (direct quote or paraphrasing)refers to an item listed in your Works Cited pageFor a quotation of five lines or more, introduce the passage in your own words, then indent the block of quoted text one inch from the left margin.
Embedded Citationsplace citation in brackets, at the end of the quote or piece of information being citedprovide the first piece of info from the Works Cited page (For long titles, the first 2 or 3 words is fine.)provide the page number, if available
Sample essay(Bliss 12) (14) When author is mentioned in the lead-up, or subsequent citations for author already cited (Biography for")
The Tricky Part: formatting the citationsCitations are different for every type of resourceFollow the formats and examples for the types of materials you are usingUse Source It online to find out the formatting (found under the Library tab, clikc on Bibliographies and Plagiarism page, scroll down to MLA)Use the citation tools within the databasesUse http://www.bibme.org, www.citationmachine.net or www.easybib.com or other citation tools on the web to help you
Works Cited: Guiding PrinciplesGive as much information as possibleMake sure your teacher can acquire the resource If something is missing, leave it outCite every resource you useDO NOT cite wikis or search engines (e.g. Google, Wikipedia, Yahoo)Use reliable sources only
For your convenience, this PowerPoint and a video on How to set up your MLA paper, have been posted on the Bibliographies and Plagiarism page on the website under Library.
The library staff at Glenforest S. S.Your teacher for caring enough to bring you hereSource It!
With thanks to.
**not the only method APA, Chicago, CBM are other methodsHumanities includes english, languages, history, philosophy, religion, artsMargins, indenting, titling, headers, font type, line spacingCiting includes mentioning the author and the page in the body of the essay AND creating a works cited/bibliography of resources at the end*All about professionalism in your workCiting means you did some researchCiting means you gave creditPlagiarising is passing off someone elses work as your ownIt can happen intentionally or through disorganizationIncludes copying other peoples work or failing to give them creditChanging one or two words, misspelling words to make the sentence different is still plagiarismEven if you summarize a resource, you must give credit*Review cawthras policy. Show the agenda on page 25 (Elmo) if time allowsAnecdotal story about grade nines (bad habits developed)**Point to items as they come up in the listEmphasize alphabetical order by first item whether author or titleAsk why each entry would be indented? Why does this help a reader?*SummarizeParaphraseFull block quoteSmall quote embedded in the essayOnly time you dont have to is when you spell it out in the body of your essay*Distribute Source ItShow students where it is found on the website and in the libraryAsk questions:What page are newspapers found on?What page are websites found on?What pages are databases found on?
*Exercise in problem solvingThe guide will NOT contain all possibilitiesUse common sense