modern gymnast - february 1968


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Page 1: Modern Gymnast - February 1968







Page 2: Modern Gymnast - February 1968






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Page 3: Modern Gymnast - February 1968


Exclusive all-around built-in 1 foot Deck-Wayl No hinges or dangerous clamps to attach. This complete, perfectly balanced Deck-Way is built right into the trampoline frame. A new innovation for spotting and class instruction. The Deck-Way will accommodate as many as 25 men at one time while performer is in action.

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• HALf-fOLD IT! Need extra space on the gym floor? Now you can half-fold the trampoline without inserting the fol/er stands.

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The New "Chuck Keeney" Trampoline is available in l' x 14' and 6' x 12' siles­official for all NCAA and other competition. (Patent Pending)


1 No understructure beneath the performing area! No braces or leg sections cross under the trampoline bed or springs . Completely eliminates the possibility of hitting any struc­tural part beneath the bed when performing strenuous routines.

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Page 4: Modern Gymnast - February 1968


CG NOTES: from the_ editor ... _ Official Publication of the United States G mnastics Federation

MG Publications: From time to time we h-ave published programs, posters, pamphlets and other reports from our MG offices as a service to our readers and to help in our aim to stimulate interest in Gymnastics. Just re­cently we published two such items we would especially like to bring to your attention.

First, the NACGC Highlights in Review, a stimulating review of 1966-67 Gymnastic action, competition results and photos from across the nation. Edited by Jerry Wright who masterfully put together all of the major College and University Conference, Regional and Na­tional Championship results for the year under one cover. Jerry has also included the top Invitational and Open meets plus a listing of All Time Records, most Team Championships, most individual event wins for a year, for a career, Honor Awards, All-American Team etc. A wonderful Photo Statistic Treasure for every Coach and Gymnast. (Just a dollar for all this). Next, in keeping with the demand for instructional aids, we compiled the recent MG series, Let's Teach Routines by Dr. William J. Vincent into one pamphlet for use in the classroom. Coaches and P.E. Instructors should find this work very handy, and it sells for just one dollar (with discounts up to 50 % for large orders when used as a classroom text).

More: We mention the above MG publications because if they are well received by our readers (in sales) we will be in a position to publish many more works of this type. Art Shurlock's series of Let's Go AII-Aroun". Dr. Bosco's Research and Fitness in Gymnastics, Jim Farkas's Helpful Hints, etc., are just a few examples of material on hand that can be put in pamphlet form

MG Schedule: Many times in past years, edit ions of the MG have been held up while we wait for articles that we had planned on for that edition, but due to mailing service or lack of communication did not arrive No matter how good our intentions this is a disservice to our MG readers. In the future we will go to press even if some of our planned materials have not arrived.

Beware: the MG Interview may Strike anywhere at anytime, Co~ ches , Judges, Gymnasts or ???, nobody's safe . .. who knows you may be Next!


Notice: The MG requests first publication rights {or not at aiD on all unsolicited articles submitted to the MG to be considered for pub· lication. No duplication or carbon copies (except press releases), no articles accepted after the 15th of the month for publication in the follow· ing month (except with prior notification of pos· sible late copy on an article or material already accepted),

All Regional reports should be in the hands of Jerry Wright (San Francisco State College, SJ., Ca. 94132) before the 10th of the month pre· ceeding publication. Jerry will edit (if necessary) and arrange to have the reports to the MG office by the 15. (p.s. thank you.)

Volume X


February, 1968 Number 2

NOTES FROM THE EDITOR .... ......................... ........... Glenn Sundby 4 GUEST EDITORIAL ........................................................ Glenn Wilson 5 CHALK TALK ......................... ..... ...... _................................................... 6 CANADIAN REPORT ....... .. .......................... .. .. .... ............ .John Nooney 7 ALL-AROUND THE WORLD ........................................................ Cerar 8 CHILDREN'S SPORT SCHOOL USSR .................................................... 10 M.G. INTERVIEW .................................... Dick Criley & Ken Sakoda 11 USGF REPORT .................................................................... Frank Bare 12 CALIFORNIA WINTER CLINIC ....................... .. ................... Bob Peavy 14 INDIANA CLINIC .................................................................................. 15 LONG ISLAND CLINIC .... ............................................................. ......... 15 NEW ENGLAND CLINIC .................................... ........ Dr. Joe Massimo 15 NATIONAL SUMMER CLINIC ................................................................ 15 MG CALENDAR .................................................................... Dave Thor 16 RESEARCH AND FITNESS IN GYMNASTICS .......... Dr. James Bosco 18 GYMNASTICS IN PHYSICAL EDUCATION .. ....... ... A. Bruce Frederick 20 GYMNASTIC AIDS ............... ......................... Don Tonry 22 CHICKEN ............................................................. .. ....... ...... Rick Tucker 22 NAT'L OFFICIALS ASSOC. NEWSLETIER ..................... .Jerry Wright 23 NEW CODE OF POINTS RATING ............................................... ..... FIG 25 REGIONAL REPORTS ... .................. .. ................................ .Jerry Wright 26 MG SCORE BOARD ............ .............................................. ................... 27 LmERS ...................................... ... .................. .. .................. ................. 2f MORE MG CALENDAR ......................... ............... .. .............................. 31

COVER : Dr. Joseph Massimo instructing, Stu Smith of So. Illinois on the rings at the 5th New England Clinic held at Springfield College. Steve Johnson "up" fo r a double back at the Berkeley, Calif. Clinic. Jim Gau lt and George Hery Spotting.




A. Bruce Frederi ck , Education; Dr. James S. Bosco, Research; Dick Criley, Statistics; Jerry Wright, Competition; Frank L. Bare, USGF; Jess Robinson, Trampoline; Roy Davis, Judging; Jackie Uphues, Women; Kenneth W. Holl is, YMCA; Ken Sa­koda, Art; John Nooney, Canada.

THE MOOERN GYMNAST is pub lished by Sundby Publi cations, 410 Broadway, Santa Ma nica , California 90401. Second Class 'pastage paid at Santa Manica , Calif. Published month ly except bi-monthly June, Ju ly, August, and September. Price $5.00 per year, SOc si ngl e copy: Subscription correspondence , THE MODERN GYMNAST, P .D. Box 611, Santa Monica, California 90406. Copyright 1968 © all rig hts reserved bv SUNDBY PUBLICATIONS. 410 Broadwav. Santa Monica . Calif. All pictu res and manuscripts submitted become the property of THE MODERN GYMNAST unless a return request and sufTlc ,ent poslage are included.

Page 5: Modern Gymnast - February 1968

C __ gu_e_s_t _ed_it_o_ri_a_l: _) THE NEXT STEP

by Glenn Wilson University oi Arizona

Recently, I began to wri te a newsletter from the University of Arizona regarding the 1968 NCAA meet. I looked at previous newsletters from P SU and SIU as a guide to my own and founn that I must start in essentially the same way-"The New NCAA System Of Competition". In the last three years our system of competition has fluctu· ated wildly and receives widespread cntl' cism from coaches with each change. The realiza tion of another change set me to thinking about where it began and where will it end. It then occurred to me that throughout it all is a discernable trend which started long ago but which has an end in sight. Hence, this article which gives my views, and which gives a solution which might end wild flunctations of the rules. Changes are always necessary, but the wild· ness shown in recent rule changes causes a bitterness and lack of cohesion in the sport which is not entirely necessary.

Whether it is the popular opinion or not the NCAA rules committee is made up of people who sincerely want to help the sport grow. They sincerely want to do what the coaches want them to do, but sometimes there are regional differences in what coaches think ought to be done. This causes an impasse which leads to compromise. This is as it should be, but the compromises sometimes appear to be not in the best interest cif the sport.

However, I submit that through all the changes we have been making progress toward a goal which ultimately we must face and strive toward. That goal is a col· lege gymnas tics in this country working in the framework of the international program. The list of changes already made in this direction is impressive, and is repeated here only for emphasis that progress is already beging made. W e have already : aligned our events by dropping Tumbling, Flying Rings and Rope Climb and by adding LH and Still Rings to all dual meets; changed our equipment to near FIG standards by adding their specifications for apparatus" adding a runway for Long Horse, and adding a Floor Exercise pad; changed our judging system by adopting the FIG code of points by adding raw scores to find team scores, using a superior judge in large meets, and by adopting the FIG rule on losing grasp or falling from the apparatus; In previous times we have used both preliminary and final scores to determine individual cham· pion ; We have added com pulsories for the All Around competitor, and at the same time the NCAA Championships were desig· nated as a qualifying meet for the Olympic training team.

To be sure we are still tinkering with rules other than FIG rules, but each year the list of changes closer to FIG becomes larger and larger.

I believe that sooner or later (preferably sooner) we must come to the reality that we must eventually have All·Around only teams with a possible exception to be dealt with later. This change should be made whether it is made abruptly or through some orderly, planned phasing program. Actually, we have a responsibility here that we should face. The school·college system of the USA is unique to most of the world .

Other countries develop their gymnasts through a club or government system which encourages them to work far beyond the college age. Our system as currently prac· t iced discriminates against the All·Around man in college and discourages him after he leaves. It is a wonder that we do as well in World competition as we do. If we do not make better provision for increased All·Around participa tion we will be for· ever left with low level World competitors. Our athletes could do better if we would give them a chance.

't -;!!2! K . SAliD~

The advantages of moving entirely to "All · Around in college competition are many. In addition to the more obvious advantage of increasing our international stature it could give our sport growth by demanding a smaller budge t for schools starting out in gymnastics, and at the same time, spread the base of competitors over a larger num· ber of colleges. This would mean more com· petition and growth for the sport.

An All·Around program for colleges would be a very neat package indeed if it were not for the trampoline event. Tram· poline is the first of our American inven· tions ever to gain ' international r ecognition, and for that r eason along with the fact that I think it is a worthwhile event, I do not recommend that we drop the event. In this regard , I believe that in this country trampoline must always be a part of the American gymnastics scene.

In other countries trampoline has devel· oped as a separate sport. Due to their clubs supporting the trampoline, the caliber of their competitors in trampoline has grown greatly, and they are on the verge of chal· lenging our superiority in this event. But, we must face facts. In this country, there could not be a separate trampoline sport supported by clubs. If the colleges and "' schools in this country ever drop the tram· poline it is dead in this country! No other group would step in to save it. I could never envision Athletic Directors hiring separate coaches, tying up additional facil i· ties, ahd creating new budgets for the sport of trampoline. So I think that trampoliI}e

must stay in college gymnastics where we very fortuna tely have been able to incorpor· ate it into our gymnastics system. I believe that we have the same responsibility to the intern ational trampoline spor t that I men· tioned earlier that we have to all· around or international style gymnastics.

Finally, I will venture a solution based upon the arguments I've presented. Collegi· ate gymnastics teams should be made up of some number of All·Around competitors along with some number of trampoline men. The numbers in themselves are unimportant , but some purely American ideas should pre­vail here. Of course, it would be simple to say that we should have six man teams m'uch the same as the Olympic teams, but in this country we have recently been try­ing to pay some attention to the spectator. Six men in each event from each team would be too many and would make the meet too long for spectator comfort. Four or fi ve with the best three or four scores to count for team score would make a bet­ter spectator meet, and would reduce the number of "dud" routines that are bound to occur during the fi rst few years of the system. Ideally, the number of trampoline men on a team would be the same number as the number of All·Around men with the same number of scores counting in the team score. But this -is not actually neces­sary. We could have fewer trampoline men than All-Around without too much can· fusion since it is a special event. Fewer trampoline men might even be a good solu· tion fo r a while since there do not seem to be enough trampoline men to go around.

Secondary to the main argument presented above is this idea. Trampoline should be conducted in this country in such a way as to fit into our gymnastics system, but also conducted in such a way as to conform as nearly as possible to the international trampoline rules. A few modifications in our current rules would be necessary, but as it stands now a trl\.mpolinest has many adjustments to make when attempting to compete internationally.

Through all our changes in recent times we have been floating "without realizing it toward the international program in gym­nastics. The trampoliI1e event has always been a problem to us since it was never accepted by the FI (';. nor is it likely to be in the near future. The trampoline is, how· ever, an international sport, and should be supported in the only way that it can be in this country-the school·college system. Likewise, gymnastics in. an All-Around sport throughout the rest of the world, and I believe that we should accept and learn the in ternational ways for the good of the sport and to enhance our chances in inter­national competition. We can do both, and I believe tha t we should try to accomplish both goals in the school-college system. (That's where its at in this country ) .

In none of this have I implied changes for the high school system since I am imminently not qualified to speak for the high schools. High school coaches should control their own development , but even as I write this I know that such a change as outlined for the colleges would affect high school gymnastics. I am not sure as to exactly what effect it would have, but per · sonally, I believe tha t the effect would be a favorable one in the long run .


Page 6: Modern Gymnast - February 1968

NEW FILM RELEASED The Nissen Corporation has released a

film of the recent World Professional Trampoline Championships. An addi tional highlight is the near·perfect exhibition per· formance by Doris Brause on the uneven parallel bars. The film sells for $50 or is a va il able for 5·day rental at $5.00. It is 16mm, B & W, sound, and the running time is 20 minutes.

FOR THE WOMEN ! The new Made moiselle Gymnast, Vol. 2,

No.3, features the 1968 Olympic compul· sories, an article from A. Bruce Frederick on rhythmic gymnastics with the ball , an accounting of the tou r of the women's team of the Unive rsity of Helsinki through the U.S., and reports of summer gymnastic camps for women. Mile G. is published for the women in gymnastics fi ve times durin g the school year (September to June) .

NAIA R ULEBOOK The National Association of Intercol·

legiate Athletics has p1:lblished their 1967· 1968 edition of Gymn as tics Rules and Regu· lations. Copies may be obtained from Robert Hussey, Sec·Treas. of the executive com· mittee, at Eastern Illinois University, Charleston, Illinois.

"WINNING" by Jay Long

.Midshipman U.S . Naval Academy Everyone wants to win and everyone can.

I do not look at my score to see if I've won. I do no t look at my opponents score to see if he has won. I know if I've won or not as soon as my feet touch the mat on my dismount. I've won if I honestly fee l I've done my best possible job, ful · filled my fullest potential. It sure is nice to win. But what or who have I beaten if not my opponent ? Severa l things : I have beaten the temptation to do three instead of four routines during a workout. I have beaten laziness. I have beaten fear. I have beaten a "clutch factor" and many other thin as. In short I have beaten being beaten by I~yself. Now this all sounds nice but is quite useless. Useless unless I know how to keep from losing to myself.

When I stand at attention before the head·judge prior to executing my routine 500/0 of my chances of winning have already been determined. This 500/0 comes from how effectively I've utilized my workout time during the past week. I find that it isn 't how much work I've done the previous week that counts. Quite the contrary, it 's how much work I haven't done. If it takes me 1500 ft. ·lbs. of work to do my routine one time and 2000 another then my first is by far the better of the two. We must constantly seek out flaws in our routines. It is impossible to correct something you don't recognize as a fault. The only way to find faults is to do routines and have someone else as well as yourself criticize them. The most efficient routine is the most beautiful one. Ask any judge.

If we work all week then, and only accom plish 500/0 of our work , where does the other 500/0 come from ? You don' t have



The Southern Cali fo rnia Acro Team will host the 1968 Sr. National AAU Men and Women's Gymnastic Championships at the Long Beach Sports Arena on April 11th

to look very far. It's in your mind . Have you ever heard of someone " psyching him· self out" or "clutching"? P eople have all sorts of reactions to words like these be­cause the subj ect these words touch on is so intangible. The subjec t is your mental attitude. Fine, now we've put it into words but what does th is really mean and involve? It involves as many things as there are people for we are all different and so are our mental attitudes. There is no formula in existence to obtain the correct mental attitude which will work for everyone. The most I can hope to do is relate how I go about trying to obtain the correct attitude for me. Obtaining the correct attitude is a never ending job. I have to do it before every meet, before every practice routine, even while I'm going through a routine in competition. When I fail to do so I always do less than my best. What do I think about and say to myself then ? I say many things. Here are some of them ; " I must look confident to my teammates, the judges and the spectators. I must step right up to the apparatus and get se t without hesi· tation. I must have a strong start but not too violent a one. I must not rush things and ye t I can't r elax and try to coast through anything. I must work each move and remember all the pitfalls and flaws I have been working on. I must make my routine beautiful. I must dismount like I've just fini shed the best routine in the world. I must come to a stance and walk tall back to the bench. I must find out my mistakes and work on them next week .. " All of these I must think about constantly. You may have to think of different things but no matter which things they are, let us never stop thinking.

Well , there it is, all 1000/0 of it. Each 500/0 is equally important and you can take this for what it's worth. Be you a begin· ner with a routine valued at 7.0, or ad· vanced with a 10.0 routine, whether you finish last or first, you can still "win" if you've done your best job. The most bitter defeat is when the meet is over and you find you've been beaten by yourself .


by Eric Hughes This season the University of Washington will compete against the University of Illinois in the sport of gymnastics and yet neither team will leave their own gym. This is just an example of the way the video tape recorder can be used in gymnastics.

On February 3, the University of Wash­ington team will be taped in a competition against the Seattle YMCA. During a meet with the University of Indiana on Febru· ary 10, the University of Illinois will record the performance of their team. These two


through the 13th in cooperation with the Long Beach Convention Bureau and the Sports Arena. Mr. Bud Marquette will direct t~e. ~hampionships .

tapes will be sent to Bill Roetzheim, Presi­dent of the Mid-East Gymnastic Officials Association, who will have four neutral judges score the video·taped routines in the same way they would judge a regular gym· nastic meet. This undoubtedly will be the first intercollegiate competition ever held in this manner .

No one knows for sure whether valid gym· nastic scores can be obtained from video tape. A graduate student at the University of Washington is doing research on this problem at the present time. Some of the things that must be determined are : is there any significant difference between scores awarded live performances and scores awarded video taped routines ; does the camera angle ( judging angle) make a dif· ference in scores awarded ; does the same judge award similar scores fo r a routine viewed live and on video tape; is the qual­ity of the tape likely to make a great dif­ference in the scores awarded.

There are many other ways a TV re­corder can be used in gymnastics. For ex­ample, occasionally judges find it difficult to agree on a score for a competitor. Lengthy discussions often ensue because the scores awarded by the four judges do not fall within the range specified by the rules. A second look at the routine on video tape would only take a minute and might bring about agreement without lengthy de· bates.

Meets that have been recorded can be used as a coaching aid. It is exceptionally valuable for an athlete to view his com· petitive performance. It is easier to diag­nose mistakes when routines can be seen and possibly analyzed in slow motion. This can be accomplished with motion picture film but coaches can not afford this very often as film is expensive. Video tape is also expensive but it can be used many times.

The TV recorder has more value in train· ing sessions than in actual competition. Any or all training sessions can be taped and viewed later or. more important. can

Co ntinued on page 29.

Page 7: Modern Gymnast - February 1968



by f ohn Nooney 18 Lavington Dr. Weston, Ontario

HERE AND THERE lVIr. and Mrs. J ohn Hemingway are retir·

ing this year from the F licka Gym Club, Vancouver to devote more time to thei r new home. Thank you fo r your efforts on behalf of the Sport.

Sandy Hartley of the National Women's team is now a ttending Washington State University. This could be Sandy's big year. I know all the B.C. poe pIe miss her. "Best of luck, Sandy."

The Thunderbird Y Gym Camp directed by Gordy Gannon was aga in a huge sue· cess. Over 50 gymnasts attended. Mrs. Hartley, Peter Kopoc and lVIr. Henderson coached th is year. Congra tulations Gordy, I wish we had more Summer Camps of th is type throughout Canada.

I would like to welcome Mr. P eter Kopoc who has recently arrived from Yugoslavia and Mr. J. lVIoorehouse who has come to Canada from Ireland. Both these men are now coaching in the B.C. area and I am told contribu ting a great deal to the Sport in that area.

ONTARIO SPORTS F EDE RATION The P rovincial Dept. of Education in

conjunction with the Commun ity Pro· gr,ammes Branch held an organizational meeting with representa tives of all the dif- ­feren t amateur sports associations, to discuss the for ming of a provincial spor ts feder­ation.

Many excellent proposals were put for­ward Administrative assistance, use of facili­ties in conjunction with Recreation Depts. , a unified voice, etc.

A further meeting will be held on Apri l 19th. Mr. J. Hunter and Mr. Jim Mc P her­son were elected by our Sport, to be their representatives at this meeting.


March 1st and 2nd. Countries participat ing are the U.S.A., Mexico, Cuba and our own team. T his meet will be held in the new Pacific Coliseum in Vancouver, B.C. and promises to be one of the major meets of 1968. Entries and information, contact Mr. V. E. Hartley, 340 West 28th St. , North Vancouver, B.e.


This meet will be held this year at Port Col borne High School, Port Col borne, On­tario on April 12th and 13th . Compulsory and opt ion a Is. Further information, entries, etc. con tact Mr. Jim Mc Pherson, 237 Will­son Rd., Weiland , Ontario.

MID-WEST CH AMPIONSHIHPS U.S.A. Gil Larose made a br illi ant comeback by

placing 4th in All Around. More than 25 competitors took part in this meet.

ONTARIO PROVINCIAL A WARDS Susan Me Donnell was awarded the NOR­

~"IA CRAIG TROPHY as top provincial at hlete of the year 1967 in Ontario. This was a great honor for gymnastics and a first. Susan did a magnificent job repre· sen ting our Sport. She was also chosen as rep resentat ive of the athletes of the province in a special presentation ceremony given by the Premier of Ontario, The Rt. Hon. J ohn Robarts at the Royal York Hotel, Toronto. Congra tulations Susan.


We certainly hosted many important events in 1967. The Pan American Games in W innipeg, the National Centennial Championships at Toronto, the National College Championships at Edmonton, the National Gymnastic School at Toronto , a second visit by the Russian team and many other visits of European groups to our fa bulous Expo at Montreal and last but not least the tremendo us cross-count ry tour by our Army gymnasts with the Military T attoo.

Gymnastics has received excellent ex­posure right across the land. This was made possible by great sacrifices by many peo­ple. At th is time I would like to take this opportun ity to thank our tremendous ener­get ic and capable Natiori al President, M. Raymond Gagnier, Montreal, who was the guiding hand behind all of these important events and many more smaller ones. Thank you, Raymond, on behalf of all the gym­nast ic fraternity.

A grea t amount of administrative experi­ence has been gained by many conveners and many people can be justly proud of thei r efforts. In general the over all pic­ture was never better for the Spor t. New clubs, new coaches, our universities and high school are becoming very active-also tremendous spectator interest and excellent TV coverage.

It is now up to the National and Provin­cial Executives to keep this interes t alive .. . also to plan more nat ional and inter­na tional events and above all to improve the technical standard of our Sport. I per­sonally believe we are in a new era of gymnastics in Canada. Our Centenn ial year was just the springboard we needed to unify our efforts across our wonderful count ry and that there is no limi t to the future of our Sport.

A HAPPY 1968 to all.


FORMED The Borough of North York is leading

the way in the development of a major gymnastic programme in Canada. The orth York Gymnas tic Club, operated by the P arks and Recreation Department now has 200 participants, and has expanded its pro­gram to include a second period of oper­ation fo r 30 to 40 of the club's top gym­nas ts.

H owever, the most recent development, and perhaps the most exciting according to Borough offi cials is the ' expansion of the program to nine new centres across North York. Ross Waters, Ass istant Co-ordinator of the Physical Health and Ed ucation De­partment , Board of Educa tion, and Frank Burch, Co-ordinator of P rogrammes, Parks and Recreation Department have planned and initiated the expansion which will be co-operatively opera ted by both Depart­ments. To be called the North Y ork Junior Gymnastic' Club, the nine centres will oper-

ate for a pilot fifteen week series, com­mencing early in Jan uary.

A registration fee of S5.50 will be charged and registration is by mail only. Parti ci­pants must be in grades 4, 5 or 6. Pub­licity and applica tion forms are now being circulated to all Public Schools in North York. and are also ava ilable by contactin g the Parks and Recreation Department.

The program will be im tructed by ex­perienced Physical Health and Education staff, and a maximum of 65 par ti cipants in each centre will assure greater participation and instruction.

The following are the nine new centres and the day which each location will ope r· ate :

e.B . Parsons J r. High- Thursdays Don Mills J r. High- Thursdays Elia ] r. High- Wednesdays Fisherville J r. High- Thursdays Northmount Jr. High- Wednesdays St. Andres Jr. High- Thurs. or Wed. Queensborough J r. High- Wednesdays Wilson Hts. J r. High- Thursdays Woodbine Jr. High- Mondays For furthr information, or to obtain the

applica tion form contact the P arks and Recrea tion Department at 225·4611, Tor· onto.


FOR MEN AND WOMEN (AAUl This meet will take place at the Unive r­

sity of New Brunswick, Fredericton, N.B. in the Lady Beaverbrook Gym, Saturday, the 6th of April. All entries and informa· tion can be obtained from Mr. Don G. Eagle, ApartmentA-6, Brawn Court, Nash· waaksis, New Brunswick.

This is open meet and is for Argo, Tyro, Novice, Junior and Senior. Don wants to encourage teams to attend-4 nlen or women are considered a team. This should be an excellent meet.

o TTARIO HIGH SCHOOL CLINIC !Ill'. Kevin Crouse recent ly convened a

cl inic on the national junior compulsories fo r high school gymnasts at Parkside High School Dundas.

This clinic as directed by AI Dippong, Nat Tech Director and e.O.G.A. senior coach. Ass isting him were B. Brooker (Na­tional tea m member ) , B. Bouittlier (Amets­burg H.S.), M. Prent (Harmonie ) and B. :'I lc Vey (Harmonie), P . P ichler and S. :\Iitruk (Genn ania) .

A total of 80 teacher coaches attendf'd with their school gymnasts. It was a real shot in the arm for many boys and many new moves were learned. I was personally involved in the setting up of this cl inic as the Men', Technical Chairman for e. O.G.A. This clinic is now available to any group of high school in Ontario, just write di rectly to me.

That evening a display was given by the Estonian Modern Gymnastic Group (balls and hoops), the Rotary Wintonettes Scar· borough girls group and a combined men 's group fro m the Harmonie and Germania Gym Clubs. This display was enj oyed by over 400 people. This day of gymnastics should help in the promotion of the Sport in the Dundas and Hamilton area. Thank you Kevin.

HAR D BOU ND MG VOLUMES Complete set Vol. I-I X $ 125.00

(availab le in limited supply) Vo lume V III 1966 $12.50 Volume I X 1967 $12.50

MG BOUND EDIT IONS Box 777 Santa Mon ica, Calif. 90406


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Page 10: Modern Gymnast - February 1968




The finest oil-around gymnastic shoe in the market.

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apprax. 410 ft. in leng th. Hi ghl y educational film stress ing group cal­isthenic warm-up, some warm-up on apparatus and finally exce ll ent op­ti onal routines by two o r three Olym­pic team members On each of the 011-around events. Men's events only.

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"ACROBATICS" s pecializ~d Training


JOE PRICE co 5-8877

1697 Broadway Suite 302

New York City, N.Y. 10019

Children's Schools for Sports and Gymnastics in the USSR

by Borislav Bajin

Tran~lated for the Modem Gymnast by Mila Grgurevic from the

Yugoslav J oumal Fizicka Kultura 21 (1·2 ) :71-74, January, 1967

In its attempt to create children's schools for different sports, our country mainly fol­lows in the footsteps of the USSR and tries to do the same in the field of gymnastics.

During a recent stay in the USSR (Mos­cow, Kiev, Leningrad ), I became familiar with some of the best children 's schools for sports and gymnastics. Since my observa­tions may be of value for our work, I am stating them in this article.

Training schools for all sports exist in all major cities of the USSR. Today the en­rollment in these schools is the sole oppor­tunity for young people who mint to go out for sports. It is impossible to imagine that anyone can set a record or receive a medal by any other means. In these schools training is conducted under the best condi­tions by highly qualified professionals.

Children 's schools for sports are formed in order to fabricate young athletes; that is, 'in order to prepare them both physically and mentally for attaining highest world and olympic records. Because of this goal these schools will admit only those who, on the basis of different tests and observa­tions, show exceptional skill in sports; that is, those for whom expected results will be obtained.

Almost every larger sport society has such D.S.S. Children's School for Sports) which produce the best athletes-for example, Larrisa Petrik, USSR woman's ' champion in 1964 and Natasha Koutschinskaya, woman', champion in 1965 and others .

According to A. B. Plotkin, chairman of the training league of Moscow, children are admitted to these schools when they ' are 10 years old. Each year trainers recruit new talents, future masters in sports. Each train­er does this in an assigned number of schools where together with physical edu­cation teachers they choose the children according to their physical build and looks. Posture is important also. Those chosen children are tested and the final choice is made on the basis of test results as well as a doctor's examination and their ' success in school.

The first two years a child spends in these schools are considered a preparatory period; that is, during this time most atten­tion is paid to development of psychophysi­cal qualities-development of feelin g for good posture, rhythm, and movement to music. This is the preparation for harder exercises to follow.

Instruments are used for development of strength. Many exercises are done on the floor to music; others on the bars. Children often supervise one another while doing easier exercises.

A group of 6-8 boys or girls of approxim­ately the same age is created. They spend 2-3 hours daily 3-4 times a week doing exercises.

A piano player as well as a choreographer is found at each of these sessions where the first half-hour of warming up is done with music and consists mostly of rhythmic exercises. Different groups do different exercises. The rotation to different appar-

atus is timed and done to the signal of the bell rung by the instructor.

According to my observations, the best girls are those who belong to the Kiev House of Sports and boys belonging to the Moscow House of Sports, "Krila Sovjetov." Here, boys and girls 13-14 years old do the following exercises: Boys:

Parallel Bars-various means of arnvmg in a handstand; Horizontal bars-at least two giant swings; Still rings-dislocates, crosses (possibly olympic cross according to the translator) ; Side horse-scissors, double leg circles ; Acrobatics (Floor Exercise)­forward and backward somersaults or flip s, "Arabian" turns; Long horse-vaults from the front end, "Yamashita" vault. Girls:

Acrobatics (Floor Exercises) -sit-ups, leg lifts ; Side Horse Vaulting-cartwheel ; Un­even bars-mount lower bar with a somer­sault (hip circles) and upon completion of the somersault grasp the high bar ; Balance beam- forward and backward steps and movements, free stands.

Injuries are often caused as a r esult of the tremendous strain which is exerted upon young bodies by these exercises.

Along with the question about the DSS (children's schools for sports), a question of early specialization has been discussed. I , myself, talked with some well-known experts in the field such as D. S. Mishakov, A. B. Plotkin, Chern ish, Plisko, and others. All of them admit that in the USSR con­tradictory opinions exist on this subject ; that is, when children should start training.

While Plisko believes that children should start training at the age of 6 or 7, he emphasizes the fa ct that the only thing that really matters is a satisfactory program for children of this age. Well-known Shlemina thinks that the age of 10 is the most favor­able. The fact that at the present time

. children's schools for sports admit children beginning with 10 years of age shows that most trainers support the latter's opinion. - On the other ' hand, the great specialist D. S. Mishakov believes that specialization should begin somewhat later; that is, when the body strengthens and becomes r eady for great exertion. According to him, competi­tion in athletics should be begun at an age no sooner than 18. Only such gymnasts can stay at the top for longer periods of time. In order to prove his point, Mishakov gives as an example his students Latynina and Shaklin who were at the top for 10 years and compares them to Larrisa P etrik who became the USSR champion when she was 15 and came down to 5th place last year. Als&, she often suffers from inj uries and this makes her further success uncertain.

Meanwhile, the general opinion is that exercising on apparatus in ' Russia has ad­vanced tremendously. Many Soviet trainers are now fighting against the dangerous elements in sports and gymnastics and try­ing to find out if grea ter loads upon a body during adolescence perhaps may not go along with the basic rule of physical edu­cation-the attempt to create a healthy, strong, happy and gifted person.

Page 11: Modern Gymnast - February 1968

(~~~~~ _~~V_~OO_W~~_I:_C_OaC_h Hi_II M_ead_e ~J BY DICK CRILEY AND K EN SAKODA

Southern Illinois University, National Cha~ps: ' 64:66:67 and possibly 68-How? The MG asked the man behind it ...

(Coach of the 1964, 1966 and 1967 NCAA Championship Teams, Manager for the 1968 Olympic Gymnastic team, active member on all levels of the N ACGC, USGF, NC AA Gymnastic Rules Committee, Illinois Gym· nastic Association, and many others.)

When and where did you get start ed in gymnastics?

I started in Warren H igh School about 1938 and went from there on down to Penn State in 1942 and then 1947·49. I was a tumbler and parallel bar man in high school and college. From there' I went on to University of Nor th Carolina and got my Master's and stayed on there until 1956 and came to Southern (Illinois ) in 1956. How did you start to develop your gym­nastics team?

In Nor th Carolina, it was j ust a matter of getting them out of the gym classes. When I came here (S.LU.) I went to sev­eral of the gym meets in Chicago and talked to some of the kids and ended up with abou t 10 kids for the following year. How did you first seasons at SIU go?

Well, my first season here I lost the fi rst eight and won the last one. We've had a winning season ever since then. Where do you start looking for gymnasts?

A lot of times, people will tell me about kids. But, I see a lot of kids in the subur­ban leagues. I judge fo r the conference or distri ct and State meet every year here in Ill inois. I usually go to the Colorado State meet and I've been to the Louisian a State meet. A lot of others I'll hear about from some of my own boys or some of the coaches will wri te about some of the kids. Do you have an "ideal" gymnast in mind when you're looking?

Oh no, not particularly. I think more than anyth ing else, in talkin g with a kid, I'm inter ested in a boy who really wants to be a good gymnast. He's got the desire and wants to work hard. Basically, because hard work has been our philosophy, I feel if a kid really wants to work hard, why I'm willing to work with him. What is your idea of the role of the coach?

Here, our policy is that everybody teaches. It isn' t so much that I decide what the boys are going to do, but we all work to­gether and the kids coach each other with the understand ing that nobody is more im­por tant than anybody, else. We l ike the freshmen to feel that they are just as im­portant as the seniors, or some of the stars we've had ,here in the past. My role seems to be to keep the desire that they show and the pride. We're strong on pr ide around h~re. And if I might say one thing that mIght be a key to our success is that the kids are proud of the gymnasti c team and, they're pro ud of the record we've had . They work hard to live up to the idea 01 a good gymnast. When it comes down to actual coaching, do you consider yourself a real "hard­core" type?

Oh yeah, I'm real to ugh on them, we work hard , b ut we like to have a lot of fun too. I l ike to present it in such a way that they laugh at themselves. We don' t laugh at anybody ; we laugh with them. I don 't take myself very ser iously and I try to have the k ids take the same atti tude.

It's always been my idea that there's no way, to learn a t rick. I don't say that you have to do exactly th is way to learn ; I don' t care how it happens. We try anything. If we're having trouble, say, with a kid learning a front-off on p-bars, we'll try i t on the opposite side. J ust anything that'll help him learn the trick. Do you rely on a lot of talks with the team? . No, I have very few heart-to-heart ' talks

and we j ust go over some of the thin "s and that. I don't have any talks to k~y them up ; that k ind of takes care of itself. I'm not a great believer in pep talks. How do you budget your workouts?

A lot of the times we work every event every day. When I'm working with the all­around men, we hit all of the appara tus. Generally we vault from abou t 3 to 3 :30. Then we'll go to side horse and do about 3 sets there. Then we go to high bar and while they're warming up I take a look at the tramp men. We'll go about 3 sets there and then I'll look at the high bar

,men. The~ over to p-bars; then I'll go over to nngs and look at the specialists wh ile the all-around men are war ming up on the p-bars. Then I'll come back there. We ge t to floor exercise about 5 :30 or so. We work it pretty much like that. Do you have any people helping you as assistants?

Well, there's Rick Tucker, but he's still working out too. Of course, I'm away a lot and the k ids do a great job whether I'm there or not, so my role isn't really to be there to tell them what to do. They j ust want to get better and they're going to work. I never worry about being away be­cause I know they're going to work. Now, may be some of them need a l ittle kick in the pants every now and then, but basically speaking they're go in g to get the job done.

You say you de pend on their own initia­tive most of the time. Are you there eve ry day?

Any time I'm in town, I'm in there I days a week. Our MG controversy article on the bearde d gymnast brings to mind a ques­tion on how far does the coach' s authority extend as fa r as discipline is concerned?

The k ids learn early what I expect them to do. I'm quite strong on haircuts. The kids have to have haircuts before every meet or look like they've had one. No beards or mustaches or th ings like that. I th ink it's just part of the di scipl ine that goes with the sport, also the clean cut appearance. I t hink a lot of the sport and I hate to see somebody with long hair be­cause I think it detracts from the person as well as the performance. You might say I'm pretty strong on discipline because it is a discipline sport, and if they don 't understand that, why they don 't come along very well as a gymnast. How do you develop a trampoline team? It seems that this is a question which has become a problem.

It's j ust a matter of hard work . As I say, we work hard every day on the tram­poline, doing three sets every time. The trampoline is set up all the time and the kids are usually there 2-3 hours. They're there bouncing around and spending a lot of ' time working on new tricks. If yo u've got one good performer, he's going to coach the rest of them as has happened to us. Da you th ink trampoline is going to re­main as a part of our college gymnastics scene?

(Laughter ) Gee, I don' t know. I'm on the Committee too, and I'm not j ust exactly sure how it will come out. I'm anxious to see the results of this latest question­naire the NCAA sent out. I'm sure t he chairman will call a meeting ~d then we'll get more of a feeling of the group than

' we've ever had in the past. Do you make use of films or videotapes?

We do have a videocorder which we made use of all summer, particularly in terms of the compulsories that we were working the kids on . We don't study films basically . We like the video tape because it's so handy. Wi th the videotape the kid can look at it real quick and he can see j ust what he's doing wrong. It can save a lot of hours of time talking and trying to ex­plain to him.

You know, I think the biggest part of coaching is communication . If I can talk wi th a kid so he knows exactly what I want or what he's doing wrong . . . I'll try to explain something in so many differen t ways until he finally un derstands just what I mean. I think coaching actually is just communication. If they can under­stand what I'm talking about with the use of an illustration , we have a lot more suc­cess. Touching upon the coming Olympic trials and team, just how do you see your role as Manager and what is your relation with Jack Beckner?

Actually, this is a role I enj oy, because it gives me an opportunity to do things I do all the time as a coach, gett ing things ready and that. In the trip to Mex ico City

Co ntinued o n page 24.


Page 12: Modern Gymnast - February 1968

The United States Gymnastics Federation P.O. Box 4699 Tucson, Arizona



U.S.A .. . . beats four of five United States All-Star College teams ... and performs before 18,000 . Americans.

An outstanding group of seven Scandinavian gymnasts toured the U.S.A. during January and met teams in Pennsylvania, Arizona, Colorado and California. The team arrived in the U.S_A_ on J anu­ary 9th, amidst a most impressive snow-storm. Their S.A_S. Flights had been delayed due to snow in Scandinavia ... the team actually arrived on two flights but within a few minutes of each other. From New York the team journeyed to State College, Pennsylvania and spent three days in adjusting to the over the Atlantic flight and preparing for their opening match against Penn. State Univer­sity_ On the 12th, before more than 7,000 fans ... the colorful opening ceremonies began and the meet was on. Penn. State, utiliz­ing Greg Weiss, Steve Cohen; Bob Emery, J _ Litow, K_ Kindon, and Dick Swetman. The final score _ .. Penn. State University 272.20 and the visiting Scandinavians .. _ 270.55. The all-around events was won by Greg Weiss who looked great, second was young Bob Emery and third Has Hans Peter Nielson of Denmark_ The visitors were hosted in grand style by P enn. State _'_ . a great deal should be sa id about the Director of Athletics Ernest McCoy and his able and energetic varsity coach, Gene Wettstone_ It was a great event to witness.

Next morning early _ . _ it was departure time for what was to have been a short hop from Pittsburgh to Chicago _ . . but the snow continued to fall and the team was flown to Philadelphia __ . in order to catch a flight to Chicago and then upon reaching Chicago only one runway was available and we circled a while before landing in ... of all things a snow storm_ The team spent about two hours in the airport . __ then boarded a T.W.A. flight to Phoenix , Arizona. In Phoenix, the visitors were met by Vice­President of Arizona State University, Dr. Joe Schabacker, and Director of Athletics Clyde Smith, and varsity coach Norris Stever· son. The team was driven to Tempe, and rested that evening before the gracious hosts arrived next day ... in 70 degree temperatures . _ . to take the Scandinavians on a tour of Mountain parks, and the campus. The visiting gymnasts soon learned that all the oranges on the trees are not sweet . _ . but none-the-Iess for most of them it was their first visit to such a tropic atmosphere and the weather was impressive, particularly after the several days before_ The meet was Monday night, the 15th .. _ and a Western Athletic Conference team with Paul Tickenoff of New Mexico, Jeff Ben­non and Gene Voorhees of Arizona, Rich Impson and Darryl Bair of Arizona State and Mike Kimball of Utah . _ . met the visiting all-stars from Scandinavia. The youthful American college team was visibly nervous the fir st night ... and wen t down to an easy defea t. The nex t even ing, the same two teams met in Tucson, at the Un iversity of Arizona. During the day the teams were hosted for lun ch at beautiful Skylin e Country club and then visited the University, while some went to old Tucson where the western TV and movies series are made. That evening the teams met again and the small amount of experience gained by the American col­lege students was shown clearly ... they were defeated again by a score of 277.80 to 265.80 . __ but their team score was more than ten points higher than the night before.

Next morning, the 17th of January, the team loaded aboard a fli ght to Denver, Colorado and we were met by host Bill Holmes, Grady Mathews and others of the host Colorado Gymnastics Associ­ation. That afternoon the team rested and the next morning Major Karl Schwenzfeier and Lt. Terry Higgins drove the team to spend an hour or so visiting and photographing the U.s. Air Force Academy in cluding a luncheon with the cadets. Then back to Den­ver, and on to A urora Central High school to compete against the Colorado All-Star team. Colorado had lined up gymnasts from each Colorado school, and Lt. T erry Higgins, USAF; Ron Barreta, Colo­rado State University, Cadet Chuck Kennedy USAFA; Kirk Rose, University of Colorado; Gene Takamine, Denver University, Ben Bl ea, Colorado State College and alternate Del Strange of C.S.U. as team mem bers with Major Schwenzfeier as Coach and Capt. Orwyn Sampson as Manager. The Colorado team . . . was de-


feated by the vIsItors from Scandinavia by a score of 266.85 to 248.90. The Scandinavians dominated the all-around again, with Ingvaldsen of Norway winning first.

Next morning, the team was up early and on the way to Berkeley, California and the last match of the tour. We were met by Host Coach Harold Frey and athletic department spokesman Art Arlett . . . and gracious hosts they were indeed. On to the hotel in Berkeley, then a visit to the gymnasium and a little rest before the meet. More than 5,000 fans jammed the hall to witness the meet ... Coach Frey had done his job well . .. what with delegations from each Scandinavian Consulate present .. _ each introduced and each nation's national anthem played as the contest­ants were introduced. A great meet, that saw the California all­stars off to a lead at the end of the first two events _ . _ only to see the visitors leap three full points ahead on the side horse event _ . . then settle down to win the meet before a most enthusiastic crowd . _ . by a margin of fi ve points. After the meet, a cord ial party with refreshments (th is was the case at every stop on the tour) and a good deal of warm hospitality _ .. then the next mornill{1; the team moved to downtown San Francisco to spend their last three days before heading back to their respective homelands.

The U.S.A. needs many of these tours . . . each and every year. The experience to be ga ined by our international gymnasts is most important ... ask anyone of those 24 gymnasts who participated against the Scandinavians ... and they'll tell yo u. They are excel­lent public-relations events for gymnastics . _ . ask anyone of the 18,000 spectators who saw these great tea ms compete. The U.S. Gymnastics Federation is honestly and sincerely interested in con­tinuing this sort of exchan ge program . . . in some cases on a home-and-home basis .. _ and with the con tinued support of the International Federations involved we hope to establish a continuing program aimed at developing our international level performers ... let's hope it can be done. ·


PRESIDENT IN U.S.A. - FEBRUARY 9-18, 1968 The President of the F.I.G. Technical Committee for Women,

Madame Berthe Villancher. of France will come to the United States in February of 1968 under the sponsorsh ip of the U.S. Gymnastics Federation. Madame Villancher has consented to present three lecture courses in the Uni'ted States. She has become one of the sport's most noteworthy and talented lead­ers in women's gymnastics and we are indeed pleased that she has graciously accepted our invitation to vis it the U.S.A.

The U.S.GJ. Women 's Committee has made arrangements for lectures at the Uni vers ity of Massachusetts, Southern Illinois Univers ity, and the University of Colorado. She will lecture on the International Gymnastics Federation, the 1968 Olympic Routines and technical women's gymnastics , and also discuss and describe the newest of gym nast ics events for women-Gymnastique Moderne (Modern Gymnastics). She has indicated that she will bring with her a film taken recently at the Third World's Championships in Gymnastique Moderne, conducted In Copenhagen, Denmark.

Following is Madame Villancher's itinerary: February 10 and 11 , 1968 at the University of M~ssachus­

etts . Amherst, Massachusetts. Th ere will be a registrat ion fee of $10 for adu lts, $2 for students . The preregistration dead­line is February 3, 1968 and is desirable. Make the check payable to Kitty Kieldsen . The lecture course will begin on February 10 at 9:30 A.M. in the Women's Physic~1 Educ~tion building.

February 13 and 14, 1968 at the University of Color~do . Boulder, Colorado. For further information, fee and schedule contact Miss Sharon Wilch , 6357 W. Mississippi Place, Den­ver, Colorado.

February 16 and 17, 1968 at Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, IllinOIS. For further information. fee ~nd ~c h Adulp. contact Mr. Herb Voge l, Women's Physical Education Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, Illinois. '

Madame Villancher represents our sport and the F.I.G. in a most impressive manner. Her leadershio in internationAl women's gymnastics has been superlative. Plan to attend the

. lecture course nearest you.

Page 13: Modern Gymnast - February 1968
Page 14: Modern Gymnast - February 1968

M6 WiDler Clinic Report: California Winter Clinic

" Wh ere the emphasis is on learning" R eport by Bob Peavy, Men's Director

The California Winter Clinic saw over 500 gy mn asts and an instructional staff of over 120 coaches assembled in the Univer­sit y of California's gymnasiums this Christ­mas vacation. Sta ff and student enrollment was up 25 0/0 substantiating the fact that the Cal Clinic's reputation has spread far and wide. Instruct ional staff was selected from twenty-four colleges and universities and from as far away as Connecticut, Illi­nois, Oklahoma, Montana, Colorado, Wash­in gton, Oregon, and all parts of Cal ifornia.

The abundance of new Nissen equipmen t (s ix pieces of every thing ), a separa te room for each event, eighty-one IntH instructors to handle instruction were all unique fea­tures of the Clinic. Also featured was the grou ping of gymnasts by their all-around scores. There were seven groups ranging from beginner through elite gymnast. All groups attended seven classes per day last­ing 40 minutes each. The elite class (44.0 all around score to quali fy) was taught b,. former Olympians Art Shurlock , Larry Banner and San Fernando Valley Coach Bill Vincent. Olympic compulsories and Olympic caliber routin es were stressed. Several '68 Olympic prospects to enjoy the elite training sessions were Sid Freuden­stein, Steve Hug, Bob Lynn, Rich Grigsby. Dan Millman , and guest instructor from Finland, Mauno Nissinen.

European gym-wheel champion Norber t Dill exhibited his exceptional talents on the floor during the Winter Classic Gym meet, December 26th. Rich Grigsby, '67 NCAA High Bar Champ displayed mid-season form with an excellent routine. Millman had an excellent night with three first places. Freudenstein edged Hug in the all-a round despite the fact that in the afternoon Olym­pic Compulsory meet Hug clearly led everyone by nearly one full point. Only .6 separated Freudenstein, Hug, and Lynn in the final standings at the end of the eve· ning.

Master instructional clinics were pro· vided daily from 1 :15 to 2: 20 p.m. by out­standin g guest instructors. Bill Holmes of Colorado instructed on his specialty, the high bar. Other clinics by Art Shurlock ( rin gs), Ken Bartlett (parallel ba rs) , and trampolining with Steve J ohnson, Dan Mill­man , and George Hery rou nded out the master instructional program .

Seven tumblers turned double-backs off the ground in an impromptu lunch-time tumblin g session. Larry Bassist, George Greenfield . George Hery, Doug Hills, Steve J ohnson, Rich Sule, and 19 year old cooed from Chico Stat e, Tina Gudge were all "s tandin g them up" the final day of th e Clinic. High bar dismounts aho drew the attention of even the ve teran gymnas ts. Cas t fronts. piked double fly-a-ways, double twisters, full twistin g hechts, and a bran i­out fliffi s were seen at different times off the high bar.

Hal Frey, University of California Coach and Clinic Director. is to be commended for hi s leadership , organization, and untiring effort to make the California Winter Clinic the fin est instructional clinic in the U.S.

Contil1ued 011 page 24.


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A synopsis of where the "Gymnastic

Action" was over the winter holidays.

Page 15: Modern Gymnast - February 1968

INDIANA GYMNASTIC CLINIC NOTED Hosted by Columbus Sr. H.S. and staffed

by outstanding coaches and gymnasts from SIU (Meade, Tucker, Dennis, Hardt) , In­diana U (Ryser, Brown) and ISU (Coun­cil ), the second Indiana Gymnastic Clinic for high school gymnasts and coaches drew 222 gymnasts representing 18 schools and 24 high school coaches. The format con­sisted of a morning session that began with informative comments by university coaches. Following this, mass warm-ups were held, followed by demonstrations on the different apparatus designed to illustrate the com· position requirements of the r espective events. Workouts were then held under the direction of university gymnasts, while the university coaches and high school coaches met for discuss ions. In the afternoons, film s were viewed and similar demonstra· tions and workouts were held on apparatus not covered in the morning.

Only through the active participation of the gymnastic community in clinics of this sort can the new techniques and methods necessary for the growth of the sport occur. As a result of the contributions of this clinic staff, gymnastics in Indiana will con· tinue to advance.

Mike Jacobson


Held at Smithtown, Long Island Regional the successful New England Clinic, this H .S. on December 15-16 and modeled after first, in what is hoped will be an annual affair, attracted approximately 400 male gymnasts from the Long I sland area. Master teachers included Tom Auchterlonie, J oe Bridges, Gary Erwin, J oe Massimo, Jim Culhane, Mike Jacobson, Steve Ross, and Bob EIsinger. Dick Aronson, Eastern Divi­sion President of the National Jud ges As­sociation offered a course in officiating to coacbes and judges. An exciting exhibiti on by tbe clinic staff inspired the further in­terest of attending gymnasts.


As many Southern California gymnasts

were unable to make other ciinics, a local group, under the direction of John Maggin­etti , set up their own. Laslo Sasvary, an ex.Olympian, was the master coach. The clinic was set up on the basis of morning workouts on all the Olympic events, after­noon emphasis on tricks and strength, and evening film sessions. The last two evenings were spent wacthing films of routines film ed earlier in the clinic. Instructors also included Frank Scardina, Norm Haney, Chuck Walden, Phil Ediades, and Steve Radomski.

j ,

, Laslo Sasvery


"This was the finest educational clinic of its kind I have ever seen". This obser­vation by Master Teacher, Jack Beckner, 1968 Olympic Team coach, sums up the opinion of all those who participated in the two day spectacular on Nov. 24 and 25 at Springfi eld College. Jackie Klein Uphues, USGF re pre~entative and ex-Olympian her­self, who has seen many such efforts througbout the U.S. felt that "the organiza­tion was great, to handle this many gym­nasts and make it a learning experience is a fantastic accomplishment." How many ? Well there were over 1200 young people in attendance plus many coaches and offi­cials making it the best attended clinic every held in the country. The Master T eaching Staff (Beckner, _ 'Iitchell , Vogel, Cardinali , Schaenzer, Massimo, Laundy, Gifford, Kjeldsen, and Erwin) did an out­standing job in conducting Lecture-Dem­onstration and Lecture-Practical sessions at the Beginner, Intermediate, and Advance levels. They were complemented by an add i-

tional staff of 35 incl udin g sevcral past East and N.C.A.A . champion gymnasts and many fin e coaches. Excell ent problem solv­ing sessions were competently supervised by a large group of college gymnasts primarily from Springfield College and th e University of Massachusetts. In attendance at the clinic were gymnasts from Illinois, Michigan, New York, New J ersey, P ennsyl ­vania , Ohio and many other states. The special sessions (dance, judging, film s, coaches workshops, etc.) as well as th e social-recreation functions also drew capac­ity groups.

On Saturday evening, following the formal educational aspect of the program, a gym­nastic exhibition was put on before a huge, enthusiastic audience by the clinic staff. Even after the grind of a two day teaching schedule (9 :30 A. '1 .-9:30 P.M.) the ef­forts of the exhibi tion gymnasts were spon­taneously cheered as Master Teachers (R. Mitchell, D. Schaenzer, G. Erwin), college and high school gymnasts put on a grea t show for a happy crowd.

Special congrats are due to Mr. Frank Wolcott, Clinic Director and his executive staff including Dick Aronson, Diane Potter, Jon Foley, Bob Hanscum, Isidore Battino , Mimi Murry, Ron P eek (who also did some great work in the exhibition), AI Bickhum , Ike Heller, and George J essup. I am cer­tain that all who were in Springfield T.G. weekend had a fine learning experience as well as a heck of a good time ! This clini c should serve as a model for other national type gymnastic programs with similar in­tent. Mr. Wolcott would be grateful for any suggestions or comments you might have concerning this and the future N.E. c1inics­address your letters to him at Springfield College.


Under the direction of George Szypula , the Tenth of these annual clinics was held at Michigan State. In addi tion to the teach­ing function of the clinic which was aided by 'an abundance of equipment and the fact that the whole clinic was housed in one gym, the program also directed attention to training judges, physical educators, and coaches. A new Ampex Videotape was pro­vided by MSU and found extensive use. Competitions were held (the results of which were too extensive for the MG to publish) for both boys and girls. The "Night of Stars" show, directed by Dick Richter, attracted a fine audience. Fea­tured were winners from the competitions plus other outstanding gymnasts from col· leges and universities.

National Summer Clinic


Page 16: Modern Gymnast - February 1968
Page 17: Modern Gymnast - February 1968









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Page 18: Modern Gymnast - February 1968

BY J AMES S. Bosco, PH D


SAN JO SE, C-I. LIFO R'i JA 95114

This is the tenth in a serie s 0; random topics . In the next short series we plan to present cinematographical studies oj Indiv· idllal GYlllnastics Moves . Please sen d your articles dire ctl), to the above address. In· clude photograph s and/or charts whenever possible. LEo NHAIlDT, W ILLLUI R . "Aspiration Leveh

of Competitive College Gymnasts, and Related Measures," Unpub­lished lvIasters Thesis. Un iversity of ll linois, Urbana, 1954.

PURPOSE The purpose of thi s study was to investi­

ga te the r elat ionship of Aspiration Level to P erformance Level in competitire co llege gymnastics by seeking answers to the fol ­lowing ques tions :

1. To what ex tent does success and fail­ure occur amon!! co llege gymnasts in COlll ·

petition -? ~ 2. Wha t effec t does performance level

above, equa l to, or below aspira tion leve l have on aspiration level ?

3. Wha t effect does an increase, no change. or decrease in performance level have on a ::pira tion level?

4 . What e ffec t does rai sin g, keeping con­stant , or lowerin g aspira tion Ie reI have on performan ce level ?

5. How well can the coaching :: taff esti­mate performance levels of team mem bers'?

6. Vi' hat relation may ex ist between per­::onality fac tors and tendencies for some gymna:: t:: to set aspirat ion leve ls unusually high or low in relation to levels of past performan ce? PROCEDURES

The subj ects ,vt' r e nine var~ il y gYllln a ~ t s a t the University of Illinois. The tests wer e various gymnastic routines performed in intercollegiate competition _ The test items (26) were subject-event combina tion::. Aspir­a tion level was the number of points a gym­nast expected to receive for performing a gymnasti c ro uti ne, performance level was the ac tu al number of points rece ived for performing a gymnastic routine. Success and failure depended upon the relation of aspiration level to performance level.


T ABLE I. Success and fa ilure in terms 0 1 OI)Cral,onal Crl tena, vlaces and points,

Championship Places Dual Mee t Places

Meets 2 thru 8 Meet To tal

TA8U: VI. Instances in which subject's aspiration level or coaches' estimates of performance most closely approximat­

ed performance. Item 5 F S F S F 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 1 10 Pomts

·5 ·6 · 10 · 11 1. Au. 5 4 6 3 6 3 2. Au. 5 4 6 3 7 2 3.Au. 313131

4. Sa. 1 3 1 3 I 5. Sa. 1.2 2 2 6. 8 a. 4 3 4 5 7. Sa. 5 6 I 8. 8a. 6 7 1

9. 8t. 3 2 4 1 4 I 10.8r. I 3 I 3 I 3

11.Cu. 12.Cu.

13.Ga. 14.Ga. IS.Ga. 16.Ga. l7 .Ga.

3 2 233 3 1 1 3

3 6 , 9 3 1

18.Hi. a 5 0 5 a 5

19.J i. 1 2 2 20.Ji. 2 2Ui. 2 22.Ji. 4 0 4 23.Ji. 1 3 1 3 1 4 5 5 4 6 3

25.51. 26.St.

N 48 94 111 77

65 82

6 0 0 0 0

" 0 o 0 0

o 0 0 o 0 I 2 , I , 2

o 0 I 0 o 0 I 0

o 0 I · 0 I 0 0 3 I 3 o 5 o 0 0

o 0 0 1 1

o 0 0 0 I 2 1 o 2 o 0 0 a a 0 0

o 3 2 1 0

o 1 a 0 2 0 1 a

261919 139

In col umn

2nd 2nd 2nd 59 4th 2nd 5th 49 6th 1st 5th 18

5th 7 5th 3 rd 5 2nd 2nd 32

1st 1st 46 3rd 3rd ~4

lst 2nd 1st 39 8th 9th 9

5th 4th 8th 14 6th 5th 16 2nd 1st 5th 47 2nd 4 th 5th 44 3rd 1st 2nd 6


13 16 o 3

6th 5th 7th 3 1

10th 3,d

5 28


Austin· trampoline Austin· tumbling Austin-free exercise

Bare-free exercise Bare-r ings Bare-horizon tal bar Bare-side horse !Jare-parallel bars

Browning- tumbling Browning-trampoline

Culbertson· horizontal bar Culbertson·side horse

Gardner·free exerc ise Gardner·horizon tal bar Gardner·parallel bars Gardner·side horse Gardner·rings


Jirus·free exercise J irus-horizontal bar J irus-paral lel bars J iruS'side horse Jirus- rmq5


Stone-parallel bars Stone-side horse



A. L.

I ~


I ~


I ~

2 o


I ~

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1% 5 o

B. l.

2'h 4Y. 1% 3'h


1· 1/ 3 113

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31 5()'S/6 3&5/6 4().1 /3 19.5 32.0 23.2 25.4

% 30.2 59. 1 69.8 48.4

40.9 51.6 Note : 5 " success

F " fai lure

1. 5 equals P.L equal to or above A.L 2. 5 equals P.L equal to or above A. L ·5 3.5 equalsP.L equal to or aboveA.L· IO 2,4,6. F equals P.L below A.L. P.L below A. L ·5 and P.L below A.L · IO

TABLE It. Effec t on aspiration level 0 1 performance above, equal to or oelow aspiration level.

A.L\ P.L Below Equal Above Raised 21 1 29 Conslant 11 lowered 65

TABLE III . Effect on aspiration level o r an increase, no change. or decrease in performance level.

A.L .\ P. l. Oecrease No Change Increase 26 Raised 14 0

Constant 5 Lowered 41

6 18

TABLE V. Mean aspiration levels, performance levels, and coaches' estimates 01 perlormance.


1. Au. 2. Au. 3. Au.

4. Sa. 5. Ba 6. Ba. 7. Ba 8. Ba.

9. Br 1O.8r.

II .Cu. 12.Cu.

1J.Ga. 14.Ga. 15.Ga. 16.Ga. 17 .Ga.

18. H, .

19.Ji. 20.J,. 2U,. 22.J I. 23.JI.


25.St. 26.St.

TOlal Aver age

Mean Mean p. l. A. L.

269 273 250 261 246 232

236 251 251 257 263 268 272 2777 266 271

2B2 284 223 236

208 213 217 234

24 4 253 203 268 262 268 242 265 252 266

158 210

210 226 197 227 203 243 169 19', 196 ::: , 4

240 242

202 213 230 247

5991 6398 230.4 246.1

Mean Estimate P. B.' L

270 2B3 276 259 269 256 244 270 249

239 256 250 235 255 264 264 263 272 275 285 281 270 276 273

281 289 283 243 249 238

223 232 220 235 241 221

242 266 260 256 257 264 258 262 267 255 260 260 258 281 271

225 205 198

187 193 219 220 220 222 226 234 227 174 177 183 186 191 2 12

244 256 237

200 210 204 244 268 244

6213 64 48 635 1 23£' 246 244.3

TABLE V II . InCidence of success and lallure based on coaches' estimates.


I. Au "). Au. 3. Au.

4. Ba. 5. Ba. 6. Ba. 7. Ba. 8. Ba.

9. tir . 10. Br.

l 12.Cu .

13.Ga. 14 .Ga. 15.Ga. 16.Ga. 17.Ga.

18. HI

19.JI. ")OJ •. 21JI 22 JI 23J •.

25St 2651.

Pond BrU'lkmeyei Leonhardt

· 9

Sum 65 94 3 1 128 46 113 "0 40.9 59. 1 19.5 80.5 289 71 . 1

In order to gain ins ight into va rious parts of the problem, the basic data were treated as follows:

1. Relationship of Aspiratiun L evel to Performan ce Level. All Aspiration Levels were presented graphica lly to show the re­lationshi ps of the two measures and of coaches' es timates.

2. Extent 0/ Success and Failure. The in­stances of "success" and " failure" were tabulated and treated s ta tistically by means of chi square to de termine s ignifican ce. Aside from performance (P.L.) above or below Aspira tion Level (A .L.) , va rious

Page 19: Modern Gymnast - February 1968

other criteria of "success" and "failure" were considered, namely:

A. Lowering the dividing line between success and failure to A.L. minus 5.

B. Lowerin g the dividing line between success and failure to A.L. minus 10.

C. Competitive criter ia , such as places and points won.

3. Ejject of Perjormance A bove, Equal To , or Below Aspiration Level on Aspiration Level. The instances in which the direct relation of P.L. to A.L. effected (or failed to effect ) changes in A.L. were tabulated and treated stati stically by means of chi square to determine significan ce.

4. Ejject oj an Increase, No Change, or Decrease in Perjorma.nce Level on Aspira· tion Level. Instances in which changes in P.L., ind ependent of the direct relation, effected (or failed to effect ) chan ges in A.L. were tabulated and treated stati stic­ally by chi square to determine significance.

5. Ejject oj Raising, Keep Constant, or Lowering Aspiration L evel on Perjormance L evel. Instances in which changes in A.L. were followed by, and presumably pro­uuceu, changes ill P.L. were tabula ted and trea ted stati sti cally by means of chi square to determine significance_

6. A bility oj the Coaching Stajj to E sti­mate Perjorman ce Levels. Independent esti­mates of performance made by the coaches were presented as a part of the Aspiration Level-Performance Level graphical presen­tation to provide a basis for various com­parisons. The mean estimates of each coach for each item and the averages for all subj ec ts and events were computed, to­ge ther with the mean A.L. and P.L., to determine how accurately each coach was abl e to estimate mean P.L. ; and in addition the estimates were compared with the sub­jec ts' A.L. and P.L. in discrete instances and in terms of "success" and " failure".

7. Relation of Personality Factors to As­piration Levels. Measurements of six per­sonality traits were obtained fo r all subjects by means of the Bernreuter Personality In­ventory. Raw scores and percentile scores were obtained from scoring keys and norm tables devised by Bernreuter. The result s were analyzed and the percenti les of the mean raw scores were com pared to the norms to determine what group tendencies existed. The result s for those subj ects who tended to se t aspiration levels unusually high or low in relation to levels of past performance were studied individually to suggest possible relations of personal ity to aspirations.

CONCLUSIONS 1. There was a strong tendency for gym­

nasts to maintain high aspirations. Analysis of the relat ionships of A.L. to P .L. showed that although there was some tendency to adjust A.L. on the basis of past performance there appeared to be a stronger "need" to keep A.L. high. The mean A.L. was greater than the mean P.L. in 25 of the 26 test items, and the average was 15.7 points above average mean P oL. (Table V).

2. The relationship of A.L. to P.L. was not a valid method of determining success and failure in gymnastics. When success depended upon performing at or above A.L. , the group was "successful" only 30.2 per cent of the time_ Only when "success" was taken as performance at or above A_L. minus 10 was 50 per cent success and failure approximated. Even then the per­centage of "success" was in marked con­trast to the success attained by the group when competitive criteria, places won and points scored, were considered (Table I).

3. The relat ionship of P.L. to A.L. tended to effect changes in aspiration. Specifically, when P.L. was below A.L. there was a defini te tendency to lower A.L. for the next mee t, and when P.L. was above A.L., to raise aspiration. The chi square test showed this relation to be reliable beyond the 1 per cell"! level (Table II).

4. Changes in P oL. tended to effect changes in A.L. A decrease in P.L. tended to be followed by a lowering of A.L., and an increase in P.L. tended to be followed by a rise in A.L. This tendency was signifi­cant beyond the 1 per cent level (Table III) _

5. It was doubtful that changes in A.L. produced changes in P.L. although a sig­nificant inverse relationship was found. A poss ible explanation was the need to keep aspirations high. Assuming chance variation in performance about some norm, if per­fonnance in a meet were above normal , this would be taken as justifica tion for rai sin g A.L., but performance in the next meet would tend to drop to normal or below by chance. Conversely, with subnormal per­fonnance, A.L. would appear too high and be lowered, but performance would tend to increase by chance.

6. Coaches tended to estimate perform­ance levels better than the perform ers them­selves_ Tabulation of mean A.L.'s and mean es timates of the coaches showed that all coaches estimated mean P.L. better than the performers. The average mean P.L. was 230.4; the average mean A.L. was 15.7 points greater than the average mean P.L.; the coaches' average mean estimates were 8.6, 17.6, and 12.9 points greater than the average mean P.L. (Table V) . Similar re­sult s were obtained when individual A.L.'s and coaches' es timates were compared to individual performances (Table VI), and in terms of "success" and "failure" based on coaches' es timates and performance scores (Table VII).

7. Measuremen ts of six personal ity fac­tors by the Bernreuter Personality Inventory showed the following results :

BI-N. The group tended to be less neurot ic and better balanced emotionall y than college men in general (percentile 0'[ mean raw score was 31).

B2-S. The group tended to be some­what less self-sufficient than college men in general (percentile of mean raw score was 38)_

B3-1. The group tended to be somewhat more ex trovert than coll ege men in general ( percentile of mean raw score was 30 ) .

B4-D. The group tended to be much more dominant than college men in gen­eral (percentile of mean raw score was 70) .

F l-C. The group tended to be slightly more self-confident than coll ege men in gen­eral (percentile of mean raw score was 42).

F2-S. The group tended to be as soci­able as college men in general (percentile of mean raw score was 48).

Analysis of these data showed some tendency for highly dominant, emotionally well-balanced subj ects to maintain high levels of aspiration and to resist lowering A.L. with " failure". In contrast, subj ec ts wi th low dominance scores showed maj or shifts in A.L. Also, those subj ects with the highest neurotic tendency scores tended to report highly variable asp irations. Although some interesting im pli ca tions that person­ality factors might affect A.L. were evi­dent, the small group precluded reliable interpretation.

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Page 20: Modern Gymnast - February 1968


Several years ago we published in this column "The Golden Library of Gymnastics." (M.G. 5-6/65) The purpose was simply to identify those volumes which seemed to repre­sent the best gymnastic books available hope­fully providing our readers with a list with which they might compare their personal hold­ings or holdings of libraries at their schools and colleges. An updated list was published a year later. ("The Golden Library of Gym­nastics"-1966 6-7/66 M.G')

Both of these lists included highly special­ized books on a variety of gymnastic topics (Examples: Kunzle's · Olympic Series and Lein­ert's book on uneven bars) but certain "com­plete " books were deleted simply because their content was necessarily thinned down to include many different areas of gymnastics rather than be representative of anyone. For example, we would probably all agree that George Szypula's book, Tumbling and Balancing for All is the classic in tumbling. No single chapter on a topic as a part of a "complete" book could hope to duplicate the content of a single book devoted to one topic alone. This does not necessarily mean that all books on specialized gymnastic subjects are better than their more inclusive volumes .

Many authors wrote to me following the publication of the Golden Library lists that their "complete" books were written with the idea that novice instructors are not likely to accumulate a large library of highly special­ized books on single topics in gymnastics. They argued that the beginning instructor needs to refer in most cases to a single source which provides an overview to the skills he will need to have to do a representative job. I agree.

It has therefore become my task to further inspect and evaluate the "complete" book, the book covering a wide range of gymnastic cate­gories. After thorough research and re-reading, a total of fifteen books have been selected for study below. Only three of these books had formerly appeared in the Golden Library. In a further revision of the Golden Library at a later date none of these will appear as a part of this selection because they are no longer unique contributions . .

Only one of the fifteen books selected below has been published prior to 1960. Therefore the books under consideration here are all in print and all are available currently for pur­chase. Takemoto's excellent book (even though in Japanese) is no longer available and is therefore not inclu~~d . It is also highly doubt­ful if the novice instructor would find this book in his local library.

The fifteen books selected fall into three major categories. These ·, are (1) Men and Women, (2) Men and (3) Women. The books will be listed below in these three categories. Each title is preceded by a number. For con­venience we will refer to this number in ,the discussion and evaluation that follows. MEN AND WOMEN

1. Baley, James A., GYMNASTICS IN THE SCHOOLS. Boston : Allyn and Bacon, pp. 297, 1965. Photos 340, Sequences 125, Line Drawings 24+ Bibliography-none. Unique Quality- Circus orientation in­cluding ladder work and triple balancing.

2. Loken, Newton C. and Robert J. Willough-. by, THE COMPLETE BOOK OF GYM­

NASTICS. Englewood Cliffs, N.J. : Prent­ice-Hail Inc., pp. 274, 1967 (2nd Ed.), Photos 108, Sequences 75, Film Draw-

ings 13, Bibliography-73 references. Unique quality-Originally the first book in English to include all men's and women's events, Chapter on ropes and exhibitions.

It is the opinion of the writer that the authors above have taken on much too much material for a single book and that as such it will have generally little overall value even for the novice instructor. Such a book is par­ticularly valuable for the layman who goes to the library to investigate the general scope of gymnastics. For example, the local sports­writer might gain a bit more insight from these books than he might from the traditional standby of the sports desk, Menke's ENCYCLO­PEDIA OF SPORTS. The writer prefers 2 si nce it is better organized and more professional figures are used. Loken was one of the first to publish sequences drawn from films . Por­tions of his SEQUENCE GYMNASTI CS are in­cluded in the revised edition of his book. Baley includes much material on balancing due to his lengthy experience with show gymnastics. The content of the Loken book is basically a combination of materials originally published by The Athletic Inst itute. Since then he has made an extremely valuable contribution in the area of single concept loop films for gym­nastics which are available from the Athletic Institute and employ a unique projection device which needs no threading. The women's por­tion of the Baley book is slightly more up-to­date than the somewhat obsolete material in­cluded in the Loken-Willoughby volume. MEN '

3. Bosco, James, BEGINNING GYMNASTICS SYLLABUS. San Jose, Cal.: Spartan Book Store, pp. 41, 1967. Stick figures (70 sequences), Bib.--4 references. Unique quality- none.

4. DeCarlo, Tom, HANDBOOK OF PROGRES­SIVE GYMNASTICS. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall Inc., pp. 240, 1963. Photos 19, Sequences 167, Line Draw­ings 93. Bib.-13 references . Unique quality-Excellent chapter on care of hands plus Tonry's drawing which have been recognized as some of the most accurately drawn figures available.

5. Hughes, Eric, GYMNASTICS FOR MEN. New York: Ronald Press. pp. 477, 1965. Photos 21, Sequences 268, Line Draw­ings 12+. Bib.-32 Refs. Unique Qual­ity-Series of sequential exercises presented at several levels for each event included with instructional mater­ial presented within for each routine. Useful forms for coaching.

6. Johnson, Barry L., A BEGI NNER'S BOOK OF GYMNASTICS. New York: Appleton­Century-Croft, 121 pp., 1966. Photos 9, Sequences 98, Line Drawings 49. Bib.­None Unique quality Specific list of mechanical principles included at the end of ' each chapter.

7. Ruff, Wesley G., GYMNASTIC-BEGINNER TO COMPETITOR. Dubuque, Iowa: Wm. C. Brown Co., pp. 204, 1959. Sequences + Line Drawings 175 (All stick figures) , Bib.-14 Refs. Unique Quality-Informa­tion on swinging rings.

8. Ryser, Otto, A TEJI.CHER'S MANUAL FOR TUMBLING AND APPARATUS STUNTS. Dubuque, Iowa; Wm. C. Brown Co., pp. 193, 1961. Line Drawings 85, Sequences 45. Bib.-19 Refs . Unique quality­Line drawings made from typical per­formers showing average rather than advanced form with the thought that comments on these often observed poor practices will help the teacher. Chapter on spotting principles. (The author has

written a· number of excellent profes­sional articles on principles of spotting.)

9. Stewart, Nik, COMPETITIVE GYMNASTICS. London: Stanley Paul & Co., Ltd. pp. 175, 1964. Photos 16, Sequences (rou­tines) 59 . Unique quality-Selected ele­ments within each category of the Olympic Six defining elements char­acteristic of three general levels of performance and an "Exerc ise of the Future" for each of the Olympic events presented by a man having extensive international competitive experience and current national coach of England. Bib. -None.

10. Yeager, Pat, A TEACHER'S GUIDE FOR MEN'S GYMNASTICS. Houston, Tex.: The author (U. of Houston), pp. 124, 1962. Sequences 65, Line Drawings 22, Bib.­None, Unique quality-Fitness and gym­nastics.

The attempt to pick out the best of the preceding list will be accomplished by rating certain aspects of each by placing tne num­bers representing each volume on a single line under the quality category. The best books will be found on the left of these lines below. (Left to right=Best to poorest) Illustrative Material (Quality)

Gymnastic drawings, figures, sequences and the like are usually best done when the authors themselves have been performers. If they are further endowed by having a natural gift for drawing or they are adept at film drawing, their work will be superior to com­mercial efforts of publishers who do not really have gymnastic experience and must rely on direction from the authors. One of the best illustrators based on the above criteria has been James Farkas wh.o is responsible for the "Helpful Hints" column in the M.G. Another illustrator, Don Tonry, has also had a depth of experience in film analysis and is himself an all-around performer with International experience. Photographs do not usually stand up to good illustrations unless they are of the sequence variety. Photographers who are not fully prepared in the art of taking pictures cannot hope to produce quality sequence work, yet this is often included in the "complete"

. book. Therefore our rating in this category is ...

4 - 9 - 10 - 8 - 5 - 7 - 3 - 6 Illustrative Material (Amount)

Amount of material is not necessarily con­nected with quality. Those of us who have seen the excellent Japanese publicat ions know that few books can compare in amount or quality of illustrative material. Takemoto's GYMNASTICS ILLUSTRATED (Men) contains bet­ter than 400 sequences averaging six figures per sequence. Due to their similarity to photo­grapher sequences we may assume that the latter are film drawings. Film drawings are ac­complished by stopping a film at individual frames and drawing directly (tracing) the bodies of the performers. Stick figures are often con­fusing because they are not life-like enough. Commercial f igu res may be lifelike but they are often mechancially incorrect as in 6 and 3. Our quantity rating is somewhat biased in this quality respect. It goes as follows ...

5 - 4 - 10 - 9 - 6 - 7 - 8 - 3 Coverage

Coverage refers to the number of areas of gymnastics which are represented in a single volume. The vast majority of books for men include the Olympic six plus trampoline, tumbling, balancing and occasionally rope climbing and swinging rings. Therefore our rating here is simply based on range' of con­tent.

7 - 8 - 5 - 4 - 6 - 10 - 9 - 3

Page 21: Modern Gymnast - February 1968

Bibliography A beginning instructor will, if he is a stu­

dent and is anxious to learn, be tempted to refer to other sources for additional help. Our rating here is then an attempt to identfy those books which refer to specialized books on gymnastics which are typically represented in the "Golden Library." (This, of course, is an­other bias,)

5 - 4 - 8 - 7 - 3 - 9 - 10 - 6 Historical Coverage

Only a few authors have deviated from the historical presentation found in GYMNASTI CS AND TUMBLI NG originally prepared for the Navy's Pre-Flight program (V-6) by Dr. Hartley Price. In passing we might mention that Dr. Price's contribut ion to gymnastics has been tremendous not only because of the Navy book but because it was due to his efforts that quite a few of his gymnasts also became major contributors to gymnastic literature. The best (and by the way most readable) gymnastic history appears in Munroe's PURE AND AP­PLIED GYMNASTICS. Those authors who have come under the influence of some of the early Turner leaders and/or the collection of the Springfield College (Mass,) library and the leadersh ip of Leslie Judd have also made con­tributions in this area. Therefore our rating becomes . ..

4 - 8 - 5 - 7 - 6 - 10 - 3 - 9 Organization of Material

In this category we assume some editorial responsibility but have generally considered chapter arrangement. Those books wnich em­phasize floor work and tumbling early in a book followed by vaulting usually indicate that the author has a grasp of the fundamental structure of gymnastics. Apparatus is rese rved for later chapters with the rings and side horse bringing up the rear. Unique features of organization (Ex. Hughes) are also a factor in this rating.

5 - 8 - 9 - 7 - 6 - 4 - 3 - 10 Spotting Techniques

There is no general reference on spotting in gymnastic literature. Such a book is sorely needed. Possibly some of the best materials ap~ear in Kunzles excellent but incomplete senes but these books are not under consid­eration here. Foreign texts simply outcl ass anything in English when it comes to spott ing.

In a typical book we may find no single chapter on this special area. When I prepared my original manuscript for WOMEN 'S GYM­NASTICS for the Physical Education Series of Wm. C. Brown Publishers it was my hope that the Chapter entitled "Spotting-The Detective Work of Gymnastics" would later be expanded. It will undoubtedly be done in the future . .

We do find an occasional reference to spot­ting in the form of "Spotting Hints" and there are special chapters in some of our rated books below. This is definitely a gray area, however, so some prejudices will possibly enter into the rating.

8 - 7 - 5 - 10 - 6 - 4 - 9 - 3 Description (Including Mechanics and Other Factors in Performance)

Under this category we find that authors have attempted to describe gymnastic move­ments according to their own experience. A general criticism might be made at this point. Very few authors have been concerned with the complicated field of kinesiological analysis of gymnastics. Jim Bosco has exposed some of the existing studies through his column on research in the M.G. but the vast majority of good studies lie rotting on the shelves of Universities across the country and there has been no attempt to assimilate and evaluate them. Each year AAHPER publishes COMPLETED RESEARCH IN HPER and individuals may get a brief insight to completed studies in the me­chanics of gymnastics. For the most part then, authors are limited to the experience of their own performance and eyesight when they

comment on descriptions of movements. One can find as many as 6 conflicting descriptions of a handspring forward. Our rating cannot therefore be very accurate in this respect but here goes _ . _

6 - 10 - 7 - 8 - 9 - 5 - 4 - 3 Now, whe re are we? Using the deceptive

technique of statistics we should now refer to some very "accurate" method for arr iving at a decision on the best book. What we really have done is to do some adding (in addition to the Frederick prejudicel. The result is therefore characteristic of the experience of a' single person who has identified areas to be evaluated. These may be criticized at many different levels but at least we will have docu­mented the attempt to do something more than guess. I n this spirit of quasi-research the fol­lowing order is representative of the best (on down) of those books selected for evaluation.

5 - 8 - 4 - 7 - 10 - 9 - 6 - 3 The next obvious question. In your opinion

(the writer's) if you had to further evaluate 5, 8, 4, 7 and 10 in light of 1 and 2, would you recommend the latter in place of any of the former? I'll go out on a limb and say that I believe 5, 8, and 4 to be the best of the lot. Numbers 1, 2, 7 and 10 could be a toss up. If in doubt, therefore, I suggest that the beginning instructor purchase 5, 8, 4 and 2 in order to get the best complete works for men. After such a purchase, he would do well to scan the content of the "Go lden Library" for further purchases in specif ic areas.

There is no complete set of books on speci­fic gymnastic topics all written by the same author. Kunzle comes closest to this publishing "hat trick." His last three works represent the finest in the English language. We also have a complete set of books for women which we will mention below. The Athletic In­stitute's publications cannot be compared to these but we mention them so our reader's know they are not forgotten. Let me finally say that the best book I have ever read on apparatus events is the one by Bantz and llick­hut entitled TURNMETHODIK (German) and which is now out of print. Now for the ladies "complete" book. WOMEN

11. Allison, June, ADVANCED GYMNASTICS FOR WOMEN. London: Stanley-Paul Pub­lishers, pp. 168, 1963. Line Drawings 11, Sequences 21 , Photos 35. Bib.­None. Unique quality-Organization by movement task, a typical Engli sh ap­proach and one seen by the experienced Italian author Lay. (GINNASTICA ARTIST­ICA)

12. Babbitt, Diane H. and Werner Haas. GYM­NASTIC APPARATUS EXERCISES FOR GIRLS. New York: The Ronald Press Co., pp. 130, 1964. Line Drawings 33, Se­quences 62. Unique quality-European (German) approach and swinging rings.

13. Drury, Blanche and Andrea Schmid, GYM­NASTICS FOR WOMEN. Palo Alto, Cal.: The National Press, pp. 198, 1964. Line Drawings 232, Sequences 387. Bib.-54 Refs . Unique Quality-The first book to contain all aspects of gymnastic pro­gramming including ballet and Swedish gymnastics.

14. Hughes, Eric (Editor) , GYMNASTICS FOR GIRLS. New York: The Ronald Press , pp. 268, 1963. (Contributors include in ad­dition to the editor .. . Dorothy Mec­Lean, Betty Jean Maycock Roys, Mary Sarver and George Lewis. The latter contributor has been one of the first men to develop competitive gymnastics for girls in the United States,) Line Drawings 81, Sequences 141, Photos 19. Bib.-21 Res . Unique Quality-The routine approach. For further informa­tion see # 5.

15. Yeager, Pat, A TEACHER'S GUIDE FOR GYMNASTICS. Houston, Te x.: The Author (U. of Houston), pp. 147, 1962. Line Drawings 22, Sequences 63. Bib.-6 Refs. including the excellent series by Guilio Lay (Italian and Fre nch). Unique Quality-None.

Before we consider spec ific points as we have done above for the male side of the "complete" approach, we shou ld indi cate that the first two books on our list (1 and 2) cannot compare favorably with 11, 12, 13, 14 or 15. Hoctor Records (Waldwick, N.n has also published a complete set of books on gym­nastics for women by a single author. She is Helen Sjursen. Over the years Helen has con­tinual ly attempted to improve the quality and amount of participation in gymnastics in her community. Operating under the handicap of only lay preparation in physical education through YMCA work she none-the·less has over­come many obs tacles. Her two books, one on balance beam and the latest on uneven bars will be added to the "Golden Library." Hoctor has six titles available due to Helen's dedi­cated work.

Now let's get on with the task of evaluation of the five texts se lected for this group. Illustrative Material (Quality)

Since the same general criteria have been employed for the evaluation below as above there is no reason to repeat background re~ marks. We might re-emphasize that sequences may be either line drawings or photographs which represent a series of positions seen during the performance of a single movement. Most sequences range from three to seven figures to depict a single action. Our choice in this category . ..

15 - 11 - 12 - 14 - 13 Illustrative Material (Amount)

13 - 14 - 12 - 11 - 15 Coverage

13 - 14 - 12 - 11 15 Biblography

13 - 14 - 15 - 12 11 Historical Coverage

13 - 12 - 14 - 11 15 Organization of Material

13 - 11 - 12 - 14 - 15 Spotting Techniques

14 - 15 - 13 - 11 - 12 Description

13 - 14 - 12 - 11 - 15 Our final rating becomes 13 - 14 - 12 - 11 - 15 As a final suggestion my recommendation

for most novice, temale instructors would be to purchase 13, 14 and 2 as basic sources and then add on from there. Sjursen's books will add very much to your ability to help compose routines of great variety although this is the principle objective of 14. The Lok­en-Willoughby text may simply be added as a reference.

A ~rofessional writer never fully gets repaid for hiS work. Over the years, royalties may be regular but not to the extent that he could give u~ his job in order to fully participate In hiS literary chores. For this reason the moti­vation to write professionally goes beyond economics. I would like to believe that each writer has responded to a need that he has encountered in his experience. He attempts to contribute to the enrichment of his field in his own unique way. In this sense, every book has a purpose ... and objective. I have al­ways found some good in each book. Often there are questions and problems that need further study and eventual publication. How­ever, some books are better than others. So, with this attempt at an evaluation, it will be the responsibility of writers, professionals and gymnasts to follow through, bringing their knowledge and skill to so many unskilled who have need of their talents.


Page 22: Modern Gymnast - February 1968

SOMETHING DIFFERENT Skill : Forward Piked Turn on the Parallel

Bars (Piked Forward Pirouette) Prerequisites: 1. Ability to swing to a hand·

stand. 2. Swinging forward pirou·

ette. Suggested learning procedure" Swing Lo

the rear in a straight arm support position and raise the hips as they pass the hands. Turn the head and shoulders in the direc· tion of the ensuing turn with support on the left arm. Release the right grip as the hip lift occurs and quickly grasp the left


Editor's Note: Roy Davis has been teach· ing in Japan the past year will be there for at least another year .. . Roy fe els he is out of contact with judging at this time and will therefore continue his judging series at a later date ... In the meantime



Physical Education Instructor Yale University

your Editors will publish in this column controversial thought·provoking constructive articles on judging submitted to the MG of/ices . . .

"CHICKEN" by Rick Tucker

United States gymnastics is going through a series of changes in growth, rules, coach· ing techniques and governing bodies. The ultimate outcome of these growing pains will help strengthen our sport and help it reach new heights in popularity and size. I feel that as long as gymnastics continues to receive constructive criticism it will cer· tainly enjoy an abundance of growth in all its varied areas. My purpose for writing this article is to cause a little thought concern· ing a couple of items I think need the attention. As this concerns judging in par· ticular, I suppose it should be placed after Roy Davis' column, " Notes From A Neurotic

bar just in front of the left hand. The hips are extended as the left hand reaches for the righ t bar.

The performer will probably have to learn this skill by trial and error. Mats may be placed over the bar in order to avoid in· jury. This is a relatively easy skill to work on providing the performer can control his bod y in an inverted position.

NOTE: There are now available twenty· eight different gymnastic wall charts cover · in g the parallel bars, rings and all events in the boys and girls physical education program. Write to GYiVfNASTIC AIDES, NORTHBRIDGE, MASS.

Judge." Perhaps Mr. Davis has done some thought on this matter, also. I would like to know his feelings on the following topic.

In my seven years as a gymnast I have been exposed to a wide variety of judging; high, low, medium, inconsistent and accur· ate. From these experiences I have usually found that judges are' typically "chicken" when it comes to throwing a score for a routine that is either very good or very bad. It always seems that the scores end up very close to the mean. A good exam· pie of this was at the 1967 NCAA meet in the side horse competition. It is beyond me where the judges came up with scores of 9.6 for McCanless and 9.5 for Doty when they did, virtually, nothing wrong save for a possible .1 or .2 deduction. A review of the films of those performances will show what I mean qu ite well. Compare them to international performances that bring those competitors 9.7 or 9.B. Were someone to do

Page 23: Modern Gymnast - February 1968

a routine in the Olympics with the difficulty and beauty of Doty 's performance the judges would probably come up with a score of 9.95! Review the films of NCAA side horse and any international side horse and see what I mean.

On the other side of the mean score the same thing often occurs. Again, I will use an example from the NCAA meet. This time I am picking on the long horse judging. Long horse is a tough event to get a low score on as the competitor has two chances in the prelims to get a score. This is one reason why long horse average scores are much higher than those on other events, but it seems that the performer that goes over the horse with straight legs and is for· tunate enough to have a good landing might only get .5 lower than a vaulter with an explosive vault that really opens up some eyes. Note how many scores fell below lims. Note how many scores fell below 8.5; not many. It seems to me that a vaulter who spends a great deal of time perfecting his vault would feel a little unhappy about the fact that a far inferior vault ilas gar­nered a score so close to hi s_ This is especi­ally discouraging to all around competitors who are outstanding vaulters in competi­tion against others of inferior vaulting skill. It is easy to see what happens to the all around totals when very little differentia­tion of score is made on that event. I main­tain that a vaulter cannot legally get a score above 8.5 if he does not have the good flight, height and the required stretching of the body before landing_ At the Little Olympics in Mexico City, this past Fall, I noticed that most of the vaulters that go t scores above 9.0 were doing their vaults in the clouds. They were not worried so mucn about sticking their vault as they were about showing that they could vault. This is the way they judge long horse internation­ally and it makes a little more sense to me. Again, those of you who are interested in this topic should compare films of NCAA and International vaulting; compare the emphasis on flight, height and landing. There is quite a difference.

It is a shame that high scores are given for vaults that are just average but well landed, it causes the vaulter to spend too much time working on sticking rather than on the actual vault. Scores that are given for a good landing rather than a good vault are unfair to those gymnasts with good vaults. I hope that this unlortunate situation will be realized by judges and coaches in the future. It will make tue long horse an event more interesting and a more integral part of gymnastics in the U.S_

I believe that reasons for some of these scoring injustices are present because judges are basically "chicken" as I have said be­fore_ Take a look at the scores given in the next meet you attend and see if a proper differentiation is . made between the competitors.


NEWSLETTER ____ ..... _Vol. 1 _______ No. 2 _____ _

FIG Continental Judges Course Tucson, Arizona, December 1967

by Jerry W right

To begin with it is very questionable at this point as to whether there was actually an accred ited FIG continental judges course at Tucson or not.

At the last minute Col. Hull of the AAU convinced Mr. Gander, by telegram and possibly by phone, that he, Mr. Gander, presumably in the interest of American Gymnastics, should not conduct this judges course. As a result of this last minute ac­ti vity Mr. Gander and Mr. Ivancevic did not attend the clinic, leaving Mr. George Gulack to conduct the course alone_

The judges course then turned out to be a rather humorous exchange of under-the­breath-remarks on the part of the judges at the expense of 1\1r. Gulack. At the same time it was very improper to blam e the U.S.G.F. as they did not elect Mr. Gulack Vice President of the FIG nor did they choose Mr. Gulack to interpret for Mssrs. Gander and Ivancevic. It is difficult indeed to blame the one organization that made the effort to get a continental judges course fo r the United States_ My sympathies, in this case, also go to 1\1r. Glenn Wilson and 1\1r. Rusty Mitchell co-directors of the Tucson Clinic who must have died a thous­and deaths during that ordeal.

One of the strangest parts of the entire affair was the fact that we were informed that even should FIG cards be given out they will have expired before we will get them_ It seems a new course starts in 1968!! !

As for the judges course it self I person­ally was able to get the followin g notes from the 15 hours of repartee:

1. The course was quite elementary in scope.

2. Deduction on A moves? When a gymnast executes a Stutz on the PB that is below 30 degrees but is above the bars it is an " A" move with no deductions for technical error.

3. What is the deduction for missing parts? Only the value of the missing part; if a gymnast has a routine that contains no significant breaks, has a mount and a dismount and has only 5 A parts the routine (depending on the event) is worth 7.6 and not 5.0 as many like to believe; this is not one-half a routine! That section of the code pertains only to routines that have many major breaks.

4. What is the deduction for failure to fulfill one of the requirements? Example: lack of a press to handstand on the rings-deduction is 3 tenths. Example: If an "A" release is used on the parallel bars-deduction is 3 tenths.

5. When a gymnast fall s from the appar­atus is it permissable to deduct 1.0 plus deducting for what caused the fall? Yes and No! · There may be times when there is no apparent cause for the fall. If the preceeding move has form breaks and obvious technical errors these errors can be penalized.

6. Fly-a-Way for horizontal Bar: This can be a " B" move when executed directly from a move other than a giant and thus does not have to be a certain height. If it is below the bar it is still a " B" move but deduct for technical error.

7_ Deduction for excessive swing of the

rin gs : It is permissible to deduct .1- .3 for each move executed whi le the rings are swinging- but be' lenient! For ex­ample one might deduct .5 tenths for an entire routine performed with a moder­ate swing.

8. Is it permissible to talk to a gymnast between vaults ? Yes! It is permiss ible to talk to a gymnast during his 30 sec­onds after a fall ? Yes !

9. " B" parts can replace "c" parts par­tially! This we all know but "A" part s cannot replace " B" par ts even partiall y. If you have a routine with 11 "A" part s the highest you can score is 7.8.

10. In Floor Exercise the gymnast should be instructed to come to att ention at thc fini sh of his routine because in in ­ternational competition the time sup­posedly does not start or stop until this is done_

11. Aft er a fall from the apparatus and 30 sec_ rest: The gymnast is to be on the apparatus when his time is up! Every­one seems to have a different int erpre­tation of this. I suggest you play this one by ear.

12. Comp ulsory Exercises : Gymnasts will be permitted only one attempt at all co mpulsory exercises in the future.

13. Mr. Gulack stated that any sequences performed outside the Floor Exerc ise area would not count! This highly questionable!

14. Intermediate Swings: There was a great deal of trouble pinning Mr. Gulack down to specifics here as it was in most cases. What I feel should be following is : deduct .5 if intermediat e swing pre­ceeds or ;ollows an "A" move; deduct .4 on " B'; moves and .3 on "c" moves.

15. Many new vaulting rules : includin g : a. No more balks; if the run is start ed

it is a vault (unless outside inter­ference)

b. No repeats. c. If compulsory vault is used for op­

tional , the score is zero; if optional vault is accidently performed for compulsory, the score zero.

16. There was much reference to R.O.V_= Risk, Originality, and Virtuosity. In the finals of world championships and Olympic competition a maximum score of 9.7 will be given a routine without these three elements. One-tenth each will be given routines that exhibit these elements_

Testing procedure for the course : The course was se t up, as I said, on a rather elementary basis. However, the testing proved to be the only good part of the en­tire course. The first part of the testing was an oral examination in which each judge was questioned on four different areas of the Code of points. The questions were, however, sometimes less than practical. The second part of the testing was a practical phase in which each judge had to judge 16 live performances and then have thei r scores compared with the score established by a so-called panel of experts. The panel of experts in this case consisted of Mr. Gulack, Mr. Carl Patter son of Temple Uni­versity, Mr. J erry Todd of Pasadena City College and J erry Wright of San Francisco State College_


Page 24: Modern Gymnast - February 1968



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In addition. a catalogue is available for the 1964 Olym pic Games (pic tures of 14 sports a re included). The Olympic cata­logue is SOc-contains over 1200 pict ures--110 illustrated.

Because all my p ictures are on 3Smm film it is impossi ble to make larg­er than 11 :x 14 pri nts and hold any print cla rit y and quality.


California Winter Clinic. Continued from page 14.

Women's Division Don Nelson - Women's Director The 1967 California Win ter Gymnastics

Clinic can only be termed as an outstanding success-botb men's and women's sections. Over 100 staff members came to Cal giving the clinic a ratio of one instructor for about every six clinic participants. The women's staff was highlighted by three staff members with international experience - Dale Flansaas, Carolyn Hacker and Dick Beckner; eight college coaches; thirteen high school or junior high school coaches; twelve YMCA or club coaches and eleven elite gymnasts who assisted in one or two classes. The emphasis was on instruction since the Cal Classis was held the first night so that the competition would be over betore the classes even begun.

Tina Gudge gave the clinic participants something to talk about by performing a number of double back sommersaults in tumbling. Not very many girls have even attempted this stunt.

Gymnasts were placed into seven groups. Each group had six classes per day plus warm-ups and two free periods. There was very little standing or wandering around by the participants. Close to 300 gymnasts were kept moving from 9 a.m. to II :30 a.m. and from 2 :20 p.m. to 4:30 p.m. Special classes and clinics were held for teachers. Dale Flansaas headed an elite group which worked on Olympic and Junior National compulsories and on optional routines.

Clinics on the four women's Olympic events were conducted each day : Vaulting - Carolyn Hacker; Unevens-Dick Beck­ner; Balance Beam- Inky Ledford; Floor Exercise-Dale Flansaas. Head Instructors were: Kathy Shelly, -Bob Sullivan, Dale Shirley, Rose Ann Sayler, Carolyn Hacker, Rod Hill, Dick Beckner, Dale Flansaas, Enid Ortone, Candy Oliver, Lynda Davis, Jim Gault, Vada Crabbe, Don Nelson and Inky Ledford. All told there were 42 classes taught daily with close to 150 teaching assignments. The equ ipment was ex<.:ellent and plentiful with 6 sets of unevens, 9 beams, 3 side horses, etc. As only 4 of the 6 gyms in the Hearst Gymnasium could be used space was at a minimum. If the clinic grows as much in 1968 as it did in 1967, The California Winter Clin ic will not only be one of the best clinics ever held but one of the largest,

Meade Interview. Continued from page 11 .

with the Pre·Olympic team, it worked out very well with J ack and I because he'd work with some of the boys and I'd work with some of the others. I said we'll just play it this way- he'll be the good guy and I'll be the bad guy and I'll handle all the discipline and things like that because I've played the bad guy so long it's an easy role for me do do. This way, the kids can ge t mad at me and don't have to get mad at Jack. This group of boys we took down there we had no trouble with; they were a real great bunch of boys. I'm anticipat ing tha t we'll bave no trouble with the team that goes down there in October. Have you and Jack any special plans in mind?

No, not really, because we didn ' t have that much time to work. We had just a couple days to get ready in Mexico City. But I don't think there's any problem. As I've said , I don't think there is anyone way to learn a tri ck and when somebody expresses their way about learning it, I'll just try anything. I'm just interested in the kid learning the trick and I don't care whether I get the credit for it or not.

Listen, I've taught for years and gone away to clinics to demonstrate something, and a person has come up and shown me the way they teach and I've liked it so well I've changeH entirely. I've changed my philosophy on coaching in, say, the last 5 or 6 years ... different things I think are important in learning tricks, I've changed my mind about that. I think a big thing was that ballet school in Florida back in 1963 when the Federation had that Royal Academy of Ballet in Long Beach, Florida. I think that did more than any· thing else to give me a different outlook on my philosophy of gymnastics. I think a large part of Rusty's making the Olympic Team was from that, which was made pos· sible by Mr. Frank Hale, down there. How do you think the United States can develop its gymnastics to bring it up to internaional standards?

Well, I think we've got to go along the path that swimming has taken- with age groups. We probably won't start quite as early as swimming did. We've got to get more kids going at a younger age and get more people who have an opportunity to coach. I feel that there aren't enough peo· pIe who have had the experience, who have seen enough of international gymnastics to really be critical and to work on it the way they should. Maybe we should aim com· pulsory exercises for the younger kids as an answer. I know I didn't use to think so, but as I'm working more with them, I think that this might possibly be an answer. How would you compare today's gymnasts with those, of say, ten years ago?

Much improved! Better attitude, willing to work harder. They do more stuff and look better than 10 years ago. And I think that in 10 years they'll be doing a lot het­ter than they're doing right now. I think this year , when we have the 20 men selec ted for the training (for the Olympic trials) at the Air Force Academy, it means we'll

. have 20 pretty good gymnasts. I don't think we could have said that 4 years ago or 8 years ago. I think that we'll have 20 gym· nasts who can do com pulsories as well as optionals. How do you compare gymnastics til the other sports?

Let me say this. I always use it in my talks. To me there is only one sport, the rest are games and contests. Does that answer your question?

Page 25: Modern Gymnast - February 1968




*Our thanks to USGF offices in Tucson and Mr .. Bruno Johke (USGF translator) of Warrington, Florida for making this material available to the MG readers.

To the affiliated federations. Friends and gentlemen,

I-We are coming to the close of the year 1967 and we would like to share with you the following information,

I-New edition of the rating code (code of points) for men

The new edition is the result of a thorough study of the old code of 1964. It will be printed in March and will already be in effect at the next Olympic Games, 1968 in Mexico.

The purpose of this letter is to inform the affiliated federations, and especially the coaches, competitors and judges, of the prin· Clpal changes 10 the code. In thIS new edition the A, Band C parts and their terms, as well as for the long horse vaults, will be ade· quately clarified ~y sketches. Other pictures gIVe a profound knowledge of the material itself, and some definitions will help to bet· ter understand certain expressions which determine the basis for deductions.

The rules concerning the competitor 's cloth· ing and the assistance given gymnasts by coaches, managers etc. have been revised. Appropriate deductions have been adapted, based on past experiences and taking in account the evolution of gymnastics in the last years.

In setting up the new code, the judging of an exercise will conform with the way the ~actors present themselves in practice; taking 10 account first the difficulty, then the com· bination and finally the execution seen from the technical pOint of view.

Under "difficulty" there are no principal changes. The lists of A Band C parts will be discussed later in this letter. For practical reason and fairness, the committee ICEMI in· sists that certain A and B parts will only be considered as such if they are executed in -' conformity with their proper techniques. .

Under the heading "combination" some changes have been made concerning the parts of difficulty on the different apparatus.

On the floor for example, a better technical execution will be demanded in the future and better style in the elementary movements, such as movements of the arms, hands, trunk, legs and feet, as well as a better personal expres· slOn from the technical point of view, and more pronounced holds. Furthermore, in forw. and backw. somersaults the height of the hips Will be conSidered In relatIOn to the height of the head.

On the parallel bars, in the all around the C part, or one of them if the gymnast' exe· cutes more than one, must not be a strength part. Also, the B part, to be executed under or over the bars by releasing both hands at the same time, must conform to that descrip­tion, which means that only when both hands




The Athletic Institute presents the Japanese and French interpretation of the 1968 Women's Olympic Compul· sory Routines on film.

This is a 10 minute, 16mm silent motion picture in full color, featuring free exercise, balancing beam. and uneven parallel bar. Each routine is shown in both regular and slow mo· tion to increase its instructional value.

Linda Metheny, recent winner of four gold medals at the Pan Ameri· can Games, and second in the World Games in Tokyo, is our feature per· former.

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are released at the same time the gymnast fulfills the requirement, and that a 1'2 turn fofIY. or backw. in support I"Stutz" or "Pir· ouette"l or a kip with a 1'2 turn do not fulfill this requirement if the gymnast releases one hand later than the other.

On the rings one can swing into a hand­stand from the hang, from an inverted hand or from a backw. swing in support, e.g. swing­stem forw. , or kip into support to swing onto handstand. A strength part, besides the press handstand, should at least have the difficulty of a cross or lever forw.

Finally, one of the C parts at the Parallel Bars, in the Free Exercise and on the rings must not be a strength part.

On the horse, The rule that the gymnast must use all three parts of the horse is em· phasized. He must displace himself effectively from one part to the other and work over all the three parts. Using one part simply by placing a hand on it for the mount, does not meet the requirement.

The repetition of a part in an exercise, even if the part is repeated in different combin· ations, will no longer allow the gymnast to

~ebs~inth:a:~~~~ati~~re cof~:is~~CO~bi ~a~on;{ th un~ C part. This rule does not apply at the pom­mel horse as far as it concerns "Double Moore", double travels etc. On the other hand "B" and "c" parts must be combined smoothly and appropriately.

There is no principal change under the head· ing "execution". In the contrary, in the new code certain changes concerning deductions for undisciplined behavior of competitors, team managers etc. have been made and put in a new category governing all forms of discipline and behavior.

The consideration given to an exercise with great risk, originality or special excellence is: now placed under the heading "combination" as far as risk and originality are concerned and un~er "execution" as far as special excel· lence IS concerned. The bonus, howevevr is limited to 0.30 points maximum for the three items.

As to the compulsory exercises lrequired ex.! the new code does not permit anymore the repetition of the required exercises, with the exception of the long horse vault, where two vaults are allowed and the better one is ·counted. The optional vault as well as the required one will no longer be judged from the moment when the gymnast touches the board or the horse, but will be judged from the moment the competitor starts his run. However, the running will not be a factor in the judging. This rule will eliminate the possi· bility of a 3rd try for the two vaults.

For judging of the finales, The new code contains a complete innovation in so far as a gymnast can obtain a maximum score of 9.70 only, the remaining 0.30 points are at the disposition of the judges in order to award the gymnasts for risk, originality and special excellence.



New "Sports Techniques" Series

The new "Sports TeChniques" ser· ies is The Athletic Institute's way of showing our interest in better instructional aids for education.

Each National Compulsorv Routine for Girls was created jointly by the United States Gymnastics Feder~tion and the Division for Girls and Worn· en's Sports.

These 8MM instructional loop films feature Linda Metheny and other champions who demonstrate routines for free exercise, balance beam, un· even parallel bars and vaulting.

Available February 25, 1968 Super 8MM ... ... ..... .... ..... $14.00 Standard 8MM .. ..... .................. $14.00

The code will also contain definitions as to Ihese three factors.

Th is type of judging demands, of course, a change in the formation of the jury for these finals. There will be two head judges, one of them from a nation not represented in the finals nor having finalis ts in the resp. appara· tus, and four judges not belonging to a nation represented in the finals or having finalists on the resp. apparatus.

In the long horse vaulting finals a partici· pant must execute two different forms of vau lts-excluding the required vault-the judg· ing being the same as in the other five ap­paratuses.

In the list of A, Band C parts the follow· ing changes have been made, The right angle support 1\1, leverl with legs astride has been declared an A part, except in cases where it is performed sideways (over one bar) on the parallel bars and, or. the rings, in combination wi th a shoot up or back kip, or the same exercise in slow motion {s low circle backw.l

All somersaults forw. or backw. from a giant· swing or from a swing on the horizontal bar have been reinstated as B parts if the hips are higher than the bar during the rotation.

The handstand on one arm has been declared a B part.

At the horizontal bar the stoop through, straddle out with re·catch is now a B part.

On the pommel horse in general, the code only lists the A, Band C parts. However, did not completely abstain from mentioning seen the great variation on this apparatus, we a few combinations consisting of two B parts or a C part plus a B resp. A part.

All B parts which are of more than aver· age B value (parts which are definitely harder or riskier to perform than many other B partsl when combined, will be considered a C part if they are joined without an inter· mediate double leg or other circle. For exam­ple,

- Travelling followed by immediate "Moore" or vice versa

-An inverted "Stoeckli" Idouble outl fol· lowed by an immediate transport over the pommels

-From a rear support after the "Moore" an immediate "Stoeckli "

-"German sideways" I I fol lowed immedi· ately by travelling sideways

I I Whatever that iSI Could it be, pivoting the straight body over one pommel? As in our rule book, page 20, # 9 lonly an A partl'

by -;"9.~;~:Cnkli~,ideWayS" followed immediately

When two B parts combined do not consti· tute a C part, we have added the element which would elevate them to a C part with· out defining it, e.g.

-double "Moore" followed by a move to the neck

-double travel 12 tramlotsl followed by a transport to neck or croup and we shall let the judges decide.

There are also C parts consisting of three combined B parts e.g.

"German" sideways, followed by a "Moore", followed by a "German" forward.

The "Russian Moore" is now a C part and two "Russian Moores" are two C parts.

On the parallel bars the uprise forw. with turn, and the straddle dismount from a side hands tand lone one bart have been classified

A parts, and the "Moore" backw. B part. 2-lntercontinental Course for Judges Imenl

1968 in Rome, Italy. In accord with the program adopted at the

46th Congress of the FIG in Warsaw, Poland, the 2nd round of instrudion for judges will commence with an intercontinental course in Rome from June 19 to June 23, 1968, the 47th Congress to take place the foll owing days, from June 24 to June 29. Candidates for the course come from all Continents as it was indicated in the program, dated June 2, 1967, whICh was sent to all affiliated federations before the Congress in Warsaw.

The following table is reproduced to recall the distribution of participants,

Men A. North Africa ............................. 2 or 3 B. South Africa .............................. 1 2

II. A. USA, Canada and Mexico ........ 6" 7 B. Central America ........................ 2" 3 C. South America .......................... 2" 3

JII. A. Asia, Far East .......................... 5" 6 B. Middle East ........................ 2" 3 C. Near East ......... . ............ 3" 4

IV. A. Australia and New Zealand .... 2" 3 V. A. Europe, Federations of

Eastern Europe .......... 6 " B. Fed. of Northern Europe

IScandanavial ...................... 5 " C. French speaking federations

(or partly Frenchl ............. 6 " D. German speaking feder

at ions lalso partlyl .............. 5 " 6 Total ............ .47 to 60

. For each continent a person will be named Il as~n man to take care of registrations etc. A wcular letter to this effect will be mailed to all affiliated Federations on Feb. 15; the entry deadline being April 15. This COUrse will introduce and deal with the New Code, and the partICipants will be asked to hold courses in their Continents, according to our plans of June 2, 1967.

It is evident that all Federations which will participate in the Games in Mexico City must send their proposed judges to this course.

The partcipants will have an opportunity to obtain the FIG Judges Certificate.

3-Symposium for Coaches of the affiliated Federations.

We are taking this occasion to inform you that a symposium for a limited number of coaches of our federations will take place in November 1968 or in January 1969, in a coun· try which will make a request for it.

The pr incipal theme for this symposium will be "The Optional Exercise, its Evolution, and Its Future."

In the meantime we beg the federations to take notice. There will be ample information on this subject forthcoming at the 47th Con· gress in Rome. We also beg to take notice of the content of this letter, mainly concerning the new code, and to disseminate the infor­mation to the coaches, competitors, judges, etc., and also to take the necessary steps con· cerning the Intercontinental Course for judges.

We also would like to take this occasion to thank our federations for their cooperation in the interest of the FIG and of gymnastics in general.

With cordial greetings, and best wishes for the New Year,

InternatIOnal Federation of Gymnastics President, and technical President

Arthur Gander


805 Merchancise Mart Chicago, III. 60654

Th ese fil ms were developed for the Ameri· can Women Gymnasts through the efforts of the Women's Educational Committee of the Uni ted States Gymnastics Federat ion.

Page 26: Modern Gymnast - February 1968




t.lODERN GYMNAST 1957-58

# 1 ... .... .... ..... ..... ..... . ... .... .. 25c #2 ................. .. ........... ....... .... 25c #3 ... .. ..... ... ................ ....... ... .. .25c # 4 ..... ........ .. ..................... ... ... 25c #5 .............. .. .............. ....... ..... 25c # 6 ............. .... ................. ...... . 25c # 7 ........... ...... ....... ... ............. 25c # 8 ... ... .. ................... . ..... ... 25c

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1966 .... ... .. . .. .. .. ...... 50c

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Santa Monica , California 90406


RegiOn One Richard Aronson, Gymnastic ' Coach

Lowell Technological Institute Lowell. Mass .

Region 1 - Connec ticut, "Maine, Massach,,· se lts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Ve r­mont,

RegiOn Two. Mr. Mike Jacobsot, U.?N.A. ,_ Annapolis, Md.

Regia" 2 - Delaware, Pennsylvania, New York , New TeTsev. MarylamL

RegiOn Three Mr. Len Bryson ~emp'llis State .~niv. , Memphis, Tenn .

Region 3 - Ataoama, Wash . D. C, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Virgitija, West Virginia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, Ten­tleSsee, South Carolina.

;RegiOn Four Mr. Roger CA""mcil {11diana S tate U'.liv., ~erre Haut, Ind .

Region 4 - Illi'Jois, ItJdjana, Michigatl, 0 1110, Mi,mesota, Wisconsin, Iowa.

RegiOn Five · Mr. Bob Rector Kamas S tate Um·v., Matlhattan, Kan .

Regio'l- 5 - Iowa' S tate Univ., Kansas. Mis­souri, Neb raska, Nortll . Dakota, Oklaltoma, South .Dakota.

RegiOn Six Mr. Ja~ ile Ashmore Un iv._9fTexas, AI,sti,!, Tex~ .

Regio'l 6 - Arkansas, N ew Mexico, Texas:

RegiOn Seven Reporter to be anuoutlced.

Region 7 - Arizona, Co lorado, MOlltatla, Utah, Wyomitlg.

Renion Eight 'Mr. J erry Wright Sa n Fratlcisco St. CoL , San Franc~co,_ Ga}if.

Region 8 - Alaska, California, Hawaii, Nev­ada, Idah o, Or~gO'l, Washington.

1968 OlympiC Team, Region 8 will aga in figul< predominately in the battle for positions on the 1968 OlympiC team as Makoto Sakamoto, Kanatl Al len, Sid Freudenstein, Bob Lynn, Steve Hug,

Richard Grigsby, Mikio Sakamoto, Gary Oiamond, Bob Hall, Steve Pleau, John MaggIOnettl, Dan Garcia George Greenfield, Randy Carruthers, AI Luber: Art Armendariz, Tony Coppola, Jim Betters, Yoshi Hayasaki, and Juan Sanchez all have to be counted in at this point.

World University Games, Thus far I have got· ten conflicting impressions concerning the World Univers ity Games and I am wondering if some­one could tell me if these games wi ll be held every summer?

Christmas Clinics, It so happens that this reo porter attended the Tucson clinic but was too busy with the FIG judges course to. get much impression of the over-all cliniC. One ImpreSSIOn, however, was that the spectator attendance seemed to be quite low fo r some strange reason fo r the East·West meet and the Clinic Cham· pionship meet. The judges course was a great disappointment due primarily to Gander's failure to come.

YMCA's and Clubs, The Seattle YMCA of Seat· tle, Washington continues to dominate the West coast competitions in this category but Bud Marquettes SCATS are coming up fast. The SCATS have a young lady that is going to cause quite a stir in the near future.

Judging, I take this opportunity to bring the follow ing to the attention of the judges in the country, A six·man ad·hoc (temporary) committee has been formed by the U.S. Olympic Gymnastics committee to act on such items as (1 ) who wi ll be selected to judge the Olympic trials and (2) wh ich meets wi ll be approved to qualify gym· nasts for the first trials to be at the Air f orce Academy. My point is that if you wish to be considered as a judge for the trials (if selected your expenses will be provided by the host! send your name to Carl Patterson, Gymnast ics Coach, Temple University, Philadelphia, Pa. Also, if your conference plans to utilize Olympic Compulsory exercises you may request the meet be a quali­fying meet, also through Me. Patterson.

N.C .A.A. Rules, If you haven't heard already, the trampoline A·B·C ratings in the 1968 NCAA Gymnastics guide have been voided and the 1967 guide is to be used for collegiate competit ions during 1968. It has also been pointed out that in long horse vaulting, the performer must be informed whether his grip was good or bad before he has to decide to accept or re ject his first vault . Coming Events, CCAA Conference Championships

March 16 San Luis Obispo Pacific Northwest Championships

March 1 & 2 Cheney, Washington Northern California High Schools Mid Peninsula League finals

May 3 7,00 Aragon High, San Mateo, Calif. Diablo Va ll ey League finals

May 3 no Ygnacio Val ley High, Concord, Ca li f.

Oakland Athletic League finals May 3 7,00 Fremont High, Oakland, Calif.

Maverick League fina ls May 10 7,00 Encina High, Sacramento, Calif.

West Bay finals May 10 7,00 Aragon High

East Bay finals May 11 7,00 College Park High, Pleasant

Hill, Calif. Northern California all around finals

May 17 3J5 Mills High, Millbrea, Calif. Northern California finals

May 18 7,00 DeAnza High,. Richmond, Ca lif. 1968 Olympic Team Pre·Trlal StandIOgs

(ratings are accordi ng to most recent scores on ly) 1. Makoto Sakamoto, USC ......................... .11150 2. Kanat i Allen, UCLA . ....................... .11 2.00 1 Ji m Amerine, So. Conn . ........................ .111.40 4. Fred Roethlisberger, M.T. . .. ... .. .110.75 5. Arno Lascari , Unatt .............................. .110.70 6. Mike Flansaas, S. YMCA. . .......... .109.90 7. Bob Hall, Seattle Y. . ........................ .109.50 8. Barry Weiner, Temple .. . ........ .108.40 9. Sid Freudenstein, Cal. ........................ .107.70

10. Rich Grigsby, SFV ........ .107.50 11. Bob Dickson, Iowa . .... ....................... .107.25 12. Pete DiFurio, Temple ............................ 107.10 11 Marc Cohn, Unatt. ....................... .106.90 14. Dan Millman, Cal. ... . .... .106.50 15. Fred Turoft, Temple ......................... .106.20 16. Steve Hug, Unatt. ......... ........................ .106.00 17. Mikio Sakamoto, USC .......... ............ .105.80 18. Gary Diamond, Cal. .................. .105.70 19. Bob Diamond, Unatt. ....................... .105.20 20. Jim Culhane, Unatt. ............... .105.05 21. Jerry Fontana, Un ................. .104.85 22. Bob Lynn, Unatt. . ........... 104.85

. ~t ~~~e ET~~~: ~su ::::: l~U~ 25. Don Tonry, NYAC . . .... .10130 26. Bob Cargill, Sp ........................... 103.30 27. Tom Sexton, Okla. . ................................ 103.10 28. Abe Grossfe ld, S.C. . ..................... .102.90 29. Mike Jacki, ISU ...... 102.50 30. Jack Kenan, Ariz. .. . ............................. .102.50 31. Steve Pleau, Sac. St . . ........................ .102.00 32. Richard Loyd, NW La . ......................... .101.70 33. Rich Impson, ASU .101.60 34. Tony Coppola, SJS. . ........................... .10UO 35. Jim Howard, Lac. .... . .................. .100.95 36. John Magginetti, SF ......................... .109.90 37. Paul Mayer, SIU ....... .100.45

H ~f~~g~:~[~~~~ile~g .·· :~~:~~ 41. Neil Schmitt, Iowa ............................ 99.10

it: ti~~~1~~~?iiJ :: :: lUI 46. Joe Bridges, NYAC ... ................ ...... 97.65 47. AI Luber, Unatt. . 96.70

48. Joe Fedorchek, MSO ... 49. Rich Scorza, Iowa . 50. Yoshi Hayasaki, W 50. Juan Sanchez, Unatt.

. ..... 96.20 . 94.40

.,,-------...... REGION NINE

Editor's Desk '.~---:;;;.;.;;..:..~---

As some of our regional reporters were unable to make the ·printing deadline for th is February issue, we have excerpted from a malh.n~. from Me. Frank Wolcott, NCAA-College D,vlSlOn­Ch ampionship Meet Director. Me Wolcott reo ported that there are 84 teams eligible for the College Oivision Championships on March 8 and 9. Because many of our re~ders are n~~ familiar with all the schools ofteflng competitive gym· nas tics we list the college division and those universi ty division teams classi f ied as co llege division teams for 1968. ,

On the bas is of past performances and some early results, we pred ict (somewhat apprehen· sively) that the top teams Will be ,

1. San Fernando Valley State College 2. Springfield College . 3. Southern Connecticut State College

The Editors


·Brandeis University. Waltham, Mass . Lowell Technological Institute, Lowell, Mass . ' Massachusetts, University of, Amherst, Mass. Plymouth State College, Plymou th, New Hamp . Southern Connecticut SI. Col., New Haven, Conn . Springfield College, Springfield, Mass. ' U.S. Coast Guard Academy, New London, Conn .

District 2 Brooklyn College, Brooklyn, New York ' Cortland, State Univ. College at, Cortland, N.Y. ' Ithaca College, Ithaca, New York ' Lock Haven State College, Lock Haven, Penna . Long Island University, Brooklyn, New York Montclair State College, Upper Montclalf, N.!. ' New York, City College of, New York, N.Y. Oneonta State Universi ty Co llege, Oneonta, N.Y. Plattsbu~gh, State Univ. College, Plattsburgh, N.Y . Queens College, FlushlOg, New York Slippery Rock State College, Slippery Rock, Pa. Trenton State College, Trenton, New Jersey U.S. Merchant Marine Academy, Kings Point, N.Y. ' Wes t Chester State College, West Chester, Pa. ' West liberty State College, West liberty, W. Va.

District 3 Alabama A & M College, Normal, Alabama Benedict College, Columbia, South Carolina Chattanooga, University of, Chattanooga, Tenn. ' East Caro lina College, GreenVille, N. CarollOa ' Eastern Kentucky University, Richmond, Ky . Elizabeth City St. Teach. Col. , Eli zabeth City, N.C. Florida A & M UniverSity, Tallahassee, FlOrida ' Georgia State College, Atlanta, Georgia Grambling College, Grambling, louisiana Jackson Sta te College, Jackson, Miss iss ippi ' Middle Tennessee St. Univ., Murfreesboro, Tenn. Northeast Louisiana State College, Monroe, La . Old Dominion College, Norfolk, Virginia Southwestern Louisiana, Univ. of, Lafayette, La . Towson State College. Baltimore, Maryland ' Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, Ky.

District 4 Central Michigan University, Mt. Pleasant, Mich. Chicago, Univers ity of, . Chicago, Ill inois . . Eas tern Illinois UniverSity, Charleston, Ill inoIS Eas tern Michigan University, Ypsi lanti, Michigan Gustavus Ado lphus College, St. Peter, Minneso ta Illinois State Univers ity, Normal, Illinois ' Indiana State Univers ity, Terre Haute, Indiana Mankato State Col lege, Mankato, Minnesota Michigan Technological Univ., Houghton, Mich. ' North Centra l College, Naperville, Illi nois Northern Michigan University, Marquette, Mich. Oakland University, Rochester, Michigan St. Olaf College, Northfield, Minnesota ' Western Ill inois University, Macomb, Illinois Western Reserve Universi\f, Cleveland, Ohio Wheaton College, Wheaton, Illinois Wisconsin State University, Superior, Wisconsin

. District 5 Augustana College, Sioux Falls, Sou th Dakota Central Missouri State College, Warrensburg, Mo . lincoln University, Jefterson City, Missouri North Dakota, Universi ty of, Grand Forks, N. Oak. Northern Iowa, University of, Cedar Falls, Iowa South Dakota State Coll ege, Brookings, S. Oak .

District 6 Eastern New Mexico University, Portales, N.M . ' Pan Ameri can College, Ed inburg, Texas Prairie View A & M College, Prairie View, Texas

District 7 Fort Lewis Coll ege, Durango, Colorado *Montana, University of, Mussoula, Montana

District 8 California, Universi ty of, Irvine, Ca li f. . ' California, Univers ity of, Santa Barbara, Calif. Cal ifornia Institute of Technology, Pasadena, Cal. California Sta te College, Fullerton, Calif. California State College, Hayward, Calif. ' Cali fornia State College, Long Beach, Calif. ' California State College, Los Angeles, Calif. ' Central Washington State Col. , Ellensburg, Wash . California State Poly. Col., San Luis Obispo, Calif. ' Cal ifornia State Polytechnic Col., Pomona, Ca lif. Chico State College, Chico, Calif. Nevada, University of, Reno, Nevada Nevada Southern University, Las Vegas, Neva da Sacramento State College, Sacramento, Ca li f. 'San Oiego State College, San Diego, Cali f. 'San Fernando Vall ey St. Col., Northridge, Cal if. San Francisco State Coll ege, San Francisco, Ca lif. 'San Jose State Co llege, San Jose, Calif.

' University Division Schools classif ied as College Division for 1968

Page 27: Modern Gymnast - February 1968


December 1 S, 1967 The first invitational of the new

season saw five southland teams entering new men and new routines for the season ahead. The weight of the sc.oring was bo rn , however , by returning veterans , such as Cal State's Jul io Munroy, Bruce Coul­ter and Don Warren, San Jose's T ony Coppola , and San Fernando Valley's Rich Grigsby and John Magginetti, while returning special­ists Gary Hoskins on side horse, Mickey Chaplan (UCLA) on rings and Chris Costner (UCLA) on tram­poline added honors for their respective teams.

Team scores : San Fernando Val­ley State 169.70, Col State L.A. 167.60, Cal State San Diego 124.95, UCLA 53.35, Cal State Long Beach 52.95. AA: Rich Grigsby (SFV) 49.25, Tony Coppola (SJ) 46.10, Julio Munroy (CSCLA) 45.55. FX : Don Warren (CSCLA) 8.95, tie be­tween Coulter and Radomski (SFV) 8 .6. SH: Gary Hoskins (CSCLA) 9.30, Larry Bass (SD) 8.95 , Mike Walter (CSCLA) 8.70. Tr: Chris Castner (UCLA) 8.6, Miles Stanton (CSCLA) 8.4, Jerry Clodfelter (SFV) 7.8. R: Mickey Chaplan (UCLA) 9.25, John Magginetti (SFV) 8.85, Mike Allmandinger (SFV) 8.75. LH : Coulter 9.4, Grigsby 9.1, Radom­ski 9.0. PB: Tie between Maggi­netti and Tracy Savage (CSLB ) 8.70, Grigsby 8 .55. HB: Grigsby 9.0, tie between Warren and AII­mandinger 8.15.

Gary Hosk ins Winning Routines

Long Horse: Coulter (CSLA) Y a­mashita

Trampoline : Cas t n e r (UCLA) Pike barani out , double back, back, barani out, back with full , back, rudolf, back, back full, 13.4 back, double cody.

Side Horse: Ho'skins (CSLA) Re­v erse moore, uphill travel , immedi­ate downhill travel, high doub le , back travel into middle, high dou­ble, russian on one pommel, high double, bailie, high double, break into one bock sc issors, front scis­sors, front scissors with half turn, front scissors, high double back moore, immediate travel down to end, to loops (3) and a loop and a half.

Floor Exercise: Warren (CSLA) Front handspr ing, front, front handspring, forward roll to splits; 3.4 turn to stand; RO, ff , full twist, drop back, flange, hop turn t o handstand; snap down, chest rock out, japanese splits, stiff-stiff press to handstand, pirouette ; RO, ff , arabian front , front hand­spring; forward fall , turn over, valdez, step out to RO, ff , tuck back.

Porollel Bars: Savage (CSLB) Cast catch to swing pirouette, giant glide kip, swing to handstand, back toss, cast over, glide kip , swing back up, press to handstand, pirouette in, cast to straddle cut, L, press handstand, stitz lay back,

front uprise, back off. Maginetti (SFV) Peach, layaway,

front uprise, moore, cast, back rise , straddle cut, L, hollowback press to handstand, back overbar, cast, back rise , straddle cut, swing to handstand, back layout off.

Horizontal Bar: Grigsbv (SFV) . Jam cast , full support, half twist ,

suck in, shoot in locate, eagles, hop out with half twist, feet on feet off, immed wh ip change, immedi­ate pirouette change, flange, im­mediate half twist, vault catch , kip hop, immediate pirouette change, flange in , cast front.

Still Rings: Chaplan (UCLA) Straight arm back uprise hand­stand, drop back, stiff arm back kip to maltese cross, layaway, front rise , L , stiff arm-stiff bodv press to handstand, lower through planche to back lever and pull to cross, lay back, dislocate, full twist.


MEET by Samuel Muffitt

Eastern Michigan University Eastern Michigan University I in

the hope of expanding and im­proving the caliber of gymnastics in Michigan, presented the First Annual Huron Invitational Gymnas­tics Meet on December 27, 1967.

The compet ing schools were divided into two divisions accord­ing to their places in the state high schoo l championship held the preceding March. Each school in the first divis ion was all owed four competitors, with three to count, in each event. The First Division teams in order of the placing we re Clarenceville with 13 1.3 points; North Farmington with 122.5; John F. Kennedy, 108.5; Allen Park, 76.3 and Alpena 70.8.

The Second Div ision schools, al­lowed two competito rs, both to count, were Ta ylor Center , 49.2; Flat Rock, 48.8; St. Clair , 48.6 ; Rochester, 22.4 and Dearborn 6. 1.

Chari ie Morse was clearly the outstanding gymnast of the meet . His parallel bar routine consisted

o f 0 planche on one rail to stiff stiff out t o handstand, and a back somersault; his rings appeared to be all " C" moves with a pull to " L-cross" pull out, planche, giant swing and another cross pull ou t. In his free exercise routine he used a straight leg suck through from " L" to handstand and back t o " L" and a beautiful straight body press to planche from lying on h is stomach.

The meet ran smoothly beginning at 1 0:00 A.M. , and the prelimin­aries were over by noon. At 1 :00 P.M. a clinic was held by H uron coach Marv Johnson and his East­ern Michigan University gymnasts. The finals began at 7:30 and we re over at 9:30 using four judges on each event and running one event at a time.

AA: Charl ie Morse (C) 40.1; Jim McCammon (C), 30.5; Bob Conroy (JFK) 29. FX : Duane Artwine (NF) 6.8; T om McCart (N F) 6 .7; Tom Drugalis (AP) 5 .7. SH : Charlie Morse (C) 7.7; Tom Huber (NF ) 4.9; T om Paulson (C), 4 .7. Tr: Dan Erickson (N F) 6.0: Dennis Spencer (NF) 5.6; Dan W itt (J FK) 4.8 . HB : Charlie Morse 7.8; Dav e Purdy (NF) 4.6; Howard We lsh (A) 4.3 . PB: Morse 7.6; Conroy 4 .9; Barry Frechette (C) 4.4. LH : Terry Boys (NF) 7.8; Dave Milidonis (AP) 7.6; Conroy and John Teeples (NF) 7.5"­R: Morse 7.9; Tim Hibner (A) 5.7; 5.7; Neil Boff (NF ) 5.4. Tu : Dennis Spencer (NF) and Dan Witz (J FK ) 5.4; Ted Ortwine (N F) 4.9; Tom McArt (NF) 4 .8.


AT SIEGEN Results of the Olympic Class

1. Stegemann, Marie-Luise 72 .25 TV 04 Wattenscheid (aged 16)

2. Matschkur, Helga 72.00 TSV Munchen 1860

3. Krauser, Irmi TSV Straubing

4. Quester, Barbara Hamburger

Turnerschaft 1860

71.60 (Beam 7.3!)


5. Stegemann, Annegr€t TV 04 Wattenscheid


5. Egelkraut, Ute 69.15

TSV 46 Nurnberg 7. Maring, Anne-Birgit

Hamburger Turnerschaft 1816

8. Jebram, Petra VfL Bochum

9. Stein Anna TuS Tenningen

10. Burger, Elisabeth TSV Straubing

34 participants Finals


67.85 (aged 13)



V: Krauser, Irmi 18.575; Stege­mann, Marlies 18.050: Matschkur, Helga 17 .950. BB: Matschkur, Hel­ga 17.975; Stegemann, Marlies 17.700; Quester, Barbara 16.875. UB: Krauser, Irm i 18.825; Matsch­klJr, Helga 18.550; Stegemann, 18.250. FX: Krauser 18.850; Stege­mann 18.675; Maring, Anne Birgit 18.375.


December 8-9, 1967 AA: Neil Schmitt (Iowa) 10],30,

Fred Dennis (S IU ) 100.55, Paul Mayer (SIU ) 100.45. FX : Gene Kelber (SIU) 9.20, Mike Jacki ( ISU) 9.10, Mark Wilcox ( ISU) 9 .05. SH: Keith McCanless (Iowa) 9.65, Marc Siotten (Iowa) 9.60, tie Doug Peak (ISU) and Rich Scorza ( Iowa) 8 .80. R: Don Hatch (Iowa) 9.50, Jack i 9.30, Paul Omi (Iowa) 9.20. T,: Dale Hardt (S I U) 9.35, Mike Zepeda (Iowa) 9.25 , Joe Dupree (SIU) 9.15. LH: Scorza 9.40, Mayer 9.30, T im Clarke (ISU) 9.25. PB : Brent Simmons ( ISU) 9.30, W . Mc­Vey (LSU) 9.15, Mayer 9 .00. HB : Schmitt 9.40, Jerry Fontana (Chi­cago ) 9.30, Dennis 9.20.


Sponsored jointly by the Midwest Gymnastic Association and the Illinois H. S. Coaches A ssociat ion , the meet attracted some 3500 fans to the Addison Trail H.S. Individual winners included: FX: Toby Towson (MSU) 9;5. SH : Keith McCanless (Iowa ) 9.55; R: tie between Don Hatch ( Iowa) and Katsutoshi Kan­zaki (N E' La St) 9.55; PB : Dave Thor (MSU) 9.45; Tr: Wayne M il­ler (U Mich.) 9.45; HB: Kanzaki 9.65; LH : Kanzaki 9.6. All-around: Katsutoshi Kanzaki (NE La St) 106.65: Dove Thor (MSU) 104.00, Richard Loyd (NW La St) 101.70, Fred Dennis (S IU) 100.60, Gil La­Rose (Quebec) 100.45, Nei l Schmit! (Iowa) 99.10, John Elias (NW La St) 97.55 , (tie) Rick Tucker (SIU) and Paul Mayer (S IU ) 97 .30, Sid Jensen (U Mich) 95.00.


Competing were gymnasts from North Miami Beach (NMB), Coral Gables (CG), Fort Myers (FM), Vero Beach (VB), Va lpari so (V), and Riviera Beach (RB). There were 16 girls and 19 boys entered in the separate age group divisions. (The MG is listing results only from the oldest age group.)

Girls 1"S-17 : Team : Coral Gab les. AA: Carol Donnelly (RB), Sandy Garret (CG), Joan Lauter (CG) . FX: Donnell y, Lauter , Gcrret. BB : Chris Nichols (CG), tie Donelly and Lau­ter . SHY: Garret , Donell y, Lauter. UPB: Donnell y, Garret , Nichols. Tu : Lauter, Donnelly, Garret. Tr: Tresa Roach (VB) , Donnell y.

Boys 10-12: Team: Valpariso. AA: Tiger Taylor (V), Greg Frew (V), Danny Morris (V) . FX : Tay lor , Morris, G. McGhan (FM) . PB: Tay­lor , McGhan, Darryle Stan ley (V). HB : Tay lor , McGhan, Morris. R: Tay lor , Joey Tay lor (V), Morris. LH: Tay lor , Frew, McGhan. SH: Taylor , Frew, Morris. Tu: McGhan, tie B. Kingsley and Morris. Tr: J. Taylor, Frew, Stanley.


by Robert A. Francis The second annuol West Virgi nia

Association o f the AAU Jr. Olympic Gymnastic m e e t was held in Charleston, W. Va. Its success was demonstrated by the nearly 100 entr ies f rom all over the state as wel l as St. Clairsville, Ohio, and Ashland , Kentucky. The meet direc­tor was Dr. Basil Mullens of Charleston. Competition was held by age group for both gi r ls and boys. (Due to space limitations, the

MG is I isting only the oldest age groups).

Boys 1S-17: High point man : Roger DeBertand (St. Clairsville, Ohio) 444. SHY: Ed W illiamson 63, Mike Haught 57, tie Don Way­bright and DeBertand 56. Tu: Clay Nease 73, Bradv. Bassett 71, Mike Dickel 65. Rope : Jim Prentiss 6 .6 , Dave Tingley 8, Dale Sansom 9.3 . PB: Joe Heathwith 84, DeBertand 72.5, Bassett 71. Tr: Nease 71.5, ~e Jim Dunn and David Blue 46.5. R: DeBertand 79, Ralph Roach 74.5, Blue 69.5. LH : DeBertand 84, Roach 75.5, Nease 73.5. FX: Bas­sett 79.5, Dickel 75, Nease 71.5. Low H B : DeBertand 85, Dave Mur­ran 72.5, Nease 70.5.

Girls 1S-17: High point girl: Mary Lu Morton (Charleston, W. Va.) 288.5 . SHY : Morton 80, Caro­lyn Pedley 60, Cheryl Archer 55. Tu: Morton 60, Nancy Coyle 55, Marsha Buckalew 50. BB: Morton 80, Archer 72, Coyle 71. Tr: Mor­ton 55, Coyle 51, Buckalew 45. FX : Morton 76, Buckalew 66, Connie Carrier 64. UPB: Cheryl Cantwell 60, Archer 59, Coyle 58. __~

Younger categories : High paint scorers. Boys : 9 and under-Ford Francis; 10-12-Bill Strachan; 13-14-Ken Huntsman. Girls: 9 and under-Bobbi Hunt; 10-12-Becky Johnson; 13-14-Julia Hos imer.


December 26, 1967-8:00 p.m. Harmon Gymnasium, Univ. of Calif.

Meet Director: Mr. Jack Smith Meet Announcer: Mr. Charles

Keeney Meet Judges: Don Nelson, Rick

Field, Don Ohannes, Bill Holmes, Thorne Tibbitts, Steve Johnson, Bill V incent, Ken Bartlett, Larry Ban­ner, Clair Jennett.

FX: Dan Millman 9.45; George Greenfield 9.35; Sid Freudenstein' 9.25; Steve H·ug 9.2; Gary D ia­mond 9.15. SH: Bill Fujimoto 9 .25; Mauno Nissinen 9.15; Steve Hug 9.1; ·(tie) Sid Freudenstein and Bob Lynn 8.6. Tr: Dan Millman 9.35; Kent Umbarger 9.0; Steve Lerner 8.4; Sam Cobb 8.1; Jim Turpin 8 .0. LH: (T ie) Sid Freudenstein and Lar­ry Bassist 9.4; Rich Grigsby 9.15· Gary Diamond 9.1; Mike Flansaas 8 .9. PB : Steve Hug 9.25; (Tie) Dan Millman and Bob Lynn 9 .2; Mauno Nissinen 9.15; Bob Diamond 8.85. SR: (Tie) Dan Millman and Mickey Chaplan 9.25; (tie) Sid Freudenstein and Bob Diamond 9.2; Mauno Nis­sinen 9.1. HB: Rich Grigsby 9.45; Dave Niemand 9.45; Sid Freuden­stein 9 . 1; Bob Lynn 8.95; (t ie) Norm Haynie and Bob Diamond 8.9.

ALL AROUND: Sid Freudenstein , Champion

Final Compulsory Total

1. Sid Freudenstein 52.85 106.65 2. Steve Hug 53.25 106.25 3. Bob Lynn 52.85 106.00 4. Dan Millman 47.6 101.05 5. George Greenfield 43.7 94.8

Compulsory Meet was run Dec. 26-2:00 P.M.

Optional Meet was run Dec. 26 -8:00 P.M.


In conjunction with the California Winter Clinic, University of Calif.

Berkeley, Calif.-Dec. 26, 1967 Meet Director : Mr. Jack Smith Meet Announcer: Mr. Charles

Keeney Meet Judges: Wal1da Obradovich ,

Kathy Shelly, Dale Flansaas, Rose Ann Saylor, Claudia Larson

Women-FX: Karen Galloway 9.0; (tie) Linda Handby and Sandra Bartley 8.23; Lor i Foreman 7.9· Jo Anne De Verona 7.73. BB : Kar~ en Galloway 8.86; Doris Nishanaka 7.46; Linda Handby 7.1; Jo Anne De Varona 6.6; Sandra Hartley 6 .5. SHY: Sandra Hartley 8.66; Karen Galloway 8.63; Jo Anne De Varona 8 .26; Lori Foreman 8.23; Betty Smith 8.1. UPB : Karen Gal­loway 9.06; Sandra Hartley 8.4; Doris Nishanaka 7.23; Caro l Elsner 7.2; Lori Foreman 7.0. AA: Katen Galloway 35.55; Sandra Hartley 31.79: Linda Handby 29.55; . Lori Foreman 29.23; Doris Nishanaka 28.22.

* Meet was run simultar'Jeously with the Men's Meet.


Page 28: Modern Gymnast - February 1968

LETTERS Dear Sirs:

I am coaching a gymnastics club and find that the sequence and still phot os of various rOll tines are quite usefu I as a teaching device . Also, if you could send me NCAA or Olympic rulings on appar­atus specifications for both men and women I would greatly appreciate it. The kind of specifications to which I am r e ­ferring are such things as equipment dimens ions (i.e., length of beam , h eight of beam when worked, height of h orse when vaulted). Also, may I have routine s p ecification for both men's and women ' s events (either Olympic and/ol' NCAA)­specifications s uch as number and types of movements involved in completing a routine.

Thank you .-West Liberty State College Sincerely, Jack Osmon West Liberty, W. Va. 26074

Ed: Here are the F.I.G. beam specifi­cations as a starter. Balance Beam (Specifications of the 1965

F.I.G. Technical Committee) Material: 'Vooden beam, working surface smooth but not slippery 2 feet of steel or gray pig iron.

1. The a ngles must be slightly rounded, see 1

2. The h eight o f the beam must be a d­jus t a ble from 800 to 1200 mm at 50 mm intervals. (From 31.49 in. to 47.24 in. at 1.96 in. intervals).

3. The beam must not v ibra te on the uprights when in use.

4. The d esign for the feet or the m eans for joining the beam to the uprights must a llow s light irregularities on the ground t o be cancelled out.

5. The feet must h ave grooved rubber pads or rubber shock-absorbers 3. The m easurements a nd dimensions s hown in the a bove s k etches must be strictly adhered to.

Testing the apparatus: 1. With th e beam set at a heig ht of

1200 mm (47.24 in.) a test weight of 135 kg. (302.48 lbs.) placed in the mid­dle of the beam, mus t produce a maximum sag of 8 mm (approx. 5/16 in.) (see 1).

2. With the beam set at a h eight of 1200 mm a (test) weight of 150 kg. (330.69 Ibs.) placed on the beam in the axis of one of the uprights (see left hand side of the sketch) placed on rigid ground, must produce a m axi­mum depression of the upright of 2 mm (approx. 5/64 in.) .

Balance Beam (Complement to F.I.G. Specifications, dated January 20, 1967) The beam u sed until now was n ever

quite as stable as one w,ould h ave liked b ecause of the impossibility of finding a method of fixing it to the ground without interfering with its function. The m anu­facturer Richard Reuther has now found a solution to this problem which ens ures absolute stability without fixing to the gnound, a stability guaranteed during th e mos t difficult exercises. Furthermor e, this new apparatus considerably reduces the ris k of accidents and also facilitates tra ns ­port since the apparatus need no t be taken to pieces. Balance Beam

During the last few yars, women 's gym­nastics on the beam have made enormous progress. Today's world class gymnast~ present exercises which experts would h ave considered impossible o nly a few years ago.

The development makes greater de­mands on the beam itself, especially as rega rds the following:

a ) Sta bility of the apparatus b) Elimination of the risk of accidents

arising from the increas ing difficulty of the exercises.

c ) Ease of transport for the apparatus when set up and r eady for u se.

d) W-ell-planned manufacture in view of the possibility of new kinds of exer­cises.

The c r eation of a new base largely ful­fills these conditions. The beam is pla ced on 4 fee t (foundation plates) in the n eutra l zone .. l.e. underneath the ends of the beam. This arrangement increases sta­bility to m a ximum and requires no special


,..1 ________ _ 5000 : I(

I ~'jO!.3 · ,150 ~3

1------ 50~o (0.; tWM llo.lQ ~ Orxr~nt~ &1.c<I) -------;

____ ,,'W'c ____ ._ . _


fixtures. The free a r ea underneath the bean1 is a nother con s iderable advan tage as it can be complete ly cover ed with a fall mat. Each foot mus t h ave a swi pe me­chanism so that th e appa ratus can be m oved by one p er son when set up. Regulations Materials: for base : s teel

for b eam : wood 1. The h eight of the beam mus t b e from

1000 to 1200 mm (39.37 in. t o 47.24 in .) adjustable in sections of 100 mm (approx. 3 15/ 16 in .) a nd th e a djus t­ing m echanism mus t no t lessen the efficiency of the blocking during u se. The beam mus t not v ibra t e o n the up­rights.

2. The feet or the joints b e tween the bea m and the uprights must be m a de in such a w ay as to compe nsate for s light irregularities in the floor .

3. The stability of the apparatus length­wise and transver sally r equires the beam to rest on 2 x 2 s tru t s.

4. These struts are p laced under the two ends of the beam so that the area under the beam can be com­pletely covered with !l- fa ll-ma t . .

Conversion fro m metrIc to EnglIsh measure: Length in

Millimeters 5000

755 750 400 220 160 130 100

60 3 2 1

Dea r Sir·s:

Length in Inches 196.85 29.72 29.53 15.75

approx. approx appro' •.

8.66 6.29 5.12 3.93 2.36 1/8

5/ 64 1/ 32

(Feet) 16.40

I subscribe to the Modern Gym nast magazine and enjoy r eading it. The No­vember issue, was in my opinion s uperior to the previous editions of the Modern Gymnast. I feel that perhaps your maga­zine has now come of a ge and is not only a picture magazine but is a n intelligen tly

presented r epresentatio n of Gymnastics. I h ave hoped for this often and wish to let you know that one person appreciates it and tha nks you. Some of the articles I thought were good would be "Let' s Go All-Around" , "All-Around the World" and "Conditioning fo r Competition." Th e draw­ings a nd s k e tch es w ere generally inter es t­ing but pe rhaps too large in number.

Even so your magazine could be im­proved. Some suggestions of mine a re to print some of the top routines in words a nd pictures a nd then - have a critical analysis of the routines . Another article mig ht be o ne where actual judges t e ll what th ey look for a nd what they don't want t o see in routines o n the diffe r ent events. I think thi s type of a rtic le wou ld be much appreciated by many gymnasts tha t s ubscribe to your magazine . I offer these thoughts ou t of the desire to n er­haps in a s mall way be able to contribute to and improve the Modern Gymnast Jnagazine.

Sincerely. Lucky Holloway W a ukesha, Wiscons in 53186

ED. Constructive advice is always appreci. ated .

Dear Glenn, May I t a k e this opportunity to thank

you on beha lf of t he Canadian gymnastic fra t ernity for the assistance y ou a nd y our magazine h as b een to the Sport in Can a da -in th e past years. -

Allowing the "Canadian Report" to be publis hed in your excellent m agaz ine has assisted us here in Canada t o unify a nd <>o mmunicat e. It h as als o allowed u s to ta k e our place in the International s cen e a nd h as given educators, coach es a nd oth er s a n opportunity t o learn abou tour progr ess in gymnas tics and in m a ny cases encouraged th em to emigrate to Can ada. Tha nk yo u Gle nn a nd Barbara.

May I wish you a nd your wife a very HAPPY NEW YEAR from the gymnastic a dminis trato r s, coaches and gymnasts o f Canada.

Sincerely yours, John Noon ey

ED: It has only been possible because of your efforts. •


This is a pho t o of the Belvedere Junior High Turners. They a re part of a gym­n as tics club whic h meets a fter school r egularly . The best boys (photo en'c losed) h ave given gymnastics exhibitions t o;, the loca l elem en t a ry and junior high schools in the area.

These are d edicated boys who a re good performer s a nd as their coach I am very proud of them.

Page 29: Modern Gymnast - February 1968

I hope you can use this photo s ince th e boys read M.G. to bet ter their routines. It would be a big thrill for them to see themselyes in your magazine.

Dear Glenn:

T ha nk you, Michael Acosta Gymnastics Coach Los Angeles J Calif .


Recently Lance Astrella exhibited jus t about perfect fo r nl in his r outine i n our gymnasium in lVLonterey. Enclosed is a pho to of Lance we hope you can find room for it in th e MG.

Best Wishes, Serge Sinkevich Vetera n MG Su bscriber Monterey, Cali fornia


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be seen immediately. We are -all familiar with the instant replay of segments of a game on sport telecasts. Immediate review­ing is often referred to as the mirror tech­nique. This technique is impossible to dup­licate with film. After each attempt at a particular stunt, or full routine, the gym­nast can see and analyze his performance and return to the apparatus immedia tely to try to improve upon his attempt. This in­stant replay or mirror technique is valuable for all levels of ability from the beginner in the physical education class to tne expert on the varsity team.

The use of the video tape recorder ob­viously is not r estricted to the sport of gym­nastics. At the University of Washington it is also being used by the coaches of basketball, wrestling, swimming and track and field. The basketball coach tapes parts of three practice sessions each week and views this tape the following morning. If he believes it is desirable he has his team view their performance prior to the start of the next practice session. All home games are taped. Parts of the game are viewed at half-time in an attempt to improve play during the second half. The wrestling coach uses the TV recorder primarily as a mirror in almost every practice session although meets are also taped and viewed later. Some coaches put sound on the tape at the time the video portion is recorded, others add the audio portion later as they pre-view the tape prior to showing it to their team. Each coach seems to have his own ideas as to the best use of the video tape in his sport. All coaches who have used it agree, how­ever, that it has been a very valuable addi­tion and has aided greatly in coaching.

Many mistakes can not be seen by the human eye during actual performance. The coach often has to guess in making sug­gestions as to what might be causing a particular error. If slow motion and or stop action is available on the recorder the in­adequacies of the human eye are greatly reduced and analysis of performance become more of a science than a hit and miss pro­cess.

Experience has shown that few coaches wish to use the video tape machine for the entire duration of a practice and seldom do they want to use it every day. Time used viewing tape usually reduces the time avail­able for active participation as students; especially at the University level, have only limited time to devote to athletic practice. Over use of the video tape could actually result in diminishing returns of the im­provement of performance. For this reason it is not necessary for each coach to have a unit of his own "as several sports can share- the same equipment without undue hardship.

Many coaches and teachers are call ~ d upon to conduct clinics and workshop, . I t

. often takes considerable time to demon­

. strate exactly what is desired and because the audience has to be in the gY lll it is difficult for them to hear or take notes. The video tape recorder can be used to record in advance the desired techniques to be presented and then the clinic can be conducted in a class room where conditions are more conducive to learning. In the sport of gymnastics this method seems especially appropriate for conducting judging clinics.

The equipment needed to tape and view performances consists of three items-a _camera, a recording unit and a monitor. Some recording units have a small built-in monitor. The cost of this equipment varies greatly. Cameras range from a few hundred to many thousands of dollars. The camera

lens alone may cost several thousand. Re­cording un its may be obtained for a little over a thousand but the better ones cost many thousand. Monitors ar the least ex­pensive item, being only slightly higher in price than a regular television set. The to tal cost of the complete set of. equipmen t used in schools and universi ties at this time ranges from about $1800 to $20,000 although more expensive equipment is avail­able. The tapes themselves cost approxim­ately $75.00 each. This is relatively minor because they may be used hundreds and hundreds of times.

Even the less expensive vide6 tape equip­ment might sound exhorbitant in price to some administrators but if it is shown tha t its use may be spread among several divi­sions of the school program they might be more receptive to a request ' for purchase. A video tape recorder can b~ used during the school day in the physical education program as a valuable teaching aid. The drama, music, and speech departments also could make use of it as a ; teaching aid. Science experiments, especially those that are difficult to conduct in the classroom itself, can be taped and used -over and over . Any experiment that involyes costly ma­terials and equipment can be recorded so that the materials and equipment do not have to be provided for . each class. If teachers, especially college professors, know in advance that they must be absent for a class they can tape their lecture for the day and have a student assistant take roll and turn on the machine.

These are just a few examples for the use of closed circuit television in the school program. The place of the video tape re­corder in physical education and athletics is unlimited. It will undoubtedly become as­common in our schools in the future as the film projector.


GYMNASTICS Introducing: The New "Sure Grip Rings"

Made of a special plastiC material, Sure Grip Rings are a giant step forward. Here are a few of the reasons why:

* * * Each ring is extremely accurate, con-forming to competition specifications with unheard of precision.

* * * Sure Grip Rings possess a unique grip-ping quality which does not falter in sweating hands. Caking, which can cause rips, is reduced or eliminated by the lessened need for excessive use of chalk. The near perfect shape and absence of surface irregularities add comfort to a very confident grip.

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Try the finest ring available. We're sure you'll like them.

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Page 30: Modern Gymnast - February 1968


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Two new long play albums, each containing 16 piano accompaniments lor floor exerc ise composit ions which meet all of the requirements 01 the F. I.G . and the A.A.U. Gymnastic Rules such as time limit, one instrument and appropriate introductions and conclus ions. Teachers manual includes rules and requiremenls governing floor exerci se, gives examples of the type of material from which a good compos ilion should be arranged , and indicales national and internat ional gymnastic trends. Severa'i floor exerc ise composilions for beginners, intermediate and advanced performers have been prepared, which can be execuled 10 specified selections on th e album.

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( .... __ M_G_G_y_m_C_a_le_n_d_a_r_~) WISCONSIN OPE N Gymnast ic Champ ionship February 17 , 1968 . Brook fi eld East Gymna­sium , Brookf ield, Wi sconsi n.

Jr. Olympics and WEST TE XAS OPEN . Feb 16-17. Wri te : Ra lph Dykeman, Maveri ck Boys Club, 1923 Linco ln St ., Amar il lo , Texas.

KANSAS STATE HIGH SCHOOL CH . Feb. 24 ,1968. Kansas St ate U .. Manhattan,Kan.

NEW JERSEY HIGH SCHOOL CHAMPION­SHIPS. February 24. Trenton State College, Trenton , New Jersey. Write: Donald E. Wil­l iams, Di rect or at above address.

BIG 10 CHAMPIONSHIP: March 1-2 , 1968 Mich igan Stat e Uni versity.

1968 NCAA COLLEGE DIVISI ON Champion­ships. March 8 & 9. Spr ingf ield Col lege, Mass. For information : Mr. Frank Wo lcott . Athlet ic Dept., Springfield College, Springfie ld, Mass.

WASHINGTON STATE HIGH SCHOOL CH . March 8-9. University of Washington,Seatt le.

WISCONSI N STATE UN I VE RSI TI ES Cont. March 15-16. LaCrosse, Wisconsin.

ILLINOIS STATE HIGH SCHOOL CH . Mar. 15-16, 1968 . Maine Township HS East , Park R i d~e , Illinois.

MISSOURI ALL-STATE Meet. March 16 at Springf ield Mo.

N.A.I.A. Ch. March 22-23. Ft. Hays, Kansas.

A .A.W.U. Championships. March 22-2 3 U. o f Oregon , Eugene, Oregon .

JUNIOR NATIONAL A A U Gym nas t ic Cham ­pionships: March 22 & 23 . Lawrence D. Bell High School, Hurst Texas. For informat ion , Emil J. Milan, L. D. Bell H. S. , 160 1 Brown Trail , Hurst, Texas. 76053

UNIV. MISSOURI INVITIONAL'. March 23, Co lumb ia, Mo.

INDIANA STATE HIGH SCHOOL CH . Mar. 23 , 1968. Warren Cent ral H.S. , I ndianapoli s, Indiana.

NEWARK YMCA OPEN . March 23. Wr ite: Pedro Va lez c/o Newark NJ. Y MCA.

NATIONAL COLLEGIATE WOMEN 'S Ch . March 29-30. SIU. Carbonda le, Illino is.

2nd MARYLAND OPEN' March 30-31. Write George C. McG inty , Towson St ate Co llege Towson. Md., 2 1204

1968. NCAA UNIVERSI'T Y DI VI SION Cham ­pionships. April 4, 5, 6. University of Arizona. For information: Mr. Glenn Wilson , Dept. Health, Phys. Ed ., and Recreation. The Un i­versity of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, 85721

NEW MEXICO STATE HIGH SCHOOL CH . A pril 5-6, Lovington, N.M.

N.A.A.U. Ch . Long Beach Ca lif. April 11 -13.

NAT'L YMCA CHAMPIONSHIPS' Girls and Boys. April 19-20, 1968. Write Mr. Robert W. Co rnely , YMCA, Reed and Washington Sts., Reading, Penna., 19601.

April 19-20-U.S.G.F. National Open, Nashville, Tenn.

NO CALIFORNIA AL.L:ARO_U~D MEET. May 17. Mills H.S., Milbrae , California. Host Coach : Ron Weiss.

NORTHERN CALIFORNIA INVITATION· AL. May 18, 1968. DeAnza High School. Rich­mond, California. Host Coach : Don Nelson.

NJAAU SENIOR WOMENS GYMNASTIC Championships w i ll be held at Montclair HS Montclair, New Jersey, on May 25th, 1968.

the MODERN GYMNAST magazine

Page 31: Modern Gymnast - February 1968

What makes an All-American

Rusty Mitchell, Ex-Olympian, one of American/s Gymnastic Consultants

GO For ~~~~~~~~~DG~~~~~1 Top coaches, gymnastic and physical education instructors want the safest, best performing and most stable equip­ment. That's what you get from American! Parallel Bars complete with hickory rails, reinforced with. a steel core, uni-weld construction, stable design and safety locks ... that really hold . You get the highest quality products plus unmatched service. . _

Write for details on: and 'J ~.. ' Gymnasium Planning Service _ Gymnastic Consultant Staff

For your Free Catalog write: American Athletic Equipment Company Box 111, Jefferson, Iowa, U.S.A. 50129

Page 32: Modern Gymnast - February 1968

New Ideas from IINISSENI


Here is quality gymnastic apparel you would expect only from

Nissen. Our new line includes: (1) Expertly tailored 100%

acrylic warm-up uniforms in your choice of four popular colors;

(2) Three styles of men's stretch pants and shirts designed with

four-way stretch to allow complete freedom of action for the

most difficult movements; (3) 100% stretch nylon leotards in

both boat and V-neck styles with special double overlock stitch­

ing at all points of stress; (4) Three styles of gymnastic shoes

including a new Japanese made lightweight canvas shoe with a

special cushioned inner sole; (5) Three styles of handguards;

and (6) A fine quality imported chalk. All these items are illus­

trated in our new 12-page apparel catalog which is available upon request.

PORT-A-SCORE Nissen introduces a totally new concept in gymnastic scoring. PORT -A-SCORE is convenient to operate, using a blink­er-type numeral that can be clearly seen 100 yards away. A flip of the finger and each 10" numeral can be changed from o to 9. PORT-A-SCORE is designed with a wide base on four double casters for easy portability. Scoring units can rotate 360· and are height adjustable.

FREE GYMNASIUM EQUIPMENT CATALOG A copy of our new 36-page, 4-color catalog is yours for the asking. It in­cludes our new 1968 gymnastic equipment with the new Floating Counterbalance feature for safe, ef­fortless adjustment. In addition, Nis­sen now features the new Reuther­type Uneven Parallel Bars for offi­cial competition.




This exclusive feature is in­

stalled in each upright of

Nissen gymnastic apparatus.

Height adjustments are

made effortlessly because

the piston is always at static

tension. Only a slight finger

pressure is required to raise

or lower the apparatus.

Simple, safe and convenient.