module 3 loss and grief community-based psychosocial support module 3

Download Module 3 Loss and grief COMMUNITY-BASED PSYCHOSOCIAL SUPPORT  MODULE 3

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  • Slide 1
  • Module 3 Loss and grief COMMUNITY-BASED PSYCHOSOCIAL SUPPORT MODULE 3
  • Slide 2
  • Loss and grief Loss and common reactions to loss The grief process and complicating factors How to help grieving persons
  • Slide 3
  • Loss and grief COMMUNITY-BASED PSYCHOSOCIAL SUPPORT MODULE 3 What are your thoughts and feelings about the theme of the module loss and grief ?
  • Slide 4
  • COMMUNITY-BASED PSYCHOSOCIAL SUPPORT MODULE 3 Various types of losses Work in groups of three to four. Examine situations form your work where you have experienced other peoples loss Write down at lest three types of loss you have recognized
  • Slide 5
  • COMMUNITY-BASED PSYCHOSOCIAL SUPPORT MODULE 3 Loss (1) Loss is mainly associated with the death of a loved one. However, it also results from: Loss of loved ones e.g. ending a relationship Loss of property Loss of dignity, trust and safety Loss of livelihood
  • Slide 6
  • COMMUNITY-BASED PSYCHOSOCIAL SUPPORT MODULE 3 Loss (2) Loss of control over ones life Loss of social infrastructure Loss of self-esteem Loss of confidence in the future Loss related to illness or disability Multiple losses
  • Slide 7
  • COMMUNITY-BASED PSYCHOSOCIAL SUPPORT MODULE 3 Loss of property, infrastructure, livelihood
  • Slide 8
  • COMMUNITY-BASED PSYCHOSOCIAL SUPPORT MODULE 3 Loss of control, dignity, safety, trust, inititative
  • Slide 9
  • COMMUNITY-BASED PSYCHOSOCIAL SUPPORT MODULE 3 Loss related to illness In case of illness the person also goes through a process of losing which may or may not end by loss of life: Loss of physical strength Loss of mobility Loss of job Loss of physical attractiveness Loss of sexual ability Loss of social life Multiple losses......
  • Slide 10
  • COMMUNITY-BASED PSYCHOSOCIAL SUPPORT MODULE 3 Different reactions to loss Individual work Think about possible reactions to the losses you have just worked with in the previous activity: What kind of reactions did you experience? Who were the persons involved? How did they experience the situation?
  • Slide 11
  • COMMUNITY-BASED PSYCHOSOCIAL SUPPORT MODULE 3 Sudden loss Sudden loss occurs without any warning No opportunity to prepare for the loss No time to say good-bye Unable to take care of unfinished business No time to prepare the bereavement Sudden loss can both be related to death and to a missing person e.g. human trafficking or missing in conflict
  • Slide 12
  • COMMUNITY-BASED PSYCHOSOCIAL SUPPORT MODULE 3 Common reactions to sudden loss Shock Anger Guilt Depression Despair Hopelessness Search for meaning Religious and spiritual beliefs get challenged Goals and plans get re- evaluated
  • Slide 13
  • COMMUNITY-BASED PSYCHOSOCIAL SUPPORT TRAINER'S BOOK MODULE 3 Characteristics of the grieving process Individual work Write down the first three characteristics of a grieving process that come to mind
  • Slide 14
  • COMMUNITY-BASED PSYCHOSOCIAL SUPPORT TRAINER'S BOOK MODULE 3 Four areas of adjustments
  • Slide 15
  • COMMUNITY-BASED PSYCHOSOCIAL SUPPORT MODULE 3 Factors that complicate the grieving process Traumatic circumstances - if the body is never found, molestation of the body, sudden loss, suffering when dying Death of more than one a greater loss, difficulty handling the different feelings towards the diseased persons Ambiguous feelings relief after a long course of a disease, complicated relations to the diseased
  • Slide 16
  • COMMUNITY-BASED PSYCHOSOCIAL SUPPORT MODULE 3 Factors that complicate the grieving process
  • Slide 17
  • Identify loss and reactions COMMUNITY-BASED PSYCHOSOCIAL SUPPORT MODULE 3 Work in groups of three to four. Examine the scenario handed out. Write down the losses and reactions in the scenario. Describe the factors that might complicate the grieving process. Present your conclusions in plenary afterwards.
  • Slide 18
  • COMMUNITY-BASED PSYCHOSOCIAL SUPPORT MODULE 3 Needs of grieving people Help both emotionally and practically: Arrange funerals or other ceremonies Encourage the social support of family and friends Stay close, listen and provide care
  • Slide 19
  • Responding after a crises COMMUNITY-BASED PSYCHOSOCIAL SUPPORT MODULE 3 Work in groups of three to four. Spend 25 minutes in group work. Prepare a summary for presentation in plenary.
  • Slide 20
  • COMMUNITY-BASED PSYCHOSOCIAL SUPPORT MODULE 3 Recap What are the three most important messages of this module?

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