moscow international conference pp 2008 “polypropylene ... clarification...

Download Moscow International Conference PP 2008 “Polypropylene ... Clarification s...  Moscow International

Post on 18-Jul-2018

224 views

Category:

Documents

1 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

  • Moscow International Conference PP 2008

    Polypropylene Clarification & Nucleation

    Dariusz Lukaszewski & Dr. Tim Hauck, Milliken Europe

    March 25th, 2008

  • 2

    Milliken, Moscow International Conference PP 2008

    Outline

    Milliken: Solution Provider

    Millad 3988i Clarified PP and its Applications Versatility

    Differences in Nucleation & Clarification

    Overview on commercial Clarifiers & Nucleators

    Brand New Clarifier Millad NX 8000

    PP nucleated with Hyperform

  • 3

    Milliken, Moscow International Conference PP 2008

    Founded in 1865 One of the worlds largest privately held chemical and textile companies

    11,000 associates

    50 facilities worldwide

    Headquarters in Spartanburg

    Recognized for leadership in

    Quality & safety,

    Environmental excellence

    Innovation

  • 4

    Milliken, Moscow International Conference PP 2008

    Floor CoveringFloor CoveringFloor CoveringFloor Covering

    Performance TextilesPerformance TextilesPerformance TextilesPerformance Textiles

    AutomotiveAutomotiveAutomotiveAutomotive

    ChemicalsChemicalsChemicalsChemicals

  • 5

    Milliken, Moscow International Conference PP 2008

    Milliken: Closer Look at Plastic Additives

    Milliken is a full-service global provider of innovative solutions for polyolefin clarification and nucleation

    Innovation

    Value Creation Model Products

    Industry leadership in clarification and nucleation of PP

    Market development throughout the value chain:

    resin producers, plastics converters, brand owners,

    retailers and consumers

    Regional Technical Centers and Sales Offices offering services on a global basis

    Additives optimization studiesResin grades formulation

    Applications trials

    Global Footprint Services

    Opening new applications and material substitution opportunities for polypropylene & polyethylene

  • 6

    Milliken, Moscow International Conference PP 2008

    Plastic Applications & Technical Service Lab

    Optimization of resin additive formulation

    Evaluate commercial resins (crystallization temperature, optical properties, mechanical properties)

    Evaluate the properties of Millad 3988i compared to other clarifying agents and nucleating agents in specific resin/fluff

    Quality control of 1packs, masterbatch and resin

    Evaluation of commercial parts (optical as well as mechanical properties)

    Assistance at trials at PP producers as well as converters/transformers

    Assistance in application development

    Assistance in processing optimization

    Run trials in-house on TWIM, EBM, TF and ISBM equipment

  • 7

    Milliken, Moscow International Conference PP 2008

    MILLAD 3988i STATE OF THE ART CLARIFIER

  • 8

    Milliken, Moscow International Conference PP 2008

    Advantages for clarified Polypropylene (cPP)

    Low Density, Light Weight

    Cost Effective

    Excellent Thermal Resistance

    Moisture/Vapor Barrier

    Stiffness, Flexibility and Impact: highly adaptive properties

    Chemical Resistance

    Hot fill properties

    Ability to Clarify (cPP)

  • 9

    Milliken, Moscow International Conference PP 2008

    NUCLEATING AGENTS vs CLARIFYING AGENTS

    Nucleating Agents Clarifying AgentsNucleating Agents Clarifying Agents

    TalcTalcSodium BenzoateSodium Benzoate

    Phosphor Ester SaltsPhosphor Ester SaltsHyperform HPNHyperform HPN--68L68L

    Acetal Acetal SorbitolsSorbitols

  • 10

    Milliken, Moscow International Conference PP 2008

    Melt Phase

    Normal PP

    Clarified PP

    Nucleated PP

    Nucleation Phase Semi-Crystalline Phase

    Nucleation and Crystal GrowthDifferences in Nucleation Mechanism

  • 11

    Milliken, Moscow International Conference PP 2008

    Evolution of Polypropylene Clarifying Agents

    Time

    Per

    cen

    t H

    aze

    Unclarified Polypropylene

    Millad

    NX8000

    DBS

    1G

    MDBS / EDBS

    2G

    Sorbitol Acetals

    Phosphate Ester Salts

    D

    Trisamides

    E

    Millad 3988i

    3G

    Adv. Nucleator

    A

    Adv. Nucleator

    B

    Adv. Nucleator

    C

  • 12

    Milliken, Moscow International Conference PP 2008

    Evolution of Polypropylene Clarifying Agents

    Time

    Per

    cen

    t H

    aze

    Unclarified Polypropylene

    DBS

    1G

    MDBS / EDBS

    2G

    Sorbitol Acetals

    Millad 3988i

    3G

    OrganolepticsMDBS / EDBS

    Haze; Nucleation; Heat stabilityDBS

    Primary Limitations vs Millad 3988iSorbitol Acetals

  • 13

    Milliken, Moscow International Conference PP 2008

    PERFORMANCE MAPPING

    Millad 3988i outperforms MDBS in organoleptics

    CHOR1

    R2

    R1 R2

    DDBBSS 11GG HH HH NNOO SSMMEELLLL

    MMDDBBSS 22GG CCHH33 HH SSTTRROONNGG SSMMEELLLL

    MMIILLLLAADD 33GG CCHH33 CCHH33 NNOO SSMMEELLLL

    Substituted Aldehydes

  • 14

    Milliken, Moscow International Conference PP 2008

    MDBS (2G) - PERFORMANCE MAPPING

    Regulatory Aspects

    EC Directive 89/109/EEC, Article 2:

    Materials and articles must be manufactured in compliance with good manufacturing practice so that, under their normal or foreseeable condition of use, they do not transfer their constituents to foodstuff in quantities which could:- endanger human health- bring about an unacceptable change in the composition of the foodstuffs or deterioration in the organoleptic

  • 15

    Milliken, Moscow International Conference PP 2008

    Evolution of Polypropylene Clarifying Agents

    Time

    Per

    cen

    t H

    aze

    Unclarified Polypropylene

    Adv. Nucleator

    A

    Haze (esp. in higher MFR resins and thicker parts); anisotropic shrinkage

    B / C

    Haze; anisotropic shrinkageA

    Primary Limitations vs Millad 3988iPhosphate Ester Salts

    Phosphate Ester Salts

    Adv. Nucleator

    B

    Adv. Nucleator

    C

  • 16

    Milliken, Moscow International Conference PP 2008

    Evolution of Polypropylene Clarifying Agents

    Time

    Per

    cen

    t H

    aze

    Unclarified Polypropylene

    Haze (esp. in higher MFR resins and thicker parts); lower polymer Tc

    D

    Haze (esp. in higher MFR resins and thicker parts); lower polymer Tc

    E

    Primary Limitations vs Millad 3988iTrisamides

    D

    Trisamides

    E

  • 17

    Milliken, Moscow International Conference PP 2008

    Polypropylene Clarifier ReviewSummary

    XXTrisamides

    XXPhosphate Ester Salts

    XMDBS

    Polymer Tc (Cycle Time)

    Anisotropic Shrinkage (Warpage)

    Organoleptics (Taste and Odor)

    Haze Performance (esp. in thicker parts and higher

    melt flow resins)

    Primary Limitations vs Millad 3988i

    Clarifying Technologies

  • 18

    Milliken, Moscow International Conference PP 2008

    for the ultimate in clear polypropylene

  • 19

    Milliken, Moscow International Conference PP 2008

    Mapping of Millad NX8000 Clarified PP

    Haze Continuum for Selected Plastic Materials

    PMMA

    PET

    PS

    PC

    Glass

    Clarified (Milad NX8000) PP(RACO & HOMO)

    3.5-7.0

    Clarified PP (1G) RACO

    20-30

    Clarified (3G) PP (HOMO)

    15-20 Clarified (3G) PP (RACO)

    10-15

    Clarified (3G) mPP (HOMO)

    13-16 Clarified (3G) mPP (RACO)

    9-11

    Unclarified PP(HOMO)

    50-70Unclarified PP

    (RACO) 40-50

    Unclarified HDPE 80+

    Wat

    er W

    hit

    eC

    lari

    ty (

    13)

    Evo

    luti

    on

    ary

    Imp

    rove

    men

    ts

    in P

    oly

    pro

    pyl

    ene

    Cla

    rity

    Note: 1.25 mm plaques

    Haz

    e, %

    40

    80

    60

    20

    10

    3

    1

    5

    0

  • 20

    Milliken, Moscow International Conference PP 2008

    for the ultimate in clear polypropylene

    Opportunities to

    replace glass like materials:PSSANPETCOCPVCPMMAIonomersGlass

    reduce raw material cost

    use environmently friendly PP

  • 21

    Milliken, Moscow International Conference PP 2008

    PP nucleated with Hyperform

    PP Nucleating Agents and their Evolution

    Conventional

    NaBz, Talc, Pigments, etc

    Low Tc (generally)

    Anisotropic (few exceptions)

    High use level

    Good for moderate performance

    Generally low cost

    Advanced

    Ph. Ester Salts (and Sorbitol Clarifiers)

    Higher Tc

    Very Anisotropic (P. Ester Salts only)

    Potential for warpage (P. Ester Salts)

    High Stiffness (flex mod)

    High HDT

    Primarily used in Auto and TF

    Hyper

    Hyperfom family

    Highest Tc

    Isotropic Low Warpage

    Pigment Leveling

    Ideal Stiffness/Impact Balance

    High HDT

    Low CLTE

    Tailored dimensions

    Performance and Benefit Options Increase

    1960s-1980s 1980s-1990s 2000s +

  • 22

    Milliken, Moscow International Conference PP 2008

    Hyperform Nucleation Performance Benefit in PP

    Unique Benefits in PP Typical Applications Examples

    Productivity Enhancement

    Warpage Reduction

    Equalization of nucleation of pigments

    Physical Properties Enhancement

    Thermoforming

    Injection Molding (Houseware, TWIM containers, DVD cases)

Recommended

View more >