motivated behaviors: addiction & eating. motivation there are several types of motivation: –basic...
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- Motivated Behaviors: Addiction & Eating
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- Motivation There are several types of motivation: Basic needs Homeostasis: thirst, hunger, electrolyte balance, etc. Controlled by lower brain levels. Pleasure seeking Addictions, etc., also in lower or mid brain. Higher level Motivation to go to work, school, etc. Mostly controlled by cortex.
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- Addiction Addiction: the dependence on a substance. Dependence: the internal need or motivation to seek out and use a substance regardless of its benefits or harms.
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- Addiction Causes major social problems Increased crime Most corporate embezzlement due to gambling losses! Loss of productivity + increased health care costs are estimated at nearly $150 Billion/year! Relationship problems, including abuse. Loss of life if user is responsible for others. Increases chances of HIV, STDs, cancer, and other diseases.
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- Addiction Not a recent phenomenon - abuse of alcohol and other substances are as old as history: Opium poppy by Indians Coca leaves by South American natives Tobacco by North American natives Cannabis Not limited to humans - animals can also be addicted and/or attracted to inebriation. This indicates an underlying biological basis.
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