multisensory education and the dyslexic child
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DESCRIPTIONMultisensory Education and the Dyslexic Child. Presented by Cindy Hagemann Reading Coach & MSLE Certified Teacher August 1, 2013. MSLE Overview. Multisensory Structured Language Education Dyslexia Therapy Shelton University, Nancy Coffman Scottish Rite Hospital. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Multisensory Education and the Dyslexic ChildPresented by Cindy HagemannReading Coach & MSLE Certified TeacherAugust 1, 2013
Multisensory Structured Language EducationDyslexia TherapyShelton University, Nancy CoffmanScottish Rite Hospital
Dyslexiawhat it is & what it is not! We will begin w/ what it is NOT-Something kids can outgrow.-Something that is best diagnosed w/ reversals being the BEST indicator.-Something eye exercises & a few colored overlays cant cure!
What Dyslexia isUnexpected!Intellect intact!Not the result of poor or lacking instruction/curriculumDifficulties in written language (reading, spelling, & writing)Underlying difficulty w/ the sound system of our language
Whos my kid?!Average to above average IQNo other health problems preventing the MSLE instructionADHD managed when applicableAs w/ all students, must be consistently present to learn
You must keep in mindDyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurological in origin. There is a difference in the way the brain is formed AND functions.
While no two brains are alike, the brains of people with dyslexia are distinctively different compared to those without dyslexia. Dr.Gordon Sherman
HUGE flags-Misread common words(Misread them in a variety of ways!)-Reading is choppy and hesistant(lacks flow)-Spelling(OH, MY!)
But, hes so smart!!!Listening comprehension is stronger than reading comprehensionOften times breadth of verbal knowledge but lacking in strong vocabulary because reading is so difficult the student reads less therefore vocabulary suffers
Other related characteristics/disordersVery often accompanied w/ ADHD/ADDCan also see other related disorders such as reading comprehension, math, coordination, handwriting (poor motor skills), social skills and oral language disorders. (actually have a list of 25)
Dyslexia is not new or changing, we are getting better at understanding & identifying!!!Rudolf Berlin of Stuttgart, Germany was the first one to use the term Dyslexia in 1887! He saw it as a language disorder.Dr. Pringle Morgan of Seaford, England was the first one to document a child w/ Dyslexia in 1896.In the early 1900s, Hinshelwood documented dozens of cases of word blindness where smart kids couldnt get the words off the page!
Guess what they discovered worked for these kids over 100 years ago?Individualized, explicit reading instructionSmall group, short lessonsRelief from reading aloud in a whole group class setting
So my elevator definition of Dyslexia isIt is a specific learning disability, neurological in origin, written language disorder, characterized by poor single word decoding, poor spelling, poor word recognition, poor writing, poor fluency, phonological awareness is the core deficit, w/ unexpected intellect in tact!
Since phonological awareness is the core deficit of Dyslexia, that is where we shall beginThese kids struggle w/ auditory discrimination!!! The inability to rhyme is often one of the first indicators.This is why the Dyslexic child is absolutely dependent upon you to provide multisensory phonics instruction! So what does that look like?
What we KNOW works!Rigor when it comes to phonemic awarenessMULTISENSORY! It cant be when we think to include itit must be a MUST and it MUST be every single day!
Multisensorywhat it looks like-VAKTvisual, auditory, kinesthetic, & tactile
These kids HAVE to have VAKT in every part of your language arts instruction!!!
SpecificallyKids MUST write in small group! (dry erase, sticky notes, magna-doodle, paper/pencil/marker/colored pencil, etc.)Kids MUST touch in small group! (wikki stix, shaving cream, rough board, sand paper, flash cards, touch & read, etc.)Kids MUST see in small group! ( your mouth making the sounds & be dramatic, their mouths making the sounds w/ a mirror, see the print on the board, in text, on cards, etc.)Kids MUST hear in small group! (hear YOU, hear themselves, hear each other, hear songs, etc.)
Two BIGGIESReading has two major components: decoding & comprehensiona weakness in phonological awareness interferes w/ decoding which interferes w/ comprension.
We have to begin teaching kids at a young age READING begins with what you SEE and SPELLING begins with what you HEAR! This is very important for the Dyslexic learner!
If you take nothing else from today, take thisProper articulation of the correct sounds of graphemes is crucial!
The 6 Syllable TypesKnow them for your kids!VCV VVV VVVCeFSSVr
SpellingThe MSLE way
The best way in the classroom
Instant Words aka Sight WordsProgression of learned words-flashcards, rows, columns, phrases, *sentences
*Show sentence graphic organizer!
Cursive HandwritingThe MSLE way
The making the most out of whatever program way
The goal of reading is ALWAYS comprehension!The W chartmy new love! -Preteach the Ws.-Choose appropriate text-Must teach vocab-Its only multisensory if you give the kids part ownership.
The goal of multisensory educationTo give their brains multiple ways to grasp and recall the knowledge!
What soothes the Dyslexic learner?!Predictability of routines and procedures!Socratic questioning! Guessing is bad!Visual prompts and anchors!Organization!
YOU hold the key!They are counting on YOU! YOU have the power to change their lives as learners which will DIRECTLY impact their success in school as well as quality of life as an adult! Feeling the pressure?! GOOD, we all should! School is a puzzle and you are charged w/ the assembly. If you discount any component, you will regret it one day!Dr. Joy Harbin, Elementary Teacher of the Year 2012
Final thoughts When you teach for dyslexia, you also reach other areas of learning difficulty. Get it right for the dyslexic kids and you get it right for every kid in the class! Courtney, 2009