myth & culture
Post on 16-Jul-2015
Embed Size (px)
Whats it all is aboutMyth is a sacred story about how the world was created and all the living creatures were born. Myths tell us sacred stories about events in the Beginning of TimesMyths characters are gods and heroes.
(. .. - , , , , ) ,
Carl Gustav JungThe Prehistoric Mentality does not create Myths, It lives and experience Myths.
, ... , , . , , ( .. . .: , 1996)
Alexey Losev:Myth is the most powerful and extremely intense reality. This is the brightest and most genuine authenticity. This is an absolutely necessary category of thought and life
, . . ( . ., 2008)
Roland Barthes. MythologiesA myth is a specific communication system, which constitutes the latent (concealed) ideological layer of discourse. , , , ; , , , . , . , , . .
Mircea Eliade. Aspects du MytheA Myth is a story of deeds of supernatural beings (gods, heroes, etc.)is a true, genuine and sacred storyis related to the Creation, the Beginningis the way to learn things and understand the origins of everythingallows to possess things and to use themrecreates things and eventsis being lived by people, not composed
Rules, Models, GuidelinesEverything happened for the first time in MythMan and World exist only because Supernatural beings were creating in the Beginning of TimesMyths offer examples, patterns, samples, models of everything, rules and laws for life, guidelines and hints for every situation
, , , , , , . ,
, , ( ), , ,
, , . , . , , , , .
, XIX , II (John Frum cult), (Tom Navy cult) (Prince Philip Movement) - ()- , ,
-( Cargo ) , - . . , ( , , ., , .. )
, , , ; , , Cargo cult science, , 1974. : , , , .. (., )
. . 1949 , , , , , . , , , . . , . ( ) .
., , () . ( ).
: , . : , ,
. ( , ), ( ) ( ) - , ( , , ) () , , : . , , , , , . .
.., ( , ), ( ), , , , , , , , ( , , , , ), ( , , , ), , , ( ), , , .
: , , , : . .
/ Urban Legends , , , , , , , , , , , , ,
, , ( , , , , ..), ( , , , ) , ,
- , , , , , , , , -
Bibliography Roland Barthes. MythologiesJoseph Campbell. The Hero with a Thousand FacesMircea Eliade. Aspects du MytheAlexey Losev. Dialectics of MythJames George Frazer. The Golden BoughSigmund Freud. Totem and Taboo