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Myth defined. Religious, sacred, stories that provide basis for beliefs/practices Origins of humanity, creation of the universe, nature of death/illness Lay the founding for values/morals Can be passed down verbally or in writing Myths help to shape a cultures worldview. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • Myth definedReligious, sacred, stories that provide basis for beliefs/practicesOrigins of humanity, creation of the universe, nature of death/illnessLay the founding for values/moralsCan be passed down verbally or in writingMyths help to shape a cultures worldview

  • Worldview The collective body of ideas that members of a culture generally share concerning the ultimate shape and substance of their reality Myths help to shape a cultures worldview, the way they look at reality.Ex: Judeo-Christian vs. Navaho worldviewQuestion: What do these myths say about each religions worldview?

  • What Functions Do Religion and Spirituality Serve?All religions serve a number of important functions:They reduce anxiety by explaining the unknown and offer comfort in times of crisis. They provide notions of right and wrong, setting precedents for acceptable behavior.Through ritual, religion may be used to enhance the learning of oral traditions.

  • QuestionsHow many of you would consider yourselves religious? Agnostic? Atheist? What do these words mean?

    No known group of people anywhere on the face of the earth, at any time over the past 100,000 years, have been without religion.Why?

  • Major Religions of the World

  • Supernatural BeingsSupernatural: above the naturalNot obeying the laws of nature as we know them.Many times the supernatural is explained by science, further blurring the line between religion and science.Supernatural beings:Major deities (gods and goddesses we mentioned before)Ancestral spiritsOther sorts of spirit beings(?)

  • PolytheismBelief in several gods and/or goddesses (as contrasted with monotheismbelief in one god or goddess).PantheonThe several gods and goddesses of a people.AnimismA belief in spirit beings thought to animate nature.

    (Side question: Monotheism would mean what?)

  • Sacred PlacesSacred: Entitled to reverence and respectShrinesA shrine is an object or building that contains sacred objects or is associated with a venerated person or deityEx:: Fairy CircleEx: Aten temple, Akhenaten (King Tuts dad)Ex: Synagogue, Mosque, Church

  • AnimismA belief in spirit beings, other than ancestors, who are believed to animate all of nature.These spirit beings are closer to humans than gods and goddesses and are concerned with human activities. Ex: Kami (traditional Japanese Shinto beliefs)Animism is typical of peoples who see themselves as a part of nature rather than superior to it.

    Animatism is a belief that the world is animated by impersonal supernatural powers. (I.e. The Force)

  • QuestionWhich of the following is an example of animism?a lucky baseball batthe goddess Athena in Greek mythologythe god Zeusan ancestral spiritthe malevolent spirit inside your baseball who jumps erratically through the air just as you think you're about to hit a home run

  • Answer: EThe malevolent spirit inside your baseball who jumps erratically through the air just as you think you're about to hit a home run is an example of animism.