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Name_______________________________________ Period_______ Chemical Compounds In My Life DUE: _______________________________ I've had a horribly busy day converting oxygen (O 2 ) into carbon dioxide (CO 2 ).

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Page 1: Name Period Chemical Compounds In My Life - Weeblyothschem.weebly.com/uploads/2/9/6/1/29610587/... · Chemical Compounds In My Life . ... substances you use daily. Examples: lotions,

Name_______________________________________ Period_______

Chemical Compounds In

My Life

DUE: _______________________________

I've had a horribly busy day converting oxygen (O2)

into carbon dioxide (CO2).

Page 2: Name Period Chemical Compounds In My Life - Weeblyothschem.weebly.com/uploads/2/9/6/1/29610587/... · Chemical Compounds In My Life . ... substances you use daily. Examples: lotions,

Chemical Compounds In My Life Objective: Using the IUPAC rules you are learning in chemistry class, you will identify and name compounds found in everyday household products such as food (pet and human), cleaning agents, cosmetics, etc. This will help you recognize and be more aware of the substances you put in or on your body or in your environment. Instructions: 1. Collect 5 ingredient labels from your favorite foods or substances you use daily.

Examples: lotions, make-up, toothpaste, contact lens solution

2. Cut out the label, ensuring the name and brand of the item is clearly visible. Underline the compound that you recognize on the label. Original labels are required. ***Printed labels will not be accepted***

3. Mount the label in this notebook and fill out the template neatly and accurately. You

may use the internet to research information about the compounds. See example & details below

• Physical or Chemical Properties of Compound What does the compound look like? Is it a solid or liquid or gas? Does the compound react with anything?

• The Compound’s Use in the Product Is the compound used as a preservative, an additive, flavor enhancer, etc?

• Risks/Benefits to Humans/or the Environment Research the compound (NOT the product). What positive and/or negative effects has the compound had on humans or the environment?

4. Upon completion, you should have 5 different labels and 5 different compounds

identified.

***Restrictions: • Use the IUPAC rules learned in class only! For example DO NOT use terms such as "dicalcium phosphate".

• Water (H2O), salt (NaCl), and carbon dioxide (CO2) cannot be used.

• Potassium phosphate is used in the example, so potassium phosphate CANNOT be one of your 5

compounds.

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Rubric

NOTE • If no label is provided or the ORIGINAL label is NOT provided, the compound researched will not be

graded and 0 points will be earned for that compound.

• You must find compounds that follow the IUPAC rules you are learning in chemistry class. Compounds that do not follow the IUPAC rules will not be graded and 0 points will be earned for that compound.

• Choosing water (H2O), salt (NaCl), carbon dioxide (CO2), and potassium phosphate (K3PO4- used in the example) will not be graded and 0 points will be earned for that compound.

• The items you research are not limited to foods only. Labels on everyday household products including cleaning agents, cosmetics, pet supplies, etc. are acceptable as well.

Requirement Points per substance

Total Points

Student Score

Chemical Name (IUPAC rules followed) 3 15 Chemical Formula 3 15 Classification 3 15 Chemical/Physical Properties 2 10 Use in the Product 1 5 Risks/benefits to humans & environment 1 5 Reflection 2 10 Other substances containing the compound 2 10 Label- compound underlined 1 5 Neatness & quality 2 10 Total Score 100

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You Are What You EAT!

You are what you eat. But do you recall munching some molybdenum or snacking on selenium? Some 60 chemical elements are found in the body, but what all of them are doing there is still unknown. Roughly 96% of the mass of the human body is made up of just four elements: oxygen, carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen, with a lot of that in the form of water. The remaining 4% is a sparse sampling of the periodic table of elements. A normal diet consists of thousands of compounds containing the elements we need. For now, we can only say for certain what 20 or so elements are doing. Here is a quick rundown, with the percentage of body weight in parentheses. Oxygen (65%) and hydrogen (9.5%) are predominantly found in water, which makes up about 60 percent of the body by weight. It's practically impossible to imagine life without water. Carbon (18.5%) is synonymous with life. Its central role is due to the fact that it has four bonding sites that allow for the building of long, complex chains of molecules. Moreover, carbon bonds can be formed and broken with a modest amount of energy, allowing for the dynamic organic chemistry that goes on in our cells. Nitrogen (3.2%) is found in many organic molecules, including the amino acids that make up proteins, and the nucleic acids that make up DNA. Calcium (1.5%) is the most common mineral in the human body, nearly all of it found in bones and teeth. Ironically, calcium's most important role is in bodily functions, such as muscle contraction and protein regulation. In fact, the body will actually pull calcium from bones (causing problems like osteoporosis) if there's not enough of the element in a person's diet. Phosphorus (1%) is found predominantly in bone but also in the molecule ATP, which provides energy in cells for driving chemical reactions. Potassium (0.25%) is an important electrolyte (meaning it carries a charge in solution). It helps regulate the heartbeat and is vital for electrical signaling in nerves. Sulfur (0.3%) is found in two amino acids that are important for giving proteins their shape. Sodium (0.2%) is another electrolyte that is vital for electrical signaling in nerves. It also regulates the amount of water in the body.

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Chlorine (0.2%) is usually found in the body as a negative ion, called chloride. This electrolyte is important for maintaining a normal balance of fluids. Magnesium (0.1%) plays an important role in the structure of the skeleton and muscles. It also is necessary in more than 300 essential metabolic reactions. Iron (0.006%) is a key element in the metabolism of almost all living organisms. It is also found in hemoglobin, which is the oxygen carrier in red blood cells. Half of women don't get enough iron in their diet. Fluorine (0.0037%) is found in teeth and bones. Outside of preventing tooth decay, it does not appear to have any importance to bodily health. Zinc (0.0032%) is an essential trace element for all forms of life. Several proteins contain structures called "zinc fingers" help to regulate genes. Zinc deficiency has been known to lead to dwarfism in developing countries. Copper (0.0001%) is important as an electron donor in various biological reactions. Without enough copper, iron won't work properly in the body. Iodine (0.000016%) is required for making of thyroid hormones, which regulate metabolic rate and other cellular functions. Iodine deficiency, which can lead to goiter and brain damage, is an important health problem throughout much of the world. Selenium (0.000019%) is essential for certain enzymes, including several anti-oxidants. Unlike animals, plants do not appear to require selenium for survival, but they do absorb it, so there are several cases of selenium poisoning from eating plants grown in selenium-rich soils. Chromium (0.0000024%) helps regulate sugar levels by interacting with insulin, but the exact mechanism is still not completely understood. Manganese (0.000017%) is essential for certain enzymes, in particular those that protect mitochondria — the place where usable energy is generated inside cells — from dangerous oxidants. Molybdenum (0.000013%) is essential to virtually all life forms. In humans, it is important for transforming sulfur into a usable form. In nitrogen-fixing bacteria, it is important for transforming nitrogen into a usable form.

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Compound Chemical

Name (3 pts)

Compound Chemical Formula

(3 pts)

Compound Classification

(3 pts)

Compound Physical/Chemical

Properties

Compound’s Use in the Product

(1 pt)

Compound’s Risks/Benefits to Humans and/or the

Environment (1 pt)

Potassium phosphate

K3PO4

(circle)

Ionic

Molecular

Acid

Base

Physical (1 pt): Soluble salt. Odorless white crystals or powder Chemical (1 pt): Not combustible

Source of potassium, which is an electrolyte. Used as a thickener, preservative, emulsifier (keeps it from separating), and pH buffer

Potassium salts may cause vomiting, nausea, diarrhea and discomfort in the abdominal area. Too much phosphorus causes calcium to be drawn out of the blood and our bones. Over long-term, this can weaken our bones and increase susceptibility to fractures.

Reflection: After researching this compound, I believe it is (circle) GOOD/BAD (1 pt) to have in my daily life because: (1 pt) ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 2 other substances containing this compound are: (1 pt each)

1. Dessert mixes

2. Cheese spreads

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Compound Chemical

Name

(3 pts)

Compound Chemical Formula

(3 pts)

Compound Classification

(3 pts)

Compound Physical/Chemical

Properties

Compound’s Use in the Product

(1 pt)

Compound’s Risks/Benefits to Humans and/or the

Environment

(1 pt)

(circle)

Ionic

Molecular

Acid

Base

Physical (1 pt): Chemical (1 pt):

Attach ingredients label

HERE

Underline Compound- (1 pt)

Reflection:

After researching this compound, I believe it is

(circle) GOOD/BAD (1 pt) to have in my daily life

because: (1 pt)

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

2 other substances containing this compound are: (1 pt each)

1. __________________________

2. __________________________

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Compound Chemical

Name

(3 pts)

Compound Chemical Formula

(3 pts)

Compound Classification

(3 pts)

Compound Physical/Chemical

Properties

Compound’s Use in the Product

(1 pt)

Compound’s Risks/Benefits to Humans and/or the

Environment

(1 pt)

(circle)

Ionic

Molecular

Acid

Base

Physical (1 pt): Chemical (1 pt):

Attach ingredients label

HERE

Underline Compound- (1 pt)

Reflection:

After researching this compound, I believe it is

(circle) GOOD/BAD (1 pt) to have in my daily life

because: (1 pt)

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

2 other substances containing this compound are: (1 pt each)

1. __________________________

2. __________________________

Page 9: Name Period Chemical Compounds In My Life - Weeblyothschem.weebly.com/uploads/2/9/6/1/29610587/... · Chemical Compounds In My Life . ... substances you use daily. Examples: lotions,

Compound Chemical

Name

(3 pts)

Compound Chemical Formula

(3 pts)

Compound Classification

(3 pts)

Compound Physical/Chemical

Properties

Compound’s Use in the Product

(1 pt)

Compound’s Risks/Benefits to Humans and/or the

Environment

(1 pt)

(circle)

Ionic

Molecular

Acid

Base

Physical (1 pt): Chemical (1 pt):

Attach ingredients label

HERE

Underline Compound- (1 pt)

Reflection:

After researching this compound, I believe it is

(circle) GOOD/BAD (1 pt) to have in my daily life

because: (1 pt)

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

2 other substances containing this compound are: (1 pt each)

1. __________________________

2. __________________________

Page 10: Name Period Chemical Compounds In My Life - Weeblyothschem.weebly.com/uploads/2/9/6/1/29610587/... · Chemical Compounds In My Life . ... substances you use daily. Examples: lotions,

Compound Chemical

Name

(3 pts)

Compound Chemical Formula

(3 pts)

Compound Classification

(3 pts)

Compound Physical/Chemical

Properties

Compound’s Use in the Product

(1 pt)

Compound’s Risks/Benefits to Humans and/or the

Environment

(1 pt)

(circle)

Ionic

Molecular

Acid

Base

Physical (1 pt): Chemical (1 pt):

Attach ingredients label

HERE

Underline Compound- (1 pt)

Reflection:

After researching this compound, I believe it is

(circle) GOOD/BAD (1 pt) to have in my daily life

because: (1 pt)

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

2 other substances containing this compound are: (1 pt each)

1. __________________________

2. __________________________

Page 11: Name Period Chemical Compounds In My Life - Weeblyothschem.weebly.com/uploads/2/9/6/1/29610587/... · Chemical Compounds In My Life . ... substances you use daily. Examples: lotions,

Compound Chemical

Name

(3 pts)

Compound Chemical Formula

(3 pts)

Compound Classification

(3 pts)

Compound Physical/Chemical

Properties

Compound’s Use in the Product

(1 pt)

Compound’s Risks/Benefits to Humans and/or the

Environment

(1 pt)

(circle)

Ionic

Molecular

Acid

Base

Physical (1 pt): Chemical (1 pt):

Attach ingredients label

HERE

Underline Compound- (1 pt)

Reflection:

After researching this compound, I believe it is

(circle) GOOD/BAD (1 pt) to have in my daily life

because: (1 pt)

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

2 other substances containing this compound are: (1 pt each)

1. __________________________

2. __________________________

Page 12: Name Period Chemical Compounds In My Life - Weeblyothschem.weebly.com/uploads/2/9/6/1/29610587/... · Chemical Compounds In My Life . ... substances you use daily. Examples: lotions,