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The Park Service, Past, Present, and Future. Presentation I made and presented while working in Devils Postpile National Monument. Campfire Program

TRANSCRIPT

  • 1.
    • In Devils Postpile, in Devils Postpile
  • You can hike, you can hike
  • All the trails go downhill, all the trails go downhill
  • Ha-ha-ha, Ha-ha-ha
  • In Devils Postpile, in Devils Postpile
  • You can fish, you can fish
  • You can catch your limit, in about a minute
  • Ha-ha-ha, Ha-ha-ha
  • In Devils Postpile, in Devils Postpile
  • There are bears, there are bears
  • If you dont store it, they will go for it
  • Ha-ha-ha, Ha-ha-ha
  • In Devils Postpile, in Devils Postpile
  • You can swim, you can swim
  • The Rangers heat the water, the Rangers heat the water
  • Ha-ha-ha, Ha-ha-ha

2.

  • The National Park Service

3. 4.

  • Yellowstone, established in 1872, is the first National Park in the world

5.

  • Sequoia was second in 1890

6.

  • Yosemite was third also in 1890

7.

  • T he National Park Service cares for 390 National Parks in 49 states, the District of Columbia, Guam, American Samoa, Puerto Rico & the Virgin Islands...

Salem Maritime National Historic Site, MA 8.

  • Before the Park Service was created, Parks were managed by the U.S. Calvary
  • They were then taken over by the Forest Service after its formation in 1905
  • They were then taken over by the Forest Service
  • after its formation in 1905

Buffalo Soldiers 9.

  • National Parks are formed from an act of Congress
  • National Monuments are created by presidents under the American Antiquities act of 1906.

10.

  • The American Antiquities Act
  • THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES IS HEREBY AUTHORIZED, IN HIS DISCRECTION, TO DECLARE BY PUBLIC PROCLAMATION HISTORIC LANDMARKS, HISTORIC AND PREHISTORIC STRUCTURES, AND OTHER OBJECTS OF HISTORIC OR SCIENTIFIC INTEREST THAT ARE SITUATED UPON THE LANDS OWNED OR CONTROLLED BY THE GOVERNMENT OF THE UNITED STATES TO BE NATIONAL MONUMENTS
  • APPROVED, JUNE 8, 1906.

11.

  • Devils Postpile National Monument was created by President Howard Taft by Proclamation in 1911

12.

  • The Park Service was not formed until 1916. It came partly as a result of disputes over the Hetch Hetchy Dam in Yosemite.

13.

  • Organizations like the Sierra Club fought heavily against the Forest Service who supported the construction of the Dam.
  • Once legislation was signed by president Wilson to build the Dam preservationist no longer trusted the Forest Service to protect national parks.

14.

  • After seeing the problems associated with the management of Hetch Hetchy, 4 men went on a mission to form the National Park Service
  • They wanted an organization that was solely committed to preserving and protecting the resource

15.

  • J. Horace McFarland

16.

  • Frederick Law Olmsted Jr

17.

  • Horace M. Albright
  • (First Superintendent ofthe worlds first National Park)

18.

  • Steven T. Mather
  • (First Director of the National Park Service)

19.

  • President Woodrow Wilson signed legislation creating the National Park Service to manage national parks and monuments in 1916
  • Stephen Mather was appointed director the following year.

20.

  • The Organic Act
  • .The service thus established shall promote and regulate the Federal areas known as national parks, monuments and reservations hereinafter specified by such means and measures as conform to the fundamental purpose of the said parks, monuments and reservations, which purpose is to conserve the scenery and the natural and historic objects and the wildlife therein and to provide for the enjoyment of the same in such a manner and by such means as will leave them unimpaired for the enjoyment of the future generations.
  • signed by President Woodrow Wilson on August 25, 1916

21.

  • Once the National Park Service was established a uniform had to be made to distinguish it from the Forest Service and from visitors in the park.
  • Over the years the uniform has changed. This is a picture of an NPS uniform in 1928

22. 23.

  • There was a need for a new badge as well. The old badge worn by rangers in the parks read Forest Reserve Ranger Department of Interior

24.

  • 1905-1920 NATIONAL PARK SERVICE PERSONNEL
  • Worn by most rangers, except Yellowstone National Park 2-inch diameter, sterling silver or nickel-plated Gold badge made for Director Stephen T. Mather

25.

  • 1920-1930 UNIFORMED PERSONNEL 1920-1930 Permanent and temporary rangers 1920-1921 All other personnel Flat, two-piece, nickle-plated (German silver after 1920)

26.

  • 1921-1928 and 1936-1960 DIRECTORS AND SUPERINTENDENTS
  • 1921-1928 Director and assistant directors 1936-1960 Superintendents Gold filled

27.

  • 1921-1930 CHIEF AND ASSISTANT CHIEF RANGERS
  • Flat, two-piece, gold-plated German silver

28.

  • 1968-1970
  • SUPERINTENDENTSDapped, gold-filled sterling silver

PERSONNEL REQUIRED TO WEAR BADGE Dapped, sterling silver, oxidized 29.

  • 1970-present ALL AUTHORIZED UNIFORMED PERSONNELDapped, gold-filled

30.

  • Stetson Hat Invented by
  • John B. Stetson in 1862
  • Later Adopted by the military and the Royal Canadian Mounted Police

31.

  • The Hat Bands were later added
  • They had metal emblems of Sequoia Cones as well as USNPS pressed on the front.

32.

  • The National Park Service Emblem was originally a Giant Sequoia Cone

33.

  • In 1949 a contest was held to create a new NPS emblem that better represented the bureau. The winners idea was never used.

34.

  • A suggestion by Dr. Aubrey Neasham of implementing an Arrowhead, was modified into its modern symbol.

35.

  • The Buffalo is a symbol of the first National Park Yellowstone as well as a symbol for all of the wildlife found in parks.
  • The Giant Sequoia tree is a symbol from Sequoia which is the worlds second national park and a representative of all the plant life of parks.
  • The Mountain represents scenery and natural resources.
  • The Arrowhead represents the cultural resources.

36.

  • The Parks Today

37.

  • Currently the NPS has:
    • $2.4 billion annual budget
    • 286 million annual visits to National Parks
      • More than go to Disney attractions, Universal Studios and National Football League games -- combined
    • 136 million annual visits to www.nps.gov
    • 84 million acres

38.

    • There are:
    • Almost 200,000 students & 20,000 teachers in Parks as Classroom Programs in 2000
    • Habitat for 168 threatened or endangered species
    • 1.5 million archeological sites
    • 26,000 historic structures

39.

  • Friends Groups
    • Non-profit partners
    • More than 150 support specific parks
    • $15 millionin support

40.

  • The Student Conservation Association 50 years of working with National Parks

41.

  • Committed Staff Working Hard for the Visitor

42.

  • Concerns for the Future

43.

  • The proposed effects of global warming could have devastating effects on our parks.
  • According to National Geographic News; Warmer temperatures and less precipitation are threats to many park plants and animals.

44. ..

  • Global Warming is caused by an increase in Carbon Dioxide, Methane, and other green house gases.

These gases get trapped in the earths atmosphere and work as a blanket keeping in solar radiation. 45.

  • Pollution from such things as cars and factories produce an excessive amount of greenhouse gases that our trees and other carbon sinks cannot absorb.
        • These gases stay in the atmosphere and trap heat that would normally have been released

46. A study by the Rocky Mountain Climate Organization and the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) reports that the much-loved landscapes of Yellowstone Yosemite Glacier Grand Teton Bandelier Glen Canyon 47.

  • Are all at major risk due to global climate change
          • North Cascades

Moun