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  • Neighborhood Watch

    Part 2

    National Crime Prevention Council

    20072008

  • National Crime Prevention Council 2

    Goal of This Presentation

    To provide participants with strategies for

    strengthening their Neighborhood Watch

    programs and explore ways that their programs

    can be connected with homeland security and

    emergency preparedness

  • National Crime Prevention Council 3

    Objectives

    Learn how to maintain and strengthen a Neighborhood Watch

    Learn how to expand the scope of Neighborhood Watch

    Explore how Neighborhood Watch can be linked to homeland security and emergency preparedness

  • National Crime Prevention Council 4

    Neighborhood Watch Works

    Birmingham, AL: Before Neighborhood

    Watch, 13 out of 15 neighborhoods had

    experienced increases in burglaries. After the

    program was in place, 12 of the 15 had no

    burglaries.

    Lakewood, CO: Burglaries dropped 77 percent

    after Neighborhood Watch was implemented.

  • National Crime Prevention Council 5

    Neighborhood Watch Works (continued)

    Cypress, CA: Neighborhood Watch cut

    burglaries by 52 percent and thefts by 45

    percent. The program saved police an

    estimated $79,000.

  • National Crime Prevention Council 6

    Neighborhood Watch

    Background Neighborhood Watch is a community-

    based program supported by the National Sheriffs Association.

    Since its inception in 1972, thousands of communities have created Neighborhood Watch programs.

    These programs have expanded and become major assets in solving neighborhood problems.

  • National Crime Prevention Council 7

    Example of an Expanded

    Neighborhood Watch Program

    The Niagara Falls Block Club Council has expanded the traditional Neighborhood Watch

    activities to include increasing community awareness as well as engagement.

    Home Block Club Association

    Roger Spurback, President

    2234 Forest Avenue Niagara Falls, NY 14301

    716-285-5426 rspurblockclub@aol.com

  • National Crime Prevention Council 8

    Maintaining and Strengthening

    Your Neighborhood Watch

    Program

  • National Crime Prevention Council 9

    Seek Help From

    Other Organizations

    Talk to other Neighborhood Watch groups in

    the area.

    Talk with local PTAs, tenants groups,

    community service organizations, social clubs,

    faith groups, public and mental health

    associations, taxpayers groups, and

    homeowners associations for help and ideas in

    sustaining and preserving activities.

  • National Crime Prevention Council 10

    Community Assessments

    Ask your local police department or sheriffs

    office for a map of your area. You can use

    this to define the boundaries of your

    Neighborhood Watch program and to map

    crime.

    Ask your local police department for

    statistics on crime in your community and

    whether it has done any crime mapping or

    crime analysis of your neighborhood. If so,

    ask to see the results.

  • National Crime Prevention Council 11

    Consider a

    Neighborhood Assessment A neighborhood assessment can

    provide a road map that can be used to address problems and community needs.

    A neighborhood assessment can also highlight other organizationslocal government, local civic groups, etc.that might need to be involved.

  • National Crime Prevention Council 12

    Community Assessments

    Collect crime data from police and residents.

    What types of crimes have been reported?

    What details are available about these crimes?

    Do patterns of crime show up?

    Are there specific hot spots where multiple incidents have occurred?

  • National Crime Prevention Council 13

    Community Assessments (continued)

    What have residents noticed in general about

    the community?

    What types of activities have residents

    noticed? Which activities are positive, which

    are negative?

    What can be said about activities of concern?

    Where, when (what time of day or week)?

  • National Crime Prevention Council 14

    Community Assessments (continued)

    Conduct a survey of residents.

    Ask about their observations of the neighborhood.

    Ask about their concerns and things they want to see happen.

    Have responses sent anonymously to one person who will compile the responses.

    Report on the responses at the next meeting. Identify those actions for which solutions are apparent and those that need investigating. Be sure someone takes notes.

  • National Crime Prevention Council 15

    Crime Prevention Through

    Environmental Design

    Crime Prevention Through Environmental

    Design (CPTED) is a way of looking at

    changing the environment to increase

    prevention factors and decrease crime

    problems.

  • National Crime Prevention Council 16

    CPTED Principles

    CPTED seeks to strengthen

    Natural surveillance

    Access management

    Territoriality

    Physical maintenance

    Order maintenance

    Activity support

  • National Crime Prevention Council 17

    Crime Prevention Through

    Environmental Design (continued)

    Local law enforcement agencies frequently have

    officers on staff who have been trained in

    CPTED principles. Seek the help of such an

    officer to coordinate a neighborhood review.

    CPTED seeks to identify problems and strengths

    by asking questions such as Does this make me feel safe/unsafe? Does it look like someone

    cares about this space?

    What make me feel safer in this space? What would tell me that

    someone is taking care of it?

  • National Crime Prevention Council 18

    Safe or Unsafe:

    Residential Street

  • National Crime Prevention Council 19

    Safe or Unsafe:

    Open Space

  • National Crime Prevention Council 20

    Strategies To Keep Your

    Neighborhood Watch

    Strong

  • National Crime Prevention Council 21

    A Lasting Neighborhood Watch

    Often communities start Neighborhood Watches because of a dramatic crime or increase in crime. When the problem subsides or is forgotten, the program loses momentum.

    Adopt a long-term attitude from the startyour aims are to empower people to prevent crime, to forge bonds among residents and law enforcement, and to build a base for broader community improvement.

  • National Crime Prevention Council 22

    Example of Neighborhood Watch That Works Closely

    With the Sheriffs Department

    Hinds County, MS, has 240

    Neighborhood Watches in six towns

    within its 875 square miles and each

    must meet specific requirements set

    forth by the Sheriffs Department.

  • National Crime Prevention Council 23

    A Lasting Neighborhood Watch (continued)

    Spell out the roles of the group. Consider

    forming a formal association with bylaws

    and officers.

    Decentralize planning and work. Establish

    committees and delegate tasks.

    Keep all members informed via a mix of

    personal contact and newsletters.

    Plan for and train new leaders.

  • National Crime Prevention Council 24

    A Lasting Neighborhood Watch (continued)

    Strike a balance between work and fun.

    Address problems but also have fun as

    neighbors.

    Involve the entire community.

    Organize meetings that focus on current

    issues pertaining to children, youth,

    adults, seniors, and public and private

    property.

  • National Crime Prevention Council 25

    A Lasting Neighborhood Watch (continued)

    Consider organizing citizen patrols to walk or drive around and alert police to crime and suspicious activity. Talk to local law enforcement about how patrols could work in your area.

    If you do implement patrols, share patrol duties and consult regularly with law enforcement, who should help train patrols.

  • National Crime Prevention Council 26

    Examples of Citizen Patrol Groups

    The San Antonio, TX, Cellular on Patrol

    Program engages more than 600 trained

    volunteers who report possible crimes to

    police.

    Baltimore County, MD, has more than 115

    Citizens on Patrol groupstrained individuals

    who patrol by car in their neighborhoods and

    report concerns or crimes to the police.

  • National Crime Prevention Council 27

    Examples of Citizen Patrol Groups (continued)

    The McGruff Truck Program, in which drivers call for help on behalf of children in distress, is another adaptation of mobilizing the watch out for each other concept. Lost children have been returned to their parents; others have been saved from closed and overheated cars or even rescued from abusive situations, thanks to these trained and vetted drivers of more than 16,000 corporate and municipal trucks in 24 states.

  • National Crime Prevention Council 28

    A Lasting Neighborhood Watch (continued)

    Dont forget to hold social events that give

    neighbors a chance to know each othera

    block party, potluck dinner, volleyball or

    softball game, or a picnic.

    Thank people publicly for their hard work.

    Share data (formal or informal