New Energy Technologies Issue 13

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<p>NEW ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES #13 1. Single-Wire And Wireless Electric Power Transmission. N.V. Kosinov and others (Ukraine) 2. The possibility of almost complete transformation of thermal energy into mechanical one. S.N. Doonaevsky (Russia) 3. Inventor Club. Review. Vector Propulsion Engine (Electromagnetic Version). A. S. Tukanov (Russia) 4. Inertial Dynamic Generator. S.N. Schmidt (Russia) 5. Latent Potential Energy of Electrical Field. V.D. Dudyshev (Russia) 6. News 7. Energy from Air. M.P. Beshok (Russia) 8. A Parade of Gravitational Aircrafts. V.A. Chernobrov (Russia) 9. Energy from vacuum. Review 10. Meeting of Nobel Prize Laureates in Saint Petersburg 11. Perpetual Motor With Magnetic Control Elements. Review 12. Who Needs The Controlled Thermonuclear Fusion? I.B. Kalugin (Russia) 13. Fuel cells. Edwin Cartlidge (USA) 14. Free Energy. Thomas F. Valone (USA) 15. Secrets of Nicola Teslas Experiments. S.S. Makukhin (Russia) 16. Alternative Cold. Review 17. High-Efficiency Technology of Magnetic Cooling. E.N. Tishina (Russia) 18. News 19. Interference Disc Electric Generator. Alan L. Francoeur (anonce of the future article) (Canada) 20. Howard Johnson and his Motor. Review 21. Bogomolov's Centrifugal Generator. V.I. Bogomolov (Russia) 22. News 23. Magnetic Motor. A.V. Vydrin (Russia) 24. Anomalous Hydrogen Reactor Omega 25. Gravitational Shielding. Harald Chmela (Austria) 26. Conception of Magnetic Gas N.V. Kosinov, V.I. Garbaruk, UkraineE-mail: (L) of 2~5 MOhm to the transmission linedoes not cause any considerable changes inoperation of the circuit [1]. In the article [2] theauthors assume that the efficiency of the devicedepends on the material which is used for thewindings of a generator (M). Therefore theybelieve it is necessary to check expediency ofusing nickel, iron, lead, etc. wires to make thewindings. At the same time, one of the authors ofthe article [2] considers their line to besuperconducting [3, 4].Our Experiments on Single-WireElectric Power TransmissionThe authors of this article carried out a numberof experiments on power transmission usingsingle-wire lines. To that end we developed a newsingle-wire power transmission circuit. In ourcircuit there was no Avramenko plug. Insteadof an Avramenko plug we used an ordinarybridge circuit. In our experiments the bridgecircuit turned out to be much more efficient thanAvramenko plug. Moreover, we made someother changes into Abramenkos circuit. Ourcircuit is presented in Fig.2. The transmitting unitconsists of a generator and a transformer. Thecircuit diagram of the transmitting unit is shownin Fig.2 (to the right of the transformer).Single-Wire ElectricPower TransmissionThe idea of single-wire electric power transmissionhas become especially attractive to manyresearchers after a demonstration of single-wire ACtransmission made by S.V. Avramenko [1] at theMoscow Scientific-Research Institute of ElectricalEngineering. Editors: We have already writtenabout similar investigations in our previous issues.The story began more than 100 years ago withTeslas experiments.Fig. 1Single-wire power transmission circuit by Avramenko[1]At the heart of the device there is Avramenko plugrepresenting two sequence semiconductor diodes(Fig.1). If the plug is connected to a wire under ACvoltage, then after a time in a discharger P there isobserved a run of sparks. The time gap fromconnection to discharging depends on the valuesof capacity (C), voltage, frequency of pulsation andthe size of the air gap (P). The connection of aFig. 2Single-wire power transmission by a new circuit</p> <p> Figures in the circuit diagram (Fig.2) denote thefollowing: 1 Generator, 2 Extender of spectrum,3 Antenna. The general view of the device isshown in Fig.3.Fig. 3General view of the device to demonstratesingle-wire power transmissionElectric energy is supplied to the device from a DCpower source B5-47 providing voltage of 0-30 V.An incandescent lamp of 220 V, 25Wt serves asload. The generator and transformer are enclosedinto a dielectric casing. The components of a powerreceiver (diodes, capacitor, lamp, elements 2 and3) are placed in a plastic casing under the lamp(Fig.3). The power receiver is connected to thetransformer with one wire.The intensity of glow of the lamp depends on thegenerator power. The lamp of 220 V, 25Wt is almostfully incandesced when high output voltage of thepower supply is within the range of 16~18 V (Fig.4).Fig. 4Glow of the lamp at high voltage of power supply B5-47in the single-wire power transmission lineThe key points in increasing the efficiency of ourcircuit in comparison with Avramenkos circuit arethat we used an entire standard bridge circuit andnot just a half of it. Besides there was used aspectrum expander. The load does not impede fullcharging of the capacitor since the spectrumexpander was used in the circuit. Neitherconnection of a resistor to the transmission line norusing a conductor of high specific resistance as atransmission line can considerably affect the degreeof glow of the lamp. Our circuit of single-wirepower transmission has two independent lineswith different frequency spectra. The first line hasa narrow-band frequency spectrum and the secondline a wideband one. In the first line the circuitcloses at the free end of the secondary winding ofthe transformer through an antenna (3) (Fig.2). Thecapacitor, spectrum expander and incandescentlamp form the second line.Experiments with Burnt-OutIncandescent LampsBoth good and burnt-out lamps glow in the above-described experiments on single-wire powertransmission. Results of the experiments with theburnt-out lamps are presented below.There is a break of a filament of the incandescentlamp (Fig. 5). This photo was taken while the devicewas switched off.Fig. 5A burnt-out lamp of 220 V, 60 Wt before the experimentFig. 6 is a photo taken during the experiment.You can see a glowing filament and a brightspark in the break point of the filament. Neitherconnection of a resistor to the transmission linenor using a conductor of high specific resistanceas the transmission line could considerablyreduce the incandescence of the filament. Thedegree of i ncandescence of the fi l amentdepends substantially on the size of a gap in thebreak point of the filament. The experimentsrevealed that there was an optimal size of theburnt-out section when the incandescence of the residual filament was maximalFig. 6Glow of a burnt-out incandescent lamp of 220 V, 60 WtPractically each of us meets the glow of burnt-outlamps even without knowing it. For that it will beenough just to examine a burned-out lamp closely.Rather often you can notice that the internalcircuit of an incandescent lamp burns out in morethan one point. It is obvious that probability ofburnout of the filament of a lamp in several pointsat a time is negligible. It means that on losing theintegrity of the filament the lamp had beenglowing on before the circuit broke in one morepoint. This phenomenon occurs in most caseswhen incandescent lamps burn out in the circuitof 220V and 50Hz.For one of the experiments we connectedstandard incandescent lamps of 220V, 60Wt tothe secondary winding of a step-up transformer.At idle running voltage of the transformer wasabout 300V. In the experiment there were used20 incandescent lamps. It turned out that theincandescent lamps burn out mostly in two ormore points. Moreover, not only the filament, butalso the conductive wires inside of the lamp wereburnt out. In addition, after the first break incircuit the lamps went on glowing for a long timeand even more intensively than before theburnout. A lamp had been glowing on up to themoment when one more subcircuit burnt out. Theinternal circuit of one of the lamps in ourexperiment was broken in four points! Moreover,the filament burnt out in two points and, inaddition to the filament, the both electrodesinside the lamps were burnt out as well. Results ofthe experiment are presented in Table 1.Experiments on Wireless ElectricPower TransmissionMany scientists all over the world work at solution ofthe problem of wireless power transmission. Mostlythere are studied microwave fields used for thepurpose of wireless power transmission. However,the applied microwave systems are not harmless tothe man [5]. We present the information on ourexperiments on realization of wireless powertransmission without using the microwave field. Westudied probability to transmit power to an electricmotor without use of wires.The system, which consisted of a power supply B5-47,a generator and a transformer, was used in ourexperiments as a transmitter. A special receiving unitfor wireless power transmission served as a powerreceiver and contained an electronic unit and a DCelectric motor IDR-6. In Fig. 7 you can see the generalview of our wireless power transmission device.Fig. 7General view of the device for demonstration of wirelesspower transmissionTable 1Quantity oflamps usedin theexperiment20Quantity oflamps withone burned-out point8Quantity oflamps withtwo burned-out points8Quantity oflamps withthree burned-out points3Quantity oflamps withfour burned-out points1Quantity oflamps withfive burned-out points0</p> <p> The electric motor is mounted onto a conductiveplatform, which in its turn stands on a casing madeof insulating material (Fig. 8). There is an electronicunit inside the casing.Fig. 8Receiver for demonstration of wirelesspower transmissionThe electronic unit fills little space inside the casingof the receiver and it is made on a printed board.In Fig. 9 there is presented the interior part of thereceiver. It is designed for wireless powertransmission.Fig. 9Interior part of the receiver for demonstration ofwireless power transmissionWhen the transmitter switched on there wasobserved rotation of the electric motor, whichthe experimenter held in his hands. Neither theelectric motor nor platform was connected tothe transmitter. And there were no powersupplies inside the casing where the platform andmotor were enclosed. When the distancebetween the receiver and transmitter diminishedthe speed of rotation of the electric motorincreased. In Fig.10 you can see a fragment of theexperiment when the frequency of rotation ofthe motor was sharply rising, if the electric motorwas in hands of two experimenters.Fig. 10Acceleration of rotation of the motorExperiments that demonstratehow an incandescence lamp canglowin the experimenters handIt is a common phenomenon when a gas-discharge lamp glows in the researchers hand atusing of alternating electromagnetic field. It isunusual that an incandescent lamp can glow inthe investigators hand when only one wire isconnected to the lamp. Undoubtedly, a glowingfilament of the lamp, which an experimenterholds in hands, can excite interest only in the casewhen there are no two wires connected to thelamp. It is known that Nicola Tesla demonstrateda glowing lamp that he was holding in his hand.We have not managed to find a description ofthat experiment, so we have developed our owndesigns. We have carried out experiments thatshow how an incandescence lamp can glow inthe experimenters hand. The results of theseexperiments are presented below. In Fig.11a andFig.11b you can see variants of the device fordemonstration of glow of a 220V incandescentlamp.Fig. 11 a Fig. 11 bIn the experiments demonstrating how anincandescent lamp glows in the researchers handwe used neither Avramenko plug nor receivingunits for demonstration of single-wire and wirelesspower transmission. The lamp in theexperimenters hand glows due to applyingelectronic units and due to design philosophy ofthe devices.Fig. 12 and 13 represent close-up photographswhere you can see glowing of the lamps of 220V,15Wt and of 220V, 25Wt that the experimenterholds in his hands. At that the lamps are notconnected to the closed circuit. The higher voltagesupplied to the generator, the more intensive wasthe glow. For the sake of the experiments safetywe supplied to the generator voltage that madelamps glow at about their half incandescence.Fig. 12Glow of an incandescence lamp of 220V, 15WtFig. 13Glow of an incandescence lamp of 220V, 25WtIn the lower part of the photos (Fig. 12 andFig. 13) you can see a conductor, which isconnected to the generator with one wire. Only onecontact of the lamp cap touches the conductor. Theother contact remains non-connected. Thus thelamp and the generator are connected with a singlewire.Fig. 14Authors while making ready their experimenton single-wire power transmissionFig. 15Authors while making ready their experiment onwireless power transmission</p> <p> Perhaps experiments on power transmission byNicola Tesla were somehow similar to theexperiments carried out by us. At any rate theexperiments prove that single-wire and wirelesspower transmission has real perspectives.In Fig. 14 you can see a photograph of the authorswhile making ready the experiment on single-wirepower transmission. In Fig. 15 you can see a photograph of the authorswhile making ready the experiment on wirelesspower transmission.Samuil N. Doonaevsky, RussiaEmail: sn_doonaevsky@mail.ruReferences1. Avramenko Resonance N. E. Zaev, S. V. Avramnko, V. N. Lisin,Conduction Current Test, Activated byPolarization Current. Magazine of RussianPhysical Thought #2,1991.3. IR (Inventor and Rationalizer Magazine) #10,1994, pp. 8-9.4. N.V. Kosinov. Vacuum Energy.Future Century Energy Magazine #1, 1998,pp. 28-31There is a description of thermodynamic cycle of a heat motor with heterogeneous working body. This cycleallows completely transforming a thermal energy into mechanical one. The proof of existence of the cycleand its characteristics is a logic consequence of the first law of thermodynamics. By means of realizing ofthe cycle it will be possible to create new types of heat motors, which have qualitative advantages incomparison with the known ones. The said advantages are possibilities either to almost completely transformhigh-temperature heat, which appears as a result of combustion of fuel, to the useful work or to do suchwork by transforming free heat, which is taken off the matter of environm...</p>