non traditional security: trends and issues

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Post on 20-Dec-2014




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How Royal Thai Army is dealing with Non-Traditional Security such as Disaster Management...conceptually


  • Royal Thai Army

  • Shift in Security TrendsCoordination Needs and Realities between Military and CSOsRTA in Dealing with DRO: Case Study

  • Royal Thai Army

  • Resource Needed (Single or Multiple)Problem Complexity (Low or High)Type of Security (Human or Nation)Type of Threat (Human or Nature)Level of Innovative Coordination (Low or High)

  • Multiple ResourcesSingle ResourcesLow ComplexityOf ProblemHigh Complexity of Problem High Coordination Low innovation Very High Coordination Very High innovation High Coordination High innovation Low Coordination Low innovation

  • Modern Threats/Problems along BordersInsurgency in South DeepTraffic in BangkokGreen House EffectPolitical Conflict So on

  • Human SecurityNation SecurityLow ComplexityOf ProblemHigh Complexity of Problem High Participation Low innovation Very High Participation Very High innovation High Participation High innovation Low Participation Low innovation

  • Political/Administration: Individual Confidence in a power of the stateEconomicIndividual Confidence in an enough income for livingSocialIndividual Confidence in trust and understanding among people SafetyIndividual Confidence in safety in live and assetsSo on

  • Large to Very Large Scale DisasterNature-Based Threats Human-Based ThreatsLow CoordinationHigh CoordinationVery Small Scale Disaster Small to Medium Scale DisasterHigh to Very High Complex Threats Very less Complex ThreatsLess to Medium Complex Threats

  • Nature-Based ThreatsFloodingWild FireEarth quarkTidal Wave So onHuman-Based ThreatsPollution Climate ChangeWarInternal ConflictSo on

  • Royal Thai Army

  • Multiple ResourcesSingle ResourcesLow ComplexityOf ProblemHigh Complexity of Problem High Coordination Low innovation Very High Coordination Very High innovation High Coordination High innovation Low Coordination Low innovation

  • Level of involved organizationStrategic Level: Government, Special OrganizationsOperation Level: Ministry-Based OrganizationsTactical Level: Many Types of Units in the operation areasRoot of ProblemsPolitical/AdministrationEconomicSocialTechnologySecuritySo on

  • There exists the differences between Military and CSOsCulture (Norms)Rules and RegulationsKnowledgeTechnologyWorking ProcessBeliefs and Values to do things (Mutual benefits)

    These differences are constraints to establish innovative coordination

  • *World Vision International

    Civil Society OrganizationsMilitaryNo ArmsCarry ArmsFlexibleSet SystemsFlat structure and delegated authorityHierarchical / command structureIndependentHighly disciplinedEthic centeredTask centered

  • Multiple ResourcesSingle ResourcesLow ComplexityOf ProblemHigh Complexity of Problem High Coordination Low innovation Very High Coordination Very High innovation High Coordination High innovation Low Coordination Low innovation

  • Naturally, organizations maintain their comfort zoneCoordination is established whenThey mutually see possible loss(es): not oftenThey are externally forced by government or influential civil society(s) when huge damage already generated: quite oftenIn order to establish coordination these difference must be reduced/adjusted Beliefs and Values to do thingsCulture (Norms)Rules and RegulationsKnowledgeTechnologyWorking Process

  • Optimum Distance generate these mutual Beliefs and Values to do things Culture (Norms) Rules and Regulation Knowledge Technology Working Process / Practice

    Distance of DifferencesOptimum DistanceOptimum Distance

  • Royal Thai Army

  • National law: Civil Disaster Prevention ActNational Plan: National Civil Defense PlanManagement of the Plan: Ministry of InteriorAdministration of the Plan: Department of Disaster Prevention and Mitigation

  • Defence Disaster Relief Center (DDRC) Office of Permanent Secretary for Defence Disaster Relief Center(OPSD DRC)Royal Thai Armed Forces Headquarters Disaster Relief Center(RTAFs HQs DRC)

    Royal Thai ArmyDisaster Relief Center

    (RTA DRC)

    Royal Thai Navy Disaster Relief Center

    (RTN DRC)

    Royal Thai Air ForceDisaster Relief Center

    (RTAF DRC)

    Unit directly reported to RTAFs Disaster Relief Center(Unit directly reported to RATFs HQs DRC)

  • Administer, coordinate, direct and supervise Encourage the rendering of assistance to the disaster victimsUse of RTAs media resources to warn and report to the publicCoordinate operations and practice

  • Provide knowledge and trainingCarry out campaigns to enhance the prevention of accidents or disasters as assigned by the Ministry of DefenseDevelop procedures for disaster

  • RTA Disaster Relief Center4 Regional Disaster Relief CentersThe Military Districts/ Circles Disaster Relief Centers

  • To formulate policies and guidelines To provide guidelines in assisting disaster victims

  • Act as a coordination center Supervises/monitors the situations and events To render timely assistance to disaster victims

  • Preparation StageOperation Stage (Level 1, 2, and 3)Rehabilitation Stage

  • Monitor situation, gather data and information Prepare personnel, equipment, tools and communication systems Confirms coordination, support, procedures and safe evacuation areas with civil agencies

  • Level 1 is a minor disasterLevel 2 is a moderate disaster Level 3 is a major disaster

  • Handled by the local civilian authorities.

  • Situation cannot be controlled or managed by local civilian authoritiesRequires support from various agencies within the province, or nearby provincesThe Ministry of Defense will closely monitor the situation, if the degree of disaster continues to increase from level 1 to level 2 and beyond, the ministry will take the appropriate actions.

  • Affecting the majority of the public or a situation

  • Plan, administer, coordinate, monitor and publicize available assistance Provide personnel to rebuild/repair infrastructure and public property

  • Restore the environmentProvide the necessities of lifeSet up psychological rehabilitation activitiesSurvey damages for future assistance

  • FloodShortages of waterCold weatherForest and bush firesSo on

  • DomesticTsunami Other CountriesBangladesh: Cyclone SydUnion of Myanmar: NargisLaos Peoples Democratic Republic: Monsoon Kammuri

  • Low awareness of natural risk: RegionallyNationally LocallyNo preventive Mechanism

  • No plan in managing a large scale natural disasterNo MOU in managing international or regional disaster management

  • Help promote awareness of natural risk: RegionallyNationallyLocallyInvolve in developing preventive technology with other sectors

  • Many international forums have been held to promote cooperation The cooperation between nations in the region is increasing through many kinds of activities such as seminars and trainings

  • More Innovative Coordination is neededMore Vertical Implementation into Local Level is sustainably neededLocal Preventive AwarenessLocal Preventive Education and TrainingLocal Preventive ParticipationSo on