normal grief reactions

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Normal Grief Normal Grief Reactions Reactions

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Normal Grief Reactions. Grief. “an emotion or set of emotions due to a loss” Grief is a normal reaction to loss. The absence of grief is abnormal in most cases. Grief is based on the individual perceptions of the loss by the griever. Mourning. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • Normal Grief Reactions

  • Griefan emotion or set of emotions due to a lossGrief is a normal reaction to loss.The absence of grief is abnormal in most cases.Grief is based on the individual perceptions of the loss by the griever.

  • Mourningan adjustment process which involves grief or sorrow over a period of time and helps in the reorganization of the life of an individual following a loss or death or someone lovedMourning is the process of adjustment and adaptation to the loss.Mourning is driven by the social and cultural influences to which the griever is exposed.

  • Characteristics of GriefLindemann:Somatic (bodily distress)Preoccupation with the image of the deceased.GuiltHostile reactions.Loss of patterns of conduct (inability to function as before the loss)

  • Determinants of GriefHow the bereaved perceives the loss.The bereaveds age.The age of the person who died.The degree to which the bereaved was prepared for the death.The bereaveds inner strength and outer resources.The nature of the relationship with the person who died.

  • Wordens Grief CharacteristicsFeelingsPhysical sensationsCognitionsBehaviors

  • Wordens Tasks of MourningAccept the reality of the loss.Experience the pain of grief.Adjust to an environment in which the deceased is missing.Withdraw emotional energy and reinvest in another relationship.

  • Psychological Factors Influencing GriefRaphael:The preexisting relationship between the bereaved and the deceased.The type of death.Previous losses.

  • Randos Psychological FactorsMeaning of the loss.Qualities of the relationship.Roles of the deceased.Age of the griever.Grievers sex-role conditioning.Deceaseds unique characteristicsGrievers mental stateGrievers maturity and intelligence.Previous experience with loss.

  • Randos Psychological Factors (contd)Cultural elements affecting the griever.Fulfillment of the deceaseds life.Context of the death.Preventability of the death.Timeliness of the death.Expectation of death.Length of illness.Involvement with dying person.Secondary losses.Additional stressors.

  • Randos Sociological FactorsAvailable support systems.Cultural background and context.Socioeconomic status.Funerary rituals.

  • Physiological FactorsDrugs and sedatives.Nutrition.Rest and sleep.ExerciseOverall physical condition.

  • Theories of GriefFreud: psychoanalyticLindemann: physicalBowlby: relationalParkes: clinical

  • Freudgrief is a process by which libido (energy) is withdrawn from a love objectThe grief process absorbs the energies of the ego.Grief is normal, appropriate and necessary.Grief is painful.

  • LindemannGrief SyndromePhysical expressions of grief:Somatic or bodily distress.Preoccupation with the image of the deceased.Guilt.Hostile reactions.Inability to function as one had before the loss.

  • BowlbyAttachment Theory: 4 aspectsStrength of attachment.Security of attachment.Reliance.Involvement.

  • ParkesClinical viewpointDescribes the experience of grief as a normal reaction to overwhelming loss.Describes somatic distress as pangs.Resistance to change and a reluctance to give up possessions, people, status and expectations are the basis of grief.