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  • NOTES:Westward Expansion via Manifest Destiny

    Map of United States Circa 1830

  • 2

    Learning Goal: How was America mentally and physically shaped by American

    Exceptionalism, George Washingtons Farewell Address,

    and Manifest Destiny?

  • 3

    Lets play 20 questions

  • 1. American Exceptionalism

    a. The theory that America (due to its

    history, geography, culture, and

    government) is exceptionally

    different from other countries,

    especially European countries.

    4

  • 5

  • 2. Washingtons Farewell Address, 1796

    a. Warned Americans of making

    alliances with foreign countries; Europe.

    i. Avoid clouding govt. judgment

    and unnecessary wars.

    6

  • US in 1816

    7

  • US in 1872

    8

  • 9

    3. Manifest Destiny, 1845

    a. What do you think John OSullivan means

    by our manifest destiny to overspread the

    continent allotted by Providence for the

    free development of our yearly multiplying

    millions?

    b. Based on this document, how do you think

    Americans back then would feel when

    reading this? Would they agree or not?

    Why?

    *** In your notes, answer these questions in complete

    sentences from the document. It will like notes when

    finished :-D

  • 10

    C. MANIFEST DESTINY: The 19th century

    belief that it was divine, justifiable, and

    inevitable that the US should expand

    its territory from coast to coast.

  • US in 1872

    11

  • 4. Manifest Destiny in Motion

    *** To the west, to the west,

    everything is yours America,

    in the land to the west.

    - Attainable

    Ms. Ys Remix of

    Beyonces

    Irreplacable

    12

  • Get 4 different

    colored

    pencils!!!!!!!!!!!

    13

  • On your map

    - For each territory gained, write

    inside of the territory or close to,

    the NAME of the territory and the

    YEAR it was acquired.

    - Then draw an ARROW

    connecting each piece of territory

    in chronological order from when

    it was acquired.14

  • 15

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    US Territorial Expansion

    A

    When?

    From Where?

    How?

    1776

    Great Britain

    US declared

    independence

    from Great

    Britain

    A - 13 Original

    Colonies

  • 17

    WesternLands1783

  • 18

    US Territorial Expansion

    A

    When?

    From Where?

    How?

    1783

    Great Britain

    Part of Treaty

    of Paris

    (ended

    Revolutionary

    War)

    B

    B - Western Lands

  • 19

    Louisiana Purchase

    1803

  • 20

    US Territorial Expansion

    A

    When?

    From Where?

    How?

    1803

    France

    Napoleon

    needed $

    Jefferson

    wanted to buy

    New Orleans

    He got all of

    this instead!

    B

    C - Louisiana

    Purchase

    C

  • 21

  • 22

    US Territorial Expansion

    A

    When?

    From Where?

    How?

    1819

    Spain

    Andrew

    Jackson

    invaded

    Spain then

    sold it to us

    for $5 million

    B

    D - Florida

    D

    C

  • 23

    Thinking Question

    (dont write this down!! Just think!)

    Why werent Americans happy with

    the size of their country at this

    point in their history?

  • 24

  • 25

    Mr. Manifest Destiny

    James K. Polk

    Elected President

    in 1844

    Added more

    territory to the US

    than any other

    President

    Died 103 days

    after his only term

    ended

  • 26

    Texas1845

  • 27

    US Territorial Expansion

    A

    When?

    From Where?

    How?

    1845

    Republic of Texas (Independent Country)

    Texas

    independent from

    Mexico in 1836

    Gained

    independence to

    become part of US

    B

    E - Texas

    D

    C

    E

  • 28

    OregonTerritory

    1846

  • 29

    US Territorial Expansion

    A

    When?

    From Where?

    How?

    1846

    Great Britain

    Claimed by four

    countries (Britain,

    Russia, Spain, &

    US)

    Americans

    demanded 5440 or fight!

    Britain

    compromised 49& US accepted

    B

    F - Oregon Territory

    D

    C

    E

    F

  • 30

    Mexican Cession1848

  • 31

    US Territorial Expansion

    A

    When?

    From Where?

    How?

    1848

    Mexico

    Polk offers to buy

    G from Mexico &

    they refuse

    War!

    US wins

    In Treaty of

    Guadalupe

    Hidalgo, US offers

    $15 million for G

    B

    G - Mexican Cession

    D

    C

    E

    F

    G

  • 32

    GadsdenPurchase 1853

  • 33

    US Territorial Expansion

    A

    When?

    From Where?

    How?

    1853

    Mexico

    Southern states

    wanted a

    transcontinental

    railroad located in

    the South, not the

    North.

    Mexico and the

    US disputed the

    land since the

    Mexican-American

    War; needed to

    settle.

    B

    H Gadsden Purchase

    D

    C

    E

    F

    G

    H

  • So in the end

    Was the painting American

    Progress foreshadowing

    (predicting) American history

    or summing-up what

    happened in the past?

    34

  • 35

    So in the end.

    American Progress Color Lithograph by George A. Crofutt and John Gast

  • 5. Westward Expansion leads

    to Sectionalisma. Sectionalism: loyalty to region over

    country.

    i. North vs. South

    b. Sectionalism developed because more

    land kept bringing-up the issue of slavery.

    36

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