oat and barley
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OAT AND BARLEY
OAT AND BARLEYSubmitted by:14-Arid-205114-Arid-205514-Arid-205714-Arid-206214-Arid-206514-Arid-206714-Arid-2070
OATCereal grainAnnual fodderTemperate climateAvena Sativa.One of the most important sources of livestock and animal feed in the worldCommonly fed to horses and ruminants due to its excellent nutritional qualities that aid with maintaining optimal rumen and hindgut function.Rich in nutrients and essential mineralsOne of the richest sources of protein compared to other feedstuffs.
OATRabbi fodder.Uses: cereal, a feed grain, green or conserved fodderWhole-crop green oats may be grazed, cut and carried, ensiled or made into hay.In multicut varieties crop may be lightly grazed before stem elongation allowing the crop to recover and grow further forage crop.
OAT PlantGrows to height of 1.2 mFibrous root systemStem is erect, smooth and hollowLeaves are linear, rough, green or bluish-grayLeaf blades are 15-40 cm long 0.6-1.5 cm broad
Nutrient Profile of OATMoisture 82.8% Dry Matter 17.2% Crude Protein 13.5% Crude Fiber 23%NFE 47.3% Fat (EE) 2.9% Ash 13.3%
Conti..Grass tetany, and, in some cases, milk fever, can occur in cattle fed oats as the main forage.It is often seen in cows in late pregnancy or in the early stages of lactation. High producing cows are particularly susceptible, but dry cows and bulls are rarely affected.Prevention of this disease is through supplementation of the ration with magnesium oxide and limestone, the former mixed with grain.
Oat appears to accumulate more nitrates than other small-grain crops. Nitrate poisoning may occur if oat has been drought stressed, or damaged by hail or frost. The risk is increased if the soil is high in plant-available nitrogen. Rain after a drought can increase plant nitrogen uptake and the risk of nitrate poisoning during the next four to five days. During fermentation in the silo, 40 to 60 percent of the original nitrate can disappear, making ensiling the preservation method of choice when high nitrate levels are suspected. Supplementing the oat silage with grain at feed out will also decrease the chances of nitrate poisoning.
BARLEYHordeum sativum.Rabbi fodderAnnual fodderTemperate climateBarley grass has greater nutritional value if harvested at a young age.Barley is considered to be the first cereal grain cultivated by humans.Cereal grainHigh in fiber and proteinBalanced in protein, fat and energy95% energy as compared to maize fodderFull of essential nutrients, minerals and vitaminsRich in enzymesLow acid content
Barley+Moisture 80.2%Dry Matter 19.8%Crude Protein 13.3%Crude Fiber 21.9% NFE 47.7Fat (EE) 3.6%Ash 13.5%
Classification:Kingdom: PlantaePhylum: AngiospermClass: MonocotsOrder: PoalesFamily: PoacaeGenus: HordeumSpecies: H. Vulgare
Raw barley: (100g)
CH20 = 77.7gFat = 1.2gProtein = 9.9gVitamin A = 13 micro gramVit C = 20mgVit K = 2.2mgCa = 29mgP = 22 mg
leaves are 1.512.0 mm wide and up to 200 mm longBarley grass grows to about 450 mm in height.
Barley may have bearded heads or be beardless. Bearded barley has a slender bristle about three inches long, called an "awn," attached to each seed. Beardless varieties are generally preferred for forage,
Planting barleyGrow and plant barley as you wouldwheat. Some varieties are spring planted and some are fall planted. Barley ripens sooner than wheat; spring-planted barley ripens in 60 to 70 days, fall-planted barley about 60 days after spring growth begins.Harvesting barleyRipe barley is harvested the same as wheat: cut, bundled and shocked to dry. Wear a shirt when harvesting barley as the awns can irritate your skin. Barley may be stored in the bundle and fed to stock without threshing.
Barley grass contains a number of vitamins, including vitamins B1, B2, B6 and B12, folic acid and vitamins C and E. It also contains phosphorous,vitamin K and calcium.Each lb of barley fodder is equivalent nutritionally to 6.6 lbs of lucerne.
Feeding barley fodder offers these benefits to livestock:Reduced occurrence of digestive diseases, such as colic and bloatStimulated immune systemNaturally balanced with essential nutrientsHigh in fiber, energy and proteinRich in enzymesLow acid contentHighly digestible
Cont..The Holy Prophet (SAW) prescribed barley for seven different diseases.Hadith, Volume7, Book 71, Hadith No. # 593.2007 ranking of cereal crops in world, Barley was ranked 4th in term of both quantity produced and area of cultivation.