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break were 45 cases and 18 deaths. No cases havebeen notified since Dec. 28, and on Jan. 17 Syria wasdeclared free from cholera. The origin of the outbreakis still uncertain. -
Anti-cholera measures included immediate vaccinationof all inhabitants of the infected villages, the placing ofa sanitary cordon round each infected village, and massvaccination of the Syrian population. Inasmuch as
Damascus, the capital, was close to one of the infectedvillages, mass vaccination began there on Dec. 20 ; andso energetically was the campaign pursued that byDec. 30 vaccination was completed in the whole regionof Southern Syria between its Palestine and Trans-jordan boundaries and Homs; and it was expectedthat by Jan. 6 the whole population would be vaccinated.To help in this endeavour, Egypt provided 2,500,000doses out of her reserve of 25 million.
ObituaryJAMES RICHARDSON ANDREW CLARK
BT., C.B.. C.M.G.; F.R.C.S.E.
Sir James Clark, who died at his home at Maidenheadon .Tan. 18 at the age of 95, succeeded in 1893, as secondbaronet, his father, Sir Andrew Clark, a former presidentof the Royal College of Physicians. He was educatedat University College School, and University. College,London, taking the Conjoint qualification from theLondon Hospital in 1878 and the Edinburgh fellowshipten years later. In 1886 he took the D.P.H. at Cambridgeand he later became a vice-president of the RoyalInstitute of Public Health. Clark had chosen militarymedicine as his career, and in 1900 he was in charge ofthe Edinburgh Hospital in South Africa. Two years laterhe was appointed c.B. for his services, and in 1916
C.M.G. He retired from the R.A.M.C. with the rank ofmajor, later becoming lieut.-colonel commanding theR.A.M.C. militia, and he was a bailiff grand cross of theOrder of St. John of Jerusalem. In 1893 he marriedMiss Lilian Hopkins, who survived him by only five days.Their only son, Brigadier E. A. Clark, K.C., succeeds tothe baronetcy.
FRANK HARRIS WHITE
Dr. F. H. White, who died on Jan. 2 at the age cf 75,had been fcr seventeen years medical officer to thePort of London Authority. After qualifying from theLondon Hospital in 1897 he had many years of industrialexperience in the East End of London, serving forfourteen years as medical officer to Poplar workhouse,and for five years as relief deputy medical officer. Duringthe 1914-18 war he served in France as medical officerto the 17th County of London Battalion (Poplar andStepney Riftes), and in the late war, with the rank oflieut.-colonel. he was medical officer to the P.L.A. sectorof the Home Guard.
"White’s sense of duty," writes a P.L.A. colleagueof his last strenuous years, " was so great that heconsidered that the medical officer should remain at hispost during’ the whole of the hostilities. In spite of hisage he carried out this duty conscientiously throughoutthe war. He was present when the building was hitby a 1000 kg. bomb, and later, when lesser bombs fell andfire raids took place in the neighbourhood, no matterwhat time of the night, he gave his help to all whoneeded it. His ashes were scattered on Jan. 14 in themiddle of the tideway in the Lower Pool of London."
CHARLES AINSWORTH MITCHELL
M.A., D.SC.OXFD, F.R.I.C.
Dr. Ainsworth Mitchell, editor of the Analyst from1920 to 1945 and a former president of the Medico-LegalSociety, died on Jan. 5. The third son of a Norfolk doctor.T. R. Mitchell of Thetford. he was born in 1867, educatedat King William’s College, Isle of Man, and at ExeterCollege, Oxford, where he graduated M.A. in 1889. Hewas at that time a competent footballer and playedhalf-back for his college.
After a period at King’s College. London, and atHeidelberg, Mitchell became assistant to Otto Hehner,
the consultant chemist, and later chemist to Beaufoy& Co., vinegar brewers. From this time he devoted him-self to chemical research in medicolegal and forensicmatters connected with fingerprints, handwriting, inks,forgery, documents, and the chemistry of oils and fats.He was the author not only of about forty originalmemoirs on these subjects, but also of about thirtytextbooks which he either wrote, translated, or edited.As an expert witness in criminal cases he was an exampleof how evidence should be given fairly and clearly ; hisadvice was much sought by the authorities in many casesincluding spy trials during the 1914-18 war, forgeries,will disputes, poison-pen letters, and questions of personalidentity. His last published book A Scientist in theCriminal Courts (1945) contains an account of some ofthe more interesting causes celebres in which he wasengaged. He was a vice-president of the Medico-LegalSociety of France and of the Royal Institute of Chemistry,on whose council he also served. In 1929 his many scien-tific investigations ’were recognised by the award of thedegree of D.SC.A genial and kindly man, a delightful and versatile
companion and a warm friend, Mitchell was always alertto help a colleague. He married Miss Edith Boyle Keely,an artist ofdistinction and a descendant of Robert Boyle.
H. E. C.
AppointmentsMAGNUS, H. A., M.D. Lond.: director, pathology department,
King’s College Hospital medical school.WiLSON, H. T. H., M.A., M.B. Camb., M.R.C.P., D.T.M. : physician for
diseases of the skin, Royal Northern Hospital, London.City General Hospital, Leicester
DICKIE, JOHNSTONE, D.S.C.. li.B. Edin., M.CH. ORTH. Lpool,F.R.C.S.E.: chief assistant, orthopsedio department.
JOHNSOX, B. D. L., M.R.C.S., D.A. : anæsthetist.SMITH, B. J., M.B. Glasg. : asst. pathologist.
Births, Marriages, and DeathsBIRTHS
ATKINSON.—On Jan. 18, the wife of Mr. W. J. Atkinson, F.R.C.S.—a son.
BAWTREE.—On Jan. 18, the wife of Mr. D. W. Bawtree, F.R.C.S.-a daughter.
COMPSTON.—On Jan 23, in London, the wife of Dr. Nigel Compston—a son.
DE SOLDENHOFF.—On Jan. 17, at Irvine, Ayrshire, the wife ofDr. Richard de Soldenhoff-a son.
HAIRE.—On Jan. 17, the wife of Dr. I. R. Haire-a daughter.HANDFORTH.-On Dec. 12, at Hong-Kong, the wife of Dr. J. R.
Handforth-a son.HAWKINS.—On Jan. 18. in London, the wife of Dr. P. S. Hawkins
—a daughter.HOUGHTON.—On Jan. 17, the wife of Mr. L. W. Houghton, F.R.c.s.
—a son.PRoCToR.-On Jan. 14, at Perth, the wife of Dr. H. Proctor-
a son.SCRIVEN.—On Jan. 22, at Farnham, the wife of Lieut.-Colonel
W. H. Scriven, M.B.E., R.A.M.C.—a son.STEVENS.—On Jan. 21, in London, the wife of Dr. A. V. Stevens,
o.B.E., M.C.—a daughter.WARREN.-On Jan. 19, the wife of Dr. H. B. S. Warren—a
CUTLER—STANHOPE.—On Jan. 24, at Hastings, Michael Cutler,M.B., to Audrey Stanhope.
FoRDE-TERRY.-On Jan. 24, in London, Daryll Forde, PH.D.,to Evelyn Terry, M.R.c.s.
SWEETNAM—HERRICK.—On Dee. 16, at Kingston, Jamaica,Michael Thorp Sweetnam, M.R.C.S., captain, R.A.M.C., to MyraElizabeth Herrick.
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BEESLEY.—On Jan. 16, at Exmouth, Clarence Beesley, L.R.C.P.E.,D.P.H.
CLARK.—On Jan. 18, at Maidenhead, Sir James Richardson AndrewClark, Bt., o.B., c.n.G.. F.R.C.S.E., D.P.H., colonel, R.A.M.C. retd.,aged 95.
DUNCAN.—On Jan. 18, in Manchester, Helen Winifred Duncan,B.A. Lpool, M.D. Lond., M.R.C.P.
FERGUSON.—On Jan. 22, at Dunedin, New Zealand, Sir HenryLindo Ferguson, Kt., C.M.G., M.D. Dubl., F.R.C.S.I., aged 90.
GRAHAM-BISSELL.—On Jan. 23, at Inverness, Frederick EdwardGraham-Bissell, lieut.-colonel, R.A.M.C. retd.
JONES.—On Jan. 9, at Prestwick, Arnold Ernest Jones, M.B. Glasg.LEWYS-LLOYD.—On Jan. 12, Evan Lewys-Lloyd, M.R.c.s., D.P.H.,
aged 75.LLOYD.—On Jan. 22, in Birmingham, Bertram Arthur Lloyd,
M.B. Lond., CH.M. Birm., F.R.C.S.MAUNSELL.—On Jan. 18, in London, Debonnaire Frederick
Maunsell, M.R.O.S.STAINER.—On Jan. 23, at Lee Common, Bucks, Edward Stainer,
M.A., D.M. Oxfd, F.R.c.P., aged 78.WRIGHT.—On Jan. 22, at Bembridge, Dudley d’Auvergne Wright,
F.n.c.s., aged 80.