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comprehension passages

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  • Jellyfish

    Jellyfish are animals with no backbone. There

    are many types and they usually have an

    umbrella or bell shape. The box jellyfish is

    the most dangerous kind and it lives in

    Australia.

    Jellyfish live in oceans all around the world.

    Sometimes they live in the deep part of the

    ocean, but often they are found in shallow

    water near the coast. A group of jellyfish is called a bloom. There can

    be millions of jellyfish in a bloom.

    Some jellyfish are very large (even bigger than a human) but some are

    so small you can hardly see them. They move by opening and closing

    their body quickly. This moves water away from them and shoots

    them off in another direction.

    Jellyfish use their tentacles to sting their prey. Sometimes the sting is

    harmless to a human, but sometimes it is very painful and can kill.

    Jellyfish eat plankton, tiny fish and prawns. Jellyfish are an important

    part of ocean life. They are food for turtles and large fish and

    sometimes they provide a place for small fish to shelter.

  • Jellyfish

    What do jellyfish look like?

    Where do jellyfish live?

    What is the name for a group of jellyfish?

    What do jellyfish use their tentacles for?

    Describe how jellyfish

    move.

    Why are jellyfish

    important to the ocean

    community?

    What is your favourite

    thing about jellyfish?

    Draw a picture of a

    jellyfish.

  • Starfish

    Most starfish have five arms, but

    some species have many more.

    One type of starfish has 40 arms!

    If a starfish loses an arm it can

    grow a new one. If it is being

    attacked it might leave its arm

    behind to get away.

    There are more than 2000 types

    of starfish and they live in oceans

    all over the world. They can be found in both shallow and deep

    water. Starfish cant swim but they move along the ocean floor with

    tiny little tube feet underneath their body.

    Starfish come in many different colours. They usually have a kind of

    shell to protect them from predators like birds or fish. Some starfish

    have little spikes on their skin, but others feel a bit like leather. They

    have tiny eyes at the end of each arm, although these eyes dont see

    very well.

    Starfish can change their gender! They can change from male to

    female or back again whenever they want. Amazingly, starfish dont

    have a brain and they also dont have blood!

  • Starfish

    Describe what a starfish looks like.

    Where do starfish live?

    Why do you think starfish might have spikes on their

    skin?

    What happens if a starfish loses an arm?

    Describe how starfish

    move.

    Write down two

    interesting facts about

    starfish.

    What is your favourite

    thing about starfish?

    Draw a picture of a starfish.

  • Seahorses

    Seahorses live in oceans all around the

    world, usually in shallow areas near the

    shore. They are very good at hiding

    amongst underwater plants and often

    wrap their tail around the plants to hold

    themselves in place. Some seahorses can

    change colour to blend in with their

    surroundings!

    Some people think a seahorse is strange to

    look at. It has a head like a horse, a tail

    like a monkey and male seahorses have a

    pouch like a kangaroo! Some seahorses are very tiny. Others are

    about as big as your school ruler.

    Seahorses like to eat plankton, little fish and tiny prawns. They dont

    have teeth, but suck their food up through their snout. A seahorse

    stands upright and uses its back fin to move itself around.

    Seahorses have their babies in a different way to most animals because

    its the male who is pregnant! He carries the seahorse eggs around in

    a pouch until theyre ready to be born.

  • Seahorses

    Describe what a seahorse looks like.

    How do seahorses eat?

    Where do seahorses live?

    How does a seahorse move

    around in the ocean?

    Describe how seahorses hide

    from predators.

    Write an interesting fact

    about seahorse babies.

    What is your favourite thing

    about seahorses?

    Draw a picture of a

    seahorse.

  • Whales

    Whales are huge

    animals. One

    species called the

    Blue Whale is not

    only the largest

    type of whale, it is

    also the largest

    animal anywhere in the world. It is also bigger than any animal that

    has ever lived, including dinosaurs! Blue Whales can weigh more than

    150,000 kilograms and be more than 30 metres long.

    Unlike many kinds of sea creatures, whales breathe air. They come up

    to the surface of the water to breathe in and out using the blowhole

    on their head or back. They can stay underwater for up to an hour

    and a half.

    Some whales eat plankton and krill, but others eat fish and small

    animals. Whales are often known for their singing. Their song is the

    noise they make to call out to other whales and communicate with

    them.

    Each year whales migrate from cooler waters to warmer waters. They

    travel in a group called a pod. A baby whale is called a calf.

  • Whales

    How big is a Blue Whale?

    Describe how whales breathe.

    What do whales eat?

    Why do whales sing?

    What happens when whales migrate?

    What is the name for a group of whales?

    What is your

    favourite

    thing about

    whales?

    Draw a

    picture of a

    whale.

  • Pufferfish

    Pufferfish are known for

    their ability to increase their

    size very quickly. When

    they feel threatened, they

    puff their body up into a

    ball shape. This scares away

    predators.

    The pufferfish has a stomach

    that is very stretchy. They gulp in water to puff up to twice their

    normal size. This helps them stay safe because they are a slow

    swimmer.

    There are more than one hundred different types of puffer fish living

    in different parts of the world, including the Pacific, Atlantic and

    Indian Oceans. Most pufferfish are very poisonous. Even if a

    predator eats them before they puff up, the poison will probably kill

    it.

    Pufferfish have really good eyesight. They also have big teeth. They

    like to eat algae, crabs, sponges, sea urchins and coral. Unlike other

    fish, pufferfish dont have scales. Their skin is rough and sometimes

    spikey.

  • Pufferfish

    What does a pufferfish look like?

    Why does a pufferfish puff up into a ball?

    Describe how pufferfish increase their size.

    Why are pufferfish dangerous to eat?

    Where do pufferfish live?

    What do pufferfish

    eat?

    Write an interesting

    fact about pufferfish.

    What is your

    favourite thing about

    pufferfish?

    Draw a picture of a pufferfish.

  • Sea Turtles

    There are seven kinds of sea

    turtles and six of them live

    in the ocean surrounding

    Australia. All species of sea

    turtle are endangered.

    Sea turtles are large

    creatures and can grow as

    big as two metres long.

    Some of them weigh more than 900 kilograms! Sea turtles often live

    for up to 80 years.

    Sea turtles like to eat sea grasses and jellyfish. Although they spend

    their days swimming underwater, sea turtles need to come up to the

    surface to breathe air. They only need to take one big breath and

    they can stay underwater for hours.

    Sea turtles return to the beach to lay their eggs. The female turtle digs

    a hole in the sand and lays more than one hundred eggs. When they

    hatch, the baby turtles dig their way out of the sand and move quickly

    to the ocean. Not all of them make it to the water though, because

    predators like birds and crabs try to eat them.

  • Sea Turtles

    How big do sea turtles get?

    How do sea turtles breathe?

    What does endangered mean?

    What do sea turtles eat?

    Describe what happens when a sea turtle lays eggs.

    Write an

    interesting fact

    about sea turtles.

    What is your

    favourite thing

    about sea turtles?

    Draw a picture of

    a sea turtle.

  • Crabs

    Crabs have ten legs,

    including their two claws, or

    pincers. They use their

    pincers to catch their food,

    protect themselves and

    communicate. They wave

    or drum their pincers to talk

    to each other!

    Crabs come in many different sizes. Some are smaller than one

    centimetre, but some can grow to about four metres wide! They have

    a thick shell to protect them from predators and eyes that are on

    stalks, just like a snail. Their flat body allows the

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