Post on 07-Mar-2016
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Jellyfish are animals with no backbone. There
are many types and they usually have an
umbrella or bell shape. The box jellyfish is
the most dangerous kind and it lives in
Jellyfish live in oceans all around the world.
Sometimes they live in the deep part of the
ocean, but often they are found in shallow
water near the coast. A group of jellyfish is called a bloom. There can
be millions of jellyfish in a bloom.
Some jellyfish are very large (even bigger than a human) but some are
so small you can hardly see them. They move by opening and closing
their body quickly. This moves water away from them and shoots
them off in another direction.
Jellyfish use their tentacles to sting their prey. Sometimes the sting is
harmless to a human, but sometimes it is very painful and can kill.
Jellyfish eat plankton, tiny fish and prawns. Jellyfish are an important
part of ocean life. They are food for turtles and large fish and
sometimes they provide a place for small fish to shelter.
What do jellyfish look like?
Where do jellyfish live?
What is the name for a group of jellyfish?
What do jellyfish use their tentacles for?
Describe how jellyfish
Why are jellyfish
important to the ocean
What is your favourite
thing about jellyfish?
Draw a picture of a
Most starfish have five arms, but
some species have many more.
One type of starfish has 40 arms!
If a starfish loses an arm it can
grow a new one. If it is being
attacked it might leave its arm
behind to get away.
There are more than 2000 types
of starfish and they live in oceans
all over the world. They can be found in both shallow and deep
water. Starfish cant swim but they move along the ocean floor with
tiny little tube feet underneath their body.
Starfish come in many different colours. They usually have a kind of
shell to protect them from predators like birds or fish. Some starfish
have little spikes on their skin, but others feel a bit like leather. They
have tiny eyes at the end of each arm, although these eyes dont see
Starfish can change their gender! They can change from male to
female or back again whenever they want. Amazingly, starfish dont
have a brain and they also dont have blood!
Describe what a starfish looks like.
Where do starfish live?
Why do you think starfish might have spikes on their
What happens if a starfish loses an arm?
Describe how starfish
Write down two
interesting facts about
What is your favourite
thing about starfish?
Draw a picture of a starfish.
Seahorses live in oceans all around the
world, usually in shallow areas near the
shore. They are very good at hiding
amongst underwater plants and often
wrap their tail around the plants to hold
themselves in place. Some seahorses can
change colour to blend in with their
Some people think a seahorse is strange to
look at. It has a head like a horse, a tail
like a monkey and male seahorses have a
pouch like a kangaroo! Some seahorses are very tiny. Others are
about as big as your school ruler.
Seahorses like to eat plankton, little fish and tiny prawns. They dont
have teeth, but suck their food up through their snout. A seahorse
stands upright and uses its back fin to move itself around.
Seahorses have their babies in a different way to most animals because
its the male who is pregnant! He carries the seahorse eggs around in
a pouch until theyre ready to be born.
Describe what a seahorse looks like.
How do seahorses eat?
Where do seahorses live?
How does a seahorse move
around in the ocean?
Describe how seahorses hide
Write an interesting fact
about seahorse babies.
What is your favourite thing
Draw a picture of a
Whales are huge
species called the
Blue Whale is not
only the largest
type of whale, it is
also the largest
animal anywhere in the world. It is also bigger than any animal that
has ever lived, including dinosaurs! Blue Whales can weigh more than
150,000 kilograms and be more than 30 metres long.
Unlike many kinds of sea creatures, whales breathe air. They come up
to the surface of the water to breathe in and out using the blowhole
on their head or back. They can stay underwater for up to an hour
and a half.
Some whales eat plankton and krill, but others eat fish and small
animals. Whales are often known for their singing. Their song is the
noise they make to call out to other whales and communicate with
Each year whales migrate from cooler waters to warmer waters. They
travel in a group called a pod. A baby whale is called a calf.
How big is a Blue Whale?
Describe how whales breathe.
What do whales eat?
Why do whales sing?
What happens when whales migrate?
What is the name for a group of whales?
What is your
picture of a
Pufferfish are known for
their ability to increase their
size very quickly. When
they feel threatened, they
puff their body up into a
ball shape. This scares away
The pufferfish has a stomach
that is very stretchy. They gulp in water to puff up to twice their
normal size. This helps them stay safe because they are a slow
There are more than one hundred different types of puffer fish living
in different parts of the world, including the Pacific, Atlantic and
Indian Oceans. Most pufferfish are very poisonous. Even if a
predator eats them before they puff up, the poison will probably kill
Pufferfish have really good eyesight. They also have big teeth. They
like to eat algae, crabs, sponges, sea urchins and coral. Unlike other
fish, pufferfish dont have scales. Their skin is rough and sometimes
What does a pufferfish look like?
Why does a pufferfish puff up into a ball?
Describe how pufferfish increase their size.
Why are pufferfish dangerous to eat?
Where do pufferfish live?
What do pufferfish
Write an interesting
fact about pufferfish.
What is your
favourite thing about
Draw a picture of a pufferfish.
There are seven kinds of sea
turtles and six of them live
in the ocean surrounding
Australia. All species of sea
turtle are endangered.
Sea turtles are large
creatures and can grow as
big as two metres long.
Some of them weigh more than 900 kilograms! Sea turtles often live
for up to 80 years.
Sea turtles like to eat sea grasses and jellyfish. Although they spend
their days swimming underwater, sea turtles need to come up to the
surface to breathe air. They only need to take one big breath and
they can stay underwater for hours.
Sea turtles return to the beach to lay their eggs. The female turtle digs
a hole in the sand and lays more than one hundred eggs. When they
hatch, the baby turtles dig their way out of the sand and move quickly
to the ocean. Not all of them make it to the water though, because
predators like birds and crabs try to eat them.
How big do sea turtles get?
How do sea turtles breathe?
What does endangered mean?
What do sea turtles eat?
Describe what happens when a sea turtle lays eggs.
about sea turtles.
What is your
about sea turtles?
Draw a picture of
a sea turtle.
Crabs have ten legs,
including their two claws, or
pincers. They use their
pincers to catch their food,
protect themselves and
communicate. They wave
or drum their pincers to talk
to each other!
Crabs come in many different sizes. Some are smaller than one
centimetre, but some can grow to about four metres wide! They have
a thick shell to protect them from predators and eyes that are on
stalks, just like a snail. Their flat body allows the