Oecd - Public Procurement Reducing Corruption

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<p>Collusion and Corruption in Public Procurement 2010</p> <p>The OECD Global Forum on Competition debated Collusion and Corruption in Public Procurement in February 2010. This document includes an executive summary and the documents from the meeting: an analytical note by the OECD Secretariat, written submissions from Albania, Australia, Bangladesh, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Croatia, El Salvador, European Union,France, Gabon, Germany, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Japan, Korea, Latvia, Mexico, Morocco, Norway, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Poland, Romania, Russian Federation, Singapore, Slovak Republic, South Africa, Sweden, Chinese Taipei, Tunisia, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States and several experts, as well as an aide-memoire of the discussion.Collusion and corruption are distinct problems within public procurement, yet they may frequently occur in tandem, and have mutually reinforcing effect. They are best viewed, therefore, as concomitant threats to the integrity of public procurement. The distinctiveness of public procurement and its context makes the process particularly vulnerable to collusion and corruption, while also increasing the magnitude of harm that these offences cause. Tackling collusion and corruption are not mutually exclusive goals, so there is a need to accommodate both in order to better protect the public procurement process. Tensions between the sometimes competing approaches to the prevention of collusion and corruption within public procurement may necessitate trade-offs to achieve both effectively. Co-operation between the various national enforcement agencies with jurisdiction over collusion and corruption in public procurement is therefore paramount, in order to achieve a coherent overall strategy and ensure its full implementation, and additionally, to facilitate efficient prosecution of these offences.</p> <p>Principles of Integrity in Public Procurement (2009) Guidelines for Fighting Bid Rigging in Public Procurement (2009) Designing Tenders to reduce Bid Rigging (2009 Detecting Bid Rigging in Public Procurement (2009) Fighting Cartels in Public Procurement (2008) Public Procurement; the Role of Competition Authorities in Promoting Competition (2007)</p> <p>UnclassifiedOrganisation de Coopration et de Dveloppement conomiques Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development</p> <p>DAF/COMP/GF(2010)6</p> <p>15-Oct-2010 ___________________________________________________________________________________________ English, French</p> <p>DIRECTORATE FOR FINANCIAL AND ENTERPRISE AFFAIRS</p> <p>COMPETITION COMMITTEE</p> <p>DAF/COMP/GF(2010)6 Unclassified Global Forum on CompetitionROUNDTABLE ON COLLUSION AND CORRUPTION IN PUBLIC PROCUREMENT English, French JT03290465Document complet disponible sur OLIS dans son format d'origine Complete document available on OLIS in its original format</p> <p>DAF/COMP/GF(2010)6</p> <p>FOREWORD</p> <p>This document comprises proceedings in the original languages of a Roundtable on Collusion and Corruption in Public Procurement, held by the Global Forum on Competition in February 2010. It is published under the responsibility of the Secretary General of the OECD to bring information on this topic to the attention of a wider audience. This compilation is one of a series of publications entitled "Competition Policy Roundtables".</p> <p>PRFACE</p> <p>Ce document rassemble la documentation dans la langue d'origine dans laquelle elle a t soumise, relative une table ronde sur collusion et corruption dans les marchs publics qui s'est tenue en fvrier 2010 dans le cadre du Forum mondial sur la concurrence. Il est publi sous la responsabilit du Secrtaire gnral de l'OCDE, afin de porter la connaissance d'un large public les lments d'information qui ont t runis cette occasion. Cette compilation fait partie de la srie intitule "Les tables rondes sur la politique de la concurrence".</p> <p>Visit our Internet Site -- Consultez notre site Internet http://www.oecd.org/competition</p> <p>2</p> <p>DAF/COMP/GF(2010)6 OTHER TITLES</p> <p>SERIES ROUNDTABLES ON COMPETITION POLICY</p> <p>1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32.</p> <p>Competition Policy and Environment Failing Firm Defence Competition Policy and Film Distribution Competition Policy and Efficiency Claims in Horizontal Agreements The Essential Facilities Concept Competition in Telecommunications The Reform of International Satellite Organisations Abuse of Dominance and Monopolisation Application of Competition Policy to High Tech Markets General Cartel Bans: Criteria for Exemption for Small and Medium-sized Enterprises Competition Issues related to Sports Application of Competition Policy to the Electricity Sector Judicial Enforcement of Competition Law Resale Price Maintenance Railways: Structure, Regulation and Competition Policy Competition Policy and International Airport Services Enhancing the Role of Competition in the Regulation of Banks Competition Policy and Intellectual Property Rights Competition and Related Regulation Issues in the Insurance Industry Competition Policy and Procurement Markets Regulation and Competition Issues in Broadcasting in the light of Convergence Relationship between Regulators and Competition Authorities Buying Power of Multiproduct Retailers Promoting Competition in Postal Services Oligopoly Airline Mergers and Alliances Competition in Professional Services Competition in Local Services Mergers in Financial Services Promoting Competition in the Natural Gas Industry Competition Issues in Electronic Commerce Competition and Regulation Issues in the Pharmaceutical Industry 3</p> <p>OCDE/GD(96)22 OCDE/GD(96)23 OCDE/GD(96)60 OCDE/GD(96)65 OCDE/GD(96)113 OCDE/GD(96)114 OCDE/GD(96)123 OCDE/GD(96)131 OCDE/GD(97)44 OCDE/GD(97)53 OCDE/GD(97)128 OCDE/GD(97)132 OCDE/GD(97)200 OCDE/GD(97)229 DAFFE/CLP(98)1 DAFFE/CLP(98)3 DAFFE/CLP(98)16 DAFFE/CLP(98)18 DAFFE/CLP(98)20 DAFFE/CLP(99)3 DAFFE/CLP(99)1 DAFFE/CLP(99)8 DAFFE/CLP(99)21 DAFFE/CLP(99)22 DAFFE/CLP(99)25 DAFFE/CLP(2000)1 DAFFE/CLP(2000)2 DAFFE/CLP(2000)13 DAFFE/CLP(2000)17 DAFFE/CLP(2000)18 DAFFE/CLP(2000)32 DAFFE/CLP(2000)29</p> <p>DAF/COMP/GF(2010)6 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53. 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60. 61. 62. 63. 64. 65. 66. 67. 68. 69. 70. 71. Competition Issues in Joint Ventures Competition Issues in Road Transport Price Transparency Competition Policy in Subsidies and State Aid Portfolio Effects in Conglomerate Mergers Competition and Regulation Issues in Telecommunications Merger Review in Emerging High Innovation Markets Loyalty and Fidelity Discounts and Rebates Communication by Competition Authorities Substantive Criteria used for the Assessment of Mergers Competition Issues in the Electricity Sector Media Mergers Non Commercial Services Obligations and Liberalisation Competition and Regulation in the Water Sector Regulating Market Activities by Public Sector Merger Remedies Cartels: Sanctions against Individuals Intellectual Property Rights Predatory Foreclosure Competition and Regulation in Agriculture: Monopsony Buying and Joint Selling Enhancing Beneficial Competition in the Health Professions Evaluation of the Actions and Resources of Competition Authorities Structural Reform in the Rail Industry Competition on the Merits Resale Below Cost Laws and Regulations Barriers to Entry Prosecuting Cartels without Direct Evidence of Agreement The Impact of Substitute Services on Regulation Competition in the Provision of Hospital Services Access to key Transport Facilities Environmental Regulation and Competition Concessions Remedies and Sanctions Competition in Bidding Markets Competition and Efficient Usage of Payment cards Vertical mergers Competition and Regulation in Retail Banking Improving Competition in Real Estate Transactions Public Procurement The Role of Competition Authorities in Promoting Competition 4 DAFFE/CLP(2000)33 DAFFE/CLP(2001)10 DAFFE/CLP(2001)22 DAFFE/CLP(2001)24 DAFFE/COMP(2002)5 DAFFE/COMP(2002)6 DAFFE/COMP(2002)20 DAFFE/COMP(2002)21 DAFFE/COMP(2003)4 DAFFE/COMP(2003)5 DAFFE/COMP(2003)14 DAFFE/COMP(2003)16 DAFFE/COMP(2004)19 DAFFE/COMP(2004)20 DAF/COMP(2004)36 DAF/COMP(2004)21 DAF/COMP(2004)39 DAF/COMP(2004)24 DAF/COMP(2005)14 DAF/COMP(2005)44 DAF/COMP(2005)45 DAF/COMP(2005)30 DAF/COMP(2005)46 DAF/COMP(2005)27 DAF/COMP(2005)43 DAF/COMP(2005)42 DAF/COMP/GF(2006)7 DAF/COMP(2006)18 DAF/COMP(2006)20 DAF/COMP(2006)29 DAF/COMP(2006)30 DAF/COMP/GF(2006)6 DAF/COMP(2006)19 DAF/COMP(2006)31 DAF/COMP(2006)32 DAF/COMP(2007)21 DAF/COMP(2006)33 DAF/COMP(2007)36 DAF/COMP(2007)34</p> <p>DAF/COMP/GF(2010)6 72. 73. 74. 75. 76. 77. 78. 79. 80. 81. 82. 83. 84. 85. 86. 87. 88. 89. 90. 91. 92. 93. 94. 95. 96. 97. 98. 99. 100. 101. 102. Competition, Patents and Innovation Private Remedies Energy Security and Competition Policy Plea Bargaining Settlement of Cartel Cases Competitive Restrictions in Legal Professions Dynamic Efficiencies in Merger Analysis Guidance to Business on Monopolisation and Abuse of Dominance The Interface between Competition and Consumer Policies Facilitating Practices in Oligopolies Taxi Services Regulation and Competition Techniques and Evidentiary Issues in Proving Dominance/ Monopoly Power Managing Complex Merger Cases Potential Pro-Competitive and Anti-Competitive Aspects of Trade/Business Associations Market Studies Land Use Restrictions as Barriers to Entry Construction Industry Antitrust Issues Involving Minority Shareholding and Interlocking Directorates Bundled and Loyalty Discounts and Rebates Techniques for Presenting Complex Economic Theories to Judges Competition Policy for Vertical Relations in Gasoline Retailing Competition and Financial Markets Refusals to Deal Resale Price Maintenance Experience with Direct Settlements in Cartel Cases Competition Policy, Industrial Policy and National Champions Two-Sided Markets Monopsony and Buyer Power Competition and Regulation in Auditing and Related Professions Roundtable on competition policy and the informal economy Competition, Patents and Innovation The Standard for Merger Review, with a Particular Emphasis on Country Experience with the change of Merger Review Standard from the Dominance Test to the SLC/SIEC Test Failing Firm Defence Competition, Concentration and Stability in the Banking Sector Margin Squeeze State-Owned Enterprises and the Principle of Competitive Neutrality 5 DAF/COMP(2007)40 DAF/COMP(2006)34 DAF/COMP(2007)35 DAF/COMP(2007)38 DAF/COMP(2007)39 DAF/COMP(2007)41 DAF/COMP(2007)43 DAF/COMP/GF(2008)10 DAF/COMP(2008)24 DAF/COMP(2007)42 DAF/COMP(2006)35 DAF/COMP(2007)44 DAF/COMP(2007)45 DAF/COMP(2008)34 DAF/COMP(2008)25 DAF/COMP(2008)36 DAF/COMP(2008)30 DAF/COMP(2008)29 DAF/COMP(2008)31 DAF/COMP(2008)35 DAF/COMP(2009)11 DAF/COMP(2007)46 DAF/COMP(2008)37 DAF/COMP(2008)32 DAF/COMP/GF(2009)9 DAF/COMP(2009)20 DAF/COMP(2008)38 DAF/COMP(2009)19 DAF/COMP/GF(2009)10 DAF/COMP(2009)22</p> <p>103. 104. 105. 106.</p> <p>DAF/COMP(2009)21 DAF/COMP(2009)38 DAF/COMP(2009)36 DAF/COMP(2009)36 DAF/COMP(2009)37</p> <p>DAF/COMP/GF(2010)6 107. Generic Pharmaceuticals DAF/COMP(2009)39</p> <p>6</p> <p>DAF/COMP/GF(2010)6</p> <p>TABLE OF CONTENTS</p> <p>EXECUTIVE SUMMARY .............................................................................................................................9 SYNTHSE................................................................................................................................................... 15 BACKGROUND NOTE ............................................................................................................................... 23 NOTE DE REFERENCE .............................................................................................................................. 39 CONTRIBUTIONS Albania .................................................................................................................................................... 55 Australia .................................................................................................................................................. 61 Bangladesh .............................................................................................................................................. 67 Brazil ....................................................................................................................................................... 71 Canada ..................................................................................................................................................... 83 Chile ........................................................................................................................................................ 91 Colombia ............................................................................................................................................... 101 Croatia ................................................................................................................................................... 109 El Salvador ............................................................................................................................................ 119 European Union (IMSDG) ................................................................................................................... 137 France .................................................................................................................................................... 141 Gabon .................................................................................................................................................... 187 Germany ................................................................................................................................................ 195 India....................................................................................................................................................... 199 Indonesia ............................................................................................................................................... 203 Ireland ................................................................................................................................................... 211 Israel ...................................................................................................................................................... 219 Japan ...................................................................................................................................................... 225 Korea ..................................................................................................................................................... 233 Latvia..................................................................................................................................................... 239 Mexico........................................</p>