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  • Business and Technology Trends Driving the Future of Geospatial


    Oracle Corporation's Vision Xavier Lopez

    Director, Spatial Technologies Oracle Corporation

  • Overview Underlying Technology Trends Oracle Approach to Market Specialist v. Generalist Solutions Web Services

  • Geospatial is becoming ubiquitous Location Aware and Enabled Infrastructure

    – Web Portals: Google, Amazon, Yahoo, AOL, Microsoft – Mobile devices (GPS, orientation, mobile content)

    Geospatial Applications – Enterprise Spatial Hubs & Data Warehouses

    Location-enabled Business Apps – CRM, Sales, Marketing, HR, Asset Management – Sensor Networks, RFID, Logistics

    Automobiles: – By 2008, 80% of new cars will have some telematics

    navigation access (eyeforauto 2004)

  • 4

    Geospatial becomes mission critical

    Ireland, Poland, Netherlands, Italy…National Agricultural Systems NYC, Over 100 major metro areasLocal Government

    3, AT&T, Verizon, Nextel, Sprint, Cingular, Over 20 national telcos

    Telecommunication Services

    Over 20 US State DoTs, Alberta Transportation, 10 International Airports, CSX, Austria Rail, Denmark Rail, Dutch Rail, German Rail, UK Rail

    Transportation Infrastructure Maintenance

    FEMA, State Emergency Management Agencies, 911, UK National Flood Protection

    Emergency Response

    Ordnance Survey, USGS, NGA, Census Bureau, Swedish National Land Survey, Australia, NAVTEQ, Tele Atlas, Ireland, Denmark, Netherlands, Ireland

    Mapping Agencies and Cadastres

  • 5

    IT Infrastructure Requirements (Simplify the Complexity) Cost reduction, consolidation Eliminate stovepipes Decision making based on all available data Eliminate duplicate data Support multiple data types Simplified programming Use common IT platforms Support best of breed tools

    Support SOA architecture High levels of security Minimize isolated systems Support near real-time data and sensor inputs 1000’s of users 10’s Terabytes 24x7 systems Increase flexibility

  • 6

    Incorporating all datatypes




    XML Network Data

    Vector Data Raster Data

    Topology Data G1







    f3 f0





    n5 n6


    n8 n9






    e6 e7

    e8 e9


    Object View Topology View

  • 7

    Geospatial Community in Transition From Specialized to Standardized Spatial Services

    – A changing dynamic toward ubiquitous enterprise use and adoption – “Today's $5 billion market for geospatial technologies is set to

    explode to $30 billion in just a year.” US Dept. of Labor 2004 – Maturity of standard interfaces, components and platform

    technologies (WMS, WFS, GML, SVG, XML, SOAP, Java, .Net) New Entrants

    – Desktop: Microsoft, Open Source GIS – Mainstream IT: Oracle, Microsoft, SAP, IBM, Open Source – Web Portals: Google, Yahoo, Microsoft, MapQuest, GlobeXplorer

    Traditional GIS Market in Transition – There will always be market for specialized spatial tech – GIS product vendors expanding into components, solutions, web

    services, or data delivery

  • 8

    Oracle’s Approach to Market: Provide a powerful spatial data

    management platform • Geospatial

    • Government • Utilities • Energy

    • Enterprise Applications • CRM (Sales, Marketing, Call Centers) • ERP (HR, Supply Chain, Asset Management,

    Financials) • Tracking & Logistics (RFID, Sensor Web) • MapViewer Introduction

    • Life Sciences • Semantic Technologies

  • Partners Supporting Oracle Spatial/Locator

  • 10

    Partner Specialist Applications

    Geometry Topology Georaster Networks

    LRS Geodetic

    Long Transactions

  • 11

    Generalist (Business) Applications Simple Feature Geometries

    Spatial Operators Geocoding

    Routing Web Mapping

    Portal/SOA Integration

  • Combining Specialist & Generalist Apps Asset Management


    Multiple Apps Multiple Users


    Homeland Security

  • 13

    Location-enhanced Business Portals

    • Google, Yahoo, Microsoft, MapQuest, GlobeXplorer • Emerging SOA Architecture • Quintessential generalist user application • Multimedia Data Types (HTML, XML, image, maps) • Personalization (Security) • Real-time information (web services, sensors) • Syndicated content • Usage Tracking (advertising, subscription)

  • 14 Example

  • 15


    J2EE Server

    Spatial Components

    Web Service Framework

    Tools Applications

    Oracle Spatial

    Emerging IT Platform for Spatial Solutions


    Application Server

    Spatial Database

  • 16

    Service Oriented Architecture (SOA)

  • 17

    Role of Web Services in GIS and LBS

    By 2008 web services will be a preferred method to publish and query spatial data stores Simplifies and expands access to valuable geographic data and location based services Open, standard, easy access methods Low computation environments Consumer-oriented or specialist information

  • 18

    Technical Requirements for SOA

    Managing Integration Complexity – Supporting needs of the generalist

    Orchestration of services in a workflow Security for sensitive information Transaction management Semantic interoperability Monitoring and management of multiple services

  • Spatial Web Services Delivery Web enabled Partner Applications

    Simple Features GeoRaster Topology Networks Spatial Data Mining Geocoding Routing 3D

    Policy based resource management Workload scaling Workload redistribution Orchestration & Workflow Security provisioning & mgmt. Portal Wireless & Sensor Web Services

    Business Logic Industry Models Visualization Interactive Editing Industry Specific APIs Industry Knowledge Packaged Solutions

    Core Web Services Infrastructure Logistics Manageme

    Financial Managemen

    Oracle Partners Citizen Portal

    Asset Maintenance

    Criminal Justice

    Health Planning

  • 20

    Challenges to Deploying Web Services

    Security risks: Cannot replace secure infrastructure Performance: Not designed for CPU intensive searching, correlation, analysis Little flexibility and customization possible: Services tend to be get map, route, geocode, not generally application or customer specific Extrapolated data model support Semantics standardization

  • 21

    Standards Make it Happen!

    W3C OGC SQLMM ISO211 Open Mobile Association

  • 22

    Engineering Planning


    Provincial Agencies

    Oracle10g Value Proposition Secure Enterprise and Web Services Platform

    Single source of truth Strong Security Real-time information updates Interoperable data and location aware processes Integrated spatial information from multiple sources Enhanced Business and Operational Intelligence Creation of a Network Centric, Spatially Enabled, Real Time Enterprise



    External Web Services

    Land Management

  • 23

    Oracle Locator & Spatial

  • 24

    Oracle Locator All geometry types

    – Points, lines, polygons – 2D, 3D, 4D

    All indexing methods – R-Trees, Quadtrees (fixed or hybrid)

    All spatial queries – Inside, touch, overlap, …

    Proximity searches – Within distance, nearest neighbor

    Distance calculations Multiple projections

    Base Features

    Included with Oracle Database Standard Edition,

    Standard Edition One, and Enterprise Edition

  • 25

    Spatial Query Via SQL Find all buildings within 500 meters of building 902

    500 meters

    SQL> SELECT a.building_id 2> FROM base_buildings a, 3> base_buildings b 4> WHERE b.building_id = 902 5> AND SDO_WITHIN_DISTANCE( 6> a.Location, b.Location, 7> ‘distance=500’) = ‘TRUE’;

  • 26

    Oracle Spatial Includes Locator features plus :

    – Geometry functions – Spatial aggregates – Linear referencing – Coordinate system transformation – User-defined coordinate systems

    – Network Management – Topology – Raster integration – Geocoder – Spatial Data Mining

    Advanced features

    An option of Oracle Enterprise Edition

    Large data volumes, high user population

    Complex queries, Advanced


  • Spatial Functions Over 330 Spatial Functions

    – Union, Difference, Intersect, etc. – Spatial Aggregates – Buffer – Point as bearing – GML – Geometry Validations – Length – Area – Distance – Etc…







  • 28

    Managing Spatial Types in Oracle10g

    Road Networks (directed graph)

    Zip Codes Boundaries (polygons)



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