outline for statewide forest resource ... trenton, nj 08625 in cooperation with: the new jersey...

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  • INTRODUCTION .....................................................................................................................................................................1

    STATEWIDE ASSESSMENT..................................................................................................................................................3 HISTORICAL VIEW .................................................................................................................................................................3

    FOREST CONDITIONS AND TRENDS................................................................................................................................5 CRITERION 1. CONSERVATION OF BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY ................................................................................................5

    1. Area of Forest Land relative to total land area and area of reserved forest land. ......................................................5 2. The extent of area by forest type and by size class, age-class and success ional change. ..........................................9 3. Degree of forest land conversion, fragmentation and parcelization..........................................................................12 4. Status of forest / woodland communities and species of concern ..............................................................................13

    CRITERION 2: MAINTENANCE OF PRODUCTIVE CAPACITY OF FOREST ECOSYSTEMS .....................................................19 5. Area of Timberland .....................................................................................................................................................19 6. Annual removal of merchantable wood volume compared to net growth .................................................................21

    CRITERION 3: MAINTENANCE OF FOREST HEALTH AND VITALITY...................................................................................23 7. Area and percent of forest land affected by potentially damaging agents.................................................................23

    CRITERION 4: CONSERVATION AND MAINTENANCE OF SOIL WATER RESOURCES ..........................................................40 8. Area and percent of forest land with diminished soil quality ....................................................................................40 9. Area and percent of forest land adjacent to surface water and area of forest land by watershed ............................41 10. Water quality in forest areas .....................................................................................................................................42

    CRITERION 5: MAINTENANCE OF FOREST CONTRIBUTION TO GLOBAL CARBON CYCLES ..............................................43 11. Forest ecosystem biomass and forest ecosystem and forest products carbon pools ................................................43

    CRITERION 6: MAINTENANCE AND ENHANCEMENT OF LONG-TERM MULTIPLE SOCIO-ECONOMIC BENEFITS TO MEET THE NEEDS OF SOCIETIES ....................................................................................................................................................46

    12. Value and volume of wood and wood products production, consumption, and trade.............................................46 13. Outdoor recreational facilities and activities............................................................................................................48 14. Public and private investments in forest health, management, research, and wood processing ............................50 15. Forest ownership and land use (including acres of specially designated land) ......................................................55 16. Employment and wages in forest related sectors......................................................................................................56

    CRITERION 7: LEGAL, INSTITUTIONAL, AND ECONOMIC FRAMEWORK FOR FOREST CONSERVATION AND SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT......................................................................................................................................................................58

    17. Existence, type, and monitoring of forest management standards and guidelines .................................................58 18. Existence, type, and frequency of forest related planning, assessment, and policy review.....................................59

    STRATEGIES..........................................................................................................................................................................64 CONSERVE WORKING FOREST LANDS .................................................................................................................................64

    Sub-theme 1.1: Identify and conserve high priority forest ecosystems and landscapes................................................64 Sub-theme 1.2: Actively and sustainable manageable forests .......................................................................................82

    PROTECT FORESTS FROM HARM.........................................................................................................................................89 Sub-theme 2.1: Identify, manage and reduce threats to forest and ecosystem health ..................................................91

    ENHANCE PUBLIC BENEFIT FROM TREES AND FORESTS....................................................................................................99 Sub-theme 3.1: Protect and enhance water quality and quantity ..................................................................................99 Sub-theme 3.2: Improve air quality and conserve energy............................................................................................103 Sub-theme 3.3: Assist communities in planning for and reducing forest health risks ...............................................105 Sub-theme 3.4: Maintain and enhance the economic benefits and values of trees and forests .................................107 Sub-theme 3.5: Protect, conserve and enhance wildlife and fish habitat....................................................................108 Sub-theme 3.6: Connect people to trees and forests, and engage them in environmental stewardship activities ......109 Sub-theme 3.7: Manage trees and forests to mitigate and adapt to global climate change ........................................109

    DATA GAPS .........................................................................................................................................................................110 WORKS SITED.....................................................................................................................................................................112

    APPENDIX.............................................................................................................................................................................118 FOREST TYPE-GROUPS VS FOREST TYPES .........................................................................................................................118

  • New Jersey

    Statewide Forest Resource Assessment

    and

    Resource Strategies

    August 6th, 2010

    Prepared by:

    New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection Division of Parks and Forestry New Jersey Forestry Services

    Mail Code: 501-04 501 East State Street, 4th Floor

    PO Box 420 Trenton, NJ 08625

    In cooperation with:

    The New Jersey Forest Stewardship Coordinating Committee

    US Forest Service, State and Private Forestry US Forest Service, Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA)

    NJ Forest Fire Service NJ State Park Service

    The Richard Stockton College of New Jersey

  • Introduction

    As Congress worked to re-authorize the Farm Bill in 2008 they re-evaluated the importance of stewardship on the nation’s non-Federal forest resources and coordinating federal and state efforts toward the proper stewardship of these resources. Congress inserted amendments in the Bill that require states to conduct an assessment of their forest resources and to formulate strategies for their protection and management. The Statewide Assessment of New Jersey’s forest resources and the forest resource strategies presented herein have been prepared pursuant to this Farm Bill’s mandate.

    The intent and scale of the Assessment is not necessarily developed to pinpoint on the ground activities as in our annual work plans but to give an overview of the state’s forest resources and to provide a practical and measurable approach for management opportunities.

    Members from the NJ Forest Stewardship Coordinating Committee provided input and discussion regarding issues and concerns that needed to be addressed in the Statewide Assessment. Committee members were from the following organizations; The NJ Forest Service, NJ Department of Agriculture, US Forest Service, NJ State Technical Committee (NRCS), The Nature Conservancy, NJ Fish & Wildlife Service, Consultant Forester, NJ Forestry Association, Forest Legacy Program, NJ Farm Services Agency, Rutgers University, Natural Heritage Program, Commission,. Input was also provided by the US Army and the US Navy forestry personnel for the forest lands covering the Joint Base (Fort Dix, McGuire and Lakehurst Military facilities).

    USDA Forest Service Regions

    The Assessment will require an up

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