parental involvement: teachers' and parents' voices

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  • PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT: TEACHERS AND PARENTS VOICES

    by

    KAREN ANN SHEARER B.S. Elizabethtown College, 1979

    M.A. University of Central Florida, 2001

    A dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Education in Curriculum and Instruction

    in the College of Education at the University of Central Florida

    Orlando, Florida

    Fall Term 2006

    Major Professors: Susan Brown and David Boote

  • 2006 Karen A. Shearer

    ii

  • ABSTRACT

    Parents have been involved in the education of their children since the early days of our

    nation. Their roles have evolved from teaching the basics of reading writing and arithmetic in

    Colonial times to overseeing the selection of teachers and designing the curriculum during the

    early 1800s to providing academic support in the home up through the present time. Although

    educators are generally viewed as professionals and in charge of their students education, the

    importance of parental involvement is readily acknowledged. Confusing to both parents and

    educators is what constitutes parental involvement. The research revealed numerous definitions

    for the term, but none that were universally agreed upon. This lack of a clear delineation of roles

    has both parties struggling to make sense of their separate and joint responsibilities. Add to this

    confusion the complex issues surrounding linguistic and cultural diversity and both sides become

    mired in their differences rather than building upon their commonalities.

    Barriers to parental involvement can come from the family as well as the school. The

    purpose of this study was to examine those barriers from the perspective of educators as well as

    parents. A convenience sample was taken from the population of elementary schools in a Central

    Florida county. Parents of students from ethnic minorities were asked to complete a survey

    questionnaire regarding their experiences with the classroom teacher as well as involvement in

    their childs education. Elementary school teachers from the same county were given the

    opportunity to respond to an online survey questionnaire regarding their attitudes about cultural

    and language diversity and parental engagement at school and with learning.

    iii

  • Five hundred and fifty parent surveys and one hundred sixty-six teacher surveys were

    completed. The data analysis will show which factors influence parent involvement and how

    similarly parents and teachers feel about parent involvement.

    iv

  • I would like to dedicate my dissertation to my grandparents, Charles and Dorothy Shearer and

    Nellie Stoudt. They inspired me to make the most of my educational opportunities through their

    example, work ethic and self-sacrifice.

    v

  • ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

    I would like to thank my family for understanding why I couldnt travel to Pennsylvania to

    spend more time with them. Special thanks to my dear friend, Dee, for her unwavering support

    and encouragement. To my first grade students, thank you for reminding me that we are all

    teachers and we are all learners. I would like to gratefully acknowledge and thank Dr. Susan

    Brown for helping me to understand my culture so that I could begin to understand and

    appreciate cultures different from my own. Lastly, thanks to Dr. Ettien Koffi, my friend and

    brother and an example of perseverance, dedication and excellence.

    vi

  • TABLE OF CONTENTS

    LIST OF TABLES.......................................................................................................................... x

    CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION.............................................................................................. 1

    Background and Significance ..................................................................................................... 3

    Statement of the Purpose ............................................................................................................ 5

    Explanation of Terminology ....................................................................................................... 6

    Assumptions................................................................................................................................ 7

    Limitations of the Study.............................................................................................................. 8

    CHAPTER TWO LITERATURE REVIEW................................................................................. 9

    Parental Involvement Defined .................................................................................................. 10

    Barriers to Parental Involvement .............................................................................................. 12

    Teachers Barriers to Parental Involvement ............................................................................. 16

    CHAPTER THREE METHODOLOGY ..................................................................................... 20

    Statement of the Problem.......................................................................................................... 20

    Study Population and Sample ................................................................................................... 21

    Methodology for Parent Survey................................................................................................ 22

    Instrumentation for the Parent Survey ...................................................................................... 24

    Methodology for Teacher Survey ............................................................................................. 26

    Instrumentation for the Teacher Survey ................................................................................... 30

    Instrument Reliability and Validity .......................................................................................... 32

    Factor Analysis ......................................................................................................................... 33

    CHAPTER FOUR DATA ANALYSIS....................................................................................... 36

    vii

  • Population and Sample ............................................................................................................. 36

    Descriptive Analysis of Parent Survey Items ........................................................................... 39

    Descriptive Analysis of Teacher Survey Items......................................................................... 45

    Research Question One............................................................................................................. 50

    Research Question Two ............................................................................................................ 55

    Research Question Three .......................................................................................................... 57

    Research Question Four............................................................................................................ 59

    CHAPTER FIVE SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATIONS ................................................. 61

    Findings That Confirm Prior Research ..................................................................................... 63

    Findings That Contradict Prior Research.................................................................................. 63

    Findings That Contribute to the Research ................................................................................ 64

    Recommendations for Changes in Survey Implementation...................................................... 65

    Recommendations for Improving Parent-Teacher Contact and Collaboration......................... 67

    Recommendations for Future Research .................................................................................... 69

    APPENDIX A: IRB APPROVAL FROM UCF........................................................................... 70

    APPENDIX B: LETTER TO DR. RON PINNELL ..................................................................... 72

    APPENDIX C: E-MAIL LETTER TO PRINCIPALS................................................................. 74

    APPENDIX D: COVER LETTER FOR TEACHER SURVEY .................................................. 76

    APPENDIX E: COVER LETTER FOR PARENT SURVEY ..................................................... 78

    APPENDIX F: SPANISH TRANSLATION OF PARENT LETTER ......................................... 80

    APPENDIX G: TEACHER SURVEY INSTRUMENT .............................................................. 83

    APPENDIX H: PARENT SURVEY INSTRUMENT ................................................................. 86

    APPENDIX I: SPANISH TRANSLATION OF PARENT SURVEY INSTRUMENT .............. 89

    viii

  • LIST OF REFERENCES.............................................................................................................. 92

    ix

  • LIST OF TABLES

    Table 1 Descriptive Profile of Responding Parents (N=553) ....................................................... 24

    Table 2 Means and Standard Deviations for Constructs 1-4 ........................................................ 26

    Table 3 Descriptive Profile of Responding Teachers (N=166) ....................................

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