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  • PERSPECTIVES ON BRAZILS NATIONAL INNOVATION SYSTEM AND THE ROLE OF PATENTS

    AND BIOTECHNOLOGY IN THE AGRO-INDUSTRY

    Patents and Biotechnology accelerate the growth of

    Brazilian agriculture:The Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation (Embrapa)

    Innovation

  • PERSPECTIVES ON BRAZILS NATIONAL INNOVATION SYSTEM AND THE ROLE OF PATENTS

    AND BIOTECHNOLOGY IN THE AGRO-INDUSTRY

    The Brazilian Agriculture

    . Food Importer in the 70s

    . Currently the 2nd Food Exporter

    . Industrialization Process

    . Creation of Embrapa - April 73

  • PERSPECTIVES ON BRAZILS NATIONAL INNOVATION SYSTEM AND THE ROLE OF PATENTS

    AND BIOTECHNOLOGY IN THE AGRO-INDUSTRY

    0

    500

    1.000

    1.500

    2.000

    2.500

    3.000

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    4.000

    1961

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    1975

    1977

    1979

    1981

    1983

    1985

    1987

    1989

    1991

    1993

    1995

    1997

    1999

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    kg*

    ou t.

    ha-1

    Cereal Frutas Hortalias Fibras Tubrculos Oleoginosas

    Productivity gain t/ha

  • PERSPECTIVES ON BRAZILS NATIONAL INNOVATION SYSTEM AND THE ROLE OF PATENTS

    AND BIOTECHNOLOGY IN THE AGRO-INDUSTRY

    Government expenditures x agricultural expenditures

    0

    100

    200

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    500

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    700

    800

    1980

    1982

    1984

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    1988

    1990

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    2000

    1.00

    0 R

    $ ou

    100

    R$

    0

    2

    4

    6

    8

    10

    12

    14

    %

    Despesa total da Unio (1.000 R$) Despesas no setor agrcola (100 R$) (%)

  • PERSPECTIVES ON BRAZILS NATIONAL INNOVATION SYSTEM AND THE ROLE OF PATENTS

    AND BIOTECHNOLOGY IN THE AGRO-INDUSTRY

    Embrapas Institutional Mission

    To seek and implement sustainable development solutions for the rural space, focusing on Brazilian

    agribusiness, through the generation, adaptation and transfer of knowledge and technology, in order to

    benefit the whole Brazilian society. ANNUAL BUDGET

    US$ 700 million

    . FUNDING Federal Government - 85%

    Own Funding - 15%

  • PERSPECTIVES ON BRAZILS NATIONAL INNOVATION SYSTEM AND THE ROLE OF PATENTS

    AND BIOTECHNOLOGY IN THE AGRO-INDUSTRY

    Total employees: 8.600

    Researchers: 2.30053% PhD45% MSc2% BS

    Human Resorces

  • PERSPECTIVES ON BRAZILS NATIONAL INNOVATION SYSTEM AND THE ROLE OF PATENTS

    AND BIOTECHNOLOGY IN THE AGRO-INDUSTRY

    0

    200

    400

    600

    800

    1000

    1200

    1400

    1600

    1974

    1980

    1986

    1990

    1996

    2000

    2001

    2003

    2006

    Pesq

    uisa

    dore

    s

    Bs MSc Dr

    Human Resources Evolution

  • PERSPECTIVES ON BRAZILS NATIONAL INNOVATION SYSTEM AND THE ROLE OF PATENTS

    AND BIOTECHNOLOGY IN THE AGRO-INDUSTRY

    Research Network

    39 Research Centers- 11 National Thematic Centers- 15 National Commodity Centers- 13 Ecorregional/Agroforestry Centers 03 Special Services Labex: USA USDA/ARS

    Europe: France, Netherlands Embrapa Africa Accra, Ghana

  • PERSPECTIVES ON BRAZILS NATIONAL INNOVATION SYSTEM AND THE ROLE OF PATENTS

    AND BIOTECHNOLOGY IN THE AGRO-INDUSTRY

    Embrapas Innovation NetworkEmbrapa AcreEmbrapa AmapaEmbrapa Western AmazoniaEmbrapa Eastern AmazoniaEmbrapa RondoniaEmbrapa Roraima

    Embrapa Mid-NorthEmbrapa Tropical Semi-AridEmbrapa Coastal TablelandsEmbrapa GoatsEmbrapa Cassava & Tropical FruitsEmbrapa CottonEmbrapa Tropical Agroindustry

    Embrapa Western Region AgricultureEmbrapa Rice & BeansEmbrapa CoffeeEmbrapa CerradosEmbrapa Beef CattleEmbrapa VegetablesEmbrapa PantanalEmbrapa Genetic Resources & BiotechnologyEmbrapa Tecnological Information

    North

    Northeast

    Center-west

    Embrapa AgrobiologyEmbrapa Food TechnologyEmbrapa Dairy CattleEmbrapa Agriculture InformaticsEmbrapa Agricultural InstrumentationEmbrapa EnvironmentEmbrapa Maize & SorghumEmbrapa Satellite MonitoringEmbrapa Cattle-SoutheastEmbrapa Soils

    Southeast

    Embrapa Temperate AgricultureEmbrapa ForestryEmbrapa South Animal Husbandry & SheepEmbrapa SoybeanEmbrapa Swine & PoultryEmbrapa WheatEmbrapa Grape & Wine

    South

    Embrapa Africa Labex USA Labex Europe

  • PERSPECTIVES ON BRAZILS NATIONAL INNOVATION SYSTEM AND THE ROLE OF PATENTS

    AND BIOTECHNOLOGY IN THE AGRO-INDUSTRY

    NEW TARGETS

    Embrapa Agrienergy Embrapa Africa Accra, GhanaEmbrapa South America Caracas, VenezuelaEmbrapa Central America, Panama City, Panama Labex Europe Wageningen,

    Netherlands

  • PERSPECTIVES ON BRAZILS NATIONAL INNOVATION SYSTEM AND THE ROLE OF PATENTS

    AND BIOTECHNOLOGY IN THE AGRO-INDUSTRY

    EMBRAPA AGRIENERGY

    Sugarcane: Ethanol, Bagace Pulp: Ethanol Oils and Fats: Biodiesel Cultivated Energetic Forests: Coal Residues and By-products: Biogas

  • PERSPECTIVES ON BRAZILS NATIONAL INNOVATION SYSTEM AND THE ROLE OF PATENTS

    AND BIOTECHNOLOGY IN THE AGRO-INDUSTRY

    EMBRAPA AFRICA, SOUTH AND CENTRAL AMERICA

    Technology transfer Knowledge diffusion Agricultural and social-economic

    development Environmental sustainability Food, fiber and energy security

  • PERSPECTIVES ON BRAZILS NATIONAL INNOVATION SYSTEM AND THE ROLE OF PATENTS

    AND BIOTECHNOLOGY IN THE AGRO-INDUSTRY

    Embrapas International Cooperation

    Bilateral Agreements: 71 Number of Countries: 40 Number of Institutions: 68Multilateral Agreements: 20 Int. Organizations

  • Demand for International CooperationDemand for International Cooperation

    PERSPECTIVES ON BRAZILS NATIONAL INNOVATION SYSTEM AND THE ROLE OF PATENTS

    AND BIOTECHNOLOGY IN THE AGRO-INDUSTRY

    DEMANDS: DEMANDS: TrainingTrainingTechnical AssistanceTechnical AssistanceConsultancyConsultancyRegional ProgramsRegional Programs

  • PERSPECTIVES ON BRAZILS NATIONAL INNOVATION SYSTEM AND THE ROLE OF PATENTS

    AND BIOTECHNOLOGY IN THE AGRO-INDUSTRY

    EMBRAPAS BIOTECHNOLOGY

    CONTRIBUTION TO THE BRAZILIAN AGRIBUSINESS

    DEVELOPMENT

  • PERSPECTIVES ON BRAZILS NATIONAL INNOVATION SYSTEM AND THE ROLE OF PATENTS

    AND BIOTECHNOLOGY IN THE AGRO-INDUSTRYIMPROVEMENT AND UTILIZATION OF THE BRAZILIAN SAVANNAHS (CERRADOS)

    Production Area (millions ha)Total Area 204 Farming Area 127 Cultivated pastures 35 Annual crops 10 Perennial crop and

    cultivated forests 2 Area still available 80

    Potential production (millions tons)- Grain 240 - Meat 11- Fruit 90

  • PERSPECTIVES ON BRAZILS NATIONAL INNOVATION SYSTEM AND THE ROLE OF PATENTS

    AND BIOTECHNOLOGY IN THE AGRO-INDUSTRY

    1960

    RR

    AMPA MA

    PI

    CERN

    PBPEAL

    SEBA

    TO

    MT

    RO

    AC

    GO

    MGES

    RJSP

    MS

    PR

    SC

    RS

    AP

    1975

    RR

    AMPA MA

    PI

    CERN

    PBPEAL

    SEBA

    TO

    MT

    RO

    AC

    GO

    MGES

    RJSP

    MS

    PR

    SC

    RS

    AP

    2005

    RR

    AMPA MA

    PI

    CERN

    PB

    PEAL

    SEBA

    TO

    MT

    RO

    AC

    GO

    MG

    ES

    RJSP

    MS

    PR

    SC

    RS

    AP

    ADAPTATION OF PLANT VARIETIESNITROGEN BIOLOGICAL FIXATIONNO TILLINGPESTS & DISEASES BIOLOGICAL CONTROL

  • PERSPECTIVES ON BRAZILS NATIONAL INNOVATION SYSTEM AND THE ROLE OF PATENTS

    AND BIOTECHNOLOGY IN THE AGRO-INDUSTRY

    BRAZILIAN CERRADOS

    22% OF THE NATIONAL TERRITORY CONSIDERED USELESS IN THE 70s

    Nowadays 50% OF GRAIN PRODUCTION 40% CATTLE ROTATION 50% COTTON PRODUCTION

  • PERSPECTIVES ON BRAZILS NATIONAL INNOVATION SYSTEM AND THE ROLE OF PATENTS

    AND BIOTECHNOLOGY IN THE AGRO-INDUSTRY

    Part. %World (a) Brazil (b) (b/a)

    Coffee 7.7 2.1 27.8 1stSugarcane 1,293.2 421.8 32.6 1stOrange 59.9 17.9 29.8 1stBanana 72.5 6.7 9.2 2ndBeef 60.4 8.8 14.5 2ndCassava 203.9 26.3 12.9 2ndSoybeans 209.5 51.1 24.4 2ndTobacco 6.4 0.9 13.8 2ndPoultry meat 70.0 9.2 13.1 3rdFruits 506.3 35.4 7.0 3rdCorn 692.0 34.9 5.0 3rdSwine meat 102.5 2.7 2.7 5thMilk 527.8 23.3 4.4 7thEggs 64.3 1.6 2.5 7thRice 614.1 13.2 2.2 9thWheat 621.6 4.7 0.8 23rd

    BRAZIL: WORLD AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION RANKING (2005 Harvest)

    Source: FAO, IBGE, CNPC, ABEF and ABIPECS.

    Millions tons RankingProducts

  • PERSPECTIVES ON BRAZILS NATIONAL INNOVATION SYSTEM AND THE ROLE OF PATENTS

    AND BIOTECHNOLOGY IN THE AGRO-INDUSTRYGRAIN PRODUCTION

    Source: CONAB / MAPA * Estimation (8th harvest survey)

    GRAINS: cotton, peanut, rice, oats, rye, barley, beans, sunflowers, castor bean, corn, soy, sorghum, wheat and triticale.

    47.249.047.443.940.237.837.836.935.036.637.038.5

    39.135.638.537.9

    57.968.4 68.3

    76.081.1

    73.678.4 76.6

    82.4 83.0

    100.3

    96.7

    123.2 119.1

    113.9

    119.4

    90/91 91/92 92/93 93/94 94/95 95/96 96/97 97/98 98/99 99/00 00/01 01/02 02/03 03/04 04/05 05/06*

    A r

    e a

    and

    P r

    o d

    u c

    t i o

    n

    ( m i

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    AREA

    PRODUCTION

  • PERSPECTIVES ON BRAZILS NATIONAL INNOVATION SYSTEM AND THE ROLE OF PATENTS

    AND BIOTECHNOLOGY IN THE AGRO-INDUSTRY

    5,200

    5,400

    6,045

    5,820

    6,040

    6,2706,650 6,900

    7,300

    7,700

    8,3508,750