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Philippine Transportation Statistics


Philippine Transportation Statistics

Chapter 1



Philippine Transportation Statistics 1. IntroductionThe Philippines is an archipelago of 7,107 islands spread over a total land area of 299,764 square kilometers. Efficient transportation system that will interconnect all the islands in the country is vital in supporting the development programs of the country. As such, information or statistical data relating to the countrys transport sector serves as essential input in the design of appropriate programs and projects. In the Philippines, there is a government-wide system of providing statistical information to the public, the Philippine Statistical System (PSS). This is a decentralized system composed of a policy-making body, data producers, users, research and training institutions, and data providers. The present system is defined by Executive Order No. 121 of the Philippines. The framework of coordination is shown in Figure 1.Legislative Offices Executive Offices Training, Education and Research Institutions

0Data Users

PolicyMaking/ Coordinating Agency

Data Producers

Data Suppliers/Respondents

Figure 1. Framework of Coordination in the Philippine Statistical System The policy making and coordinating body is the National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB). The NSCB formulates policies, delineates responsibilities, sets priorities and standards on statistics and administers the one-stop statistical information center. It also maintains multi-sectoral frameworks/indicator system. It also provides links for coordination between and among the key players. It also serves as the statistical clearing-house and liaison for international matters. Based on the PSS, the data producers or the agencies that produce statistics as their primary function are the National Statistics Office (NSO), Bureau of Agricultural Statistics (BAS) and Bureau of Labor and Employment Statistics (BLES). In addition to these statistical agencies, various other government departments/agencies generate statistics as byproducts of their primary functions. These agencies disseminate directly to data users and provide NSCB a copy of their data. With regards to transport sector, the NSCB compiles data from several government agencies. The statistics on land surface and rail transport are provided by the Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH), Philippine National Railways (PNR), Department of Transportation and Communications (DOTC) Road and Rail Division and the Land Transportation Office (LTO). Philippine Ports Authority (PPA) and Maritime Industry


Philippine Transportation StatisticsAuthority (MARINA) provide the maritime transport data. Air transport data are sourced from the Air Transportation Office (ATO). Aside from those agencies mentioned above, there are other government agencies, which generate transport statistics. The Philippine National Police produces data on road traffic accidents. The Philippine Coast Guard, which is under the Philippine Navy generates maritime incidents data. The Department of Interior and Local Government, which collects road inventory data from Local Government Units (LGUs). This paper elucidates the situation of transportation statistics data collection in the country. An attempt has been made to identify the transportation statistics currently generated by different government agencies in the country and to identify the transportation data gaps.


Philippine Transportation Statistics

Chapter 2

Land Surface Transport (Road Transport)


Philippine Transportation Statistics 2. Land Surface TransportFor the case of land surface transport, the agencies that actually produce statistics are the Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH), Department of Transportation and Communications (DOTC), Department of Interior and Local Government (DILG) and the Philippine National Police (PNP). These agencies disseminate directly to data users and provide the National Statistics and Coordination Board (NSCB) a copy of their report. When there are new data requirements, the NSCB requests data from these agencies thru proper channels. a. Road Length based on Administrative Road Classification Road length in the Philippines is usually reported based on the five (5) administrative road classification, namely: National Road, Provincial Road, City Roads, Municipal Roads and Barangay Roads. National Roads: These are roads continuous in extent that form part of the main trunk line system. The road administrator for this type of road is the National Government, specifically the Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH). Provincial Roads: Roads connecting one municipality with another. The provincial government covers the maintenance of these roads. City Roads: Roads/streets within the urban area of the city to be designated by the City council. The city government is responsible for the operation and maintenance of these roads/streets. Municipal Roads: Roads or streets within the poblacion area of a certain municipality to be designated by the Municipal Council. Barangay Roads: Rural roads located either outside the urban area of city or outside industrial, commercial or residential subdivisions which act as feeder farm-to-market roads, and which are not classified as national, provincial, city or municipal roads. This type of road is to be designated by the Barangay Council concerned. Table 1 and Figure 2 shows the historical development of the Philippine Road Network. Total road length has increased gradually from 1985 to 1997 and a remarkable increase of 21.9% was noted in 1997-1998. The increase was mainly due to the expansion of barangay roads. The decrease of the total length of road network from 1985 to 1988 was due to the correction of national and barangay road sections nationwide with overlapping section and double listed road section and the non-inclusion of the physical length in the lineal meters of bridge. It is also important to note that Table 1 data for the national road includes the north and south Luzon expressways. The data for the national road is readily available because there is a database under the Roads and Bridges Information Application System (RBIA) of the DPWH. The national road data is updated quarterly by DPWH regional offices. The data, on the other hand, for other road classification are collected by the DILG. As of 2007, from the four (4) road classification being collected by DILG, only the Provincial Road is up-to-date. The road length of city, municipal and barangay roads are still for verification.


Philippine Transportation StatisticsBased on the 2006 data, about 14.5% is under the jurisdiction of the National Government through the DPWH. The remaining 85.5% fall under the jurisdiction of the Local Government Units (LGUs).

Table 1. Growth of Road Length in the PhilippinesYEAR 1982 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 NATIONAL ROAD 23,783 26,190 26,230 26,082 26,070 26,110 26,272 26,422 26,554 26,594 26,659 26,720 27,369 27,650 28,162 29,524 30,013 30,161 30,030 28,649 30,030 28,952 29,098 PROVINCIAL ROAD 29,554 28,194 28,334 28,928 29,174 29,144 29,156 29,156 29,158 29,158 29,156 29,117 28,762 28,530 28,503 27,224 27,136 27,076 26,926 26,926 26,926 26,926 26,926 CITY ROAD 3,740 3,987 3,987 3,984 3,982 3,949 3,949 3,949 3,949 3,949 3,949 3,949 3,949 3,949 5,767 5,767 7,052 7,052 7,052 7,052 7,052 7,052 7,052 MUNICIPAL ROAD 12,142 12,825 12,841 12,875 12,626 12,707 12,820 12,820 12,820 12,820 12,819 12,820 12,820 12,820 15,816 15,816 15,804 15,804 15,804 15,804 15,804 15,804 15,804 BARANGAY ROAD 85,264 90,671 87,107 85,941 85,595 87,149 88,363 88,863 88,364 88,364 88,364 88,364 88,364 88,364 121,702 121,702 121,989 121,989 121,989 121,989 121,989 121,989 121,989 TOTAL 154,483 161,867 158,499 157,810 157,447 159,059 160,560 161,210 160,845 160,885 160,947 160,970 161,264 161,313 199,950 200,033 201,994 202,082 201,801 200,420 201,801 200,722 200,869 0

Source: Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH)

Figure 2. Growth of Road Length in the Philippines140,000 120,000 100,000 80,000 60,000 40,000 20,000 0 1985 NATIONAL ROAD 1990 PROVINCIAL ROAD 1995 CITY ROAD Year 2000 MUNICIPAL ROAD 2005 BARANGAY ROAD Road Length (Kms)

Source: Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH)


Philippine Transportation Statistics b. Road Length by Surface TypeThe statistics on road length by surface type is also collected and reported by DPWH and DILG. The data for national road is collected by DPWH while the data for provincial, city, municipal and barangay roads are gathered by DILG. Table 2 below shows the existing road length by surface type for the whole country. Of the total of 200,869 kms of roads in the Philippines, 21 % is paved and 79% is still unpaved. The percentage of paved roads has increased by only 8% from 1982 to 2001. This may be attributed to the inadequate financial and technical resources of the LGUs considering that about 85% of the total roads fall under their responsibility. For 2003-2004, there was no update on road length by surface type because during this time the DPWH is doing the roads and bridges database for the country. Comparing Table 1 and 2, it will be observed that there are some discrepancies on values. This happens when data is gathered at different times of the year. The road length data may vary when the data gathered is in May and December. There may be road improvement projects finished between May and December. As such, the road length especially on national road may differ. Regional offices of DPWH do the inventory of roads for national roads every quarter.

Table 2. Existing Road Length by Surfac


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