Photo 101 - Hands on DSLR

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<ul><li><p>7/28/2019 Photo 101 - Hands on DSLR</p><p> 1/27</p><p>Photography 101</p><p>Hands on with the DSLR</p><p>Jacksonville Photography Meetup</p><p>Group</p></li><li><p>7/28/2019 Photo 101 - Hands on DSLR</p><p> 2/27</p><p>Introductions</p><p> Your name</p><p> Level of photography experience</p><p>Equipment you brought (camera and lens) Did you bring your camera manual?</p><p>2JPMG Photo 101</p></li><li><p>7/28/2019 Photo 101 - Hands on DSLR</p><p> 3/27</p><p>Purpose for the Entire JPMG</p><p>100/1/2/3 Series</p><p> Develop a basic process for taking pictures.</p><p> Understand that the camera is a tool in this process.</p><p> Here is the basic process: Decide the story that you want the photo to tell.</p><p> Determine the photographic composition that tells thestory.</p><p> Set the camera up to take the picture that tells the story.This is called the creatively correct exposure.</p><p>Take the picture, evaluate if it tells the story the way youwant to, make changes to the composition and camerasettings as appropriate, and retake the picture (lather,rinse, repeat.).</p><p> Develop a basic understanding of light.</p><p>3JPMG Photo 101</p></li><li><p>7/28/2019 Photo 101 - Hands on DSLR</p><p> 4/27</p><p>Class Purpose for today</p><p> Understand that the DSLR camera is a tool.</p><p> We are going to learn how to use the tool.</p><p> Hands-on, learn how to use the dials and settings.</p><p>AF, drive modes, selecting the focus point</p><p> Learn about lenses.</p><p> Know how to use your manual.</p><p> The goal is that you walk out of here knowing</p><p>how to manipulate your camera. You will alsolearn how to get the correct exposure (not thecreatively correct exposure).</p><p>4JPMG Photo 101</p></li><li><p>7/28/2019 Photo 101 - Hands on DSLR</p><p> 5/27</p><p>Prerequisites</p><p>You fully understand the photographictriangle, and the concept of stops of exposure.</p><p> Im going to assume in the conduct of the</p><p>class that you know the prerequisites, and if I</p><p>tell you to increase the exposure by two stops</p><p>using aperture, you understand what I am</p><p>telling you to do and know how to do it.</p><p> If you dont know how to do that, Im not</p><p>going to stop the class to explain.</p><p>5JPMG Photo 101</p></li><li><p>7/28/2019 Photo 101 - Hands on DSLR</p><p> 6/27</p><p>Photo 100 Review Exercise</p><p>Lets take a completely manual mode picture inthis room, without a flash.</p><p> In Manual Mode, set your camera for ISO 400, f8, and1/100 sec.</p><p> Look at the exposure level indicator, and what does ittell you?</p><p> Take the picture and look at it in the LCD?</p><p> Is it too dark or too bright? Does what you see matchwith what the indicator told you?</p><p> How can we change it to get a different exposure?</p><p> Keep adjusting until you get a correct exposure.Everyones final settings will be different, but they willall produce a correctly exposed image.</p><p>6JPMG Intro to Natural Light Portraits</p></li><li><p>7/28/2019 Photo 101 - Hands on DSLR</p><p> 7/27</p><p>Photo 100 Review Exercise -- 2</p><p>What we just went through is pretty much acomplete review on how to get a correctly</p><p>exposed photo.</p><p> This is basically your thought process every time</p><p>you take a picture, from a technical perspective.</p><p> If you understand the discussion, and most</p><p>importantly the whys, then you are ready to</p><p>move on. This is really important. If you dont understand</p><p>what we just did, then you are going to have</p><p>difficulty in this class.7JPMG Intro to Natural Light Portraits</p></li><li><p>7/28/2019 Photo 101 - Hands on DSLR</p><p> 8/27</p><p>Review - Correct Exposure</p><p> What is the correct exposure? The combination of ISO, aperture, and shutter</p><p>speed to get the right amount of light to the</p><p>sensor.</p><p> Most situations have at least 6 possible</p><p>combinations (at any single ISO) of aperture and</p><p>shutter speed to achieve the correct exposure.</p><p> Does everyone understand this statement?</p><p> Lets throw up some examples and talk through</p><p>them.</p><p>8JPMG Photo 101</p></li><li><p>7/28/2019 Photo 101 - Hands on DSLR</p><p> 9/27</p><p>Exposure Compensation</p><p>Exposure Compensation. What is exposure compensation?</p><p> An alteration of the camera-defined settings for the exposure.</p><p> Exposure comp is either plus, to get more light on the sensor, orminus, to get less light on the sensor.</p><p> Why would we want to set exposure compensation? We want to deliberately over or under expose (lacrosse visors, ie). The camera metering is being fooled (backlight situation).</p><p> HDR photography.</p><p> How does exposure compensation work? Aperture Priority Mode Longer/Shorter shutter speed.</p><p>Shutter Priority Mode More open or closed aperture. Program Mode Camera adjusts both aperture and shutter speed.</p><p> Are we able to set EC in manual mode? Why or why not?</p><p> Where do we see exposure compensation on the camera?</p><p> How do we set the exposure compensation (back to themanual).</p><p>9JPMG Photo 101</p></li><li><p>7/28/2019 Photo 101 - Hands on DSLR</p><p> 10/27</p><p>Exposure Compensation - 2</p><p>Exposure Compensation. Lets do an exercise on Exposure Compensation.</p><p> Go to aperture priority mode, ISO 1600, f11, and take apicture. Write down the photographic triangle settings.</p><p> Now set the EC to -2 and take a picture. What are the</p><p>settings? What did the camera do? Now set the EC to +2 and take a picture. What are the</p><p>settings? What did the camera do?</p><p> Go to shutter priority mode, ISO 1600, 1/15 sec, and take apicture. Write down the photographic triangle settings.</p><p> Now set the EC to -2 and take a picture. What are thesettings? What did the camera do?</p><p> Now set the EC to +2 and take a picture. What are thesettings? What did the camera do?</p><p> Now put your camera down and leave the settings as is.10JPMG Photo 101</p></li><li><p>7/28/2019 Photo 101 - Hands on DSLR</p><p> 11/27</p><p>Highlight Alert</p><p>What is Highlight Alert? It tells you, for the picture that you just took,</p><p>where you are loosing details in the highlight</p><p>areas (the bright areas are too bright).</p><p> You should always have the highlight alert setting</p><p>enabled (turned on) for your camera.</p><p> How do you enable the highlight alert? Lets go to</p><p>the manual and turn it on. Now lets look at the last picture that you took,</p><p>with the EC set to +2. Are there any blinky areas?</p><p>If so, what do they tell you?</p><p>11JPMG Photo 101</p></li><li><p>7/28/2019 Photo 101 - Hands on DSLR</p><p> 12/27</p><p>Highlight Alert -- 2</p><p>What are your options if you have the blinkysin your picture?</p><p> First, do you care about where they are? If no,</p><p>then leave the photo as is.</p><p> If you dont to lose the detail in those areas, then</p><p>you need to decrease the amount of light in the</p><p>exposure, by adjusting the ISO, or shutter speed,</p><p>or aperture.</p><p>12JPMG Photo 101</p></li><li><p>7/28/2019 Photo 101 - Hands on DSLR</p><p> 13/27</p><p>Understanding the Histogram</p><p>What is the histogram? It is a graph that shows the distribution of the</p><p>dark and light pixels in the image.</p><p> The X-axis (horizontal) represents dark to the left and</p><p>light to the right. The Y-axis represents how many pixels there are, at</p><p>that level of dark/light. The higher the line, the more</p><p>there are.</p><p> Lets go to the manual. How do I get to the histogram? What does it tell me?</p><p> View the histogram from the last picture taken.</p><p>13JPMG Photo 101</p></li><li><p>7/28/2019 Photo 101 - Hands on DSLR</p><p> 14/27</p><p>Understanding the Histogram - 2 Lets do an exercise.</p><p> Your camera should still be set up for EC of +2. Take</p><p>another picture and bring it up on the LCD, with the</p><p>histogram. The picture is overexposed, and see how the</p><p>histogram looks.</p><p> Now set your camera for an EC of -2. Take another</p><p>picture and bring it up on the LCD, with the histogram.</p><p>The picture is underexposed, and see how the</p><p>histogram looks.</p><p> Now set your camera for an EC of 0. Take another</p><p>picture and bring it up on the LCD, with the histogram.</p><p>The picture is underexposed, and see how the</p><p>histogram looks.</p><p>14JPMG Photo 101</p></li><li><p>7/28/2019 Photo 101 - Hands on DSLR</p><p> 15/27</p><p>White Balance White Balance and the color of light</p><p> What is the color of light? (ROYGBIV the colors of therainbow).</p><p> Refers to the relative warmth or coolness of the light. Red iswarm, blue is cool.</p><p> So what is white balance then? The correct White balance (WB) makes objects which appear white in</p><p>person are rendered white in your photo.</p><p> Photographers may use a white card to determine proper WB. Showhow it is used.</p><p> Setting the WB tells the camera the light color that it is operating in.</p><p> Now, how do we set the white balance, and what are the</p><p>possible settings? (The manual again.). ExampleLets set WB to sunlight, take a picture. Does the</p><p>picture have a color cast? Now set it to shade, take a picture.Color cast? What is the correct WB for this room? Take apictures and look at it. Do the colors look correct?</p><p>15JPMG Photo 101</p></li><li><p>7/28/2019 Photo 101 - Hands on DSLR</p><p> 16/27</p><p>Metering Modes</p><p>Metering modes What is metering? This is the process of the camera</p><p>determining the subject brightness.</p><p> What are the available metering modes? (Lets go to themanual for this). Why would we want to use each mode</p><p>(what situation)? Evaluative / Matrix. General purpose.</p><p> Partial or Spot. Mels dark person and white wall example.</p><p> Center weighted averaging. Light/dark stage in a darker/lighterroom example.</p><p> How do we set the metering mode? (To the manualagain..).</p><p> Lets do a demo. Lets darken the room and take a pictureof the projector monitor. Set each of the metering modesand see what the exposure is. What does the demo teachyou?</p><p>16JPMG Photo 101</p></li><li><p>7/28/2019 Photo 101 - Hands on DSLR</p><p> 17/27</p><p>Drive/Release Mode</p><p>Setting the Drive Mode (Canon)/Release Mode(Nikon)</p><p> What is the drive/release mode?</p><p> How many shots can be taken when the shutter is pressed.</p><p> Instantaneous, or delayed?</p><p> Single shot/single frame.</p><p> Continuous/continuous.</p><p>Self Timer. How do we set the drive mode (back to the manual).</p><p> In the class, you should be set to single shot/frame.</p><p>17JPMG Photo 101</p></li><li><p>7/28/2019 Photo 101 - Hands on DSLR</p><p> 18/27</p><p>Auto Focus</p><p>Setting the Auto Focus (Canon/Nikon) mode What is the Auto Focus mode?</p><p> How the auto focus acts when you engage it, either via theshutter or the AF On button.</p><p> One Shot/Single Servo AF For single shots of still</p><p>subjects. AI Servo/Continuous Servo AF For moving subjects.</p><p> AI Focus/Auto Servo AF Combo of the two, acts likeeither, depending on whether the subject stays still ormoves.</p><p> How do we set the AF mode (back to the manual).</p><p> For the class, you should be set on One Shot/SingleServo AF.</p><p>18JPMG Photo 101</p></li><li><p>7/28/2019 Photo 101 - Hands on DSLR</p><p> 19/27</p><p>Combining Drive and AF Modes</p><p>Now lets think about the combination of AFmode and drive mode, because they work</p><p>together, hand in hand.</p><p>How do we use the AF mode and Drive modetogether?</p><p> For sports or moving subjects?</p><p>For portraits or still subjects? For subjects that may or may not move (babies?)</p><p> When I want to be in the picture?</p><p>19JPMG Photo 101</p></li><li><p>7/28/2019 Photo 101 - Hands on DSLR</p><p> 20/27</p><p>Setting the AF Point</p><p>Setting the AF point. What is the default for the auto focus point?</p><p> Lets look at the manual, as each camera is a little different.</p><p> Does your camera have face detection, and is it engaged?</p><p> Focus point/area on the sides or top/bottom,</p><p>depending on the situation. Zone focus area.</p><p> Single point focus point.</p><p> When would we use each AF point mode?</p><p> How do we set the AF point mode (back to themanual).</p><p> We will not do an exercise on this now, because everycamera is different. We will come back to this later.</p><p>20JPMG Photo 101</p></li><li><p>7/28/2019 Photo 101 - Hands on DSLR</p><p> 21/27</p><p>AF Point Display</p><p>What is the AF Point Display? It shows you in the viewfinder which AF point(s) is</p><p>active, and also which point(s) is/are used for thephoto.</p><p> When you enable AF Point Display, the active AF</p><p>Point(s) show up in the viewfinder at all times. When you half press the shutter, the viewfinder will</p><p>show you which AF Point(s) are being used for thephoto.</p><p>How do we enable AF Point Display? Lets go to themanual and enable it.</p><p> Lets now see how it works.</p><p> I recommend always having this on.</p><p>21JPMG Photo 101</p></li><li><p>7/28/2019 Photo 101 - Hands on DSLR</p><p> 22/27</p><p>Image Quality</p><p>Setting the image quality (RAW and JPG) What is RAW?</p><p> The digital negative.</p><p> All information is available in the file.</p><p>Requires special software to display on a computer. What is JPG?</p><p> Standard for displaying pictures on computers.</p><p> Image is compressed, so some information is lost.</p><p> Different degrees of compression define JPG size and quality.</p><p> Why would we shoot raw or jpg, or both?</p><p> How do we set the image quality (back to themanual).</p><p>22JPMG Photo 101</p></li><li><p>7/28/2019 Photo 101 - Hands on DSLR</p><p> 23/27</p><p>Lenses Fixed versus variable focal length (zoom).</p><p> foot zoom versus lens zoom. The focal length (50mm, for example) describes the width of the</p><p>field of view (FOV angle).</p><p> Wide angle versus telephoto. Wide angle can see left to right a lot.</p><p> Telephoto sees longer distances, with a narrower FOV.</p><p> Macro For extreme close up images (flowers, bugs, etc).</p><p> Fixed and variable aperture lenses Look at the end of the lens to see what it says.</p><p>Fast and slow lenses. For variable aperture lenses, the first aperture is at the</p><p>shortest/widest focal length, and it gets progressively smaller tothe last number, at the longest/narrowest focal length.</p><p>23JPMG Photo 101</p></li><li><p>7/28/2019 Photo 101 - Hands on DSLR</p><p> 24/27</p><p>Lenses -- 2 Lets do a variable aperture exercise.</p><p> Zoom your lens out to its widest/shortest focal length.</p><p> On the camera, set your aperture to its most opensetting.</p><p> Now, slowly zoom the lens while watching the</p><p>aperture setting on the camera. What happens?</p><p> Now you see how variable aperture lenses work?</p><p> Ok, you ask, why have these lenses?</p><p> They are less expensive to make, and thereforeaffordable for the general public.</p><p> You just have to be aware of how the aperture ischanging as you are zooming the lens.</p><p>24JPMG Photo 101</p></li><li><p>7/28/2019 Photo 101 - Hands on DSLR</p><p> 25/27</p><p>Lenses -- 3 Image Stabilization (Canon) / Vibration Reduction (Nikon) /</p><p>Optical Stabilization (Sigma)</p><p>What is IS/VR? IS/VR is used to reduce blurring associated with the motion of a</p><p>camera during exposure. Camera shake, as opposed to subjectmotion.</p><p> In general, IS/VR allows the photographer to take pictures usingslower shutter speeds than otherwise practical.</p><p>The advantage is the ability to take lower-light photos on still subjects,without having to resort to additional light (flash).</p><p> Use only at low shutter speeds (slower than 1/100 second). Why? Youdont need it, and it makes the camera slower.</p><p> How do we set IS/VR on and off? (Look for the switch on thelens).</p><p> How does IS/VR work? Camera shake versus subject motion.</p><p> Demonstration ISO 800, Shutter priority mode.</p><p> Set shutter speed to 1/30 sec (IS on/off, move hand, hand still).</p><p> Does everyone see from the demo what IS/VR is and does, and what it</p><p>doesnt do? 25JPMG Photo 101</p><p>Exercises and Scenarios</p></li><li><p>7/28/2019 Photo 101 - Hands on DSLR</p><p> 26/27</p><p>Exercises and Scenarios</p><p>How can we set up our camera, and what</p><p>lenses will we use?</p><p> Lets talk through some scenarios that we will all face. BTW, there are no right or wrong answers here.</p><p> Do you always want to be in manual mode? NO NO NO!!</p><p> But you want to be able to understand what the camera is</p><p>doing, so that if the picture doesnt come out the way thatyou want, you know what to look at to fix it.</p><p> Vacation walk around photography outdoors (exampleis the St Augustine Photo Walk)</p><p> Vacation walk around indoors (museum)</p><p> Concert at the Florida Theater (or childrens concert)</p><p> Family gathering in the house Babies, kids, friends, pets</p><p> Others?26JPMG Photo 101</p></li><li><p>7/28/2019 Photo 101 - Hands on DSLR</p><p> 27/27</p><p>Questions?</p><p>Thank you for attending.</p><p> Please let us know what you thought of the</p><p>class. (Both good and bad, please).</p><p> If anyone is interested in volunteering to hostor assist at meetups, please communicate to</p><p>the organizers.</p><p>Thank you again, and have a great day!!</p><p>27JPMG Photo 101</p></li></ul>