photography a 2500 year history

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Author: eltone-frigiliana

Post on 17-May-2015




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A presentation given to Frigiliana Camera Club Nov 2012. Lighthearted & informative look at photographic from 2500 years ago to George Eastman popular Box Brownie


  • 1. Photography meaningdrawing or writing in light A brief history of writing in light The Camera (Qamara)EPISODE ONE

2. It only took....2500 years or 130,250 weeks to arrive 3. Early History...A Surprise! Photography is the result of combining several discoveries. 5th & 4th Century BC - Chinese philosopher Mo Ti & Greekmathematicians Aristotle and Euclid described a pinhole camera In the 6th century AD - Byzantine mathematician Anthemus ofTralles used a type of camera obscura in his experiments. 965 in Basra c. 1040 in Cairo - Ibn al-Haytham(Alhazen) studiedthe camera obscura and pinhole camera. 1206-80 Saint Alburtus Magnus discovered silver nitrate. 1516-71 Georges Fabricius discovered silver chloride. 1568 - Daniel Barbaro described a diaphragm ( Aperture ) 1694 - Wilhelm Homberg described how light darkened some chemicals(photochemical effect). 172974 - The novel Giphantie by Tiphaigne de la Roche, described whatcould be interpreted as photography. 1955 Tone was born...So you can have this presentation, bless him! 4. The camera obscuraEarly photo folk ( homonikonicus blanko pict-erectus ) had no way topreserve images produced bycamera obscuras apart frommanually tracing the images.Some early obscuras - wereroom sized & known to existin the Arab world.Hence the word Cameracoming from the Arab ....QamaraCamera Obscura means......The Darkened Chamber 5. Late Iberian- Homo nikonicus erectus... pretends he has a qamara 6. ...examples of camera obscura 7. Why is the image projected upsidedown camera obscura or pin hole?Light travels in a straight line, which means rays from above the pinhole will pass through itand hit the bottom of the wall opposite. Raysfrom below the pinhole will hit the top of theback wall; hence, forming the upside downimage. 8. Now you get to make your ownCamera Obscura Get a Pringles tube & remove opened end. Insert a rolled piece of black paper inside thetube, to make the inside dark. Poke a pinhole in one end about 1.5mm diameter& leave in place. Remove other end & place a piece of tracing orgreaseproof paper neatly on the open end secure with cellotape. There you have it go point it at somethingbright 9. And now for some really old photos...Daguerreotype camera 1839 Lens by Charles Chevalier 10. 1826-First permanent photograph By French inventor Joseph Nicephore Niepce On bitumen/pewter plate9,700 Weeks ago! 11. Daguerre copper plate with silver then iodine vapour treated to make light sensitive 1835 Louis Daguerre - First ever photograph of people 12. 1861 First Colour PhotographTartan ribbon by Thomas Sutton & James Clerk Maxwell. 13. Thomas Sutton & James ClerkMaxwell. father of electromagnetism The image of a tartan ribbon is thefirst-ever permanent colourphotograph, and it was taken 150years ago with the legendary scientistJames Clerk Maxwell. In order to illustrate a lecture oncolour vision on May 17, 1861, ClerkMaxwell asked Thomas Sutton, aphotography innovator in his ownright who had invented the firstcamera with a wide-angle lens, totake three separate photographs of atartan ribbon, each time using adifferent filter. The result was the firstcolour photograph, and so the three-color process was born. 14. 1849 Calotype printAmerican photographer Frederick Langenheim. Caption says Talbotype process 15. 1839 - One of the oldest portraitsknown by Joseph Draper New YorkPortrait is of Anna Katherine Draper the photographers sister. 16. 1855 Punchcartoon satirizing problems with posing for Daguerrotypesslight movementduring exposure,resulting in blurred pics 17. 19th Century studio set up- note thehead clamp 18. 1855 Fentons photographic van 150 years later Roger Fenton & Philip Delamotte helped popularise photography & recorded the construction & de-construction of the Crystal Palace 19. 1854 - The Crystal Palace, SydenhamBy Philip Henry Delamotte 20. Bit about photographic plates Plates preceded photographic film as atarget medium in photography. A light-sensitive emulsion of silver saltswas applied to a glass plate. This form of photographic materiallargely faded from the consumer marketin the early years of the 20th century, asmore convenient and less fragile films Negative Platewere introduced. Photographic plates were still in use bysome photography businesses until the1970s and were in wide use by theprofessional astronomical community aslate as the 1990s. Agfa Plates c1880 21. 1885-1889...Along comes film 1885 George Eastmanmanufactured paper film 1889 Switched to celluloid 1888/89 First camera called theKodak By end of 19th century producedseveral inexpensive cameramodels resulting in the snapshotconcept 1960 The Brownie was so popularvarious models remained on saleuntil the 1960s 22. So now we have thebeginnings of fixed images. The birth of modern photographyin 1885-1889 In 1900 George Eastman took to the mass market with the Brownie box(snapshot) camera. Pre loaded with 100Kodak No 2 Brownie box camerac.1910 by George Eastman exposuresUse it and send it back to the factoryfor developing and re reloading5,835 Weeks ago! 23. Next episode from film to digital &spy satellites.... 1981 Sony Mavica 1st digital camera ever!1651 weeks ago! 24. Cheers Tone..great presentation..hic!