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DESCRIPTIONPhotography History. Two vital element in Photography. Question#1 Optical: Lenses captures light Chemicals: Allowed photographers to process their negatives and prints. Camera Obscura. Question# 2 Latin for dark room. People using this technology. Aristotle (c. 300 BC). - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Two vital element in Photography
Optical: Lenses captures light
Chemicals: Allowed photographers to process their negatives and prints
Camera ObscuraQuestion# 2Latin for dark room.People using this technology. Aristotle (c. 300 BC).Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519). The camera obscura (Lat. dark chamber) Arabian scholar Hassan ibn Hassan in the 10th century Later another device that will aid in drawing will be developed in the 1800s call the Camera Lucida
Optical device used in drawing, Contributed toward the invention of photography.Photographic devices today are still known as "cameras".Camera Obscura
Joseph Nicphore Nipce
1816-1818, experiments combining Camera Obscura with light-sensitive paper, failures Found that Silver Nitrate and Silver Chloride would turn black when struck by light. 1818, image fixed for 3 months He ran out of money and in poor health.He stopped short of producing a permanent image.
William Henry Fox Talbot Question#3Title: William Henry Fox Talbot. (1800-1877)In England, Talbot creates permanent (negative) images using paper soaked in silver chloride and fixed with a salt solution.Perfected the Calotype process
photogenic drawingFirst to produce a negative image.not as bright or as detailed as daguerreotypemultiple copies could be madeImage quality is a little soft and unsharp
Louis JacquesMande Daguerre (pronounced Dagair) Title: Louis Jacques Mande Daguerre. (1787-1851)dioramas (Diorama)interest in lenses1829: after several years of back and forth, Nipce and Daguerre team up.1833: Nipce dies, penniless.Daguerre first to make a positive image as mercury vapor was used to produce an image formed on a silver coated copper sheet made sensitive to lightQuestion # 4
Daguerreotype ProcessMirrorlike surface, negative from certain angles delicate, in thick glassNo multiple printsCould not capture motion5-40 minute exposure timeInitially, not practical for portraits
Early PhotographyQuestion #5
Early Photography consisted mostly of pictures of Famous People and Out Doors
Frederick Scott Archer Collodion (wet plate) process Question#6
Frederick Scott Archer invents Collodion process (but doesnt patent)
Collodion ProcessThis process replaces Daguerrotype The definite advantage was that the collodion plate had a depth of detail and sharpness unprecedented exposed and developed inside the camera. reduced exposure time to just a few secondsbrought portraiture to the people (tintype)
REVIEWPeople just coveredDaVinci - lensesNiepce - chemicalTalbot - Calotype processDaguerre - Daguerreotype processMorse - most famous DaguerrotypistArcher - Collodion processProcess just coveredCalotype perfected by TalbotDaguerretype developed by DaguerreCollodion developed by Archer
Matthew Brady Question #7Title: Mathew Brady, 1875 taught by Samuel Morsehad portrait studios in New York and Washington DCportrait photographers pictures of soldiers1862, closed studios, went to photograph the Civil War
Matthew Brady Title: First Battle of Bull Run, 1861was probably one of the greatest of photographic documentary photographers by end of Civil War, his team had taken over 7000 negatives didnt ignore harsh realitypublic wasnt ready for stark brutality of images
Darkroom of the Civil WarQuestion #8The Civil War Darkroom was a Covered WagonVery mobile Used by BradyGardnerOSullivanW.H. Jackson
Photography more than a portraitQuestion # 9- William Henry Jackson photographed the frontier
http://www.andrewsmithgallery.com/exhibitions/whjackson/index.htmYellowstone ParkHelped to create Yellowstone as a park once viewed by Congress
What was just coveredPhotography came out of the studioReal life pictures were documenting current eventsPhotography persuades public opinion
Joseph Muybridge1871 Invention of the moveable shutterHad a bet with Leyland Stanford that a horse in full stride did not have all four feet off the ground.In 1878 Muybridge proved the horse bunched the legs under it belly at full stride.The techniques eventually lead to motion pictures.
Horse RunningQuestion # 10
Click here to see horse video.
George Eastman Question # 11
Title: A 1954 U.S. stamp featuring George Eastman. 1888Photo paper could be purchased instead of made by hand.$25 camera. $10 have photos developed.
Kodak #1 camera,Question # 12Photo taken with Kodak #1 camera, 1890Took 100 photosThe entire camera was sent back to Kodak for developingBy the end of the century camera clubs were flourishing
What we just coveredPhotography was capable caputuring multiple imagesKodak put cameras in the hands of common peopleSnapshot clubs developed
Alfred StieglitsQuestion # 13Top: self-portrait of Alfred StieglitsBottom: everyday lifeStieglits produced emotional glimpses of everyday life.Documentary Photography bornChampion of Straight Photography
Photo as a means of expressionQuestion # 14Light meter invented 1930Half-tone process created and used in the mass production of books and magazinesHistory has now become visual as well as verbal.Question # 15Life Magazine is the birth of Photojournalism. Vogue Magazine used the camera as a platform for fashion.
What we just coveredEveryday life is photographedDocumentary photography is developedThe light meter was developedMass production of photos is capable due to the half-tone processLife and Vogue magazine have photos as their magazine foundation.
Ansel AdamsQuestion # 16Title: Ansel Adams,El Capitan, Winter Ansel Adams and Fred Archer are credited with creating the zone system Adams is primarily associated with Yosemite Valley, Ca. imagery.
Diane ArbusQuestion # 17
She took her camera places where people we afraid to go.Mental hospitalsPhysical deformities
The Big Picture of PhotographyExpression of art as well as sciencePortraits - TalbotDocument history BradyMotion pictures developed out of photography - HorseKodak put the camera in the hands of all - EastmanEveryday life documented - StieglitzBooks/Magazines used photography for their products/beliefs - Life/VogueLandscape was explored Ansel AdamsThe physical surroundings were invistigated both human and natural Diane Arbus