phylum echinodermata - crestwood high school - echinoderms.pdf• phylum echinodermata • live only...

13

Upload: others

Post on 17-Sep-2020

19 views

Category:

Documents


0 download

TRANSCRIPT

Page 1: Phylum Echinodermata - Crestwood High School - Echinoderms.pdf• Phylum Echinodermata • Live only in the sea • Spiny skin • Water vascular system • Tube feet: suction-cuplike
Page 2: Phylum Echinodermata - Crestwood High School - Echinoderms.pdf• Phylum Echinodermata • Live only in the sea • Spiny skin • Water vascular system • Tube feet: suction-cuplike
Page 3: Phylum Echinodermata - Crestwood High School - Echinoderms.pdf• Phylum Echinodermata • Live only in the sea • Spiny skin • Water vascular system • Tube feet: suction-cuplike

• Phylum Echinodermata

• Live only in the sea

• Spiny skin

• Water vascular system

• Tube feet: suction-cuplike

structures

• Endoskeleton: internal

skeleton; hardened plates of

calcium carbonate

• Five-part radial symmetry

Page 4: Phylum Echinodermata - Crestwood High School - Echinoderms.pdf• Phylum Echinodermata • Live only in the sea • Spiny skin • Water vascular system • Tube feet: suction-cuplike

• The water vascular system, which is filled with fluid,

carries out many essential body functions in

echinoderms including respiration, circulation, and

movement

• Madreporite: sieve-like structure

through which the water vascular

system of an echinoderm opens to

the outside

Page 5: Phylum Echinodermata - Crestwood High School - Echinoderms.pdf• Phylum Echinodermata • Live only in the sea • Spiny skin • Water vascular system • Tube feet: suction-cuplike

• Several methods of feeding

• Sea urchins use five-part jaw-like structures to scrape algae from rocks

• Sea lilies use tube feet to capture floating plankton

• Sea stars feed on mollusks by pushing the stomach out through the mouth

Page 6: Phylum Echinodermata - Crestwood High School - Echinoderms.pdf• Phylum Echinodermata • Live only in the sea • Spiny skin • Water vascular system • Tube feet: suction-cuplike

• Other than the water vascular system, echinoderms have few adaptations to carry out respiration or circulation

• In most species, the thin-walled tissue of the tube feet provides the main surface for respiration

Page 7: Phylum Echinodermata - Crestwood High School - Echinoderms.pdf• Phylum Echinodermata • Live only in the sea • Spiny skin • Water vascular system • Tube feet: suction-cuplike

• Solid wastes are released as feces through the

anus

• Nitrogen-containing cellular wastes are

excreted primarily in the form of ammonia

• It is passed through the tube feet and skin gills

Page 8: Phylum Echinodermata - Crestwood High School - Echinoderms.pdf• Phylum Echinodermata • Live only in the sea • Spiny skin • Water vascular system • Tube feet: suction-cuplike

• Do not have a highly developed nervous system

• Most have a nerve ring that surrounds the mouth and

radial nerves that connect the ring with the body

sections

• Most have scattered sensory cells that detect light,

gravity, and chemicals released by potential prey

Page 9: Phylum Echinodermata - Crestwood High School - Echinoderms.pdf• Phylum Echinodermata • Live only in the sea • Spiny skin • Water vascular system • Tube feet: suction-cuplike

• Most move by tube feet and thin layers of muscle fibers attached to their endoskeleton

• Mobility is determined by the kind of endoskeleton

Page 10: Phylum Echinodermata - Crestwood High School - Echinoderms.pdf• Phylum Echinodermata • Live only in the sea • Spiny skin • Water vascular system • Tube feet: suction-cuplike

• Reproduce by external fertilization

• The sexes are separate in most sea star species

Page 11: Phylum Echinodermata - Crestwood High School - Echinoderms.pdf• Phylum Echinodermata • Live only in the sea • Spiny skin • Water vascular system • Tube feet: suction-cuplike

• 7000 species

– Sea urchins and sand dollars

– Brittle stars

– Sea cucumbers

– Sea stars

– Sea lilies and feather stars

Page 12: Phylum Echinodermata - Crestwood High School - Echinoderms.pdf• Phylum Echinodermata • Live only in the sea • Spiny skin • Water vascular system • Tube feet: suction-cuplike

• Common in a variety of marine habitats

• A rise or fall of echinoderms can cause major changes to populations of other marine organisms

• Sea urchins control the distribution of algae and other forms of marine life

• Sea stars are important carnivores that control the numbers of other organisms such as clams and corals

Page 13: Phylum Echinodermata - Crestwood High School - Echinoderms.pdf• Phylum Echinodermata • Live only in the sea • Spiny skin • Water vascular system • Tube feet: suction-cuplike

Echinoderms All are marine Coelomates Acephalous Most have 5-part radial symmetry Water vascular system (responsible for

respiration, circulation, & movement) Most move slowly using “tube

feet,” but some are sessile Examples:

Sea cucumbers Sea stars & brittle stars Sea urchins & sand dollars Sea lilies & feather stars