Plato s Philebus Selected Papers From the Eighth Symposium Platonicum.ebooKOID

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Plato, Philebus, Philosophy

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  • John Dillon / Luc Brisson (eds.)

    Platos Philebus

  • International Plato Studies Published under the auspices of the

    International Plato Society

    Series Editors: Michael Erler (Wrzburg), Franco Ferrari (Salerno),

    Louis-Andr Dorion (Montral), Marcello Boeri (Santiago de Chile), Lesley Brown (Oxford)

    Volume 26

  • PLATOS PHILEBUS

    SELECTED PAPERS FROM THE EIGHTH SYMPOSIUM PLATONICUM

    Edited by

    JOHN DILLON AND LUC BRISSON

    Academia Verlag Sankt Augustin

  • Illustration on the cover by courtesy of the Bodleian Library, Oxford, MS. Ashmole 304, fol. 31 v.

    Bibliografische Information der Deutschen Nationalbibliothek Die Deutsche Nationalbibliothek verzeichnet diese Publikation in der

    Deutschen Nationalbibliografie; detaillierte bibliografische Daten sind im Internet ber http://dnb.ddb.de abrufbar.

    ISBN: 978-3-89665-525-7

    1. Auflage 2010

    Academia Verlag Bahnstrae 7, D-53757 Sankt Augustin

    Internet: www.academia-verlag.de E-Mail: info@academia-verlag.de

    Printed in Germany

    Alle Rechte vorbehalten

    Ohne schriftliche Genehmigung des Verlages ist es nicht gestattet, das Werk unter Verwendung mechanischer, elektronischer und anderer Systeme in

    irgendeiner Weise zu verarbeiten und zu verbreiten. Insbesondere vorbehalten sind die Rechte der Vervielfltigung auch von Teilen des Werkes

    auf fotomechanischem oder hnlichem Wege, der tontechnischen Wiedergabe, des Vortrags, der Funk- und Fernsehsendung, der Speicherung in

    Datenverarbeitungsanlagen, der bersetzung und der literarischen und anderweitigen Bearbeitung.

  • List of Contributors v

    List of contributors

    Sara Ahbel-Rappe, University of Michigan Hugh H. Benson, University of Oklahoma Marcelo D. Boeri, University of the Andes, Chile Beatriz Bossi, Complutense University of Madrid Francisco Bravo, Universidad Central de Venezuela Luc Brisson, CNRS, Villejuif Giovanni Casertano, Universit degli Studi di Napoli Federico II Benot Castelnrac, Universit de Sherbrooke, Canada Louis-Andr Dorion, Universit de Montral Michael Erler, Universitt Wrzburg Rafael Ferber, Universitt Luzern / Universitt Zrich Hallvard J. Fossheim, University of Oslo Dorothea Frede, University of California Berkeley Francesco Fronterotta, University of Salento Marc-Antoine Gavray, Universit de Lige Lloyd P. Gerson, University of Toronto Mary Louise Gill, Brown University Christopher Gill, University of Exeter Charles H. Kahn, University of Pennsylvania Annie Larive, Carleton University Aikaterini Lefka, Universit de Lige / Universit de Luxembourg / Towson University Francisco L. Lisi , Universidad Carlos III de Madrid Angela Longo, Universit di Ginevra Arnaud Mac, Universit de Franche-Comt Graciela E. Marcos de Pinotti, Universidad de Buenos Aires CONICET Andrew Mason, University of Edinburgh Mary Margaret McCabe, King's College, London Mark L. McPherran, Simon Fraser University Maurizio Migliori, Unitersit degli Studi di Macerata Tomasz Mrz, University of Zielona Gra Michel Narcy, CNRS, Villejuif Noburu Notomi, Keio University Suzanne Obdrzalek, Claremont McKenna College Satoshi Ogihara, Tohoku University Erik Nis Ostenfeld, University of Aarhus, Denmark Richard D. Parry, Agnes Scott College Richard Patterson, Emory University Jean-Franois Pradeau, Jean Moulin University Lyon III Naomi Reshotko, University of Denver Serafina Rotondaro, Universit di Napoli David T. Runia, Queen's College, University of Melbourne Mara Isabel Santa Cruz, Universidad de Buenos Aires CONICET

  • vi List of Contributors

    Samuel Scolnicov, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem Richard Stalley, University of Glasgow Harold Tarrant, University of Newcastle, Australia Fulcran Teisserenc, Universit de Paris I, Panthon-Sorbonne Mauro Tulli, University of Pisa lvaro Vallejo Campos, Universidad de Granada Katja Maria Vogt , Columbia University Anne Gabrile Wersinger, Universit de Reims, France Moon-Heum Yang, Dongguk University, Seoul

  • Table of Contents vii

    Table of Contents

    List of contributors ............................................................................................................. v Table of contents ............................................................................................................. vii

    John Dillon Preface .............................................................................. ix

    De Vogel Lecture

    Dorothea Frede Life and its Limitations: the conception of happiness in the Philebus ...................................................................... 3

    1. Themes

    A. Logic and Dialectic Hugh H. Benson Collection and Division in the Philebus ........................... 19 Francisco Bravo El mtodo de la divisin y la divisin de los placeres en

    el Filebo de Platn ............................................................ 25 Hallvard J. Fossheim Method in the Philebus ..................................................... 31 Mary Louise Gill The Divine Method in Platos Philebus ............................ 36 Christopher Gill Dialogue Form and Philosophical Content in Platos

    Philebus ............................................................................ 47 Charles H. Kahn Dialectic, Cosmology, and Ontology in the Philebus ....... 56 Michel Narcy Socrate lcole de ltranger dle .............................. 68 Noburu Notomi The questions asked in the Philebus ................................. 74 Richard Patterson The Philebus and the Unity of Platonic Method ............... 80 Naomi Reshotko Restoring Coherence to the Gods Gift to Men: Philebus

    16c9-18b7 and 23e3-27b8 ................................................ 92 Serafina Rotondaro Il Filebo di Platone, ovvero labile difesa di una supre-

    mazia ................................................................................ 98 David T. Runia Didactic enumeration in the Philebus and other Platonic

    writings ............................................................................. 104 Harold Tarrant A Taste of the Doctrines of each group of Sages:

    Platos Midwifery at work in the Academy ...................... 110 B. Ethical Questions Beatriz Bossi How consistent is Plato with regard to the unlimited

    character of pleasure in the Philebus? .............................. 123 Giovanni Casertano Opinione, verit e piacere: la prima specie dei piaceri

    falsi ................................................................................... 134 Benot Castelnrac Plaisirs esthtiques et beaut dans le Philbe : un essai de

    reconstruction du discours platonicien sur l'art ................. 140 Louis-Andr Dorion Lautarcie et les critres du bien (Philbe 20d et 67a) ...... 146 Michael Erler Philebos und Phaidon ber die Qualitt von Emotionen .. 152 Marc-Antoine Gavray Pourquoi rire ? Philbe, 47d-50e ...................................... 158 Annie Larive The Philebus, a Protreptic? ............................................... 163

  • viii Table of Contents

    Aikaterini Lefka La vie mixte du Philbe : une concession pragmati-que de Platon au plaisir ? .................................................. 172

    Francisco L. Lisi Ley, placer e intelecto en el Filebo ................................... 178 Graciela E. Marcos de Pinotti Placer y phantasa en Filebo 36c3-40e5 ........................... 188 Mary Margaret McCabe Banana skins and custard pies: Plato on comedy and self-

    knowledge ......................................................................... 194 Mark L. McPherran Love and Medicine in Platos Symposium and Philebus .. 204 Suzanne Obdrzalek Fleeing the Divine Platos Rejection of the Ahedonic

    Ideal in the Philebus ......................................................... 209 Satoshi Ogihara The Contrast between Soul and Body in the Analysis of

    Pleasure in the Philebus .................................................... 215 Richard D. Parry Truth, Falsity, and Pleasures in Philebus and Republic 9 . 221 Richard Stalley The Philebus and the Art of Persuasion ............................ 227 Mauro Tulli Weak ignorance: the geloi'on from the scenes of Aristo-

    phanes to the dialogue of Plato ......................................... 237 lvaro Vallejo Campos La verdad del placer en el Filebo ...................................... 243 Katja Maria Vogt Why Pleasure Gains Fifth Rank: Against the Anti-Hedo-

    nist Interpretation of the Philebus ..................................... 250 C. First Principles Rafael Ferber Platons Nebensonnen: Schnheit, Symmetrie und

    Wahrheit ........................................................................... 259 Francesco Fronterotta Nature and structure of the cause in Philebus 26e1-27b3 . 266 Lloyd P. Gerson Beauty, Commensurability, and Truth in Plato's Philebus 272 Arnaud Mac Leidos-structure dans le Philbe au fondement de la

    science de la nature (Philbe 31d4-32b5) ......................... 279 Andrew Mason Platos God : the evidence of the Philebus ....................... 285 Maurizio Migliori Uni-molteplicit del reale e dottrina dei Principi .............. 292 Erik Nis Ostenfeld The psychology of the Philebus ........................................ 307 Jean-Franois Pradeau The Forging of the Soul in Platos Philebus ..................... 313 Mara Isabel Santa Cruz Quantit dtermine et juste mesure dans le Philbe ........ 320 Samuel Scolnicov The wonder of one and many ........................................... 326 Luc Brisson Lecture de Philbe 29a6-30d5 .......................................... 336 Fulcran Teisserenc Dune causalit dmiurgique en cosmologie et en thique 342 Anne Gabrile Wersinger Lapeiron et les relatifs dans le Philbe ........................... 348 Moon-Heum Yang Arithmetical Numbers and Ideal Numbers in Platos

    Philebus ............................................................................ 355

    2. Influences and Interpretations

    Marcelo D. Boeri Epicurus the Platonist ....................................................... 363 Angela Longo La divisione nel commento di Damascio al Filebo di

    Platone .............................................................................. 369 Sara Ahbel-Rappe Damascius exegesis of Philebus 27, on the nature of the

    Mixed ................................................................................ 376 Tomasz Mrz Philebus Interpreted by Paul Natorp and Wincenty Lu-

    tosawski ........................................................................... 382 Bibliography .................................................................................................................... 391 Index locorum .................................................................................................................... 410 Subject Index .................................................................................................................... 425

  • Preface ix

    Preface

    The present volume contains a selection of the papers delivered at the VIII Symposium Platonicum, on the topic of Platos Philebus, which was held in Dublin from July 23 28, 2007, under the auspices of the Dublin Centre for the Study of the Platonic Tradition, based in Trinity College, Dublin, but participated in also by colleagues from the Departments of Philosophy and Classics of University College Dublin, the National University of Ireland Maynooth, and All Hallows College, Dublin. The event also benefited from the support of the the Trinity Association and Trust, the Mediterranean and Near Eastern Studies Programme and the Department of Philosophy in TCD, and the Office of the Dean of Research and the Department of Philosophy in UCD.

    The conference was attended by approximately 180 people, including 152 full partici-pants, graduate students (particularly from Italy), and some part-time attenders. Considerably more than 100 papers were delivered, as we were anxious to accommodate as many members as possible who wished to give papers, but this made the process of selection for the volume all the more difficult, as we are fairly strictly limited as to our permitted bulk, and there were many good papers that could not be included.

    I am grateful to all to those who helped to make the occasion a success, and especially to the members of our Local Committee, Vasilis Politis, Brendan OByrne, Patrick Quinn, and Fran ORourke, but above all to our beloved colleague John Cleary, who sadly passed away on Easter Sunday, April 12, 2009, after a protracted battle with cancer of the liver, and to whom, by agreement of the International Managing Committee, this volume is dedicated. John was really the guiding spirit behind the preparations for the Symposium, and kept us all to our tasks with a firm hand for the whole period leading up to the event. We could not have succeeded without him, and we deeply mourn the loss of a valued colleague and distinguished scholar.

    After some deliberation, we have decided that the papers gathered here would best be presented by dividing them into the three chief topics that seem to be the subject of this dialogue, which can be subsumed broadly under the three traditional divisions of philosophy, Logic, Ethics and Physics (including the study of First Principles). It is plain, after all, that we find in the course of the Philebus three issues raised: first, the question of method, and in particular the method of division; secondly, that topic which is overtly presented as the subject of the dialogue, the nature of pleasure and its place in the construction of the best life; but thirdly also -- and possibly, after all, most importantly the identification of the first principles of reality, in the form of Limit and the Unlimited, and their interaction to make a coherent world, including the human soul. Each of these topics has received enlightening treatment in the papers presented here, and in the process the Philebus has been revealed as comprehending very much of a conspectus of Platos philosophy. By way of coda, we have included a small number of papers on the later influence and interpretation of the dialogue, a topic that could bear much fiurther investigation.

    It would invidious to single out individual contributions, but a word should be said, in conclusion, about the paper of our De Vogel lecturer, Dorothea Frede. She has already put us deeply in her debt by her magisterial edition, with commentary, of the dialogue, and here she provides a true key-note address, to launch the conference and the volume, by presenting a

  • x Preface

    study in depth of the nature and validity of Platos most mature thoughts on the nature of human happiness, in the Greek sense of eudaimonia, which is very much the central issue of the Philebus. Her plea for the superiority of process over some static, achieved state as an essential component of human happiness is surely a most important insight. I will conclude by borrowing her quotation of a reflection by the poet Lessing, from his essay Eine Duplik:

    Its not the truth that one possesses, or believes one possesses, that makes for the value of a human being, but rather the...

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