plato’s moral theory
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DESCRIPTIONPlato’s Moral Theory. Examine ( elenchos ) your values, society’s values, religious values, etc. Accept the limits of human knowledge; use reason to discover the definition ( logos ) of each virtue and virtue itself; live well ( eudaimonia ). You are rich, respected, and - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Examine (elenchos) your values, societys values, religious values, etc.Accept the limits of human knowledge; use reason to discover the definition (logos) of each virtue and virtue itself; live well (eudaimonia).
You are rich, respected, and feared, but hows your soul?
A virtue theory: virtues are character traits which promote the interests of the agent and her community. No Moderation makes Gia unhealthy and her closest community unhappy.A self-interest theory: Wrongdoing harms the wrongdoer. Doing the right thing always promotes ones interests.
A rationalist theory: virtue is acquired by rational reflection. All who understand the nature of justice, goodness, etc., will behave virtuously and live well. Careful thinking is the key to moral conduct.
Terms like justice, beauty, unity, etc., refer to entities existing in a transcendent realm. Knowledge occurs only when the human mind/soul makes non-perceptual contact with these ideal, eternal objects. A Form is immutable, timeless, one over many, intellectually apprehensible, and capable of precise definition via dialectical inquiry.
I. One over many: Universal properties shared by many particulars; many intelligent students; there is some single property that each has, intelligence.
II. Standards of measurement and appraisal: More or less equal, implies knowledge of Equality. More or less honest = closer to or further from perfect honesty.
III. Definitions: Is compassion good? Requires definitions of compassion and good.IV. Immutable things: Jill may be pale in winter and tan in summer, but pale can never become tan.
V. Timeless truths: truths about particulars are tensed, truths about universals and definitions are timeless.VI. Intellectual knowledge: apprehension of general concepts is intellectual, not perceptual. Certainty.
Objects States of mindIntelligible The Good Intelligence or Knowledge realm Forms Mathematical Thinking objects____________________________________________realm of visible things belief/opinionappearance images imagining