poetry elements mash up

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this is a mash up of various slideshare presentations on Poetry. The relevant credits are provided in the last slide


  • 2. What is poetry?
  • 3. A form of art in which language is used for its aesthetic and evocative qualities with or without its apparent meaning.
  • 4. It is derived from the Greek word poiesis, meaning "making" or "creating
  • 5. often uses particular forms and conventions to expand the literal meaning of the words, or to evoke emotional or sensual responses
  • 6. Purpose of Poetry To express ideas, feelings and emotions.
  • 7. What are the origins of poetry?
  • 8. Many ancient works, from the Vedas to the Odyssey, appear to have been composed in poetic form to aid memorization and oral transmission, in prehistoric and ancient societies.
  • 9. The oldest surviving poem is the Epic of Gilgamesh, from the 3rd millennium BC in Sumer (Mesopotamia, now Iraq), which was written in cuneiform script on clay tablets and, later, papyrus.
  • 10. Other ancient epic poetry includes the Greek epics, Iliad and Odyssey, and the Indian epics, Ramayana and the Mahabharata.
  • 11. What are the genres of poetry?
  • 12. POETIC GENRES Narrative Poetry Satirical Poetry Epic Poetry Lyric Poetry Dramatic Poetry
  • 13. Narrative Poetry Tells a story May be the oldest genre of poetry Includes epics, ballads, idylls and lays
  • 14. Epic Poetry It recounts, in a continuous narrative, the life and works of a heroic or mythological person or group of persons.
  • 15. Dramatic Poetry Is drama written in verse to be spoken or sung, and appears in varying and sometimes related forms in many cultures. uses the discourse of the characters involved to tell a story or portray a situation.
  • 16. Satirical Poetry A punch of an insult delivered in verse often written for political purposes. A notable example is that of the Roman poet Juvenal.
  • 17. Lyric Poetry Portrays the poet's own feelings, state of mind, and perceptions. Derived from the word "lyre; implies that it is intended to be sung Includes sonnets, elegy, ballads, odes, villanelles and pastourelles
  • 18. POINT OF VIEW IN POETRY POET The poet is the author of the poem. SPEAKER The speaker of the poem is the narrator of the poem.
  • 19. Types of Poetry Ballad: A poem that tells a story; ballads are usually sung
  • 20. Types of Poetry Free Verse: Poetry that doesnt follow any specific patterns in rhythm, rhyme scheme, or line length; free verse may contain rhymes, but they are not used in a prescribed manner
  • 21. Types of Poetry Haiku A three-line Japanese poetic form in the lines follow the pattern of five syllables in the first line, seven syllables in the second line, and five syllables in the third line.
  • 22. Types of Poetry Limerick: a five-line poem that follows a specific rhyme scheme and rhythm. The first, second, and fifth lines contain eight syllables. Lines two and three contain six syllables. Limericks are usually funny or silly. There was an Old Man with a beard, Who said, It is just as I feared! Two Owls and a Hen, Four Larks and a wren Have all built their nests in my beard
  • 23. Types of Poetry Narrative Poem: A poem that tells the sequence of events of a story;
  • 24. Types of Poetry Sonnet: A very structured fourteen-line poem that follows a specific rhyme structure and rhythm. The two most common sonnets are the Italian sonnet and the English sonnet. William Shakespeare wrote many English sonnets, which are also referred to as Shakespearean sonnets.
  • 25. Another important thing to know STANZA consists of two or more lines of poetry that together form one of the divisions of a poem.
  • 26. KINDS OF STANZAS Couplet Triplet (Tercet) Quatrain Quintet Sestet (Sextet) Septet Octave = = = = = = = a two line stanza a three line stanza a four line stanza a five line stanza a six line stanza a seven line stanza an eight line stanza
  • 27. What are the basic elements of poetry?
  • 28. Basic Elements of Poetry RHYTHM is the actual sound that results from a line of poetry.
  • 29. Basic Elements of Poetry RHYTHM the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line.
  • 30. Basic Elements of Poetry METER the number of feet in a line
  • 31. Basic Elements of Poetry METER Meter is the definitive pattern established for a verse (such as iambic pentameter)
  • 32. Basic Elements of Poetry METER is often scanned based on the arrangement of "poetic feet" into lines.
  • 33. Some examples of metric system Iambic pentameter. It contains five feet per line, in which the predominant kind of foot is the "iamb Dactylic hexameter. It has six feet per line, of which the dominant kind of foot is the dactyl.
  • 34. Basic Elements of Poetry RHYME consists of identical (hard-rhyme) or similar (soft-rhyme) sounds placed at the ends of lines or at predictable locations within lines (internal rhyme).
  • 35. Rhyme When working with rhyme, you should always remember that the most important part of verse is the last word