poetry introduction

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Poetry Introduction. “Either write something worth reading or do something worth writing”. -Benjamin Franklin. Poetry Can Be FUN!. http://wordsandtoons.files.wordpress.com/2009/07/poem-promo.jpg. About Poetry. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • Poetry IntroductionEither write something worth reading or do something worth writing. -Benjamin Franklin

  • Poetry Can Be FUN!http://wordsandtoons.files.wordpress.com/2009/07/poem-promo.jpg

  • About PoetrySometimes poetry has no particular form or rhyme scheme; these types of poems are called free verse poems.Traditionally, however, poems had a particular format and/ or rhyming pattern. The subject matter and form of a poem may put it in a particular category like ballad, epic, lyric, sonnet, ode, elegy, narrative etc.A type of literature that expresses ideas, feelings, or tells a story in a specific form (usually using lines and stanzas)

  • Types of stanzasCouplet=a two line stanzaTriplet (Tercet)=a three line stanzaQuatrain=a four line stanzaQuintet=a five line stanzaSestet (Sextet)=a six line stanzaSeptet=a seven line stanza

  • Give ME a Beat!The beat created by the sounds of the words in a poemRhythm can be created by meter, rhyme, alliteration and refrain.

  • MeterA pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables.Meter occurs when the stressed and unstressed syllables of the words in a poem are arranged in a repeating pattern.When poets write in meter, they count out the number of stressed (strong) syllables and unstressed (weak) syllables for each line. They they repeat the pattern throughout the poem.

  • meter cont...FOOT - unit of meter. A foot can have two or three syllables.Usually consists of one stressed and one or more unstressed syllables.The types of feet are determined by the arrangement of stressed and unstressed syllables.

  • Types of feetIambic - unstressed, stressed Trochaic - stressed, unstressedAnapestic - unstressed, unstressed, stressedDactylic - stressed, unstressed, unstressed

  • Types of metric linesKinds of Metrical Lines:monometer=one foot on a linedimeter=two feet on a linetrimeter =three feet on a linetetrameter=four feet on a linepentameter=five feet on a line

  • Free-verseUnlike metered poetry, free verse poetry does NOT have any repeating patterns of stressed and unstressed syllables.Does NOT have to rhyme.Free verse poetry is very conversational - sounds like someone talking with you.A more modern type of poetry.

  • ONOMATOPOEIAWords that imitate the sound they are naming!OR sounds that imitate another sound!Examples: buzz, pow, fizzle, and sizzle.

  • Alliteration:Consonant sounds repeated at the beginnings of wordsExample: Hot-hearted Beowulf was bent upon battle.

    Write another example in your notes!

  • ConsonanceSimilar to alliteration; however, the repeated consonant sounds can be anywhere in the word.Example: silken, sad, uncertain, rustling...

  • AssonanceRepeated vowel sounds in a line (or lines) of poetry.This often creates near rhyme. What is near rhyme?Example: Lake....Fate...Base...FadeExample: Slow the low gradual moan came in the snowing.-John Masefield

  • RefrainA sound, word, phrase or line repeated regularly in a poem.Quoth the raven, nevermore.http://www.oafe.net/yo/art/mcsimp2rav2.jpghttp://afrocityblog.files.wordpress.com/2010/07/raven.jpg