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POETRY POETRY POETRY POETRY. Awaluddin Safar bin Jaafar Fikri Nazwan bin Mahmud Foo Chuan Yee Aizat Rushdi bin Che Jaafar Muhammad Azhan Zaffuan bin Ramli. DEFINITION…. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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DEFINITION

Awaluddin Safar bin JaafarFikri Nazwan bin MahmudFoo Chuan YeeAizat Rushdi bin Che JaafarMuhammad Azhan Zaffuan bin RamliPOETRYPOETRYPOETRYPOETRY

Poetry is the concentrated expression of ideas and feelings through precise and imaginative words selected for their sonorous and rhythmical effects. Poetry, in the form of nursery rhymes, is a natural beginning to literature for young children and enjoyable literary form for all ages.Poetry is a form of language that can evoke great depth of feeling and provoke new insights through imaginative and beautiful language.DEFINITIONMother Goose and Nursery Rhyme BooksNursery and Folk SongbooksAnthologies of PoetrySpecialized Poetry BooksSingle Illustrated Poems

TYPES OF POETRY BOOKSHeavily illustrated collections of traditional verse.Eg: Tomie dePaolas Mother GooseA familiar illustration is all child needs to get her or him to recite one of these well-loved verses.First appeared: Charles Perraults Tales of Mother Goose in France in the early eighteenth century.In societies in which countless allusions are made every day to the characters and situations found in nursery rhymes, knowledge of this literature is a mark of being culturally literate. Mother Goose and Nursery Rhyme BooksHeavily illustrated collections of both traditional and modern verses and musical notation.Eg: Songs from Mother Goose, compiled by Nancy Larrick and illustrated by Robin Spowart.Melody further emphasizes the innate musicality of these verses and turns some verses into games (Ring around the Roses) and others into lullabies (Rock-a-Bye-Baby)Nursery and Folk SongbooksComprehensive anthology of poetry for children is a must in every classroom. It should be organized by subject for easy retrieval of poems appropriate for almost any occasions. Contemporary and traditional poets can be found in these anthologies.Appeal to a wide age range, providing nursery rhymes for toddlers, narrative poems for middle age student. A New Treasury of Childrens Poetry: Old Favourites and New Discoveries, selected by Joanna Cole.Anthologies of PoetryReadily available in which the poems are all by one poet, on one topic, for one age group, or of one poetic form.This specialized collections is necessary for a teacher and class who come to love certain kinds of poetry or specific poets.Also enjoyed by children for independent reading of poetry.Eg: Mathematickles by Besty Franco and Dodle Soup by John Ciardi.Specialized Poetry BooksSingle narrative poems of medium length are presented more frequently in picture book formats.Make poetry more appealing and accessible to many children, but the illustrations may remove the opportunity for children to form their own mental images from the language created by poets.Single Illustrated PoemsELEMENTS OF POETRYElements of PoetryMeaningRhythmSound PatternsFigurative LanguageSense ImageryMeaningUnderlying idea, feeling or mood expressed through the poem.It is the way a poet chooses to express emotions and thoughts.The meaning of the poem is the expressed or implied message the poet conveys.RhythmThe beat of the poem.Poetry relies on rhythm to help communicate meaning.A fast rhythm can provide the listener with a feeling of happiness, excitement, drama, and even tension and surprise.A slow rhythm can evoke tranquility, inevitability, and harmony, among other feelings.A change in rhythm during a poem signals the listener to a change in meaning.Sound PatternsAre made by repeated sounds and combinations of sounds in the words.Words, phrases, or lines are sometimes repeated in their entirety.RhymeSound device that children most recognized and enjoy.Occurs when the ends of words have the same sounds.Eg: vat, rat, that, brat: hay, they, flay, strayAssonanceFor effect.The same vowel sound is heard repeatedly within a line or a few lines of poetry.Eg: hoop, gloom, moon, moot, boots.AlliterationInitial consonant sounds are heard frequently within a few lines of poetry.Eg: ship, shy, shape

ConsonanceRefers to a close juxtaposition of similar final consonant sounds, as in flake, chuck, stroke.OnomatopoeiaThe sounds of the word imitates the real-world sound.Eg: buzz sound of bee : hiss sound of snake

Figurative LanguageTakes many different forms, but it involves comparing or contrasting one object, idea, or feeling with one another.SimileDirect comparison or contrasting one object, idea, or feeling with one another.Star diamondGold timeRed - bloodMetaphorComparison without a signal word to evoke the similarities.In the poem The Night Is A Black Cat, the metaphor implies a comparison between the night sky and a black cat.PersonificationAttribution of human qualities to animate, nonhuman beings or to inanimate objects for the purpose of drawing a comparison between the animal or object and human beings.Eg: The food is calling my nameHyperboleAn exaggeration to highlight reality or to point out ridiculousness.Eg. There is a river streaming down his eyes.Sense ImageryA poet will play on one or more of the five senses in descriptive and narrative language.SightAwakened through the depiction of beautyHearingEvoked by the sound of a city streetSmell and tasteRecalled through the description of a fish left too long in the sunTouchSensitized through describing the gritty discomfort of a wet swimsuit caked with the sand from the beach.EVALUATION &SELECTION OF POETRYIdeas and feeling expressed are worthy, fresh, and imaginative.

The expression is unique, the reader will perceive ordinary things in many ways.

Is appropriate to the experiences of children What are the criteria?Presents the world via a childs perspective and focuses on their lives & activities.

Judged on the quality of the poetry first, illustrations and appearance second.

Narrative poems are preferred.

Share poems by a variety of authors.

Still on criteriaThe National Council of Teachers of English (NCTE) Award was established in 1977, US to honour living US poets whose poetry has contributed substantially to the lives children.

Awarded for the entire writing for children ages 3-13.

Held every 3 years.

NCTEAlthough more childrens poetry is being published and teachers-students are enjoying this genre, some report that they do not share poetry because of their uncertainty about selecting poems for their students.

Thus, by learning students preferences in poetry, a teacher can become more skillful at selecting good, enjoyable poems for them.Main issuePrefer narrative poems over lyrics poems.

Limericks were well liked compared to free verse and haiku.

Enjoy poems that rhymed.

Prefer poems with regular, distinctive rhythm.Childrens Poetry PreferencesLike humourous poems, animals poems, and poems about enjoyable familiar experiences.

Prefer subjects on strange and fantastic events, animals (primary grade); realistic contents of humour, animals (intermediate)

Found figurative language in poetry confusing.Childrens appreciation of poetry can be broaden and deepen by a good teacher.

Hence, a good selection of rhyming, narrative poems with distinct rhythms about humourous events, animals, familiar experiences is a good starting point for students who have little experiences with poetry. In other wordsPoetry types and formsLyric and Narrative poetryLyric poetry- captures a moment, a feeling or a scene and is descriptive in nature.Narrative poetry- tells a story or includes a sequences of eventsPoetic Formrefers to the way the poem is structured or put togethercoupletstercetsquatrainscinquinsLimericksBalladsHaikuFree verseConcrete poetryOther specific poetic formsLimericksHumorousOne stanzaFive-line verse formLines 1,2,5 rhyme and are of the same lengthLines 3,4 rhyme and are of the same lengthBallad is a long narrative poem of popular originUsually adapted to singingA traditional story poems are often romantic or heroic.BalladsHaiku is lyric, unrhymed poem of japanese originIt usually arranged on 3 lines Frequently espouses harmony with the appreciation of nature HaikuUnrhymed poetry with little or light rhythmSometimes words within lines a line will rhymeThe subject of free verse are often abstract and philosophical, they are always reflectiveFree verseWritten and printed in a shapeThe shape signifies the subject of the poemMust be seen and heard to be fully appreciatedIt rely on the words, meaning and shapes,and the way the words are arranged to evoke images. Concrete poetryPoEtRy iN ClaSsROoMTeacher should provide students many opportunities to hear and say poems.Develop a love of poetry

Students can read poetry, then begin to write poems themselves.Poetry should be introduced first and often to children in oral formDaily basisReading aloud expressivelyDraw childrens attention to literate languageBest one to three poems at a timeToo many = overwhelming and tediousReAdiNg PoEtRy AloUd to ChiLdReNIntroduce the poem first to the class

Read for its meaningShould not overemphasize the beat of the poem

Enunciate poetry clearlyVoice effects powerful tool

Read aloud a number of timesGet the meaning, enjoyment

Response after readingSharing and discussionsHoW tO ReAdiNg AloUdInterpreting and saying a poem together as a group activity.Encourage students to take part

SelectionShort poems first develop some skillsMemorizationSelect and read aloud a well-liked poemTeacher leads the readings, students rehearseChoRaL PoEtRy?ArrangementsUnison students learn the poem and recite it together as a group2or 3-part arranging students into voice typesCumulative buildup presentationsPerformanceAction, gestures, movementsLearning to read poetrySilently, and/or aloud to others

Place students in pairs to take turn reading favourite poemsAsk students to select three poems by one poetFind something about the poetStUdEnTs ReA