poetry! poetry: what it is, isn’t and how to write it
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Poetry!Poetry: What it is, isnt and how to write it.
POETRYA type of literature that expresses ideas, feelings, or tells a story in a specific form (usually using lines and stanzas)
POINT OF VIEW IN POETRYPOET
The poet is the author of the poem.SPEAKER
The speaker of the poem is the narrator of the poem.
FORM - the appearance of the words on the pageLINE - a group of words together on one line of the poem
STANZA - a group of lines arranged togetherA word is deadWhen it is said,Some say.
I say it justBegins to liveThat day.
KINDS OF STANZASCouplet=a two line stanzaTriplet (Tercet)=a three line stanzaQuatrain=a four line stanzaQuintet=a five line stanzaSestet (Sextet)=a six line stanzaSeptet=a seven line stanzaOctave=an eight line stanza
RHYTHMThe beat created by the sounds of the words in a poem
Rhythm can be created by meter, rhyme, alliteration and refrain.
METERA pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables.Meter occurs when the stressed and unstressed syllables of the words in a poem are arranged in a repeating pattern.When poets write in meter, they count out the number of stressed (strong) syllables and unstressed (weak) syllables for each line. They they repeat the pattern throughout the poem.
FREE VERSE POETRYUnlike metered poetry, free verse poetry does NOT have any repeating patterns of stressed and unstressed syllables.Does NOT have rhyme.Free verse poetry is very conversational - sounds like someone talking with you.
A more modern type of poetry.
BLANK VERSE POETRY
Written in lines of iambic pentameter, but does NOT use end rhyme.from Julius Ceasar
Cowards die many times before their deaths;The valiant never taste of death but once.Of all the wonders that I yet have heard,It seems to me most strange that men should fear;Seeing that death, a necessary end,Will come when it will come.
RHYMEWords sound alike because they share the same ending vowel and consonant sounds.
(A word always rhymes with itself.)LAMPSTAMP
Share the short a vowel soundShare the combined mp consonant sound
END RHYMEA word at the end of one line rhymes with a word at the end of another line
Hector the CollectorCollected bits of string.Collected dolls with broken headsAnd rusty bells that would not ring.
INTERNAL RHYMEA word inside a line rhymes with another word on the same line.
Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered weak and weary.
From The Raven by Edgar Allan Poe
NEAR RHYMEa.k.a imperfect rhyme, close rhyme
The words share EITHER the same vowel or consonant sound BUT NOT BOTHROSELOSE
Different vowel sounds (long o and oo sound)Share the same consonant sound
RHYME SCHEMEA rhyme scheme is a pattern of rhyme (usually end rhyme, but not always).
Use the letters of the alphabet to represent sounds to be able to visually see the pattern. (See next slide for an example.)
SAMPLE RHYME SCHEMEThe Germ by Ogden Nash
A mighty creature is the germ,Though smaller than the pachyderm.His customary dwelling placeIs deep within the human race.His childish pride he often pleasesBy giving people strange diseases.Do you, my poppet, feel infirm?You probably contain a germ.aabbccaa
REFRAINA sound, word, phrase or line repeated regularly in a poem.Quoth the raven, Nevermore.
Recognizing Figurative Language The opposite of literal language is figurative language. Figurative language is language that means more than what it says on the surface. It usually gives us a feeling about its subject. Poets use figurative language almost as frequently as literal language. When you read poetry, you must be conscious of the difference. Otherwise, a poem may make no sense at all. Printed QuizOnline Quiz
Recognizing Literal Language Ive eaten so much I feel as if I could literally burst!In this case, the person is not using the word literally in its true meaning. Literal means "exact" or "not exaggerated." By pretending that the statement is not exaggerated, the person stresses how much he has eaten. Literal language is language that means exactly what is said. Most of the time, we use literal language.
What is figurative language?Whenever you describe something by comparing it with something else, you are using figurative language.
Types of Figurative LanguageImagerySimileMetaphorAlliterationPersonificationOnomatopoeiaHyperboleIdioms
Imagery Language that appeals to the senses. Descriptions of people or objects stated in terms of our senses.
Sight Hearing Touch Taste Smell
SimileA figure of speech which involves a direct comparison between two unlike things, usually with the words like or as. Example: The muscles on his brawny arms are strong as iron bands.
MetaphorA figure of speech which involves an implied comparison between two relatively unlike things using a form of be. The comparison is not announced by like or as. Example: The road was a ribbon wrapped through the dessert.
AlliterationRepeated consonant sounds occurring at the beginning of words or within words. Example: She was wide-eyed and wondering while she waited for Walter to waken.
PersonificationA figure of speech which gives the qualities of a person to an animal, an object, or an idea. Example: The wind yells while blowing." The wind cannot yell. Only a living thing can yell.
OnomatopoeiaThe use of words that mimic sounds. Example: The firecracker made a loud ka-boom!
HyperboleAn exaggerated statement used to heighten effect. It is not used to mislead the reader, but to emphasize a point. Example: Shes said so on several million occasions.
IdiomsAn idiom or idiomatic expression refers to a construction or expression in one language that cannot be matched or directly translated word-for-word in another language. Example: "She has a bee in her bonnet," meaning "she is obsessed," cannot be literally translated into another language word for word.
SOME TYPES OF POETRYWE WILL BE STUDYING
LYRICA short poemUsually written in first person point of viewExpresses an emotion or an idea or describes a sceneDo not tell a story and are often musical(Many of the poems we read will be lyrics.)
A Japanese poem written in three lines
Five SyllablesSeven SyllablesFive Syllables
An old silent pond . . .A frog jumps into the pond.Splash! Silence again.
A five line poem containing 22 syllables
Two SyllablesFour SyllablesSix SyllablesEight SyllablesTwo Syllables
How frailAbove the bulkOf crashing water hangsAutumnal, evanescent, wanThe moon.
SHAKESPEAREAN SONNETA fourteen line poem with a specific rhyme scheme.
The poem is written in three quatrains and ends with a couplet.
The rhyme scheme isabab cdcd efef ggShall I compare thee to a summers day?Thou art more lovely and more temperate.Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,And summers lease hath all too short a date.Sometimes too hot the eye of heaven shines,And often is his gold complexion dimmed;And every fair from fair sometimes declines,By chance or natures changing course untrimmed.But thy eternal summer shall not fadeNor lose possession of that fair thou owst;Nor shall Death brag thou wanderest in his shade,When in eternal lines to time thou growstSo long as men can breathe or eyes can see,So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.
NARRATIVE POEMSA poem that tells a story.Generally longer than the lyric styles of poetry b/c the poet needs to establish characters and a plot.Examples of Narrative Poems
The RavenThe HighwaymanCasey at the BatThe Walrus and the Carpenter
CONCRETE POEMSIn concrete poems, the words are arranged to create a picture that relates to the content of the poem. PoetryIs like Flames,Which areSwift and elusiveDodging realizationSparks, like words on thePaper, leap and dance in theFlickering firelight. The fieryTongues, formless and shiftingShapes, tease the imiagination.Yet for those who see,Through their mindsEye, they burnUp the page.
Figurative Language ResourcesEye on Idioms (Online PPT)Paint by Idioms (Game)Alliteration or Simile? (Quiz)Similes and Metaphors (PPT)The Search for Similes, Metaphors, and Idioms (PPT) Alliteration (PPT)Onomatopoeia (PPT)Personification (PPT)Hyperbole (PPT)Idioms(PPT)Simile (PPT)
Teaching Similes and MetaphorsAlliteration Lesson Plan and Resources http://volweb.utk.edu/Schools/bedford/harrisms/1allitera.htm Hyperbole- Lesson Plans and Resources http://volweb.utk.edu/Schools/bedford/harrisms/10lesson.htm Idiom Lesson Plan http://volweb.utk.edu/Schools/bedford/harrisms/6lesson.htm Imagery- Lesson Plans and Resources http://volweb.utk.edu/Schools/bedford/harrisms/imagery2.htm Lesson Plan for Puns http://volweb.utk.edu/Schools/bedford/harrisms/5lesson.htm Onomatopoeia- Lesson Plans and Resources http://volweb.utk.edu/Schools/bedford/harrisms/9lesson.htm Personification Lesson Plans and Resources http://volweb.utk.edu/Schools/bedford/harrisms/7lesson.htm Proverbs- Lesson Plans and Resources http://volweb.utk.edu/Schools/bedford/harrisms/proverbs2.htm
*Activity: Rhyme group game
*Activity: Rhyme Scheme group game