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Policy, Legislation and Institutional Arrangements: An ADPC Commentary on Innovation and Good Practice in DRR Governance in Asia. Presentation by A.J Rego (ADPC) for the Seventh IIASA -DPRI Forum on Integrated Disaster Risk Management Asian Conference for Disaster Reduction - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • Policy, Legislation and Institutional Arrangements: An ADPC Commentary on Innovation and Good Practice in DRR Governance in AsiaPresentation by A.J Rego (ADPC) for the Seventh IIASA -DPRI Forum on Integrated Disaster Risk ManagementAsian Conference for Disaster Reduction21st September 2007 - Italy

  • The Importance of Good Practice in DM LegislationBackground on Disasters in the Region -Asia - most disaster prone continent in the world - over 50% of total world disastersDisasters exacerbated by Asias rising population, increased development + urban expansionAsia is home to nearly two thirds of the worlds population

  • The 2 deadliest disasters of 2006 were both in Asia-Indonesian EQ (May) killing 5,778-Typhoon Durian (Philippines, Dec.) killing 1,399Typically DM activities in Asia have been focused around relief + response efforts on mitigation, preparedness and DRR measures

  • Catastrophes As Turning Points1880s - run up to IDNDR1990/91 - Mt. Pinatubo eruption & Bagiou EQ saw start of NDCC in Philippines1991 - Bangladesh cyclone prompted separate DM Bureau (93)1994 - Yokohama conference stimulated national & sub regional action plans for DM1995 - Kobe EQ -changes in building control1996 - Typhoon Linda led to better implementation of 1993 Water Disaster Management Plan

  • 1997 - El Nino induced fires showed regional scale of disaster & response1998 - China adopted Natural Disaster Reduction Plan1998 - IDNDR catalysed new commitment and action2000 - floods, EQs and cyclones in India promoted formation of high powered committee on DM policy2000 - Mekong floods in Cambodia & Vietnam led to regional river basin approach to FMM led by MRC2001 -Gujarat EQ accelerated HPC report

    Catastrophes As Turning Points

  • UNDP Global Review on DRM ILS (2004) A Global Review:UNDP Support to Institutional and Legislative Systems (ILS) for Disaster Risk Management

  • Institutional and Legislative Systems (ILS) for Disaster Risk Management are important components of good governance and should be guided by the same basic principles, (i.e. accountability, participation, rule of law, effectiveness and sustainability).

    For the purpose of this review, ILS have been broken down into five important dimensions: legal and regulatory frameworks policy and planning organizational aspects resources and capacities partnerships (international and national levels)

    ILS for DRM

  • HFA (2005-15) - Priority on GovernancePriority 1: Ensures that disaster risk reduction is a national and local priority with strong institutional basis for implementation.

    Strong national and local commitment is required to save lives and livelihoods threatened by natural disasters. Countries to develop or modify policies, laws and organisational arrangements, as well as plans, programs and projects, to integrate DRR and allocation of sufficient resources to support and maintain them.

  • HFA Priority no. 1 calls forInstitutionalization of DRR and establishment of mechanisms to mainstream itCreation of effective multi-sector national platforms to provide policy guidance and to coordinate activitiesCommunity participation so that local needs are met

  • UNISDR Guiding Principles for National Platforms DRR should be regarded as a national and cross-cutting issue within the field of sustainable development.National platforms should utilize a participatory process that includes multidisciplinary and multi-sectoral perspectives and actions that are linked to existing systems.National platforms should influence positive changes by making concerted and coordinated efforts, particularly in policy, planning and decision-making processes.National platforms should encourage the national adaptation and ownership of the HFA.

  • ADPC interest in Policy and Legislation for DRR1988-91: Disaster Managers Handbook for ADB

    1990-94: UN Inter Agency DM Training Program was implemented in 56 countries -ADPC involved with 7 workshops in Asia Identified need for information sharing on institutional design of national DM offices and National DM Plans

  • ADPC interest in Policy and Legislation for DRR

    1999 - AUDMP Regional Sharing WorkshopIdentified need for enhanced institutional arrangements for DM in Asia, at both national and city levelKey concern at ADPC Regional Consultative Committee on DM (RCC)ADPC Regional Workshop and Study on Policy, Legal and Institutional Arrangements for DM in Asia (Bangkok, 2002) - to share information on good practices and successful strategies b/w countriesUNDP DM Institutional Strengthening Projects in Sri Lanka and Cambodia implemented by ADPC

  • RCC 2 Priorities for Capacity Building for National Systems Integrating disaster management into national planning Strengthening national disaster management committees/agencies Developing disaster management plans Exchanging experience on legal and institutional arrangements Creating awareness and political support

    (As prioritized during RCC 1 and RCC 2, for implementation by RCC Member countries and ADPC)

  • RCC 2 Priorities for Capacity Building for National Systems Building national disaster management information systems Improving disaster management training and capacity building Promoting public awareness and media coverage of disaster risk reduction Enhancing scientific and technical cooperation in disaster management

    (As prioritized during RCC 1 and RCC 2, for implementation by RCC Member countries and ADPC)

  • Study on National Platforms for Disaster Reduction 2006 analyses the current institutional arrangements and potentials of national platforms for disaster reduction in three South (East) Asian countries, namely Bangladesh, Cambodia and Sri Lanka.DKKV-GTZ-ADPC Study

  • AnalysisNational agencies (MoFDM in Bangladesh, NCDM in Cambodia, MDMHR and DMC in Sri Lanka) should serve as the cornerstone of a national platform Advancing risk reduction through program implementation in Bangladesh and Sri LankaSpecific Actions in CambodiaIntegration of DRR issues into development planning process in each countryNational Reporting on HFA ImplementationBenefits from Regional Linkages

  • Importance of Integrating DRR Measures into Government PolicyBest use of scarce response resources - ensure responsible use of resources + implement DRR + mitigation activitiesDisaster resilience - ensure limited disruption to community post disaster by maintaining essential servicesSustainability of publicly funded assets + infrastructure - hazard adjustments to protect government investmentsRisk management coordinator - effective DM depends on this for resource + communication coordination

  • National level planning and execution - realisation that disasters affect all levels of societyRegulatory requirements and enforcement -change societal values through government legislatureEconomic benefits of mitigation - risk reduction + disaster prevention are cheaper then recovery costsDeveloping national strategies -government can plan counter measures + has authority to commit resources

  • Importance of Legislation

    Defines actions to be taken during emergenciesProvides formal support to preparedness measures and organisational arrangementsDelegation of responsibilities/resourcesCreates a uniform national effect

  • National DM PolicyEstablish national agency/ organisation to deal with national risks/hazards - disaster counter measureCoordinate DM activities eg. define roles/responsibilities and allocate resourcesProvide framework for actionImplement pre-disaster mitigation + preparedness measuresCoordinate relief activities + assessments in disaster aftermath

  • National DM policy clearly defines methods and means of mitigating and dealing with disaster threats whether by action enforcing policies, attention focusing or recovery policiesInstitutions and arrangements regarding DM need to be adaptable to changing times/circumstances/ developments/competencies/DRR knowledge and need to recognise the potential of every individual/ organisation to contribute to DRR strategies- allocate necessary responsibility/resources

  • Good DRR Governance Practices in AsiaSNAP Thailand Cambodia's CBDRR strategySri Lanka road map Indonesia DRR NAP Laos National Action PlanVietnam DRR Strategy Bangladesh CDMP India DRR framework Pakistan DRR framework

  • Bangladesh Comprehensive Disaster Management Plan (CDMP) is articulated through the Ministrys Corporate Plan: A Framework of Action 2005-2009, which highlights a road map for the development of internal strategic plans for its three operational directorates. The plans are based on collaborative partnerships, particularly with NGOs, and seek ensure the effective and sustainable delivery of services in each sector.

  • India Disaster Management Act 2005National DM Framework 2002High Powered Committee 1999 - improving countrys DM systems to develop culture of quick response, strategic thinking and prevention

  • Indonesia Disaster Management Law 2006 Implementing Rules and RegulationNational Action Plan for Disaster Reduction

  • Sri LankaDisaster Management Act. No. 13 of 2005 Road Map for Safer Sri Lanka (2005-2015)

  • Guidelines of Sri Lanka

  • Lao PDRNational DM Committee 1995 National DM Plan 2015 (2003) Targets on wide range including Provincial DM Strategies and District DM Plans Khamouane Province DM Strategy (2004) Nong Bok DM Plan (2006)

  • CambodiaFlood Preparedness Program (FPP) of Prey Vent, Kandal and Kratie Provinces (2005-2006)District level FPP in 4 Districts (May, 2006)Priority FPP Projects proposed for consideration under Commune Development P

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